WorldCat Identities

Ruffin, Edmund 1794-1865

Overview
Works: 180 works in 444 publications in 3 languages and 8,882 library holdings
Genres: History  Diaries  Biography  Personal narratives‚Ä°vConfederate  Periodicals  Controversial literature  Personal narratives 
Roles: Author, Editor
Classifications: F230, 923.273
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about Edmund Ruffin
 
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Most widely held works by Edmund Ruffin
An essay on calcareous manures by Edmund Ruffin( Book )

44 editions published between 1832 and 2013 in English and German and held by 735 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The publication in 1832 of An Essay on Calcareous Manures initiated an era of agricultural reform in the ante-bellum South. By 1850 Edmund Ruffin, seconded by John Taylor of Carolina, had effected a transformation of the economy of the upper South from poverty to agricultural prosperity. The essay's importance is not only regional, for in its four editions it presented Ruffin's theories to farmers who were facing the same problems of soil exhaustion in other parts of America. This small book, with its uncompromisingly descriptive title, is a landmark in the history of soil chemistry in the United States. Ruffin read widely in the literature, mainly European, of agricultural chemistry, and in the 1820's he experimented with ways to make planting pay on his own tidewater Virginia lands. On the basis of his own research and frustrating experience as a farmer, he maintained that the capacity, of soil for enrichment by plant and animal manure is only relative to the original fertility of the soil. In other words, organic manures can only restore earth to what it was prior to cultivation. If land originally lacked the mineral ingredients essential to fertility, it would yield sparingly as long as the minerals were absent. Ruffin found that uncultivated land in his part of Virginia lacked calcium carbonate, and that most of this same poor soil contained vegetable acid, the cause of its sterility. His solution was to plow in calcareous manure that is, earth containing calcium carbonate thus neutralizing the acid. When Ruffin first had his slaves dig up marl from one of the beds of fossilized shells that underlie much of coastal Virginia, and directed them to apply it to a test patch of his land, which was then planted with corn, he increased his yield by 40 per cent. This amazingly successful experiment led to others, and became what a contemporary of Ruffin called "the first systematic attempt wherein a plain, practical, unpretending farmer ... has undertaken to examine into the real composition of the soils which he possesses and has to cultivate."
Anticipations of the future, to serve as lessons for the present time : in the form of extracts of letters from an English resident in the United States, to the London Times, from 1864 to 1870 by Edmund Ruffin( Book )

24 editions published between 1860 and 1996 in English and held by 350 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this work of his imagination the writer pictures what he apprehends will be the result of the election of Republican candidates. Lincoln is to be succeeded by Seward in 1864 and the prospect of the latter's reelection in 1868 will bring on civil war
Agricultural, geological, and descriptive sketches of lower North Carolina, and the similar adjacent lands by Edmund Ruffin( Book )

20 editions published between 1861 and 2001 in English and held by 328 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Provides agricultural, descriptive and geological information about lower North Carolina and the surrounding area
Farmers' register( )

in English and held by 244 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Nature's management : writings on landscape and reform, 1822-1859 by Edmund Ruffin( Book )

6 editions published between 2000 and 2006 in English and held by 226 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This volume contains a collection of Ruffin's essays on a variety of interrelated subjects. From the promotion of fence enclosure and methods of malaria prevention to advocacy of a public works program and the recycling of waste, Ruffin's ideas paved the way for the early conversation movement associated with Theodore Roosevelt, Gifford Pinchot, and others. Nature's Management presents Ruffin's activism and innovative genius at its best, replacing the image of a southern firebrand with that of an outspoken reformer deserving of recognition."--Jacket
The political economy of slavery ; or, The institution considered in regard to its influence on public wealth and the general welfare by Edmund Ruffin( Book )

24 editions published between 1852 and 2008 in English and held by 221 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Premium essay on agricultural education : submitted to the Executive Committee of the Southern Central Agricultural Association by Edmund Ruffin( Book )

7 editions published between 1835 and 2012 in English and held by 175 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An address on the opposite results of exhausting and fertilizing systems of agriculture : read before the South-Carolina Institute, at its fourth annual fair, November, 18th 1852 by Edmund Ruffin( Book )

4 editions published between 1853 and 1970 in English and held by 145 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Southern Agricultural exhaustion and its remedies by Edmund Ruffin( Book )

2 editions published between 1853 and 1970 in English and held by 135 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Report on the commencement and progress of the agricultural survey of South Carolina, for 1843 by Agricultural Survey of South-Carolina( Book )

7 editions published between 1843 and 1978 in English and held by 113 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Essays and notes on agriculture by Edmund Ruffin( Book )

9 editions published between 1855 and 1981 in English and held by 106 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Report on the Geological and Agricultural Survey of the State of South Carolina, 1844 by Geological and Agricultural Survey of the State of South Carolina( Book )

6 editions published in 1844 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Notes on the cane-brake lands ; or, The cretaceous region of Alabama by Edmund Ruffin( Book )

5 editions published between 1860 and 1978 in English and held by 73 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

African colonization unveiled by Edmund Ruffin( Book )

11 editions published between 1859 and 1960 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Westover manuscripts containing the History of the dividing line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina; A journey to the land of Eden, A.D. 1733; and A progress to the mines by William Byrd( Book )

5 editions published between 1841 and 2004 in English and held by 56 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Westover manuscripts: containing the history of the dividing line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina; A journey to the land of Eden, A.D. 1736: and A progress to the mines by William Byrd( Book )

11 editions published between 1841 and 2001 in English and held by 55 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Desultory observations on the abuses of the banking system : addressed to the consideration of the agricultural classes by Edmund Ruffin( Book )

9 editions published between 1841 and 2005 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Report of the commencement and progress of the Agricultural survey of South Carolina for 1843 by Agricultural Survey of South-Carolina( Book )

10 editions published between 1843 and 1977 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Slavery and free labor described and compared by Edmund Ruffin( Book )

5 editions published between 1855 and 1860 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Two great evils of Virginia, and their one common remedy by Edmund Ruffin( Book )

3 editions published in 1859 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Audience Level
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Audience level: 0.43 (from 0.19 for Mineralogi ... to 0.80 for Fire-eatin ...)

Nature's management : writings on landscape and reform, 1822-1859
Alternative Names
Edmund Ruffin American scientist and politician

Edmund Ruffin Amerikaans landbouwkundige (1794-1865)

Languages
English (277)

German (1)

French (1)

Covers
The Westover manuscripts containing the History of the dividing line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina; A journey to the land of Eden, A.D. 1733; and A progress to the minesThe diary of Edmund Ruffin