WorldCat Identities

International Monetary Fund Fiscal Affairs Department

Works: 1,220 works in 2,810 publications in 1 language and 70,039 library holdings
Genres: Handbooks and manuals  Case studies 
Roles: Other, Editor, Redactor
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about International Monetary Fund
Most widely held works by International Monetary Fund
Manual on fiscal transparency by International Monetary Fund( )

12 editions published between 2001 and 2007 in English and held by 1,401 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

<I am pleased that the Manual on Fiscal Transpareny and the Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency can now be made available in printed format for the first time. The Code has been developed in response to a concern, highlighted by experience in a number of countries, that a lack of comprehensive and reliable information on fiscal activity made it difficult to properly assess the objectives and implications of fiscal policy. This created problems not only for financial markets, international organizations (like the IMF) and others outside a country, but also for the country's legislature and public, and often for the government itself. The Code is intended to promote improvements in fiscal transparency.>
Guide on resource revenue transparency by I International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Department( )

5 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 1,204 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This publication applies the principles of the revised IMF Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency to the unique set of transparency problems faced by countries that derive a significant share of their revenues from natural resources and need to address complex and volatile transaction flows. The guide identifies and explains generally recognized good or best practices for transparency of resource revenue management. It supplements the IMF Manual on Fiscal Transparency. It is designed to give a framework for assessing resource-specific issues within broader fiscal transparency assessments (including so-called 'fiscal ROSCs')
Fiscal federalism in theory and practice by International Monetary Fund( )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1,149 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The literature on intergovernmental fiscal relations has been expanding rapidly in recent years, in line with a growing worldwide trend toward fiscal decentralization. This book is intended to contribute to the evolving body of knowledge by providing an overview of the current thinking in the literature on these issues (the theory of fiscal federalism) and the current status of intergovernmental fiscal relations in a broad range of industrial, developing, and transition economies (thepractice of fiscal federalism). As a reflection of the IMF's focus on macroeconomic issues, the book emphasized the macroeconomic dimensions of intergovernmental fiscal relations, an area that until recently had been relatively neglected in the fiscal federalism literature
Should equity be a goal of economic policy? by International Monetary Fund( )

9 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 1,096 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Despite widespread economic expansion, income gaps have widened during the past decade in many parts of the world, including in the industrial countries. This trend has hightened concerns about the treatment of equity in the formulation of economic policy. Equity and growth can be complementary: some policies that promote equity -- particularly investment in human capital -- can boost growth in the long run and thus alleviate extreme poverty, increase social cohesion, and reduce the scope for political conflict. Policy choices are not always so easy, however: when growth and equity do not go hand in hand, when and how should governments intervene?
Moldova: Taking Compliance Management Further by International Monetary Fund( )

3 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 888 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report discusses implementation of the compliance risk model (CRM) by Moldova{u2019}s tax department. The CRM has shown encouraging results in 2011, in terms of extra revenue. However, the assessment reports that for long-lasting impact, the model requires further improvement in taxpayer services, audit, tax fraud investigations, information technology, and the value-added tax refund system. The compliance plan for 2012 involves implementing measures within the segment of wealthy individuals
Quality of Government and Living Standards: Adjusting for the Efficiency of Public Spending by Francesco Grigoli( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 757 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

It is generally acknowledged that the government's output is difficult to define and its value is hard to measure. The practical solution, adopted by national accounts systems, is to equate output to input costs. However, several studies estimate significant inefficiencies in government activities (i.e., same output could be achieved with less inputs), implying that inputs are not a good approximation for outputs. If taken seriously, the next logical step is to purge from GDP the fraction of government inputs that is wasted. As differences in the quality of the public sector have a direct impa
Taxation and Development - Again by Michael Keen( )

2 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 756 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Issues of taxation and development, which have long been a central concern of the IMF, have attracted wider and renewed interest in the last few years. This paper reflects on three broad lessons of experience: that developing countries differ vastly in tax matters, and in ways that are less than fully understood; that the history of "big ideas" in guiding tax reform for developing countries is decidedly mixed; and that the value of the emphasis often placed in this context on "informality" is decidedly limited. It also asks whether ideas of "state building" emphasized in some of the recent literature are likely to lead to practical advice much different from that commonly offered now
Quantifying Impact of Aging Population on Fiscal Space by Seok Gil Park( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 754 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper quantitatively investigates how population aging trend affects fiscal space measured as unused revenue generating capacity by utilizing a standard neoclassical growth model. A calibration exercise for G-7 countries shows that France, Germany and Italy suffer greater revenue impact from a given reduction in hours worked due to their larger government expenditure. Corrective measures such as pension reform and flexible expenditure policy would be required in order to mitigate the impact of aging on fiscal space
The Impact of Longevity Improvements on U.S. Corporate Defined Benefit Pension Plans by Michael Kisser( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 753 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper provides the first empirical assessment of the impact of life expectancy assumptions on the liabilities of private U.S. defined benefit (DB) pension plans. Using detailed actuarial and financial information provided by the U.S. Department of Labor, we construct a longevity variable for each pension plan and then measure the impact of varying life expectancy assumptions across plans and over time on pension plan liabilities. The results indicate that each additional year of life expectancy increases pension liabilities by about 3 to 4 percent. This effect is not only statistically hi
Fiscal Rules in Response to the Crisis:Toward the Next-Generation Rules. A New Dataset by Andrea Schaechter( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 747 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Strengthening fiscal frameworks, in particular fiscal rules, has emerged as a key response to the fiscal legacy of the crisis. This paper takes stock of fiscal rules in use around the world, compiles a dataset - covering national and supranational fiscal rules, in 81 countries from 1985 to end-March 2012 - and presents details about the rules' key design elements, particularly in support of enforcement. This information is summarized in a set of fiscal rules indices. Three key findings emerge: (i) many new fiscal rules have been adopted and existing ones strengthened in response to the crisis; (ii) the number of fiscal rules and the comprehensiveness of the design features in emerging economies has caught up to those in advanced economies; and (iii) the "next-generation" fiscal rules are increasingly complex as they combine the objectives of sustainability and with the need for flexibility in response to shocks, thereby creating new challenges for implementation, communication, and monitoring
Public Expenditure in the Slovak Republic: Composition and Technical Efficiency by Francesco Grigoli( )

2 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 743 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Good practice suggests that budget allocations should reflect spending priorities and that spending should provide cost-effective delivery of public goods and services. This paper analyzes the composition of public expenditure in the Slovak Republic. It also assesses the relative efficiency of spending in education and health. The Slovak Republic spends more on social benefits and less on wages compared to the EU and OECD average. While it manages to translate the low expenditures into outcomes in an efficient manner in the education sector, this is not true for health. Moreover, the recent increases in expenditure levels have not improved outcomes, suggesting that significant budgetary savings could be achieved through increases in efficiency
Long-Run and Short-Run Determinants of Sovereign Bond Yields in Advanced Economies by Tigran Poghosyan( )

5 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 743 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"We analyze determinants of sovereign bond yields in 22 advanced economies over the 1980-2010 period using panel cointegration techniques. The application of cointegration methodology allows distinguishing between long-run (debt-to-GDP ratio, potential growth) and short-run (inflation, short-term interest rates, etc.) determinants of sovereign borrowing costs. We find that in the long-run, government bond yields increase by about 2 basis points in response to a 1 percentage point increase in government debt-to-GDP ratio and by about 45 basis points in response to a 1 percentage point increase in potential growth rate. In the short-run, sovereign bond yields deviate from the level determined by the long-run fundamentals, but about half of the deviation adjusts in one year. When considering the impact of the global financial crisis on sovereign borrowing costs in euro area countries, the estimations suggest that spreads against Germany in some European periphery countries exceeded the level determined by fundamentals in the aftermath of the crisis, while some North European countries have benefited from 'safe haven' flows"--Abstract
Taxation and leverage in international banking by Grace Gu( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 738 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper explores how corporate taxes affect the financial structure of multinational banks. Guided by a simple theory of optimal capital structure it tests (i) whether corporate taxes induce subsidiary banks to raise their debt-asset ratio in light of the traditional debt bias; and (ii) whether international corporate tax differentials vis-a-vis foreign subsidiary banks affect the intra-bank capital structure through international debt shifting. Using a novel subsidiary-level dataset for 558 commercial bank subsidiaries of the 86 largest multinational banks in the world, we find that taxes matter significantly, through both the traditional debt bias channel and the international debt shifting that is due to the international tax differentials. The latter channel is more robust and tends to be quantitatively more important. Our results imply that taxation causes significant international debt spillovers through multinational banks, which has potentially important implications for tax policy
Pension reforms in Japan by Kenichiro Kashiwase( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 732 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper analyzes various reform options for Japan's public pension in light of large fiscal consolidation needs of the country. The most attractive option is to increase the pension eligibility age in line with high and rising life expectancy. This would have a positive effect on long-run economic growth and would be relatively fair in sharing the burden of fiscal adjustment between younger and older generations. Other attractive options include better targeting by "clawing back" a small portion of pension benefits from wealthy retirees, reducing preferential tax treatment of pension benefit incomes, and collecting contributions from dependent spouses of employees, who are currently eligible for pension benefits even though they make no contributions. These options, if implemented concurrently, could reduce the government annual subsidy and the government deficit by up to 1 1/4 percent of GDP by 2020
Customs administration reform and modernization in francophone sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2010 by Gilles Montagnat-Rentier( )

2 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 627 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This paper outlines reforms that have been achieved in the modernization of the customs administrations of francophone sub-Saharan (African) countries since the mid-1990s. It also highlights the remaining issues in this process. Progress has been made in the automation of operations and procedures, with constant and significant efforts to strengthen revenue collection and improve trade facilitation in a number of countries. However, the pace and scope of modernization remains insufficient, particularly in developing customs control and enforcement capacities, and enhancing operational resources and management. The findings suggest that the authorities' strong commitment to reform, organizational and management changes, adequate technical assistance and project management, and effective implementation of modern customs standards, are critical to accelerate the modernization of customs in francophone sub-Saharan Africa"--Abstract
Strategies for fiscal consolidation in the post-crisis world by Mr. Mauricio Villafuerte( )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 586 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

""The crisis and associated increases in fiscal deficits and government debts have resulted in a daunting fiscal challenge, especially for advanced economies. To help anchor fiscal solvency expectations, credible fiscal exit strategies aimed at reducing government debt to prudent levels need to be designed and communicated now. Achieving and maintaining prudent debt levels will require a major and sustained fiscal adjustment. Most of the adjustment will have to stem from fiscal structural reforms. Letting the fiscal stimulus expire should be straightforward from a technical standpoint, because much of the stimulus has consisted of temporary measures. However, this will be only a first step to ensure government debt trends consistent with fiscal sustainability. The bulk of the adjustment will require more difficult reforms to improve the structural primary balance."--Publisher's website
Environmental Tax Reform: Principles from Theory and Practice to Date by Dirk Heine( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 583 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for congestion and other externalities associated with vehicle use, at least until mileage-based taxes are widely introduced. An examination of existing energy/environmental tax systems in Germany, Sweden, Turkey, and Vietnam suggests that there is substantial scope for policy reform. This includes harmonizing taxes for pollution content across different fuels and end-users, better aligning
Some Algebra of Fiscal Transparency: How Accounting Devices Work and How to Reveal Them by Timothy Irwin( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 568 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cover; Contents; I. Introduction; II. One True Deficit; A. Deficit Devices; B. Debt; III. Multiple Deficits; Figures; 1. Sets of Assets and Liabilities Recognized in Differenct Accounting Systems; A. Accounting Systems and the Devices They Allow; B. Extended Fiscal Accounts; C. Fiscal Sustainability; Tables; 1. Summary Extended Accounts, Clean Surpluses; IV. Dirty Deficits; A. Components of Clean Surpluses; B. Devices Revisited; V. Conclusion; References
Coordinating climate and trade policies : pareto efficiency and the role of border tax adjustments ; presented at CESifo Area Conference on Global Economy, February 2011 by Michael Keen( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 555 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper explores the role of trade instruments in globally efficient climate policies, focusing on the central issue of whether some form of border tax adjustment (BTA) is warranted when carbon prices differ internationally. It shows that tariff policy has a role in easing cross-country distributional concerns that can make non-uniform carbon pricing efficient and, more particularly, that Pareto-efficiency requires a form of BTA when carbon taxes in some countries are constrained, a special case being identified in which this has the simple structure envisaged in practical policy discussions. It also stresses--a point that has been overlooked in the policy debate--that the efficiency case for BTA depends critically on whether climate policies are pursued by carbon taxation or by cap-and-trade
Inequality and fiscal policy by Francesca Bastagli( )

2 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 419 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This note will describe recent trends in income inequality in both advanced and developing economies and how tax and expenditure policies have impacted on these trends. It will discuss how tax and expenditure policies should be designed to bring about a more equitable distribution of income, as well as to protect the most vulnerable populations during periods of fiscal consolidation
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Fiscal federalism in theory and practice
Guide on resource revenue transparencyFiscal federalism in theory and practiceStrategies for fiscal consolidation in the post-crisis world
Alternative Names

controlled identityInternational Monetary Fund

Departamento de Finanzas Públicas.


FAD (International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Department)

Fiscal Affairs Department.

Fondo Monetario Internacional. Departamento de Finanzas Públicas.

Fonds monétaire international. Departamento de finanzas públicas

Fonds monétaire international. Fiscal Affairs Department

IMF. Fiscal Affairs Department.

International Monetary Fund. Departamento de Finanzas Públicas

International Monetary Fund. Département des finances publiques

International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Department.

International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

English (66)