WorldCat Identities

Witte, Ann D.

Works: 73 works in 385 publications in 1 language and 4,473 library holdings
Roles: Author, Other, Editor
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Ann D Witte
Beating the system : the underground economy by Carl P Simon( Book )

16 editions published between 1981 and 1982 in English and held by 899 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An economic analysis of crime and justice : theory, methods, and applications by Peter Schmidt( Book )

12 editions published between 1984 and 2013 in English and held by 467 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An Economic Analysis of Crime and Justice: Theory, Methods, and Applications presents the applications of economic theory and econometric methods to various problems in criminology. The book is divided into three parts. Part I discusses models of criminal recidivism. The second part tackles the economic model of crime. Part III estimates cost functions for prisons. Specific chapters in the book cover topics on statistical analysis of qualitative outcomes; analysis of two measures of criminal activity: the arrest rate and the conviction rate; and long-run estimate of cost function for a group o
Taxpayer compliance by Jeffrey A Roth( Book )

11 editions published between 1989 and 2016 in English and Undetermined and held by 415 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Predicting recidivism using survival models by Peter Schmidt( Book )

10 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 314 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Unintended consequences? : welfare reform and the working poor by Ann D Witte( Book )

13 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 133 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We have used a unique longitudinal database that incorporates information from diverse administrative and research sources to examine the impact of the early stages of welfare reform on poor working families who do not receive cash assistance. Our data are for 2791 working poor families from March 1996 through February 1997. Using a number of different estimation techniques, we find that the impact of the simultaneous October 1996 implementation of welfare reform and a federal minimum wage increase was to lower the earnings of the working poor families in our sample by approximately 6%. We find that increases in funding for Child Care Subsidies associated with welfare reform led to a significant increase in earnings. On net, the increase in Child Care Subsidies and the decrease in earnings because of the October 1996 changes approximately cancel out, with the representative family in our sample experiencing an estimated monthly earnings change of between -$18 and $68, with an earnings gain of $25 being most likely
Effects of information provision in a vertically differentiated market by Tasneem Chipty( Book )

13 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 120 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We study the effects of consumer information on equlibrium market prices and observable product quality in the market for child care. Child care markets offer a unique opportunity to study these effects because of the existence of resource and referral agencies (R & Rs) in some markets. R & Rs provide consumers with information on availability, price, and observable characteristics of care. To understand the effects of information provision in markets like child care, we examine the effects of information provision in a model of vertical differentiation. We show conditions in which increased consumer information reduces price dispersion, maximum price, and average price. With this model we examine empirically the effects of R & Rs on the distribution of child care prices and on the distribution of staff-child ratios. We estimate separate models for the distribution of prices and staff-child ratios for infants, toddlers, preschoolers and school age children because of regulatory and care differences across age groups. We find that R & Rs have economically large and statistically significant effects on the distribution of prices for the care infants and toddlers. Geographic markets with R & Rs have significantly less price dispersion and lower maximum prices. There is also some evidence that markets with R & Rs have lower average prices. Information provision via R & Rs has no significant effects on staff-child ratios. These findings are generally consistent with search theory and support the contention that information provision can intensify price competition
Sampling errors and confidence intervals for order statistics : implementing the Family Support Act by William C Horrace( Book )

12 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 118 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: The Family Support Act allows states to reimburse child care costs up to the 75th percentile of local market price for child care. States must carry out surveys to estimate these 75th percentiles. This estimation problem raises two major statistical issues: (1) picking a sample design that will allow one to estimate the percentiles cheaply, efficiently and equitably; and (2) assessing the sampling variability of the estimates obtained. For Massa- chusetts, we developed a sampling design that equalized the standard errors of the estimated percentiles across 65 distinct local markets. This design was chosen because state administrators felt public day care providers and child advocates would find it equitable, thus limiting costly appeals. Estimation of standard errors for the sample 75th percentiles requires estimation of the density of the population at the 75th percentile. We implement and compare a number of parametric and nonparametric methods of density estimation. A kernel estimator provides the most reasonable estimates. On the basis of the mean integrated squared error criterion we selected the Epanechnikov kernel and the Sheather-Jones automatic bandwidth selection procedure. Because some of our sample sizes were too small to rely on asymptotics, we also constructed nonparametric confidence intervals using the hypergeometric distrition. For most of our samples, these confidence intervals were similar to those based on the asymptotic standard errors. Substantively we find wide variation in the price of child care, depending on the child's age, type of care and geographic location. For full-time care, the 75th percentiles ranged from $242 per week for infants in child care centers in Boston to $85 per week for family day care in western Massachusetts
Economic effects of quality regulations in the daycare industry by Tasneem Chipty( Book )

12 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 114 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We estimate reduced form models to discern the effect of state regulation of the quality of center and family day care. Specifically, we consider the effects of the number of mandated inspections, limits on group size and staff/child ratio, and staff training requirements on equilibrium price and hours of care and the quality of care as measured by the actual staff/child ratio. The specification of the reduced form model is derived from an eight equation market model for wages and work hours, type of child care chosen, price and hours of care and a set of hedonic equations for the characteristics of care. The results indicate strongly that child care regulations do affect equilibrium price, hours of care, and staff/child ratios. Child care regulations are binding. In equilibrium, only regulations regarding staff training appear to have consistently desirable effects. Such regulations decrease equilibrium price and hours of care and increase the staff/child ratio for both centers and family day care. Regulations of group size and the staff/child ratio have significant effects, but the welfare implications of the effects are more ambiguous. Tax deductions and subsidies for child care have similarly ambiguous welfare effects. For example, households that take a tax deduction for child care pay higher prices for care, consume more hours of care and consume higher quality day care
An empirical investigation of firms' responses to minimum standards regulations by Tasneem Chipty( Book )

13 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 110 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We study firms' responses to minimum standards and other forms of regulatory intervention on both the probability of exit and the distribution of observable product quality, using firm level data for a nationally representative sample of markets. Our empirical work is motivated by the literature on quality and price competition in the presence of minimum standards. We find that minimum standards increase the probability that firms exit certain markets. Moreover, we find that exit can cause both the average and the maximum quality observed in the market to decline. This perverse regulatory effect occurs when excessively high standards cause high quality firms to exit. When minimum standards do not lead to exit, minimum standards can increase the average and maximum quality of products in the market. Such standards can not only force low quality firms to raise their quality, but may cause high quality firms to increase quality, presumably in an attempt to alleviate price competition and differentiate themselves from their now higher quality rivals
Take-up rates and trade offs after the age of entitlement : some thoughts and empirical evidence for child care subsidies by Ann D Witte( Book )

13 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 104 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper we develop a model of an eligible family's decision to take or not to take child care subsidies. This decision depends on the net benefits the family expects to derive from the subsidies over their expected duration. We contend that such a demand-side model for the take-up of child care subsidies and use of the term 'take-up' rate are only appropriate for programs that guarantee services to all eligible applicants. After welfare reform, most states do not offer such guarantees. For states that do not guarantee subsidies, the proportion of the eligible population that receives subsidies is better called a service rate than a take-up rate. Modeling service rates requires consideration of both governments' decisions (the supply side) and families' decisions (the demand side) regarding child care subsidies. We survey the general literature on take-up rates for social welfare programs and review existing estimates of the take-up rates and service rates for child care subsidy programs in various states. Using administrative data and survey data for states that guarantee subsidies for all eligible families, we estimate the family-level take-up rate for child care subsidies to be around 40% in early 2000. For states that do not guarantee subsidies, service rates range from 14% in Minnesota to 50% in Massachusetts. Finally, we suggest indicators to assess the trade offs that governments are making when designing and funding their child care subsidy programs. We use the percent of federally eligible families that receive child care subsidies and public expenditures per subsidized child to discern the relative importance that states place on using child care subsidies (1) to facilitate parental work and (2) to prepare its future work force by improving services to low-income children. For Rhode Island, we find increasing emphasis on the latter between 1996 and 2000. We also find that the Illinois subsidized child care program places relatively more emphasis on parental work facilitation, wh
Work and crime : an exploration using panel data by Ann D Witte( Book )

12 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 103 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper we explore the relationship between crime and work using data for a cohort sample of young men. We find that working and going to school significantly decrease the probability of committing criminal acts and by virtually identical amounts. Parochial school education and higher IQ are also significantly associated with lower criminal proclivities, but a high school degree has no significant effect. These findings, in conjunction with other research, suggest that participation in legitimate activities (employment or school) per se has a greater effect on criminal behavior than does the higher income associated with employment or educational attainment
The dynamics of domestic violence : does arrest matter? by Helen Tauchen( Book )

12 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 101 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper, we estimate a stochastic-dynamic model for domestic violence using data collected by the Minneapolis Domestic Violence Experiment. Our primary finding is that arrest deters domestic violence, but the effect wears off quite quickly. We find also that current employment for the male is associated with lower levels of violence. Like arrest, the effect of employment is transitory. If the male becomes unemployed, the level of violence will increase quite rapidly. Violence in one period is associated with higher probabilities of violence in subsequent periods. From a methodological perspective, our results suggest that policy evaluation and deterrence research would benefit from using models that allow examination of the dynamic path of intervention effects. The effect of private and social programs need not be constant over time, and applying traditional, static models that necessarily impose such an assumption may produce misleading results. For Minneapolis, static models produced the result àrrest works.' The dynamic model suggests a different conclusion àrrest buys us a little time.'
Crime, imprisonment, and female labor force participation : a time-series approach by Robert Witt( Book )

11 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 101 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Crime, Imprisonment, and Female Labor Force Participation: A Time-Series Approach Robert Witt and Ann Dryden Witte NBER Working Paper No. 6786 November 1998 JEL No. K14, H0 Rapidly growing prison population in the US has led to an upsurge of interest in discerning the impact of this costly increase on crime rates. Estimates of impact vary. We obtain new estimates of the impact of prisons using different data, specification and estimation technique than previous work. We find that both higher levels of imprisonment and increases in labor force participation of women are related to significantly higher crime rate. The impact of female labor force participation is much larger than the impact of imprisonment
What we spend and what we get : public and private provision of crime prevention and criminal justice by Ann D Witte( Book )

13 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 99 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper, we consider a number of issues regarding crime prevention and criminal justice. We begin by considering how crime is measured and present both general and specific evidence on the level of crime in a variety of countries. Crime is pervasive and varies substantially across countries. We outline the arguments for some public roll in crime prevention, enforcement, prosecution, defence, and adjudication. We consider the relative role of the public and private sectors in crime control and criminal justice. We discuss various measures for the effectiveness of the criminal justice system. We conclude by suggesting some potential areas for research
Impacts of eligibility expansions and provider reimbursement rate increases on child care subsidy take-up rates, welfare use and work by Ann D Witte( Book )

11 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 90 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We find that reforms in the Rhode Island subsidized child care program, including income and age eligibility expansions and increases in the reimbursement rates paid to formal providers, significantly increased the likelihood that current and former welfare families: a) would use child care subsidies and b) would work 20 or more hours per week. In addition, these policy changes significantly increased the probability that family heads of household would leave welfare for work. The most powerful impact of the Rhode Island changes in child care policies was on families that had left welfare (i.e., former cash recipients) and that worked at least 20 hours per week. These policy changes had less effect on families receiving cash assistance and enrolled in some approved activity (e.g., education or training) other than work. We were not able to assess the impact of the Rhode Island policy changes on families who were never on cash assistance. However, the large increase in the number of such families receiving child care subsidies after the reforms were instituted suggests that the impact may have been substantial. We also estimate that Rhode Island's reform of its cash assistance program and of its child care subsidy program, in combination, almost tripled the probability that a typical head of household currently or formerly receiving welfare would work 20 or more hours per week (i.e., the probability increased from 7% in the second quarter of 1996 to 22% in the second quarter of 2000) and almost halved the probability that a single mother in the sample would be on cash assistance and neither working nor in some other approved activity (i.e., such probability decreased from 47% in the second quarter of 1996 to 25% in the second quarter of 2000)
What happens when child care inspections and complaints are made available on the internet? by Ann D Witte( Book )

11 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"We provide substantial evidence that placing child care provider inspection and complaint reports on the Internet changed the behavior of child care inspectors and improved the quality of child care received by low-income children. We believe that these results were forthcoming in part because: (1) the media widely reported the availability of this information on the Web, (2) the information was easy to locate and use and (3) the inspector's name and contact information appeared on the first page of the reports. To be more specific, we find that, after child care provider inspection and complaint reports are made available on the Internet: (1) inspectors produce significantly more inspection reports and (2) inspectors become significantly more likely to provide mixed reviews of centers in the course of their routine inspections, finding that centers sometimes meet minimum standards and other times fail to do so. Controlling for time trends and other unobserved policy and economic changes, we also find that, after inspection reports are made available on the Internet, there is a significant improvement in classroom environment and center management at centers serving low-income children with child care subsidies. While the magnitude of the improvement in terms of observational assessment scores (i.e., 2.82 points, or " of a standard deviation) is moderate, it is comparable in size to improvements often achieved by more expensive approaches to improve classroom environment or the curriculum"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
The policy context and infant and toddler care in the welfare reform era by Ann D Witte( Book )

12 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We provide descriptive evidence from Miami-Dade County (MDC), FL and from five representative areas in Massachusetts (MA) that government policies governing welfare reform, the child-care subsidy system and minimum-standards regulation have had considerable impact on the availability, price, and quality of infant and toddler care, as welfare reform progressed from 1996 to 2000. Among our more interesting findings are the following: (1) There has been more than a doubling of the number of low-income infants and toddlers with child care subsidies in formal care in MDC, an area where cash assistance recipients are required to be active when their youngest child is three years old; and (2) Child care centers in both MA and MDC appear to be subsidizing their infant and toddler programs; this helps to explain why it has been difficult to expand the amount of infant and toddler care available
The structure of early care and education in the United States : historical evolution and early comparisons by Ann D Witte( )

12 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Most European governments have universal, consolidated, education-based ECE programs that are available from early in the morning to late in the evening throughout the year. European ECE programs are uniformly of high quality, generally last at least three years, and are funded to serve all children. The US ECE system is composed of three separate programs (Head Start, Pre-Kindergarten (Pre-K) and the child care voucher program) targeted to low-income children. With a few notable exceptions, US ECE programs are funded to serve less than half of the eligible children. US ECE programs developed quite separately. They have different goals, different funding sources, different administrations and policies, and generally last for an academic year or less. Pre-K and Head Start operate only 3 to 6 hours a day and are open only during the academic year. The average quality of US ECE programs is generally much lower than the average quality of European ECE programs. Further, the quality of US ECE programs varies widely even within local areas. Although the US has greatly increased expenditures on ECE, US governments pay only 40% of the costs of ECE, while European governments pay 70% to 90% of the costs of ECE. None of the major US ECE programs simultaneously provides work supports for parents, child development opportunities for children and preparation for school for low-income children. The evidence suggests that the US ECE system is neither efficient nor equitable. Consolidation of funding and administration of current US ECE programs could substantially lower transaction costs for parents and provide more stable care arrangements for children. Increased funding could improve the quality of existing programs, extend hours and months of operation, and make care available to all eligible families. Both the evaluation literature and the European experience suggest that such a consolidated, well-funded system could be successful in preparing poor children for school. Further, the benefits of such a program could well exceed the costs since it is precisely low-income children that benefit most from stable, high-quality ECE. However, such a targeted program will have neither the positive peer group effects nor the social-integration benefits of universal ECE programs."--Page [1]
Work release in North Carolina : an evaluation of its port-release effects by Ann D Witte( Book )

2 editions published in 1975 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Criminal deterrence : revisiting the issue with a birth cohort by Helen Tauchen( Book )

13 editions published between 1993 and 1995 in English and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper, we estimate the general deterrent effect of criminal justice resources on criminal behavior. Our panel data, which combine individual-level information on arrests and personal characteristics with aggregate measures of criminal justice resources, allow us to obtain deterrence measures that more closely reflect theoretical concepts and are of potential policy relevance. We find robust evidence of a general deterrent effect in our estimates of error components probit and Tobit models
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Beating the system : the underground economy
Alternative Names
Dryden Wiite, Anne 1942-

Dryden Witte, Ann 1942-

Witte, Ann.

Witte, Ann Dryden.

Witte, Ann Dryden 1942-

English (233)

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