WorldCat Identities

Goldschmidt, Richard 1878-1958

Overview
Works: 209 works in 842 publications in 7 languages and 7,256 library holdings
Genres: Biography  Autobiographies  Periodicals  Records and correspondence  Sources  History 
Roles: Author, Editor, Creator, Other, Honoree
Classifications: QH431, 575.1
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about Richard Goldschmidt
 
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Most widely held works by Richard Goldschmidt
The material basis of evolution by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

52 editions published between 1940 and 1982 in English and Spanish and held by 980 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduction; The problem; Microevolution; Macroevolution; Conclusions
Understanding heredity; an introduction to genetics by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

19 editions published between 1952 and 1962 in English and held by 552 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Vererbung
Theoretical genetics by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

31 editions published between 1955 and 1975 in 4 languages and held by 499 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

THIs book constitutes a remarkable attempt to organize a large part of modern genetic thinking with the hope that it may "contribute to the emergence of a theoretical genetics". It is, in this day of review papers and compendia, a prodigious individual effort and thereby carries the great advantage of a single point of view. Although, it does have the disadvantage that one mind can hardly encompass all aspects of Genetics adequately, Dr. Goldschmidt comes to this task well prepared. By his own word, he has been doing genetical work for forty five years and the first of his papers referred to in the volume was published in 1903. Furthermore, his conclusions have often been unorthodox-his views concerning the nature of the gene, genic action and the origin of species have continually stirred up controversy. Thus Dr. Goldschmidt combines an unparalled background in Genetics with an imaginative flair tempered by much vigorous cerebration. The subject of this book is an appraisal of the extent to which Genetics has answered three basic questions: "(1) What is the nature of the genetic material? (2) How does the genetic material act in controlling specific development? and (3) How do the nature and action of the genetic material account for evolution?" Part I takes up the first question. It includes a very up-to-date review of biochemical findings about the molecular structure of genetic material. Here, Dr. Goldschmidt faces, with characteristic abruptness, the unresolved problem of whether DNA or protein is the genetic material. The discussion proceeds with a consideration of the genetic meaning of heterochromatin and concludes, as could be expected, with a monumental examination of the phenomenon of position effect. This last section contains a particularly imaginative rephrasing of McClintock's recent work on mutable loci in maize. The second part is entitled, "The cytoplasm as seat of genetic properties". Here Dr. Goldschmidt interprets a sizeable array of evidence to indicate that the concept of the independent plasmagene is "tumbling" and further emphasizes that "it is not advisable to call mitochondrial (and plastid) conditions and their change cytoplasmic heredity". Although it may seem from these quotations that Dr. Goldschmidt's emphasis is largely semantic, it must be made clear that his interpretations primarily are toward the idea that there is no genetic material in the cytoplasm independent of the nucleus. Part III, "The action of the genetic material, " benefits, perhaps more than any other part of the book, from the span and breadth of Dr. Goldschmidt's view point. A truly amazing variety of evidence is brought to bear upon this problem. The discussion begins with a short account of Hammerling's classic Acetabunaria experiments as a generalized example of the ultimate nuclear control in development. He then shows why he believes the "phenomenon of phenocopy the basic phenomenon for any study of genic action". Here he concludes that the explanation of phenocopies and therefore gene action will be found in terms of "quantitative, kinetic actions rather than in terms of qualitative biochemical features". This puts into perspective the achievements of the biochemical geneticists and brings up the question of what, after all, is the "primary action" of the gene. He makes very clear how little is really known about how genetic information is transferred from the chromosome to the cytoplasm despite the recent hopes for RNA in this role. The major chapter in Part III is devoted to the "Genic control of development". The discussion builds upon the basic idea that "the cytoplasm must become differentiated into regions which in some way are competent for specific genic actions, based upon primary or secondary genic products removed from the nuclei". There follows a detailed inquiry into what the facts of gene dosage and penetrance indicate about the nature of genic action. The last section is a high level treatment of the "four dimensions" of genic action in development. Part IV dealing with the "Genetics of Sex Determination" is a succinct and unified development of the balance theory of sex determination. Part V "Genetic Theory and Evolution" is very brief. It recapitulates Dr. Goldschmidt's thesis that neo-Darwinian ideas account only for the origin of species, not the higher taxonomic categories. Two aspects of his ideas on this subject are presented. First, that chromosomes themselves have undergone relatively little evolution, i.e. that very little new genetic material has been added to chromosomes. Second, that new taxonomic groups have arisen primarily as a result of a "repatterning" of genetic material already present. In this connection, several models of "macromutation" are given. After reading this book few people will fail to be impressed at the expanse of material reviewed and interpreted herein. It should certainly become standard reading for all advanced students of Genetics. For Dr. Goldschmidt's function, as it has been often before, is to plow up the topsoil of genetic knowledge. Further, he plants a vigorous crop of ideas, some of which are certain to be harvested despite the rigors of the scientific climate. BEAL B. HYDE: Univ. of Oklahoma
Physiological genetics by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

31 editions published between 1938 and 1988 in English and Undetermined and held by 471 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The mutated gene and the potentialities of development. The cytoplasm and the activation of the gene. The nature of the gene
The mechanism and physiology of sex determination by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

25 editions published between 1920 and 2010 in German and English and held by 307 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Vererbung / Geschlecht
Einführung in die Vererbungswissenschaft; in zwanzig Vorlesungen für Studierende, Aerzte, Züchter by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

65 editions published between 1911 and 2010 in 4 languages and held by 300 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Vererbungslehre
Die Lehre von der Vererbung by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

35 editions published between 1927 and 2013 in German and Polish and held by 298 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Richard Goldschmidt, controversial geneticist and creative biologist : a critical review of his contributions( Book )

11 editions published between 1979 and 1980 in English and German and held by 293 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ascaris, the biologist's story of life by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

18 editions published between 1937 and 1940 in English and German and held by 252 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Einführung in die wissenschaft vom leben; oder, Ascaris by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

37 editions published between 1927 and 2013 in 3 languages and held by 233 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Physiologische theorie der vererbung by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

8 editions published in 1927 in German and held by 127 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Physiologie, Genetik, Genetik und Evolutionsforschung
A study of spontaneous mutation by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

12 editions published in 1945 in English and German and held by 123 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The podoptera effect in Drosophila melanogaster by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

8 editions published between 1951 and 1980 in English and held by 105 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Archiv für Zellforschung( )

in German and held by 104 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Die sexuellen zwischenstufen by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

10 editions published in 1931 in German and held by 97 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Einführung in die Vererbungswissenschaft; ein Lehrbuch in einundzwanzig Vorlesungen by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

15 editions published in 1928 in German and held by 95 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ausgehend von der Rekonstruktion der Darwinschen Abstammungslehre und der Mendelschen Lehre geht dieses Genetik-Lehrbuch anh. verschiedener Theorien der Natur der Gene nach und versucht, den Prozess der Vererbung aufzuschlüsseln
Portugaliae acta biologica( )

in English and held by 91 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Includes an unnumbered issue called "Volume R.B. Goldschmidt."
Zoologisches Taschenbuch für Studierende zum Gebrauch bei Vorlesungen und praktischen Übungen zusammengestellt by Emil Selenka( Book )

31 editions published between 1907 and 1926 in German and held by 89 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Le déterminisme du sexe et l'intersexualité by Richard Goldschmidt( Book )

19 editions published between 1932 and 1937 in French and held by 73 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Audience Level
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Audience level: 0.61 (from 0.42 for Understand ... to 0.99 for Papers, 18 ...)

The material basis of evolution
Covers
Alternative Names
Goldschmidt.

Goldschmidt, R.

Goldschmidt, R. 1878-1958

Goldschmidt, R.B. 1878-1958

Goldschmidt, Richard.

Goldschmidt, Richard 1878-1958

Goldschmidt, Richard B.

Goldschmidt, Richard B. 1878-1958

Goldschmidt, Richard B. (Richard Benedict)

Goldschmidt, Richard B. (Richard Benedict), 1878-1958

Goldschmidt, Richard Benedict

Goldschmidt, Richard Benedict 1878-1958

Goldschmidt, Richard Benedikt 1878-1958

Golʹdshmidt, Rikhard

Golʹdshmidt, Rikhard 1878-1958

Richard Benedict Goldschmidt

Richard Goldschmidt ahli biologi asal Jerman

Richard Goldschmidt Duits bioloog (1878-1958)

Richard Goldschmidt genetista tedesco

Richard Goldschmidt German-American biologist

Selenka-Goldschmidt, .. 1878-1958

Гольдшмидт, Рихард

גולדשמידט, ר.

גולדשמיט, ריכארד בנדיקט בן שלמה

גולדשמיט, ריכרד בנדיקט 1878-1958

ريتشارد غولدشميت

ゴールドシュミット, R.

リチャード・ゴールドシュミット

Languages
German (252)

English (243)

French (20)

Spanish (6)

Chinese (2)

Polish (2)

Russian (1)