WorldCat Identities

United States Office of Aviation Medicine

Works: 1,056 works in 2,538 publications in 1 language and 149,959 library holdings
Genres: Bibliography 
Classifications: RC1054.U5, 016.616980213
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by United States
Performance demonstrations of zinc sulfide and strontium aluminate photoluminescent floor proximity escape path marking systems by Garnet A McLean( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 203 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Transport category aircraft are required by 14 CFR 25.812 to have emergency lighting systems, including floor proximity marking systems. Typical floor proximity marking systems installed on transport category aircraft have been primarily comprised of incandescent luminaries spaced at intervals on the floor, or mounted on the seat assemblies, along the aisle. The requirement for electricity to power these systems has made them vulnerable to a variety of problems, including battery and wiring failures, burned-out light bulbs, and physical disruption caused by vibration, passenger traffic, galley cart strikes, and hull breakage in accidents. Attempts to overcome these problems have led to the proposal that non-electric photoluminescent materials be used in the construction of floor proximity marking systems. To assess the viability of this proposal, performance demonstrations of systems made with such materials were conducted. It was found that strontium aluminate photoluminescent marking systems can be effective in providing the guidance for egress that floor proximity marking systems are intended to achieve; in contrast, zinc sulfide materials were found to be ineffective
Organizational politics, participation in decision-making, and job satisfaction by L. Alan Witt( Book )

3 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 199 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Role of metabolites in aviation forensic toxicology final report by Arvind K Chaturvedi( Book )

4 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 195 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In aviation accident investigations, specimens from fatal aircraft victims are analyzed for drugs. Their presence indicates exposure to drugs and suggests possible associated medical conditions for which they might have been taken. As drugs are mostly present in therapeutic to subtherapeutic levels in aviation forensic toxicology cases, determination of parent drugs and their metabolites in multi specimens is of significance. Although chemically reactive metabolites are difficult to detect, physiologically active and inactive metabolites can be analyzed. Selective and sensitive techniques are available, but unavailability of metabolite reference standards, endogenous substance interference, and low tissue metabolite levels limit the analyses. However, the majority of primary metabolites can be effectively characterized/quantitated. Demonstrating the presence of drug (e.g., terfenadine, cocaine, THC) metabolites provides a compelling evidence for exposure to the parent drug and facilitates interpretation of results, particularly when the metabolites are active. Such analyses are not as helpful if the metabolites are also available as drugs (e.g., diazepam, temazepam, oxazepam)
Effects of two common medications on complex performance by W. Dean Chiles( Book )

2 editions published in 1969 in English and held by 191 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Methodology in the assessment of complex human performance : the effects of signal rate on monitoring a dynamic process by W. Dean Chiles( Book )

3 editions published in 1969 in English and held by 190 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Male subjects were tested after extensive training as two five-man 'crews' in an experiment designed to examine the effects of signal rate on the performance of a task involving the monitoring of a dynamic process. Performance was measured using three signal rates with several levels of workload induced by the simultaneous performance of different combinations of tasks involving reaction time, mental arithmetic, pattern discrimination, and group problem solving. (Author)
The human factors analysis and classification system--HFACS final report by Scott A Shappell( Book )

3 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 189 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cockpit noise intensity : fifteen single-engine light aircraft by Jerry V Tobias( Book )

2 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 188 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A comparison of effects of peripheral vision cues on pilot performance during instrument flight in dissimilar aircraft simulators by A. Howard Hasbrook( Book )

2 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 188 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Clinical aviation medicine research : comparison of simultaneous measurements of intra-aortic and auscultatory blood pressures with pressure-flow dynamics during rest and exercise by Francis J Nagle( Book )

2 editions published in 1966 in English and held by 187 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Phase shifts of the human circadian system and performance deficit during the periods of transition by George T Hauty( Book )

2 editions published in 1965 in English and held by 186 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Color defective vision and day and night recognition of aviation color signal light flashes by Jo Ann Steen( Book )

3 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 186 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A previous study reported on the efficiency with which various tests of color defective vision can predict performance during daylight conditions on a practical test of ability to discriminate aviation signal red, white, and green. In the current study, subgroups of the subjects used in the previous investigation were tested with the signal light gun at night. Comparisons of the efficiency of each of seven tests of color defective vision in predicting performance under day and night conditions are reported
Recovery of the FAA air traffic control specialist workforce, 1981-1992( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 185 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Federal Aviation Administration was confronted in 1981 with the challenge of rebuilding its core, technical, and highly-trained air traffic control specialist (ATCS) workforce following the PATCO strike. From late 1981 through mid-1992, the FAA rebuilt this critical workforce through a large-scale testing, screening and training program. By mid-1992, recovery of the controller workforce was complete, and it was no longer necessary for the FAA to conduct a large-scale hiring program. The six papers presented in this report represent the first major retrospective analysis of the complete data set describing the recovery of the FAA's en route and terminal ATCS workforce following the 1981 controller strike. The first paper describes the personnel processes, focusing on recruitment and hiring programs for the en route and terminal options. The second paper presents a detailed description of the aptitude test battery used to evaluate over 400,000 applicants between 1981 and 1992. The third paper offers a definitive statistical portrait of the FAA Academy Screening programs as predictors of field training outcomes. On-the-job training (OJT) programs in en route and terminal facilities are described in the fourth paper. These four papers, taken together, provide a definitive description of the processes used to recruit, test, screen, and train persons for the ATCS occupation between 1981 and 1992. The fifth paper draws on FAA organizational survey data to describe controller perceptions of the organizational climate in which the workforce recovery occurred. The sixth paper analyzes current controller workforce demographics and technological trends in air traffic control to identify potential areas of future research
Personality assessment in aviation : an analysis of the item ambiguity characteristics of the 16PF and MMPI by Roger C Smith( Book )

3 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 184 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Variations in time-to-incapacitation and blood cyanide values for rats exposed to two hydrogen cyanide gas concentration by Arvind K Chaturvedi( Book )

5 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 184 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

It has been suggested that protective breathing devices protect aircraft passengers from combustion products for 5 min during evacuation and for 35 min during in-flight-plus-evacuation. Hydrogen cyanide (HCN), a combustion gas, produces incapacitation at relatively low concentrations, and time-to- incapacitation (ti)is an applicable index for predicting escape from a fire. Variations in ti and blood cyanide (CN value) at specific HCN gas exposure concentrations have not been evaluated. Therefore, ti and blood CN value at ti for two HCN concentration that produce 5- and 35- min ti were determined in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Blood CN value levels as a function of HCN exposure time were measured. Animals were individually exposed to HCN gas in a chamber equipped with a rotating cage, and ti recorded as the time from insertion of the animal into the cage until it could no longer walk. At incapacitation and at selected intervals prior to ti, rats were quickly removed from the cage and killed for blood collection and CN value quantitation. Chamber HC concentrations were monitored during the exposures
The "stall barrier" as a new preventive in general aviation accidents by C. W Von Rosenberg( Book )

2 editions published in 1966 in English and held by 181 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Aeromedical aspects of melatonin an overview by Donald C Sanders( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 173 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Melatonin, a pineal hormone present in the blood of humans and other species, has a distinct diurnal variation in its biosynthesis and, therefore, in its concentration. This variation has suggested the possibility of a regulatory function in day/night dependent physiological processes, such as sleep, and has led scientists to explore the effects of administered melatonin on the modulation of circadian rhythms. For the self-treatment of sleep disorders and other benefits, melatonin usage has been extolled to the extent that 20 million new consumers were added to the U.S. retail market in 1995. Its principal aeromedical application has been in the experimental treatment of jet lag effects. For aircraft passengers, melatonin administration at destination-bedtime appears to improve sleep quality and to decrease the time required to reestablish normal circadian rhythms. For international aircrews, who travel through multiple time zones without time to adapt to new environments, taking melatonin prior to arriving home may further impair already disturbed circadian rhythms. Its use to adjust to shiftwork changes by air traffic controllers, aircraft maintenance workers, and support personnel is even more controversial. Limited studies suggest that giving this hormone to shift workers should be done only under controlled conditions and that taking it at the wrong time may actually impair job performance. Because of its possible interaction with certain medications and the changes in its concentrations observed in some clinical conditions, the practitioner must exercise caution during the medical certification of airmen. The variations in the concentration of melatonin can be effectively determined by radioimmunoassay, high-performance liquid chromatography, and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy analytical techniques
An investigation of the relationship between chronological age and indicators of job performance for incumbent air traffic control specialists by Michael C Heil( Book )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Researchers have explored the issue of air traffic control specialist (ATCS) age and performance many times over the past few decades. These researchers have consistently found a negative relationship between the age of Air ATCSs and both training success and ratings of job performance. A recent study (Heil, 1999) found a curvilinear relationship between ATCS age and performance on a computerized simulation of air traffic situations, with performance decreasing for people in their mid 40s. Some researchers (Heil, 1999; Schroeder, Broach, & Farmer, 1997) have speculated that these relationships maybe due to a decline in cognitive ability with age. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the relationship between age and performance on tests of cognitive ability for incumbent ATCSs. As part of a concurrent validation study, 1083 incumbent ATCSs from 12 enroute centers took a newly developed air traffic control selection test. The tests included in the 6 hour battery were developed to measure the knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics (KSAOs) relevant to the ATCS job. Some of the KSAOs measured by the battery include: ability to prioritize, situational awareness, planning, execution, thinking ahead, short-term memory, reasoning, decisiveness, concentration, perceptual speed and accuracy, mathematical reasoning, and ability to deal with dynamic visual movement. The relationship between current age and performance on these cognitive tests was compared using regression analysis and analysis of variance procedures. The results of these analyses suggest some age-related decline in those cognitive abilities that are most important to successful job performance
Index to FAA Office of Aviation Medicine reports, 1961 through 1973 : prepared for Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, Office of Aviation Medicine by United States( Book )

1 edition published in 1974 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An index to Office of Aviation Medicine Reports (1964 - 1973) and Civil Aeromedical Research Institute Reports (1961 - 1963) is presented as a quick reference for those engaged in aviation medicine and related activities. It provides a listing of all FAA aviation medicine reports published from 1961 through 1973 by year, number, author, subject and title
Performance of Color-Dependent Tasks of Air Traffic Control Specialists as a Function of Type and Degree of Color Vision Deficiency by Henry W Mertens( Book )

1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This experiment was conducted to expand initial efforts to validate the requirement for normal color vision in Air Traffic Control Specialist (ATCS) personnel who work at en route center, terminal, and flight service station facilities. An enlarged data base was developed involving 121 individuals with normal color vision, 31 simple and 44 extreme anomalous trichromats, and 48 dichromats; both protans and duetans were included. The performance of subjects with normal color vision was compared with the performance of individuals in various classifications of color vision deficiency on a battery of color- dependent ATCS tasks. Simulations of the ATC color tasks concerned color coding in flight progress strips (at en route centers), aircraft lights and Aviation Signal Light indicator (in tower operations), and color weather radar (at flight service stations). Errors were rare among normal trichromats. Mean errors were significantly higher at every level (degree) of color vision deficiency than in normals. Approximately 6 percent of color deficient subjects were able to perform ATC color tasks without error. The six percent were all from the simple anomalous trichromat category; all extreme anomalous trichromats and dichromats were prone to error on ATC tasks. These findings provide support for the requirement of normal color vision in initial medical screening of ATCS personnel. Air Traffic Controllers Document is available to the public Color Vision Standards through the National Technical Performance Tests Information Service, Springfield, Color Vision Tests Virginia 22161
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Alternative Names

controlled identityUnited States. Aviation Medical Service

controlled identityUnited States. Federal Aviation Administration

controlled identityUnited States. Office of Aerospace Medicine

Aviation Medical Service

Bureau of Aviation Medicine


Office of Aviation Medicine

Office of Aviation Medicine United States

United States Aviation Medical Service

United States Aviation Medicine, Office of

United States Bureau of Aviation Medicine

United States Federal Aviation Administration Aviation Medical Service

United States Federal Aviation Administration Bureau of Aviation Medicine

United States Federal Aviation Administration Office of Aviation Medicine

United States Office of Aviation Medicine

USA Federal Aviation Administration Office of Aviation Medicine

English (63)