WorldCat Identities

Collins, William Edward 1932-

Works: 160 works in 358 publications in 1 language and 12,510 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Author, Composer, Former owner
Classifications: RC1054.U5,
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about William Edward Collins
Most widely held works by William Edward Collins
Some personality characteristics of air traffic control specialist trainees : interactions of personality and aptitude test scores with FAA Academy success and career expectations by Lendell G Nye( Book )

5 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 221 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The State-Trait Personality Inventory (STPI) is a self-report inventory which measures anxiety, curiosity, and anger. The three 'trait' scale scores are determined by the frequency of each emotion as stable personality constructs. The Multiplex Controller Aptitude Test (MCAT) is the primary selection test completed by ATCS applicants. The STPI was given to 1,284 students who entered the FAA Academy nonradar screen program between October 1986 and September 1987. Men and women ATCS trainees exhibited less anxiety and anger than normative groups of college students and Navy recruits. Also, in most comparisons, the ATCS sample indicated greater curiosity. ATCS pass rates were reduced within each MCAT score level for the groups of entrants with anxiety or anger scores above the normative levels. Personality trait profiles differed significantly for groups when they were categorized by both self-expected job performance levels and job satisfaction, but not aptitude score levels. Analyses indicated significant relationships between anxiety and lower job performance self-expectations and between curiosity and higher self-expected job satisfaction. FAA Academy entrants have a group profile indicating relatively low levels of trait anxiety and anger. Personality factors can impact (a) the predictive validity of the MCAT in determining a student's aptitude for learning air traffic control principles/procedures and (b) potentially, organizational goals such as increasing employee job satisfaction
Age, alcohol, and simulated altitude : effects on performance and breathalyzer scores by William Edward Collins( Book )

4 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 213 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Trained men in two groups, 30-39 (n=12) and 60-69 (n=13), each performed at the Multiple Task Performance Battery (MTPB) in four separate full-day sessions with and without alcohol (2.2 mL of 100-proof vodka per kg of body weight) at ground level and at a simulated altitude of 12,500 ft (3810 m). Subjects breathed appropriate gas mixtures through oxygen masks at both ground level and altitude. Mean breathalyzer readings peaked near 88 mg % and did not differ between age groups or altitude conditions. Younger subjects performed better than older subjects; performance of both age groups was significantly impaired by alcohol, but these adverse effects were greater for the older subjects. No significant effects on performance were obtained due to altitude or to the interaction of altitude with alcohol. These results and those from several other studies suggest that prevalent views regarding the nature of the combined effects of alcohol and altitude on blood levels and on performance need to be redefined. Keywords: Intoxication, Performance(Human)
Adaptation to vestibular disorientation by William Edward Collins( Book )

3 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 204 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A conflict among sensory signals frequently underlies problems of disorientation, vertigo, and motion sickness. In this study, visual information in conflict with vestibular signals was presented to groups of subjects by illuminating the test room for brief periods during angular deceleration, or immediately after termination of deceleration. Trials were otherwise in total darkness. Both primary nystagmus and primary sensations of 'vertigo' were markedly shortened during the periods of darkness subsequent to the intervals of light. In addition, strong secondary reactions (both nystagmus and 'vertigo') frequently followed the vision-attenuated primary responses. (Author)
Fatal general aviation accidents involving spatial disorientation, 1976-1992 by William Edward Collins( Book )

4 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 195 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) analyzes circumstances and data from general aviation accidents and ascribes one or more causes and/or related factors to help explain each accident. The present study was undertaken to (a) provide information regarding the circumstances surrounding fatal general aviation accidents involving spatial disorientation, and (b) define demographic and behavioral characteristics of the spatially- disoriented pilot. Computer retrievals of NTSB brief reports of all spatial disorientation accidents from 1976-92 were analyzed in terms of age and experience of pilots, actions of pilots, night or day, weather, and other conditions. The computer search yielded 1,022 reports of spatial disorientation accidents, which for the 17-year period, resulted in 2,355 fatalities. Related causes and circumstances associated with the accidents were analyzed and categorized. The frequency of spatial disorientation accidents during 1976-92 peaked at 97 fatal accidents in 1977 and generally declined thereafter. The proportion of involved pilots who held an instrument rating about doubled when comparing 1976-83 to 1984-92, over 70% of the accidents were associated with instrument meteorological conditions, and about half of the accidents occurred at night. The proportion of fatal general aviation accidents associated with spatial disorientation has declined significantly since an earlier study (1970-75)
Predictive validities of several clinical color vision tests for aviation signal light gun performance by Karen N Jones( Book )

4 editions published in 1975 in English and held by 194 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Scores on the American Optical Company (AOC) test (1965 edition), Dvorine test, Farnsworth Lantern test, Color Threshold Tester, Farnsworth-Munsell 100-Hue test, Farnsworth Panel D-15 test, and Schmidt-Haensch Anomaloscope were obtained from 137 men with color-defective vision and 128 men with normal color vision. The validity of each of these tests in predicting scores on the aviation signal light gun was assessed by using daytime and nighttime administrations of the light gun as the criteria. Two 'best sets' of plates from the AOC and Dvorine tests were selected by calculating a multiple regression equation in a stepwise manner with the nighttime and then the daytime administration of the signal light gun test as the criteria. Based on a graphic presentation of the miss and false alarm rates for each test at various possible cut scores, suggestions were made regarding the use of each test and the selection of optimal pass/fail scores
Job-related attitudes of non-journeyman FAA air traffic controllers and former controllers : a sex comparison by John J Mathews( Book )

5 editions published in 1974 in English and held by 194 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

ATC attrition rates have been investigated recently for sex differences in the proportion of trainees completing FAA Academy training; the percentage of women who subsequently left ATC work was twice that of men. In the present comparison, questionnaires concerning aspects of job-related attitudes were given to 56 male and 56 female former trainees (attritions) who were matched on several variables, and also to a sample of controllers (63 women and 63 matched men) who entered training at the same time as the attritions, but who were still in ATC work (Retentions). The results are reported
Some characteristics of optokinetic eye-movement patterns : a comparative study( Book )

3 editions published in 1970 in English and held by 192 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Long-associated with transportation ('railroad nystagmus'), optokinetic (OPK) nystagmus is an eye-movement reaction which occurs when a series of moving objects crosses the visual field or when an observer moves past a series of objects. Similar continual movement of the eyes (and head) has been reported to produce an undesired occupational nystagmus. The present study examined responses of animals and men to durations of OPK stimulation varying between 15-120 seconds. Characteristics of the animal responses differed considerably from those of men in both the horizontal and vertical planes. The data were compared with vestibular eye-movement patterns (those which can blur vision during 'pilot's vertigo') to differentiate aspects of the eye-movement responses which can be attributed primarily to vestibular rather than oculo-motor origins. (Author)
A sex comparison of reasons for attrition of non-journeyman FAA air traffic controllers by John J Mathews( Book )

5 editions published in 1974 in English and held by 191 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Recent ATC attrition rates showed no sex differences in the proportion of trainees who completed FAA Academy training; however, the percentage of females who subsequently left ATC work was over twice that of male trainees. In the present study, the 56 females who entered the Academy between December 1968 and November 1970, and who were no longer with the FAA as of June 1972, were matched on several variables with male attritions who had entered the Academy at the same time. Reasons for attrition were obtained from job-exit forms, telephone interviews, and a questionnaire. (Modified author abstract)
A further validation of the practical color vision test for en route air traffic control applicants by Henry W Mertens( Book )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 191 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Flight Progress Strips Test (FPST) is currently used for secondary color vision screening of applicants for air traffic control jobs at en route centers. The test provides a practical, job-specific color vision selection criterion involving use of color coding in the most important color task of en route radar contollers, i.e., discrimination of the non-redundant color coding in flight progress strips (FPSs). This experiment provides a further, independent validation of the FPST using a new criterion test. Prediction by the FPST of performance on the new and old criterion tests was compared. Subjects were classified as normal or deficient based on anomaloscope readings. The pass/fail cutoff score for all tests was 'pass with no more than one error.' All people with normal color vision passed. Over all, for participants with both normal and abnormal color vision, the correlations between error scores on the FPST and both criterion tests were greater than r=.93, and error scores tended to increase with degree of color vision deficiency. The validity of the FPST was Kappa=.86 for prediction of performance on the new criterion test, as compared to .91 for prediction of performance on the original criterion test. Part of that small decrease in validity may be because of application of the same pass/fail cutoff score to the new criterion test, which contains a larger number of items than the FPST. The predictive validity of the FPST was shown to be acceptably high in this further validation with a new, independent set of actual flight progress strips as the criterion test
The use of vestibular tests in civil aviation medical examinations : survey of practices and proposals by aviation medical examiners by William Edward Collins( Book )

4 editions published in 1975 in English and held by 191 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A brief, voluntary questionnaire was administered to 1,115 Aviation Medical Examiners (AME) to assess the frequency with which vestibular tests (broadly defined) were given during physical examinations of pilots, which tests were used, why they were used, whether AMEs believed that specific tests should be routine, and why they believed so. Responses were obtained from 55 percent of the AMEs (many not responding were new AMEs with no experience). Of the respondents, 58 percent routinely gave tests of balance, equilibrium, or vestibular functioning, 24 percent gave the tests under certain conditions, and 18 percent gave no tests. The Romberg and finger-pointing tests were the most frequently used and were employed most often for screening purposes or to identify a problem area. Seventy-five percent of the AMEs indicated that specific tests should be routine; the test most frequently recommended was the Romberg
Effects of secobarbital and d-amphetamine on tracking performance during angular acceleration by David J Schroeder( Book )

4 editions published in 1973 in English and held by 190 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Thirty young men were randomly assigned in equal numbers to one of the following groups: placebo (lactose), secobarbital (100 mg), or d-amphetamine (10 mg). The drugs or placebo were administered in capsules in a double-blind procedure. Tests were scheduled 1, 2, and 4 hours after capsule ingestion; all tests were conducted inside a Stille-Werner rotator and were in total darkness with the exception of the illuminated tracking display. During angular acceleration, secobarbital subjects made significantly more tracking errors and had significantly more vestibular nystagmus than both the control and the d-amphetamine groups for all post-drug sessions. These findings agree with previous studies of alcohol effects: depressant drugs may have little or no deleterious influence on tracking performance in static environments, but may produce marked performance degradation during angular motion. (Modified author abstract)
Attitudes and motivational factors in terminal area air traffic control work by Roger C Smith( Book )

6 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 189 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A sample of 614 journeymen terminal ATCSs at 17 high-density IFR airports, and 514 ATC trainees were administered a questionnaire which asked them to list what they liked best and what they liked least about ATC work in general; in addition, ATCSs made similar lists for work at their assigned facilities. Responses were surveyed for clusters, and nine response categories were established. The frequency of responses within each category was tabulated. The pattern of responses from ATCSs was noted from one facility to another. The categories of job challenge, job tasks, career characteristics, and salary contained the most positive responses about ATC work, while the categories of management, work schedule, career characteristics, and job tasks had the most negative responses. There was a high degree of similarity between these findings and results obtained in motivational studies of other professions
The spiral aftereffect : influence of stimulus size and viewing distance on the duration of illusory motion by William Edward Collins( Book )

3 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 189 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The study examined some effects of stimulus size and distance on the persistence of one type of illusory motion, viz., the spiral aftereffect (SAE). Duration of SAE was investigated with stimuli of 2, 4, 8, 12, and 16 inches in diameter. The distance between the observers and the rotating spirals was varied to produce visual angles between 1 deg. 12 min. and 18 deg. 56 min. of arc. Data indicate that the duration of illusory motion reaches peak values between approximately 2 deg.-4 deg. of visual angle. (Author)
Task--control of arousal and the effects of repeated unidirectional angular acceleration on human vestibular responses by William Edward Collins( Book )

3 editions published in 1963 in English and held by 189 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Subjects were exposed to a 10-day habituation series of 200 CW accelerations in total darkness while performing attention-demanding tasks. Decelerations were subthreshold. Preliminary and post-tests indicated that slow-phase nystagmus and duration of the ocular response declined bidirectionally as a function of the habituation trials, but frequency of nystagmus increased during the stimulus period and for a few seconds thereafter. These changes were approximately equal for both CW and CCW stimulation. Measurements of subjective velocity were obtained during several preand post-trials but never during the habituation series. A decline in the intensity of the sensation to CW acceleration, but not to CCW stimulation, was produced by the habituation series. A second post-test given after one month with no intervening stimulation showed little or no restoration of nystagmus. However, the subjective reaction demonstrated a clear, albeit incomplete pattern of recovery. (Author)
Simulated sonic booms and sleep : effects of repeated booms of 1.0 psf by William Edward Collins( Book )

4 editions published in 1972 in English and held by 188 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Eight male subjects in each of three age groups (21-26, 40-45, 60-72 years) slept in pairs in the CAMI sonic boom simulation facility for 21 consecutive nights. The first five nights were used to acclimate the subjects (nights 1 and 2) and to obtain Baseline data (nights 3-5); the 12 subsequent nights (Boom) involved the hourly presentation of simulated sonic booms at an overpressure level of 1.0 psf (as though measured 'outdoors'); during four additional nights (Recovery) there were no boom presentations. All-night records of EEG, EOG, EMG, ECG, and BSR were obtained and analyzed. None of these physiological measures showed any statistically significant effect of the boom presentations on nightly sleep patterns. (Modified author abstract)
Effects of age and low doses of alcohol on compensatory tracking during angular acceleration final report by Howard C Harris( Book )

6 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 187 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Heightened interest in existing FAA regulations regarding alcohol and flying, with emphasis on the potential effects of low blood alcohol levels on performance, indicated a need for research to help define effects of low doses of alcohol on performance. This study was designed to assess the effects of age and three breath alcohol levels (0.04, 0.027, and 0.014%). Performance was assessed while subjects experienced mild angular stimulation. On the day prior to drinking, 48 subjects drawn from three age categories (27-32, 42-47, and 57-62 years) completed four training sessions on a compensatory tracking task (a localizer/glide slope instrument that required compensatory tracking of both a horizontal and a vertical needle) with and without a secondary auditory recognition task, under 1.0 ft L. and 0.1 ft L. illumination conditions. The test day consisted of a pre-drinking session and three experimental sessions conducted at the appropriate times on the descending limb of the alcohol curve, as indicated by breath alcohol measurements. Mean performance scores for the three age groups were compared across the four sessions, (pre-drinking and three levels of alcohol). A Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) test yielded a significant interaction and a significant main effect (age and sessions) for the combined needle errors under the 0.1 ft L. illumination level with the secondary task. The resulting simple effects tests revealed age differences at all post-drinking sessions favoring younger over older subjects, and poorer performance for the older age subjects at the 0.04% BrAC level. When testing individual needle errors, MANOVA tests yielded a significant interaction and main effects in the high illumination condition both with and without the secondary task for vertical needle errors
A review of civil aviation fatal accidents in which "lost/disoriented" was a cause/factor, 1981-1990 by William Edward Collins( Book )

6 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 186 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Effects of several mental tasks on auditory fatigue by William Edward Collins( Book )

2 editions published in 1965 in English and held by 182 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Detection of hidden mineral deposits by airborne spectral analysis of forest canopies by William Edward Collins( Book )

2 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Data from field surveys and biogeochemical tests conducted in Maine, Montana, and Washington strongly correlate with results obtained using high resolution airborne spectroradiometer which detects an anomalous spectral waveform that appears definitely associated with sulfide mineralization. The spectral region most affected by mineral stress is between 550 nm and 750 nm. Spectral variations observed in the field occur on the wings of the red chlorophyll band centered at about 690 nm. The metal-stress-induced variations on the absorption band wing are most successfully resolved in the high spectral resolution field data using a waveform analysis technique. The development of chlorophyll pigments was retarded in greenhouse plants doped with copper and zinc in the laboratory. The lowered chlorophyll production resulted in changes on the wings of the chlorophyll bands of reflectance spectra of the plants. The airborne spectroradiometer system and waveform analysis remains the most sensitive technique for biogeochemical surveys."--NTIS abstract
A milestone of aeromedical research contributions to civil aviation safety : the 1000th report in the CARI/OAM series by William Edward Collins( Book )

3 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This historical, largely photographic retrospective is presented in recognition of the 1000th published report emanating from the FAA aeromedical research center officially established as the Civil Aeromedical Research Institute (CARI) in August 1960. The publications include 57 CARI reports (1961-1963), 1 CARI technical publication (1963), and 942 reports (1964-present) under the aegis of the (now) Office of Aerospace Medicine (OAM). The retrospective includes an historical section on the early development of civil aeromedical research. Additional, theme-related sections provide an indication of some of the varied research contributions and safety achievements of the Institute and cite some of the many individuals who contributed to the Institute's accomplishments
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Alternative Names
Collins, William E. 1932-

Collins, William E. (William Edward), 1932-

Collins, William Edward 1932-

English (81)