WorldCat Identities

Collins, William Edward 1932-

Works: 95 works in 290 publications in 1 language and 11,424 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about William Edward Collins
Most widely held works by William Edward Collins
Some personality characteristics of air traffic control specialist trainees : interactions of personality and aptitude test scores with FAA Academy success and career expectations by Lendell G Nye( Book )

5 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 230 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The State-Trait Personality Inventory (STPI) is a self-report inventory which measures anxiety, curiosity, and anger. The three 'trait' scale scores are determined by the frequency of each emotion as stable personality constructs. The Multiplex Controller Aptitude Test (MCAT) is the primary selection test completed by ATCS applicants. The STPI was given to 1,284 students who entered the FAA Academy nonradar screen program between October 1986 and September 1987. Men and women ATCS trainees exhibited less anxiety and anger than normative groups of college students and Navy recruits. Also, in most comparisons, the ATCS sample indicated greater curiosity. ATCS pass rates were reduced within each MCAT score level for the groups of entrants with anxiety or anger scores above the normative levels. Personality trait profiles differed significantly for groups when they were categorized by both self-expected job performance levels and job satisfaction, but not aptitude score levels. Analyses indicated significant relationships between anxiety and lower job performance self-expectations and between curiosity and higher self-expected job satisfaction. FAA Academy entrants have a group profile indicating relatively low levels of trait anxiety and anger. Personality factors can impact (a) the predictive validity of the MCAT in determining a student's aptitude for learning air traffic control principles/procedures and (b) potentially, organizational goals such as increasing employee job satisfaction
Age, alcohol, and simulated altitude : effects on performance and breathalyzer scores by William Edward Collins( Book )

3 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 221 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Trained men in two groups, 30-39 (n=12) and 60-69 (n=13), each performed at the Multiple Task Performance Battery (MTPB) in four separate full-day sessions with and without alcohol (2.2 mL of 100-proof vodka per kg of body weight) at ground level and at a simulated altitude of 12,500 ft (3810 m). Subjects breathed appropriate gas mixtures through oxygen masks at both ground level and altitude. Mean breathalyzer readings peaked near 88 mg % and did not differ between age groups or altitude conditions. Younger subjects performed better than older subjects; performance of both age groups was significantly impaired by alcohol, but these adverse effects were greater for the older subjects. No significant effects on performance were obtained due to altitude or to the interaction of altitude with alcohol. These results and those from several other studies suggest that prevalent views regarding the nature of the combined effects of alcohol and altitude on blood levels and on performance need to be redefined. Keywords: Intoxication, Performance(Human)
Adaptation to vestibular disorientation by William Edward Collins( Book )

3 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 217 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A conflict among sensory signals frequently underlies problems of disorientation, vertigo, and motion sickness. In this study, visual information in conflict with vestibular signals was presented to groups of subjects by illuminating the test room for brief periods during angular deceleration, or immediately after termination of deceleration. Trials were otherwise in total darkness. Both primary nystagmus and primary sensations of 'vertigo' were markedly shortened during the periods of darkness subsequent to the intervals of light. In addition, strong secondary reactions (both nystagmus and 'vertigo') frequently followed the vision-attenuated primary responses. (Author)
Some characteristics of optokinetic eye-movement patterns : a comparative study( Book )

3 editions published in 1970 in English and held by 205 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Long-associated with transportation ('railroad nystagmus'), optokinetic (OPK) nystagmus is an eye-movement reaction which occurs when a series of moving objects crosses the visual field or when an observer moves past a series of objects. Similar continual movement of the eyes (and head) has been reported to produce an undesired occupational nystagmus. The present study examined responses of animals and men to durations of OPK stimulation varying between 15-120 seconds. Characteristics of the animal responses differed considerably from those of men in both the horizontal and vertical planes. The data were compared with vestibular eye-movement patterns (those which can blur vision during 'pilot's vertigo') to differentiate aspects of the eye-movement responses which can be attributed primarily to vestibular rather than oculo-motor origins. (Author)
Job-related attitudes of non-journeyman FAA air traffic controllers and former controllers : a sex comparison by John J Mathews( Book )

5 editions published in 1974 in English and held by 204 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

ATC attrition rates have been investigated recently for sex differences in the proportion of trainees completing FAA Academy training; the percentage of women who subsequently left ATC work was twice that of men. In the present comparison, questionnaires concerning aspects of job-related attitudes were given to 56 male and 56 female former trainees (attritions) who were matched on several variables, and also to a sample of controllers (63 women and 63 matched men) who entered training at the same time as the attritions, but who were still in ATC work (Retentions). The results are reported
Predictive validities of several clinical color vision tests for aviation signal light gun performance by Karen N Jones( Book )

4 editions published in 1975 in English and held by 203 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Scores on the American Optical Company (AOC) test (1965 edition), Dvorine test, Farnsworth Lantern test, Color Threshold Tester, Farnsworth-Munsell 100-Hue test, Farnsworth Panel D-15 test, and Schmidt-Haensch Anomaloscope were obtained from 137 men with color-defective vision and 128 men with normal color vision. The validity of each of these tests in predicting scores on the aviation signal light gun was assessed by using daytime and nighttime administrations of the light gun as the criteria. Two 'best sets' of plates from the AOC and Dvorine tests were selected by calculating a multiple regression equation in a stepwise manner with the nighttime and then the daytime administration of the signal light gun test as the criteria. Based on a graphic presentation of the miss and false alarm rates for each test at various possible cut scores, suggestions were made regarding the use of each test and the selection of optimal pass/fail scores
Adaptation to vestibular disorientation by William Edward Collins( Book )

2 editions published in 1967 in English and held by 202 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The spiral aftereffect : influence of stimulus size and viewing distance on the duration of illusory motion by William Edward Collins( Book )

3 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 202 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The study examined some effects of stimulus size and distance on the persistence of one type of illusory motion, viz., the spiral aftereffect (SAE). Duration of SAE was investigated with stimuli of 2, 4, 8, 12, and 16 inches in diameter. The distance between the observers and the rotating spirals was varied to produce visual angles between 1 deg. 12 min. and 18 deg. 56 min. of arc. Data indicate that the duration of illusory motion reaches peak values between approximately 2 deg.-4 deg. of visual angle. (Author)
Effective approaches to disorientation familiarization for aviation personnel by William Edward Collins( Book )

4 editions published in 1970 in English and held by 201 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Techniques are discussed for providing familiarization of aviation personnel with disorientation problems (dizziness). Procedures are spelled out in detail. Methods of modifying existing equipment as well as an evaluation of available commercial equipment, are presented. The techniques have been used with notable success both at the Civil Aeromedical Institute and in the field. They are relatively inexpensive, effective both for participants and for observers, and readily accepted by fliers as pertinent to the aviation situation. (The report includes charts, photos, and 27 references.) (Author/LY)
The use of vestibular tests in civil aviation medical examinations : survey of practices and proposals by aviation medical examiners by William Edward Collins( Book )

4 editions published in 1975 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A brief, voluntary questionnaire was administered to 1,115 Aviation Medical Examiners (AME) to assess the frequency with which vestibular tests (broadly defined) were given during physical examinations of pilots, which tests were used, why they were used, whether AMEs believed that specific tests should be routine, and why they believed so. Responses were obtained from 55 percent of the AMEs (many not responding were new AMEs with no experience). Of the respondents, 58 percent routinely gave tests of balance, equilibrium, or vestibular functioning, 24 percent gave the tests under certain conditions, and 18 percent gave no tests. The Romberg and finger-pointing tests were the most frequently used and were employed most often for screening purposes or to identify a problem area. Seventy-five percent of the AMEs indicated that specific tests should be routine; the test most frequently recommended was the Romberg
Task--control of arousal and the effects of repeated unidirectional angular acceleration on human vestibular responses by William Edward Collins( Book )

3 editions published in 1963 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Subjects were exposed to a 10-day habituation series of 200 CW accelerations in total darkness while performing attention-demanding tasks. Decelerations were subthreshold. Preliminary and post-tests indicated that slow-phase nystagmus and duration of the ocular response declined bidirectionally as a function of the habituation trials, but frequency of nystagmus increased during the stimulus period and for a few seconds thereafter. These changes were approximately equal for both CW and CCW stimulation. Measurements of subjective velocity were obtained during several preand post-trials but never during the habituation series. A decline in the intensity of the sensation to CW acceleration, but not to CCW stimulation, was produced by the habituation series. A second post-test given after one month with no intervening stimulation showed little or no restoration of nystagmus. However, the subjective reaction demonstrated a clear, albeit incomplete pattern of recovery. (Author)
Adaptation to vestibular disorientation by William Edward Collins( Book )

2 editions published in 1967 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Adaptation to vestibular disorientation by William Edward Collins( Book )

3 editions published in 1969 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Data from several recent experiments indicate that the otoliths (detectors of linear acceleration) may exert regulatory effects on responses of the semicircular canals (detectors of angular acceleration). This study was designed to explore further this notion. Horizontal ocular nystagmus from restrained birds was habituated in a directionally specific fashion by means of repeated angular accelerations. Substantial response recovery was evident following 2 weeks of rest. Vertical nystagmus was similarly habituated in a separate group of birds. The reduction of the latter response was obtained with the birds positioned so that vertical semicircular canals were in the plane of rotation. By changing the position of the birds 180 degrees after the habituation trials, the same set of canals could be stimulated but with the otoliths and other gravi-receptors oriented differently. Habituation was specific for the direction of nystagmus repeatedly elicited and for the head and body position maintained during habituation trials. A dynamic interaction between gravi-receptors and the semicircular canals is suggested as a possible feature of nystagmic habitation. (Author)
Adaptation to vestibular disorientation by William Edward Collins( Book )

2 editions published in 1967 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Adaptation to vestibular disorientation by Fred E Guedry( Book )

2 editions published in 1967 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Primary, secondary, and caloric nystagmus of the cat following habituation to rotation by William Edward Collins( Book )

3 editions published in 1963 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ten cats were exposed to a series of abovethreshold accelerations and sub-threshold deceleration. Unilateral caloric irrigations, provoking nystagmus in the same direction as the above-threshold rotational stimuli preceded and followed the set of accelerations. A marked adaptation of nystagmus, characterized by specific changes in early trials, resulted from repeated rotation. Although neither duration nor total slow-phase eye displacement to caloric stimulation was affected, the intervening rotational experience produced some reduction in the frequency of the nystagmic beats. Two factors were proposed in explanation for the minimal transfer of adaptation from the rotational to the caloric situation. Secondary nystagmus activity was also examined and appeared closely related to preceding primary reactions. The data indicate that clinical (caloric) responses to vestibular stimulation may not give an accurate indication of a subject's state of adaptation to practiced levels of angular accelaration. Such findings provide cautions in the establishment of appropriate testing techniques for the analysis of vestibular function in air-or spacevehicle crew members. (Author)
Attitudes and motivational factors in terminal area air traffic control work by Roger C Smith( Book )

6 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A sample of 614 journeymen terminal ATCSs at 17 high-density IFR airports, and 514 ATC trainees were administered a questionnaire which asked them to list what they liked best and what they liked least about ATC work in general; in addition, ATCSs made similar lists for work at their assigned facilities. Responses were surveyed for clusters, and nine response categories were established. The frequency of responses within each category was tabulated. The pattern of responses from ATCSs was noted from one facility to another. The categories of job challenge, job tasks, career characteristics, and salary contained the most positive responses about ATC work, while the categories of management, work schedule, career characteristics, and job tasks had the most negative responses. There was a high degree of similarity between these findings and results obtained in motivational studies of other professions
A sex comparison of reasons for attrition of non-journeyman FAA air traffic controllers by John J Mathews( Book )

5 editions published in 1974 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Recent ATC attrition rates showed no sex differences in the proportion of trainees who completed FAA Academy training; however, the percentage of females who subsequently left ATC work was over twice that of male trainees. In the present study, the 56 females who entered the Academy between December 1968 and November 1970, and who were no longer with the FAA as of June 1972, were matched on several variables with male attritions who had entered the Academy at the same time. Reasons for attrition were obtained from job-exit forms, telephone interviews, and a questionnaire. (Modified author abstract)
Effects of secobarbital and d-amphetamine on tracking performance during angular acceleration by David J Schroeder( Book )

4 editions published in 1973 in English and held by 199 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Thirty young men were randomly assigned in equal numbers to one of the following groups: placebo (lactose), secobarbital (100 mg), or d-amphetamine (10 mg). The drugs or placebo were administered in capsules in a double-blind procedure. Tests were scheduled 1, 2, and 4 hours after capsule ingestion; all tests were conducted inside a Stille-Werner rotator and were in total darkness with the exception of the illuminated tracking display. During angular acceleration, secobarbital subjects made significantly more tracking errors and had significantly more vestibular nystagmus than both the control and the d-amphetamine groups for all post-drug sessions. These findings agree with previous studies of alcohol effects: depressant drugs may have little or no deleterious influence on tracking performance in static environments, but may produce marked performance degradation during angular motion. (Modified author abstract)
A milestone of aeromedical research contributions to civil aviation safety : the 1000th report in the CARI/OAM series by William Edward Collins( Book )

3 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This historical, largely photographic retrospective is presented in recognition of the 1000th published report emanating from the FAA aeromedical research center officially established as the Civil Aeromedical Research Institute (CARI) in August 1960. The publications include 57 CARI reports (1961-1963), 1 CARI technical publication (1963), and 942 reports (1964-present) under the aegis of the (now) Office of Aerospace Medicine (OAM). The retrospective includes an historical section on the early development of civil aeromedical research. Additional, theme-related sections provide an indication of some of the varied research contributions and safety achievements of the Institute and cite some of the many individuals who contributed to the Institute's accomplishments
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Alternative Names
Collins, William E. 1932-

Collins, William E. (William Edward), 1932-

Collins, William Edward 1932-

English (70)