WorldCat Identities

Lines, Patricia M.

Works: 44 works in 85 publications in 1 language and 1,975 library holdings
Genres: Bibliography  Abstracts  Catalogs  Bibliographies  Case studies  History  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author
Classifications: LC40, 377.1
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Patricia M Lines
Homeschoolers : estimating numbers and growth by Patricia M Lines( )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 323 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Homeschooling by Patricia M Lines( Book )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 288 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Choosing to homeschool or to educate a child traditionally is often a difficult and confusing decision for parents and guardians. To help them make the best possible choice, this brochure answers basic questions about homeschooling and suggests other useful sources of information. The questions include the following: (1) Do families have a right to school their children at home? (2) What does the federal government do for families who school at home? (3) How do educators and policymakers view homeschooling? (4) How well do home-schooled children do? (5) What are college-admission policies with regard to home-schooled students? And (6) What resources are available to homeschoolers? The brochure also identifies additional sources of information. (Lmi)
Homeschooling, resources for parents and students by Patricia M Lines( Book )

1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 205 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Homeschooling by Patricia M Lines( )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 204 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Homeschooling has grown over the past several decades. It is estimated that 923,700 to 1,275,098 children will be homeschooled by the 2001-02 school year. Homeschooling families come from all major ethnic, cultural, and religious backgrounds and all income levels. Homeschooling parents are commonly active in their communities and join community and volunteer associations. Today, homeschooling is legal in all states. State laws generally require homeschooling parents to file basic information with a state or local education agency. More than half of the states require evaluation such as testing, portfolio evaluations, or teacher evaluation. Parents do not need teaching certificates. Mothers commonly play the dominant role in the children's education, though fathers usually pitch in. Local and state support groups offer advice and assistance. There is at least one state-level homeschooling association in every state. Popular resources include libraries, museums, colleges, parks departments, churches, local businesses, and schools. Available test data show that homeschoolers do well. For example, one study of 12,000 homeschooled children showed that they placed in the 62nd to 91st percentile of national norms. Disagreement exists, however, about whether homeschooling helps or hinders a child's social development. Public opinion, though mixed, is generally positive with regards to homeschooling. (Contains 13 references.) (RT)
Homeschoolers : estimating numbers and growth by Patricia M Lines( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 95 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Data from state education agencies show that homeschooling has more than doubled, and possibly tripled, in the 5 years between the 1990-1991 school year and the 1995-1996 school year. By the 1995-1996 school year, from 1% to 2% of the total school-aged population were in homeschooling. Homeschooling has become a major sector of the private education world, representing approximately 10% of the privately schooled population. In some states, homeschooling may exceed 20% of the privately schooled population. The total number of homeschoolers in the 1990-1991 school year seemed to have been between 250,000 and 350,000 children nationwide, and around 700,000 to 750,000 in 1995-1996. Based on limited evidence from four states, the number is still growing. The rate was between 7% and 15% from the 1995-1996 school year to the 1996-1997 school year. If one assumes the larger growth rate, which is more consistent with past growth, the number could have reached about 1,000,000 children by the 1997-1998 school year. Growth has persisted over three decades. Earlier estimates, based on different methodologies, suggested 60,000 to 125,000 school-aged children in the fall of 1983, 122,000 to 244,000 for the fall of 1985, between 150,000 to 300,000 for the fall of 1988, and between 250,000 and 350,000 for fall 1990. A retroactive estimate done in 1988 suggested that 10,000 to 15,000 children received their education at home in the later 1970s and early 1980s, close to an estimate made at that time by an early leader of the homeschooling movement, John Holt. One appendix contains a summary of data available from the states on homeschooling, and the other lists families who file homeschooling paperwork by state. (Author/SLD)
Compulsory education laws and their impact on public and private education by Patricia M Lines( Book )

8 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 91 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper explores some of the implications of compulsory education for public and private schools and for home schooling. Data were derived from interviews conducted with approximately 120 education leaders in 15 states and with state officials in all states and U.S. territories. Following the introduction, the first part reviews compulsory education laws and summarizes the state survey findings. The second part describes the problems of and possible alternatives to compulsory education laws in the public school system. The impact of such laws on private schools are discussed in the third part, which describes the state regulation of private schools and court challenges to those laws. Part 4 examines the current status of home schooling, relevant state policies, and litigation. Part 5 examines political considerations involved in changing a state's compulsory education laws, some of which include the free exercise of religion, the right to choose, accountability, maintaining the society, and the possible loss of state aid to public schools. The final part provides examples from selected states that redesigned their school attendance legislation. It is recommended that states keep compulsory education requirements at a minimum and achieve reforms through a public education program that entices student participation. Nine tables are included. Appendices contain suggested legislation for compulsory education, comments on the recommended language, and citations for related readings available from the Education Commission of the States. (Contains 20 references and 15 citations of selected cases.) (LMI)
Parents and their informational resources : a reassessment of findings from Alum Rock by Patricia M Lines( Book )

2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Opponents of school choice argue that economically advantaged families will get the best schools, and socioeconomic and racial segregation will only increase. If choice allows better matching of child to school, then parent information levels can critically affect the outcome. Very few data are available that directly confirm the presence or absence of information inequalities in school choice programs; most studies infer parental knowledge from their data. One exception to this lack of direct data about parental knowledge comes from the Alum Rock district (California) study of school choice in the 1970s. a fresh examination of the original report indicates that in the first 2 months of the program, there was mixed evidence of informational inequalities. At some time prior to the 14th month, parents became approximately equal in their knowledge about the choice program, regardless of their ethnicity, income, or education. The original evaluation reported informational inequalities, based on one of three questions, after pooling interviews from all parents. Two other questions probing parents' information levels yielded no significant differences among parents except that the Spanish-speaking Mexican Americans were more knowledgeable than others. Concerned about the validity of these Spanish-language interviews, the original evaluators disregarded the data on the Spanish-speaking parents. However, their justification does not seem adequate. Reinstating the Spanish-speaking data, this reassessment of the original evaluation suggests that, given comparable demographics and comparable information dissemination efforts, less educated and minority parents can become as knowledgeable as any other on such basic questions as existence of school choice programs, and transfer and transportation rights under the program. (Hth)
Home schooling by Patricia M Lines( Book )

2 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A small but increasing number of school-aged children are engaging in home schooling--pursuing learning at home or elsewhere in the community. This digest summarizes research findings on and issues around home schooling. It describes the historical roots of home schooling, the estimated number of participants, the constitutionality and legal issues surrounding it, and the resources available to home schoolers. The effect of home schooling on children's social development is also examined. Disagreement exists about which is more beneficial to children--spending more time with mixed-age groups or with their peers. Public opinion is divided about home schooling. It is primarily opposed by professional educators' unions and associations; however, the parents' right to homeschool their children is generally upheld by the American Civil Liberties Union, most state legislatures, and the majority of respondents to a Gallup poll. (LMI)
Estimating the home schooled population by Patricia M Lines( )

2 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Homeschooling resources for parents and students by Patricia M Lines( Book )

1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Treatment of religion in public schools and the impact on private education by Patricia M Lines( Book )

5 editions published between 1984 and 1985 in English and held by 73 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper explores major historical changes in public school values from colonial times to the present and describes the ways such changes have affected private education. Emphasized are values based on religious premises, values that affect the religious beliefs of others, and the impact of both types of values on decisions to leave public schools and affiliate with or establish private schools. Specific topics addressed include (1) the religious prototype for public schools; (2) religious public schools and compulsory education; (3) the impact of private education; (4) public response to successful private schools; (5) the nondenominational movement; (6) early secular influences; (7) persistence of the sectarian and nondenominational religious ethic; (8) the role of the Constitution; (9) religion and the public school today; and (10) impact on private schools. The discussion subsequently focuses on shifts within the private school population, trends in litigation, trends in legislation, and sources of tension between public and private schools. Generally, it is asserted that, while the public schools at the beginning of the 20th century reflected evangelical, Protestant values, today they reflect mostly secular values. The sharp rise in litigation over state regulation in private schools in the 1980s is seen as evidence of new tension between public and private education. It is expected that the courts and legislatures will accommodate Christians who choose to educate their children in private schools. (Rh)
Religious and moral values in public schools : a constitutional analysis by Patricia M Lines( Book )

5 editions published in 1981 in English and held by 62 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Focusing on what policymakers cannot do, rather than on what they should do, this booklet explores the constitutional parameters of the teaching of moral values. Section 1 provides a description of the general rules for legal analysis followed by the courts when dealing with freedom of speech or religion. In the following two sections, these rules are applied to decisions to exclude or include value-laden concepts in school programs. The booklet concludes with a discussion of ways in which the public school system can accomodate a diversity of viewpoints about morality and religion and, in particular, ways to accomodate those who disagree with the official choices made for the public education program. A review of constitutional "Do's and Don'ts" for educational policymakers seeking to establish a value system as part of the public school program is appended. (Author/WD)
Student achievement in an integrated setting by Patricia M Lines( Book )

4 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 59 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Teacher competency testing : a review of legal considerations by Patricia M Lines( Book )

4 editions published between 1984 and 1987 in English and held by 58 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Serving the unserved : the historical and legal context by Patricia M Lines( Book )

4 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Education reform and education choice : conflict and accommodation by Patricia M Lines( Book )

4 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 54 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper identifies major education goals that conflict with educational choice and explores the context and causes of the conflict. Implications for family choice of the numerous reforms currently gaining nationwide support are examined, along with public policies that deny choice, such as attendance requirements, state-imposed curriculum requirements, teacher certification requirements, and tracking, either formally or informally through counselling. After an introductory overview, these issues are discussed first from the perspective of the consumer, then from that of society. Finally, in a section addressing the compatibility of choice and educational reform, prospects for increased choice are considered in light of the political and administrative relationships predominant within the contemporary public school system. Extensive footnotes and a 40-item bibliography are included. (Te)
Proceedings of the 1978 Conference on the Seattle and Denver Income Maintenance Experiments by Conference on the Seattle and Denver Income Maintenance Experiments( Book )

2 editions published in 1979 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Early American community development corporations : the trading companies by Patricia M Lines( Book )

2 editions published in 1970 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Who will get merit pay? : who goes up the career ladder? : a legal perspective by Patricia M Lines( Book )

2 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This discussion on merit pay and career ladders focuses on legal questions about evaluation fairness. If the concern of teachers for fairness is heeded, policymakers must include in enabling legislation for teacher incentive programs procedures designed to minimize the impact of bias for or against particular individuals or particular teaching methods. Existing constitutional and legal requirements for due process, or for hearings, are not adequate, and new law is needed. Teacher incentives may be a good idea, but if they are based on the wrong criteria or poor evaluations, they will backfire. If a commitment to developing and paying for a good system is lacking, these programs should be tabled. Everything depends upon the development of criteria that truly measure good teaching, and a fair and workable evaluation system. (JD)
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Audience level: 0.49 (from 0.40 for Homeschool ... to 0.75 for Early Amer ...)

Support for home-based education : pioneering partnerships between public schools and families who instruct their children at home : a guide for state policymakers, local boards of education, and school administrators
English (57)