WorldCat Identities

Collins, H. M. (Harry M.) 1943-

Overview
Works: 114 works in 511 publications in 7 languages and 22,999 library holdings
Genres: History  Case studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Photographer, Other, Attributed name
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by H. M Collins
The golem at large : what you should know about technology by H. M Collins( )

44 editions published between 1998 and 2014 in English and held by 3,894 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In the very successful and widely discussed first volume in the Golem series, The Golem: What You Should Know About Science, Harry Collins and Trevor Pinch likened science to the Golem, a creature from Jewish mythology, a powerful creature which, while not evil, can be dangerous because it is clumsy. In this second volume, the authors now consider the Golem of technology. In a series of case studies they demonstrate that the imperfections in technology are related to the uncertainties in science described in the first volume. The case studies cover the role of the Patriot anti-missile missile in the Gulf War, the Challenger space shuttle explosion, tests of nuclear fuel flasks and of anti-misting kerosene as a fuel for airplanes, economic modeling, the question of the origins of oil, analysis of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, and the contribution of lay expertise to the analysis of treatments for AIDS"--Publisher description
The golem : what everyone should know about science by H. M Collins( )

67 editions published between 1993 and 2014 in English and held by 3,208 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"What is the Golem? In Jewish mythology the Golem is an effigy or image brought to life. While not evil, it is a strong, clumsy, and incomplete servant. Through a series of case studies, ranging from relativity and cold fusion to memory in worms and the sex lives of lizards, Harry Collins and Trevor Pinch debunk the traditional view that science is the straightforward result of competent theorisation, observation and experimentation and show that scientific certainty is the interpretation of ambiguous results."
Rethinking expertise by H. M Collins( )

24 editions published between 2007 and 2010 in English and Undetermined and held by 2,219 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Rethinking Expertise will be of interest to scientists and scholars in science studies but will also have implications for decision makers and experts across many fields - in technology, education, sociology, legal studies, psychology, philosophy, computer engineering, and business."--Jacket
The shape of actions : what humans and machines can do by H. M Collins( )

20 editions published between 1998 and 2015 in English and held by 2,082 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What can humans do? What can machines do? How do humans delegate actions to machines? In this book, Harry Collins and Martin Kusch combine insights from sociology and philosophy to provide a novel answer to these increasingly important questions. The authors begin by distinguishing between two basic types of intentional behavior, which they call polimorphic actions and mimeomorphic actions. Polimorphic actions (such as writing a love letter) are ones that community members expect to vary with social context. Mimeomorphic actions (such a swinging a golf club) do not vary. Although machines cannot act, they can mimic mimeomorphic actions. Mimeomorphic actions are thus the crucial link between what humans can do and what machines can do. -- Publisher description
Dr. Golem : how to think about medicine by H. M Collins( )

16 editions published between 2005 and 2007 in English and held by 1,910 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The authors explore some mysteries of medicine while untangling the conundrums of scientific research and highlighting its vagaries. Driven by the question of what to do in the face of the fallibility of medicine, the book encourages a more inquisitive attitude toward the accounts offered by medical science
Gravity's shadow : the search for gravitational waves by H. M Collins( )

15 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 1,728 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

According to the theory of relativity, we are constantly bathed in gravitational radiation. When stars explode or collide, a portion of their mass becomes energy that disturbs the very fabric of the space-time continuum like ripples in a pond. But proving the existence of these waves has been difficult; the cosmic shudders are so weak that only the most sensitive instruments can be expected to observe them directly. Fifteen times during the last thirty years scientists have claimed to have detected gravitational waves, but so far none of those claims have survived the scrutiny of the scientifi
The one culture? : a conversation about science by Jay A Labinger( )

17 editions published between 2001 and 2010 in English and held by 1,698 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

So far the ""Science Wars"" have generated far more heat than light. Combatants from one or the other of what C.P. Snow famously called ""the two cultures"" (science versus the arts and humanities) have launched bitter attacks but have seldom engaged in constructive dialogue about the central issues. In The One Culture?, Jay A. Labinger and Harry Collins have gathered together some of the world's foremost scientists and sociologists of science to exchange opinions and ideas rather than insults. The contributors find surprising areas of broad agreement in a genuine conversation abo
Gravity's ghost : scientific discovery in the twenty-first century by H. M Collins( )

24 editions published between 2010 and 2014 in English and held by 1,244 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

That's why, when a sudden burst of energy was detected recently by the giant laser Interferometer Gravitational Observatory, scientists were both cautious and optimistic. Could this be the first direct detection of a gravitational wave after a four-decade search? For eighteen months the physicists calculated and argued fiercely, sometimes accusing each other of being too fearful of making a mistake, sometimes of not being fearful enough. And, of course, as the leading chronicler of the search for gravitational waves. Harry Collins was right there with them. He was given access to the entire debate, including its emotional denouement and immediate aftermath. He recorded and transcribed the crucial exchanges and analyzed what was said while exploring the influence of what was not. The result of his unprecedented access to the front lines of physical science is Gravity's Ghost, a thrilling chronicle of high-stakes research and cutting-edge discovery
Tacit and explicit knowledge by H. M Collins( )

18 editions published between 2010 and 2013 in English and held by 1,081 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Much of what humans know we cannot say. And much of what we do we cannot describe. For example, how do we know how to ride a bike when we can't explain how we do it? Abilities like this were called 'tacit knowledge' by physical chemist and philosopher Michael Polanyi, but here Harry Collins analyzes the term, and the behavior, in much greater detail, often departing from Polanyi's treatment. In Tacit and Explicit Knowledge, Collins develops a common conceptual language to bridge the concept's disparate domains by explaining explicit knowledge and classifying tacit knowledge. Collins then teases apart the three very different meanings, which, until now, all fell under the umbrella of Polanyi's term: relational tacit knowledge (things we could describe in principle if someone put effort into describing them), somatic tacit knowledge (things our bodies can do but we cannot describe how, like balancing on a bike), and collective tacit knowledge (knowledge we draw that is the property of society, such as the rules for language). Thus, bicycle riding consists of some somatic tacit knowledge and some collective tacit knowledge, such as the knowledge that allows us to navigate in traffic. The intermixing of the three kinds of tacit knowledge has led to confusion in the past; Collins's book will at last unravel the complexities of the idea. Tacit knowledge drives everything from language, science, education, and management to sport, bicycle riding, art, and our interaction with technology. In Collins's able hands, it also functions at last as a framework for understanding human behavior in a range of disciplines."--Provided by publisher
Artificial experts : social knowledge and intelligent machines by H. M Collins( Book )

25 editions published between 1990 and 1994 in English and Italian and held by 849 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In Artificial Experts, Collins explains what computers can't do, but he also studies the ordinary and extraordinary things that they can do. He argues that the machines we create are limited because we cannot reproduce in symbols what every community knows, yet we give our machines abilities by the way we embed them in our society. He unfolds a compelling account of the difference between human action and machine intelligence, the core of which is a witty and learned explanation of knowledge itself, of what communities know and the ways in which they know it. H. M. Collins is Professor of Sociology, Head of the School of Social Sciences, and Director of the Science Studies Centre at the University of Bath
Gravity's kiss : the detection of gravitational waves by H. M Collins( Book )

10 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 610 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Scientists have been trying to confirm the existence of gravitational waves for fifty years. Then, in September 2015, came a 'very interesting event' (as the cautious subject line in a physicist's email read) that proved to be the first detection of gravitational waves. In Gravity's Kiss, Harry Collins -- who has been watching the science of gravitational wave detection for forty-three of those fifty years and has written three previous books about it -- offers a final, fascinating account, written in real time, of the unfolding of one of the most remarkable scientific discoveries ever made. Predicted by Einstein in his theory of general relativity, gravitational waves carry energy from the collision or explosion of stars. Dying binary stars, for example, rotate faster and faster around each other until they merge, emitting a burst of gravitational waves. It is only with the development of extraordinarily sensitive, highly sophisticated detectors that physicists can now confirm Einstein's prediction. This is the story that Collins tells. Collins, a sociologist of science who has been embedded in the gravitational wave community since 1972, traces the detection, the analysis, the confirmation, and the public presentation and the reception of the discovery -- from the first email to the final published paper and the response of professionals and the public. Collins shows that science today is collaborative, far-flung (with the physical location of the participants hardly mattering), and sometimes secretive, but still one of the few institutions that has integrity built into it"--Publisher's description
Changing order : replication and induction in scientific practice by H. M Collins( Book )

32 editions published between 1985 and 1992 in English and held by 580 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Frames of meaning : the social construction of extraordinary science by H. M Collins( Book )

20 editions published between 1981 and 2013 in English and held by 405 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Are we all scientific experts now? by H. M Collins( Book )

18 editions published between 2014 and 2017 in English and Japanese and held by 306 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this provocative new book Harry Collins seeks to redeem scientific expertise, and reasserts science's special status. Despite the messy realities of day-to-day scientific endeavour, he emphasizes the superior moral qualities of science, dismissing the dubious 'default' expertise displayed by many of those outside the scientific community."--Page 4 of cover
Bad call : technology's attack on referees and umpires and how to fix it by H. M Collins( Book )

9 editions published between 2012 and 2017 in English and Italian and held by 228 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Good call or bad call, referees and umpires have always had the final say in sports. Bad calls are more visible: plays are televised backward and forward and in slow motion. New technologies -- the Hawk-Eye system used in tennis and cricket, for example, and the goal-line technology used in English football -- introduced to correct bad calls sometimes get it right and sometimes get it wrong, but always undermine the authority of referees and umpires. Bad Call looks at the technologies used to make refereeing decisions in sports, analyzes them in action, and explains the consequences. Used well, technologies can help referees reach the right decision and deliver justice for fans: a fair match in which the best team wins. Used poorly, however, decision-making technologies pass off statements of probability as perfect accuracy and perpetuate a mythology of infallibility. The authors re-analyze three seasons of play in English Premier League football, and discover that goal line technology was irrelevant; so many crucial wrong decisions were made that different teams should have won the Premiership, advanced to the Champions League, and been relegated. Simple video replay could have prevented most of these bad calls. (Major League baseball learned this lesson, introducing expanded replay after a bad call cost Detroit Tigers pitcher Armando Galarraga a perfect game.) What matters in sports is not computer-generated projections of ball position but what is seen by the human eye -- reconciling what the sports fan sees and what the game official sees."--Amazon.com
Why democracies need science by H. M Collins( Book )

10 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 226 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We live in times of increasing public distrust of the main institutions of modern society. Experts, including scientists, are suspected of working to hidden agendas or serving vested interests. The solution is usually seen as more public scrutiny and more control by democratic institutions experts must be subservient to social and political life. In this book, Harry Collins and Robert Evans take a radically different view. They argue that, rather than democracies needing to be protected from science, democratic societies need to learn how to value science in this new age of uncertainty. By emphasizing that science is a moral enterprise, guided by values that should matter to all, they show how science can support democracy without destroying it and propose a new institution The Owls that can mediate between science and society and improve technological decision-making for the benefit of all
Tout ce que vous devriez savoir sur la science by H. M Collins( Book )

7 editions published between 1993 and 2001 in French and held by 131 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Un essai sur la vraie nature de la science contemporaine et ses enjeux, à partir des études les plus novatrices de la sociologie des sciences. La science y est représentée métaphoriquement par le golem, "une créature de la mythologie juive que l'homme façonne avec de l'argile et de l'eau en proférant des incantations et des formules cabalistiques". Chaque chapitre est indépendant et décrit une facette de la science: les preuves de la théorie de la relativité, la fusion froide, le rayonnement gravitationnel, les neutrinos solaires manquants, etc
Sociology of scientific knowledge : a source book( Book )

8 editions published in 1982 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Experts artificiels : machines intelligentes et savoir social by H. M Collins( Book )

4 editions published in 1992 in French and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Der Golem der Forschung : wie unsere Wissenschaft die Natur erfindet by H. M Collins( Book )

1 edition published in 1999 in German and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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The shape of actions : what humans and machines can do
Alternative Names
Collins, H. M.

Collins, H.M. 1943-

Collins, Harry.

Collins, Harry 1943-

Collins, Harry M.

Collins, Harry M. 1943-

Harry Collins Brits socioloog

Harry Collins sociologue des sciences britannique

Хари Колинс

هری کالینز

콜린스, 해리 1943-

コリンズ, H.

コリンズ, ハリー

哈里·科林斯

Languages
English (375)

French (11)

Italian (4)

Japanese (3)

German (1)

Chinese (1)

Dutch (1)

Covers
The golem : what everyone should know about scienceRethinking expertiseThe shape of actions : what humans and machines can doDr. Golem : how to think about medicineGravity's shadow : the search for gravitational wavesThe one culture? : a conversation about scienceGravity's ghost : scientific discovery in the twenty-first centuryTacit and explicit knowledge