WorldCat Identities

Copeland, Claudia

Works: 94 works in 391 publications in 1 language and 4,219 library holdings
Genres: Chronologies 
Roles: Author
Classifications: JK1108, 347.303924
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Claudia Copeland
Water quality : implementing the Clean Water Act by Claudia Copeland( Book )

59 editions published between 1980 and 2013 in English and held by 661 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Wetland issues by Jeffrey A Zinn( Book )

40 editions published between 1997 and 2006 in English and held by 432 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Clean water act reauthorization by Claudia Copeland( Book )

21 editions published between 1991 and 2000 in English and held by 315 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A legislative history of the Safe Drinking Water Act : together with a section-by-section index by Claudia Copeland( Book )

1 edition published in 1982 in English and held by 224 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Water infrastructure financing : history of EPA appropriations by Claudia Copeland( Book )

15 editions published between 1996 and 2008 in English and held by 192 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The principal federal program to aid municipal wastewater treatment plant construction is authorized in the Clean Water Act (CWA). Established as a grant program in 1972, it now capitalizes state loan programs. Authorizations since 1972 have totaled $65 billion, while appropriations have totaled $78.3 billion. It has represented 25-30% of total funds appropriated to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in recent years. In appropriations legislation, funding for EPA wastewater assistance is contained in the measure providing funds for the Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies, which includes EPA. Within the portion of that bill which funds EPA, wastewater treatment assistance is specified in an account now called State and Tribal Assistance Grants (STAG). Three trends in the funding of this account are most prominent: inclusion of non-infrastructure environmental grants to states, beginning in FY1993; increasing number and amount of special purpose grants since FY1989; and the addition of grant assistance for drinking water treatment projects in FY1997. This report summarizes, in chronological order, congressional activity to fund items in this account since 1987. Prior to the 1987 amendments, wastewater treatment assistance was provided in the form of grants made to municipalities. The federal share of project costs was generally 55%; state and local governments were responsible for the remaining 45%. The 1987 amendments altered this arrangement by replacing the traditional grant program with one that provides federal grants to capitalize state clean water loan programs, or state revolving funds (SRFs). As a general matter, states and cities support the program changes and the shift to a loan program that was intended to provide long-term funding for water quality and wastewater construction activities. However, the change means that local communities now are responsible for 100% of projects costs, rather than 45%, because they are required to repay loans to states. The greater financial burden of the act's loan program on some cities has caused some to seek continued grant funding. This has been particularly evident in the appropriations process where, in recent years, Congress has reserved as much as 30% of funds in the STAG account for special purpose grants directed to specified communities. Since FY2000, appropriators have awarded earmarks to a larger total number of projects, resulting in more communities receiving such grants, but at the same time receiving smaller amounts of funds, on average. Most of the funded projects are not authorized in the Clean Water Act or the Safe Drinking Water Act. State water quality officials, state infrastructure financing officials, and EPA have objected to this practice, since it reduces the amount of funding for state SRF programs. Since FY1997, the STAG account also has been used to fund a drinking water SRF grant program established by Congress in 1996. Appropriations for the drinking water SRF program through FY2008 have totaled $10.3 billion
Federal-state relations in transition : implications for environmental policy : report by Claudia Copeland( Book )

3 editions published in 1982 in English and held by 153 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Clean water act issues in the 108th Congress by Claudia Copeland( Book )

12 editions published between 2003 and 2013 in English and held by 116 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Clean Water Act : current issues and guide to books by Claudia Copeland( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 115 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Terrorism and security issues facing the water infrastructure sector by Claudia Copeland( Book )

27 editions published between 2001 and 2010 in English and held by 103 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Damage to or destruction of the nation's water supply and water quality infrastructure by terrorist attack could disrupt the delivery of vital human services in this country, threatening public health and the environment, or possibly causing loss of life. Interest in such problems has increased since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. Across the country, water infrastructure systems extend over vast areas, and ownership and operation responsibility are both public and private but are overwhelmingly nonfederal. Since the attacks, federal dam operators and water and wastewater utilities have been under heightened security conditions and are evaluating security plans and measures. Policy makers are considering a number of options, including enhanced physical security, better communication and coordination, and research. A key issue is how additional protections and resources directed at public and private sector priorities will be funded. In response, Congress has approved $410 million in funds for security at water infrastructure facilities (P.L. 107-117, P.L. 108-7, and P.L. 108-11) and passed a bill requiring drinking water utilities to conduct security vulnerability assessments (P.L. 107-188). Congress also created a Department of Homeland Security with responsibilities to coordinate information to secure the nation s critical infrastructure, including the water sector (P.L. 107-297). Continuing attention to these issues in the 108th Congress is anticipated. Current interest is focusing on bills concerning security of wastewater utilities (H.R. 866, S. 1039). This report will be updated as warranted
Air quality issues and animal agriculture : a primer by Claudia Copeland( Book )

27 editions published between 2005 and 2013 in English and held by 101 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Clean Water Act reauthorization in the 105th Congress by Claudia Copeland( Book )

6 editions published between 1996 and 1998 in English and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The clean water action plan : background and early implementation by Claudia Copeland( Book )

5 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 73 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In October 1997, Vice President Gore directed federal agencies to develop a Clean Water Initiative to improve and strengthen water pollution control efforts. The multi-agency plan was released on February 19, 1998, and identifies nearly 100 key actions. Most are existing activities, now labeled as part of the Initiative."
Water pollution issues and developments( Book )

2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Clean water : EPA municipal construction grants program by Claudia Copeland( Book )

3 editions published between 1985 and 1986 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pesticide use and water quality : are the laws complementary or in conflict? by Claudia Copeland( Book )

13 editions published between 2005 and 2013 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report provides background on the emerging conflict over interpretation and implementation of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and the Clean Water Act (CWA). For the more than 30 years since they were enacted, there has been little apparent conflict between them. But their relationship has recently been challenged in several arenas, including the federal courts and regulatory proceedings of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). In this report, a brief discussion of the two laws is followed by a review of the major litigation of interest. EPA's efforts to clarify its policy in this area, including regulation issued in November 2006, are discussed, as well as possible options for EPA and Congress to address the issues further
EPA's proposed policy on wastewater blending : background and issues by Claudia Copeland( Book )

6 editions published between 2004 and 2013 in English and held by 41 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In November 2003 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed a policy regarding a type of wastewater treatment practice called blending. Some cities use blending to manage peak flows of water and waste into wastewater treatment plants during and after storms as a way to prevent conditions that otherwise result in raw sewage backups into homes and other buildings or overflows into nearby waters. Blending involves routing excess wastewater around the plant's biological treatment processes and recombining this excess flow with fully treated wastewater before discharging it to a stream or lake. As of February 2005, EPA has not yet issued a final version of the blending policy, which is intended to clarify when the practice can be allowed and still adhere to Clean Water Act regulations and requirements. Although blending has been standard engineering practice for several decades as a way to manage peak stormwater flows, controversy exists about the practice, both among stakeholder groups and also internally at EPA, where enforcement officials have challenged the practice and in some cases opposed allowing cities to use it. Others at EPA believe that, with certain restrictions, the practice is legal and environmentally protective. This report provides background on blending, why and how it is practiced, EPA's proposed policy, associated issues, and congressional interest in the topic. It will be updated as warranted. Criticism of blending focuses on three concerns: legality of the practice, impacts on public health and the environment, and other policy issues. A number of groups and interests have weighed in on all of these issues, especially in comments on the November 2003 proposed policy. Environmental advocates say that the practice of blending is inconsistent with existing rules that prohibit intentional bypass of a treatment facility. These groups have also raised substantial concern about public health and environmental impacts from discharges of wastes that contain pathogenic organisms. Many cities and municipal organizations support the EPA policy and practice of blending, saying that if cities are barred from blending, they are forced to make costly infrastructure investments, with limited benefit. While a number of states support the EPA policy, others oppose it for reasons including concern that the policy would undermine incentives for cities to remedy the infrastructure problems that result in sewage overflows. In Congress, these issues have drawn some attention. In January 2004, Members with differing views wrote to EPA to express concerns about the proposed EPA policy. Congress has several options at this point, ranging from allowing EPA to handle the issue administratively, to conducting oversight of issues raised by the proposed policy, or to legislating in order to direct EPA's actions, by expressly permitting, prohibiting, or modifying the policy. Legislation intended to bar EPA from issuing blending rules or guidance was introduced in the 108th Congress (H.R. 5421), but no action occurred on the bill
The national energy policy report : environmental permitting and regulatory issues( Book )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Water Infrastructure Needs and Investment: Review and Analysis of Key Issues by Claudia Copeland( )

4 editions published between 2007 and 2010 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Policymakers are giving increased attention to issues associated with financing and investing in the nation's drinking water and wastewater treatment systems, which take in water, treat it, and distribute it to households and other customers, and later collect, treat, and discharge water after use. The renewed attention is due to a combination of factors. These include financial impacts on communities of meeting existing and anticipated regulatory requirements, the need to repair and replace existing infrastructure, concerns about paying for security-related projects, and proposals to stimulate U.S. economic activity by building and rebuilding the nation's infrastructure. The federal government has a long history of involvement with wastewater and drinking water systems, with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) having the most significant role, both in terms of regulation and funding. The U.S. Department of Agriculture also plays an important role in rural communities through its water and wastewater loan and grant programs. These programs have been popular; however, states, local communities, and others have asserted that various program gaps and limitations may be diminishing their potential effectiveness. They also point to the emergence of new infrastructure needs and issues
The role of public works infrastructure in economic stimulus( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Audience level: 0.65 (from 0.45 for The nation ... to 0.70 for Clean wate ...)

Clean Water Act : current issues and guide to books
English (252)

Water pollution issues and developments