WorldCat Identities

Pfaff, Donald W. 1939-

Works: 135 works in 678 publications in 3 languages and 22,829 library holdings
Genres: Festschriften  Conference papers and proceedings  Handbooks and manuals  Methods (Music) 
Roles: Author, Editor, Contributor, htt, Other, edi
Classifications: BF637.H4, 155.232
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Donald W Pfaff
Drive : neurobiological and molecular mechanisms of sexual motivation by Donald W Pfaff( )

11 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 2,090 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The altruistic brain : how we are naturally good by Donald W Pfaff( )

22 editions published between 2014 and 2015 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,971 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the beginning of recorded history, law and religion have provided "rules" that define good behavior. When we obey such rules, we assign to some external authority the capacity to determine how we should act. Even anarchists recognize the existence of a choice as to whether or not to obey, since no one has seriously doubted that the source of social order resides in our vast ethical systems. Debate has focused only on whose system is best, never for an instant imagining that law, religion, or some philosophical permutation of either was not the basis of prosocial action. The only divergence from this uniform understanding of human society has come from the behavioral sciences, which cite various biological bases for human goodness. Putting aside both ancient and relatively modern ethical systems, neuroscientists, psychologists, and evolutionary biologists have started a revolution more profound than any anarchist ever dreamed of. In essence, these researchers argue that the source of good human behavior - of the benevolence that we associate with the highest religious teachings - emanates from our physical make-up. Our brains, hormones, and genes literally embody our social compasses. In The Altruistic Brain, renowned neuroscientist Donald Pfaff provides the latest, most far-reaching argument in support of this revolution, explaining in exquisite detail how our neuroanatomical structure favors kindness towards others. Unlike any other study in its field, The Altruistic Brain synthesizes all the most important research into how and why - at a purely physical level - humans empathize with one another and respond altruistically. It demonstrates that human beings are "wired" to behave altruistically in the first instance, such that unprompted, spontaneous kindness is our default behavior; such behavior comes naturally, irrespective of religious or cultural determinants. Based on his own research and that of some of the world's most eminent scientists, Dr. Pfaff puts together well-established brain mechanisms into a theory that is at once novel but also easily demonstrable. He further explains how, using psycho-social approaches that are now well understood, we can clear away obstacles to the brain's natural, altruistic inclinations. This is the first book not only to explain why we are naturally good, but to suggest means of making us behave as well as we can. The Altruistic Brain is required reading for anyone who wants to understand the behavioral revolution in science and the promise that it holds for reorienting society towards greater cooperation
Brain arousal and information theory : neural and genetic mechanisms by Donald W Pfaff( )

15 editions published between 2006 and 2009 in English and held by 1,810 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Donald Pfaff argues that, beneath our mental functions and emotional dispositions, a primitive neuronal system governs arousal. Employing the simple but powerful framework of information theory, Pfaff revolutionizes our understanding of arousal systems in the brain. Applying his hypothesis to heightened states of arousal - sex and fear - Pfaff shows us how his theory opens new scientific approaches to understanding the structure of brain arousal. Brain Arousal and Information Theory challenges current thinking about cognition and behavior. Whether you subscribe to Pfaff's theory or not, this book will stimulate debate about the nature of arousal itself."--Jacket
Principles of hormone/behavior relations by Donald W Pfaff( )

32 editions published between 2003 and 2018 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,736 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduces underlying principles of the endocrine regulation of behavior in animals and humans. Every chapter begins by stating a principle, followed by specific examples of hormone actions derived from scientific experiments and clinical observations, and concludes with a few challenging unanswered questions. The reference source Hormones, Brain & Behavior identified this field as rapidly expanding within neurobiology and endocrinology
The neuroscience of fair play : why we (usually) follow the Golden rule by Donald W Pfaff( )

12 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 1,670 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Many scholars, using anthropology, psychology, and evolution, argue that our ethical and moral life evolved from nature. Distinguished neuroscientist Donald W. Pfaff, Ph. D., takes that proposition a critical step further, right to the basics: brain signals." "In this first book to describe how ethics maybe a hardwired function of the human brain, Pfaff explains how specific brain circuits cause us to consider an action toward another as if it were happening to us, prompting us to treat others as we wish to be treated ourselves. Pfaff presents a rock-solid hypothesis of why humans across time and geography have such similar notions of good and bad, right and wrong."--Jacket
Man and woman : an inside story by Donald W Pfaff( )

16 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,662 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The saga of sex differences in brain and behavior begins with a tiny sperm swimming toward a huge egg, to contribute its tiny Y chromosome plus its copies of the other chromosomes. Genetic, anatomic and physiologic alterations in the male ensue, making his brain and behavior different in specific respects from his sister. Brain-wise, specific cell groups develop differently in males compared to females, in some cases right after birth and in other cases at puberty. But genetics and neuroanatomy do not dominate the scene. Prenatal stress, postnatal stress and lousy treatment at puberty all can affect males and females in different ways. The upshot of all these genetic and environmental factors produces small sex differences in certain abilities and huge sex differences in feelings, in pain and in suffering. Put this all together and the reader will see that biological and cultural influences on gender roles operate at so many different levels to influence behavioral mechanisms that gender role choices are flexible, reversible and non-dichotomous, especially in modern societies."--Jacket
Handbook of neuroendocrinology by George Fink( )

18 editions published between 2011 and 2014 in English and held by 1,338 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

These as well as neuroendocrine tumors are some of the themes covered in the 36 chapters of the Handbook. Drafted by internationally acknowledged experts in the field, the Handbook chapters feature detailed up-to-date bibliographies as well as "how do we know?" call out sections that highlight the experimental or technical foundations for major concepts, principles, or methodological advances in each area. Aimed at senior undergraduate and graduate students, post-doctoral fellows and faculty in neuroscience, medicine, endocrinology, psychiatry, psychology and cognate disciplines, the Handbook of Neuroendocrinology satisfies an unmet need that will prove useful at the laboratory bench as well as in the office.-
Hormones, brain, and behavior by Donald W Pfaff( )

42 editions published between 2002 and 2017 in English and held by 1,275 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Hormones, Brain, and Behavior, Second Edition" is a comprehensive work discussing the effect of hormones on the brain and, subsequently, behavior. This major reference work has 106 chapters covering a broad range of topics with an extensive discussion of the effects of hormones on insects, fish, amphibians, birds, rodents, and humans. To truly understand all aspects of our behavior, we must take every influence (including the hormonal influences) into consideration. Donald Pfaff and a number of well-qualified editors examine and discuss how we are influenced by hormonal factors, offering insight, and information on the lives of a variety of species. "Hormones, Brain, and Behavior" offers the reader comprehensive coverage of growing field of research, with a state-of-the-art overview of hormonally-mediated behaviors. This reference provides unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunities for relating behavior to molecular genetics. The topics cover an unusual breadth (from molecules to ecophysiology), ranging from basic science to clinical research, making this reference of interest to a broad range of scientists in a variety of fields. Available online via ScienceDirect, with limited edition print version. Features include: comprehensive coverage of a growing field of research; unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunities for relating behavior to molecular genetics; and, covers an unusual breadth ranging from molecules to ecophysiology, and from basic science to clinical research
Hormones and social behavior by Donald W Pfaff( )

21 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 630 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The evolutionary approach presented in this book provides clues to the relevance of social interactions as part of the natural selection process, for the survival of species, including ours. Proceeding further, as science often does, from the simple to the complex, and taking advantage of the wide pluridisciplinary range of the participants a coming from fields as diverse as molecular neuroscience, anthropology and psychology a a final question was raised as to whether biological substrates of complex social behaviors may also be relevant to moral issues characteristic of humans beings (Hauser and Young 2008): for instance, information aiming at decision making is not processed by the brain in the same way, whether or not a given situation is perceived as involving moral dilemmas. In fact, it could be argued that human social behavior mechanisms do not constitute a simple extension of other central nervous system regulatory functions but instead represent and require a different level of analysis. Understanding how social patterns are controlled by the brain may yield new insights into the nature of consciousness: human conscious experience depends upon a person being embedded in a complex social environment. According to this view, rational, moral behavior is a natural product of the human mind operating in social contexts and having been selected for during the process of human evolution
Oxytocin, vasopressin, and related peptides in the regulation of behavior by Elena Choleris( )

14 editions published between 2013 and 2018 in English and Undetermined and held by 614 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The mammalian neurohypophyseal peptide hormones oxytocin and vasopressin act to mediate human social behavior - they affect trust and social relationships and have an influence on avoidance responses. Describing the evolutionary roots of the effects that these neuropeptides have on behavior, this book examines remarkable parallel findings in both humans and non-human animals. The chapters are structured around three key issues: the molecular and neurohormonal mechanisms of peptides; phylogenetic considerations of their role in vertebrates; and their related effects on human behavior, social cognition and clinical applications involving psychiatric disorders such as autism. A final chapter summarizes current research perspectives and reflects on the outlook for future developments. Providing a comparative overview and featuring contributions from leading researchers, this is a valuable resource for graduate students, researchers and clinicians in this rapidly developing field
Neuroscience in the 21st century : from basic to clinical by Donald W Pfaff( )

25 editions published between 2012 and 2016 in English and German and held by 566 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Edited and authored by a wealth of international experts in neuroscience and related disciplines, this key new resource aims to offer medical students and graduate researchers around the world a comprehensive introduction and overview of modern neuroscience. Neuroscience research is certain to prove a vital element in combating mental illness in its various incarnations, a strategic battleground in the future of medicine, as the prevalence of mental disorders is becoming better understood each year. Hundreds of millions of people worldwide are affected by mental, behavioral, neurological and substance use disorders. The World Health Organization estimated in 2002 that 154 million people globally suffer from depression and 25 million people from schizophrenia; 91 million people are affected by alcohol use disorders and 15 million by drug use disorders. A more recent WHO report shows that 50 million people suffer from epilepsy and 24 million from Alzheimer{u2019}s and other dementias. Because neuroscience takes the etiology of disease{u2014}the complex interplay between biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors{u2014}as its object of inquiry, it is increasingly valuable in understanding an array of medical conditions. A recent report by the United States{u2019} Surgeon General cites several such diseases: schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, early-onset depression, autism, attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder, anorexia nervosa, and panic disorder, among many others. Not only is this volume a boon to those wishing to understand the future of neuroscience, it also aims to encourage the initiation of neuroscience programs in developing countries, featuring as it does an appendix full of advice on how to develop such programs. With broad coverage of both basic science and clinical issues, comprising around 150 chapters from a diversity of international authors and including complementary video components, Neuroscience in the 21st Century in its second edition serves as a comprehensive resource to students and researchers alike
The Physiological mechanisms of motivation by Donald W Pfaff( Book )

15 editions published between 1982 and 2012 in English and German and held by 493 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To scientists engaged in research on the cellular mechanisms in the mammalian brain, concepts of "motivation" seem to be a logical necesƯ sity, even if they are not fashionable. Immersed in the detailed, timeƯ consuming research required to deal with mammalian nerve cells, we usually pay scant attention to the more global brain -behavior questions that have arisen from decades of biological and psychological studies. We felt it was time to confront these issues-namely, how far has neuroƯ biological investigation come in uncovering mechanisms by which motiƯ vational signals influence behavior? At Rockefeller University, we have recently held a course on this subject. We restricted our treatment to those motivational systems most tractable to physiological approaches, and invited scientists skilled in both behavioral issues and physiological techniques to participate. This volume results from that course. The deans and administration at Rockefeller University provided much help in planning the course, and the staff of Springer-Verlag assisted in planning the book. Gabriele Zummer helped organize both the course and the processing of book chapters. They all deserve our thanks. December 1981 Donald W. Pfaff Professor of Neurobiology and Behavior Rockefeller University Contents Part One: Concepts. ... ... 1 Chapter 1 Donald W. Pfaff Motivational Concepts: Definitions and Distinctions ... 3 Motivation: A Brief Review of Concepts. ... . 5 Drive ... ... ... 10 Reinforcement, Reward ... ... 13 Incentive ... ... ... 16 Arousal ... ... ... 17 Emotion ... ... ... 18 Motivation Is a Unitary Behavioral Concept with Multiple Neurophysiological Mechanisms. ... ... 20 References ... ... ... 22 Chapter 2 Alan N
Ethical questions in brain and behavior : problems and opportunities by Donald W Pfaff( Book )

12 editions published in 1983 in English and German and held by 471 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Stem cells in neuroendocrinology by Donald W Pfaff( )

10 editions published between 2016 and 2018 in English and Undetermined and held by 442 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume starts with an elementary introduction covering stem cell methodologies used to produce specific types of neurons, possibilities for their therapeutic use, and warnings of technical problems. In addition the authors report successes in achieving the derivation of a specific type of neuron. The dopamine neuron offers an important example and is discussed in more detail. Additional chapters cover problems obviously approachable with cells derived from stem cells, including their need in surgeries for pituitary cancers. The last chapter provides an overview of this particular field of research and presents a vision for its future directions
Estrogens and brain function : neural analysis of a hormone-controlled mammalian reproductive behavior by Donald W Pfaff( Book )

16 editions published between 1979 and 2011 in 3 languages and held by 429 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book brings together some of the results and ideas produced by a large number of people-colleagues and students with whom I am privileged to work in the laboratory at Rockefeller University. In terms of my personal history I see it as a confluence of creative forcesƯ persons from whom I have learned. I was instructed in neuroanatomy by Walle J.H. Nauta at M.I.T., and later in a course at Harvard Medical School under the direction of Richard Sidman. At Harvard Medical School, where M.I.T. graduate students were allowed to cross register, the superb neurophysiology course was under the guiding spirit of Stephen Kuffler. Later, I benefited greatly from participating in his summer course in electrophysiological techniques at Woods Hole. Eric Kandel and his colleagues have provided us with the most exciting contemporary approach to the conceptualization and study of cellular mechanisms for behavior. Here at Rockefeller, Carl Pfaffmann and Neal Miller have been leaders in every sense of the word. Not only did they provide me with opportunities to grow to scientific maturity; they also set an example of clear thinking about mechanisms for mammalian behavior patterns. I wrote this book to show how the systematic use of increasingly detailed electrophysiological, neuroanatomical, and neuroendocrine techƯ niques can explain the mechanism for a mammalian behavioral response. The behavior in question happens to be sensitive to steroid hormones and plays a central role in reproduction
Multiple origins of sex differences in brain : neuroendocrine functions and their pathologies by Donald W Pfaff( )

14 editions published in 2013 in English and German and held by 397 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In theoretical terms, sex differences in brain and behavior offer the possibility of fascinating scientific studies on a range of molecular phenomena such as DNA methylation, chromatin protein modification, non-coding DNA, resulting in important neuroanatomical and neurochemical effects. However, this general subject has been treated with much hyperbole. Historically, sex differences were assumed to be present where they did not really exist, e.g. with respect to mathematics, executive leadership, etc. etc. Under what circumstances do we really care about sex differences in brain and behavior? These circumstances concern human maladies whose diagnoses are much different between boys and girls, or between women and men. Prominent examples to be discussed today will include autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorders and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. The meeting will end with a consideration of effects of estrogenic hormones on the injured brain, and their roles as protective agents
Reproduction( Book )

8 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 273 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Genetic influences on neural and behavioral functions( Book )

11 editions published between 1999 and 2019 in English and held by 263 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Utilizing the flood of information derived from the Human Genome Project and corresponding efforts to elucidate the mouse genome, Genetic Influences on Neural and Behavioral Functions provides a scholarly catalog, organized logically, of relations between the expression of specific genes, nerve cell biology and behavior, normal and abnormal, in animals AND humans.Sample topics include genes in relation to schiziphrenia, panic disorder, epilepsy, alcoholism, sleep, eating disorders, and more
Taste, olfaction, and the central nervous system : a festschrift in honor of Carl Pfaffmann( Book )

10 editions published between 1984 and 1985 in English and held by 225 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

How the vertebrate brain regulates behavior : direct from the lab by Donald W Pfaff( Book )

8 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 225 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Historically, neuroscientists often chose to work with the simplest non-mammalian species out of a fear that the mammalian brain would be too complex and would defy precise methodology. My lab's work has proven that by choosing problems and methods with care, it is possible to explain a mammalian behavior. The timing of this book reflects that it is now fifty years since I discovered hormone receptors in the brain. These hormone receptors led us to unravel the neural circuitry for a laboratory animal mating behavior and also permit us to use molecular biological techniques in the brain. The behavior explained is a social behavior, which makes it still more surprising that it has been susceptible of analysis. My lab's accomplishments typify, in one scientific story, what needs to happen as neuroscientists continue to explore mechanisms in the mammalian brain.--
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WorldCat IdentitiesRelated Identities
Drive : neurobiological and molecular mechanisms of sexual motivation
Brain arousal and information theory : neural and genetic mechanismsPrinciples of hormone/behavior relationsThe neuroscience of fair play : why we (usually) follow the Golden ruleMan and woman : an inside storyHandbook of neuroendocrinologyHormones, brain, and behaviorHormones and social behaviorGenetic influences on neural and behavioral functionsTaste, olfaction, and the central nervous system : a festschrift in honor of Carl Pfaffmann
Alternative Names
Donald Pfaff Amerikaans bioloog

Donald Pfaff biòleg estatunidenc

Donald Pfaff biologiste américain

Donald Pfaff biólogo estadounidense

Donald Pfaff biologo statunitense

Donald Pfaff biólogu estauxunidense

Donald W. Pfaff

Donald W. Pfaff biólogo norte-americano

Pfaff, D.

Pfaff, D. 1939-

Pfaff, D. (Donald)

Pfaff, D. (Donald), 1939-

Pfaff, D. W.

Pfaff, D. W. 1939-

Pfaff, D. W. (Donald W.)

Pfaff, D. W. (Donald W.), 1939-

Pfaff, Donald.

Pfaff Donald 1939-....

Pfaff, Donald W.

Pfaff, Donald Wells 1939-

パフ, D. W

English (319)

German (7)

Italian (1)