WorldCat Identities

Gouran, Dennis S. 1941-

Works: 33 works in 71 publications in 2 languages and 1,835 library holdings
Genres: Bibliography 
Roles: Author, Editor, Contributor, Thesis advisor
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Dennis S Gouran
The handbook of group communication theory and research by Lawrence R Frey( )

9 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 1,133 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The volume is divided into six broad areas of communication scholarship: * Foundations of group communication theory and research * Individuals and group communication * Task and relational group communication * Group communication processes * Group communication facilitation * Group communication contexts and applications The sections serve as a crossroads where various paths pursued in each area meet, summarize and suggest new maps and roads that need to be followed in the future
Discussion: the process of group decision-making by Dennis S Gouran( Book )

4 editions published in 1974 in English and held by 267 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Making decisions in groups : choices and consequences by Dennis S Gouran( Book )

10 editions published between 1982 and 1990 in English and held by 201 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mastering communication by Dennis S Gouran( Book )

10 editions published between 1992 and 1994 in English and held by 173 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Variables related to consensus in group discussions of questions of policy by Dennis S Gouran( )

2 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bunka to komyunikēshon( Book )

2 editions published in 1996 in Japanese and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Small Group Communication An Annotated Bibliography by Dennis S Gouran( Book )

3 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This annotated bibliography includes sources of information that are primarily concerned with problem solving, decision making, and processes of social influence in small groups, and secondarily deal with other aspects of communication and interaction in groups, such as conflict management and negotiation. The 57 entries, all dating from 1980 forward (many contain references to earlier, important items), are organized into five groups: (1) bibliographic sources; (2) textbooks; (3) collections; (4) methodological and theoretical inquiries; and (5) critiques of research. (SR)
Inferential Judgments Affecting the Decision-Making Process in the Attorney General's Commission on Pornography by Dennis S Gouran( Book )

3 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Although the Attorney General's Commission on Pornography, also known as the Meese Commission, has been criticized excessively at times for threatening freedom of speech and press and individual rights to privacy, an analysis of its "Final Report" reveals numerous deficiencies in the Commission's decision-making process. These deficiencies, apparently influenced by initial biases and strongly held beliefs about the ill effects of pornography, are evident in the Commission's conception of the problem, the unwarranted inferences from which it drew conclusions, and the reliance on questionable causal relationships as the source of many of its recommendations. The report suggests that the members were unable to keep values, tastes, and prior beliefs disentangled from facts. The Commission did not develop a definition of pornography, but rather divided offensive, sexually explicit material into four categories: (1) sexually violent; (2) nonviolent, but depicting degradation, domination, subordination, or humiliation; (3) nonviolent and nondegrading; and (4) nudity. The various classifications were considered in relation to evidence establishing harm, either of a primary or a secondary nature. These classifications suffered from at least as much ambiguity as the term pornography itself. The Commission was divided over the validity of the nonviolent and nondegrading category and dismissed the relevance of the nudity category. Thus, they were left with three categories, one of which was a question even in their own minds. Additionally, the Commission found no evidence of a direct cause and effect relationship between pornography and violence against women or children, but chose to infer one out of "common sense." The Commission's approach appears to have been based on a prior presumption of a need for certain legislative proposals, for which rationales in available information were then sought. (Eighteen references are included.) (Jc)
A Theoretical Foundation for the Study of Inferential Error in Decision-Making Groups by Dennis S Gouran( Book )

1 edition published in 1982 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To provide a theoretical base for investigating the influence of inferential error on group decision making, current literature on both inferential error and decision making is reviewed and applied to the Watergate incident. Although groups tend to make fewer inferential errors because members' inferences are generally not biased in the same direction, group interaction may promote collective inferential error by encouraging (1) the mass acceptance of atypical cases as representative, (2) the specialization of knowledge in complicated issues, and (3) the development of a shared outlook or schema. A recent model suggests possible sources for these group characteristics. As group participants have less time to individually consider a given concept, and consequently less time to activate a wide range of significant associations, their formulation of the target concept will tend to be simplistic and selective. A taped conversation among President Richard Nixon, John Dean, and John Mitchell shows how group inference errors develop. After Nixon denigrated its significance, Mitchell and Dean quickly dismissed the grand jury investigation of the cover up as unimportant, accepting Nixon's simplification of a complex and very serious issue as a "can of worms." (Mm)
Response to "the Paradox and Promise of Small Group Research, "Revisited by Dennis S Gouran( Book )

1 edition published in 1978 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An example of how the quality of research on small groups could be enhanced is to develop a framework of scholarship around a series of hierarchical guiding questions concerning the functions of communication in the small group, the characteristics of the behavior and of the producers of that behavior that determine the extent to which particular functions are served, the way in which functions of communication are affected by the context in which they occur, and the interrelationships of the functions of communication in the small group. Such a structure of questions would make it possible to build a meaningful inventory of extant scholarship; would better equip researchers to respond to and overcome criticisms advanced about the field as a whole; would increase the importance of the role of theory; and would increase the potential for synthesis, comparability of research findings, meaningful criticism, and construction of methodological tools for advancing knowledge in a rigorous and systematic fashion. (Tj)
Guidelines for the Analysis of Responsibility in GovernmentalCommunication by Dennis S Gouran( Book )

2 editions published in 1974 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper discusses specific issues involving governmental conduct in communication with the public, outlines a set of conditions that frequently stimulate social interest in governmental responsibility, and develops a corresponding set of guidelines for use in the evaluation of instances of questionable governmental conduct in communication. There are seven areas of activity in which the behavior of governmental officials historically has been subject to possible indictment as irresponsible: falsification of information released to the public, classification of documents, attempts to manage the release of news, intimidation of the news media, interference with exercise of free speech, acts of political espionage, and communication disguised as something it is not. Each of the seven areas of activity is discussed at length and for each a guideline is provided which is designed to aid in the recognition of irresponsible behavior by government officials. (Rb)
The Watergate Cover-Up Its Dynamics and Its Implications by Dennis S Gouran( Book )

1 edition published in 1975 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This essay explores the group dynamics relating to the events surrounding the Watergate coverup and attempts to identify the factors that predispose of the parties involved to make inappropriate, foolish, and ineffective choices concerning a criminal case in which none of them initially was culpable. The initial Watergate breakin is briefly outlined, and the details of the Watergate coverup are described extensively through the use of manuscripts from the Watergate hearings and books written by such eminent political commentators as Theodore H. White, Arthur Schlesinger, and Dan Rather. Four points of view are then offered to account for the behavior patterns and decision-making procedures of the individuals involved in the Watergate coverup. Each of these views is dismissed as only a partial explanation for the coverup because President Nixon could still have made the right decision to avoid culpability. In conclusion, the author argues that to understand why Nixon did not, one has to focus on the communication behavior of the group involved as that behavior reflects the forces that inhibited their ability to make not only what would have been "the easy" decision but the right one as well. (RB)
Seriousness, Attribution of Responsibility, and Status of the Actor asDeterminants of Punitive Responses to Socially Proscribed Behavior by Dennis S Gouran( Book )

1 edition published in 1979 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

After 24 triads of college students discussed hypothetical situations of serious and moderately serious acts of plagiarism by either high or low status individuals, they designated a punishment. The hypothesis was that the severity of the sanction would be a joint function of the severity of the act, the attribution of responsibility for the act, and the status of the actor/perpetrator. Although the seriousness and attribution variables affected sanctioning as expected, status failed to reveal a mediating influence in the judgmental process. Possible explanations for the lack of status effects are the hypothetical nature of the situations, the possibility that status is a nonlinear interactant with sanctions, and that loss of status as a result of the proscribed behavior may eliminate it as a factor. The data nevertheless permit a partial description of the judgmental process for determining sanctions. It appears that as the seriousness of a violation of accepted standards of behavior increases, so does the tendency to hold or view the violator as personally responsible. The greater the attribution of personal responsibility, the more severe the sanction. Seriousness alone can predict the severity of response, but it does not adequately account for how the judgments are made or their variation. (Rl)
The Suasory Functions of Communication in the Process of Group Decision-Making Necessity and Paradox by Dennis S Gouran( Book )

1 edition published in 1983 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Of the many specific situations in which the exercise of suasory influence may be necessary to assure that a decision making group meets its analytical responsibilities, five appear to be particularly important. These are circumstances in which (1) a group is violating accepted procedural norms, (2) an authority figure or high status group member is exerting undue and improper influence on the course of a discussion, (3) the majority is inappropriately exerting pressure for uniformity, (4) members of the group are displaying inferential deficiencies, and (5) participants are basing judgments on stereotypic thinking. These situations suggest that suasory influence is more appropriate under circumstances in which the interests of rational choice can be furthered. Suasory intervention, however, could well worsen an already undesirable situation. Efforts to reorient group members toward a decisional act may be so subtle as to go unnoticed, so weakly stated as to go unheeded, or so direct as to arouse animosity toward the initiator. A potentially fruitful area for future research, therefore, is the examination of the relative effectiveness of alternative modes of suasory influence. (HOD)
Leadership: An Annotated Bibliography by Dennis S Gouran( Book )

2 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This annotated bibliography on leadership, compiled to help individuals determine where to begin in the massive amount of published material on the subject, contains 52 entries dated from 1980 forward. The selections have been made with a view towards the needs of both those interested in the practical aspects of leadership and those who may have more esoteric and theoretically oriented concerns. References have been organized under five headings: (1) "Overviews and Basic Bibliographic Materials"; (2) "Theoretical Discussions of Leadership"; (3) "Collections of Readings on Leadership"; (4) "Principles of Leadership Practice"; and (5) "Case Studies." (Ms)
Remembering 1970, and Premonitions About 2000 by Dennis S Gouran( Book )

1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the history of small group studies (in the field of communication theory and research), two factors contributed to the changes that led to Ernest Bormann publishing in 1970 his work questioning the value of the knowledge being reported and the appropriateness of the methods by which it was being generated. First, prior to 1965, a limited amount of the scholarship about groups produced in communication studies would qualify as research. Second, the few scholars actually doing research more often than not modeled their inquiries on work in social psychology and sociology. The year 1964 marked the beginning of a new emphasis on the characteristics of communicative exchanges. Research on communication in groups during the 1970s and 1980s has focused on several concerns that include: (1) decision making; (2) reactions to deviant behavior; (3) reticence and communication apprehension; (4) consciousness-raising; (5) risk-taking/choice shift/polarization; (6) personality characteristics of group members; (7) communicative characteristics of different types of group participants; (8) creative problem solving; and (9) gender/communication relationships. In the area of decision making, despite the limitations of research on communication in groups, impressive progress has been made in the last 25 years. Inquiry has moved out of a more or less exploratory, unfocused mode and now exhibits a theoretically grounded orientation, with communication as the central concern. Premonitions are for a bright rather than dismal future. (One hundred and ten references are appended.) (Ms)
[Thematic Issue Communication Theory and Research] by Central States Speech Association (U.S.)( Book )

2 editions published in 1979 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The focus of the contributions to this journal issue is communication theory and research. Following an introductory article that deals with the need for quality control in the criticism of communication research, eight articles offer discussions of the following topics: the nature of criticism in rhetorical and communicative studies, some issues in evaluating the social significance of communication research, a critical celebration of criticism of communication theory and research, fundamental issues in the criticism of communication theory and research, suggestions for the design of empirical communication studies, the impact of value and self-esteem messages in persuasion, the effects of substantive and affective verbal conflict on the quality of decisions of small problem-solving groups, and a communication perspective on deviation. Two additional articles offer a commentary on Ronald Reagan's attempt to build a national majority in his 1976 campaign for the presidency of the United States and a discussion of political reality and rhetorical criticism. (FL)
Prospects for Significant Theoretical Advances in Communication The Role of the Interesting Question by Dennis S Gouran( Book )

1 edition published in 1981 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper discusses ways in which the field of speech communication can be advanced. The first half of the paper characterizes the objectivist and subjectivist views of how knowledge is acquired and the forms of inquiry to which these views have led. The remainder of the paper demonstrates the role that the "interesting question" (one for which the answer promises to have significant impact on understanding how particular sets of phenomena are related) has played in contributing to advances in knowledge. Some cases are examined in which the role of the interesting question has led to important and useful discoveries. The cases examined include (1) John Snow's solution to the cholera problem in nineteenth century England, (2) the discovery of penicillin, (3) the development of the thoery of atomic structure in chemistry, (4) Claude Bernard's discovery that the body produces its own sugar, and (5) Charles Darwin's work on evolution. Based on these observations, the conclusion is drawn that speech communication scholars should continue to direct their energies toward discovery rather than justification. (RL)
Conflict in the kitchen : the connections among conflict, stress, and emotional labor in the restaurant industry by Angela Childers Conner( )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A Critique of small group research conducted during the 1970's( Recording )

1 edition published in 1978 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

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The handbook of group communication theory and research
Mastering communication
Alternative Names
Gouran, D.S.

Gouran, Dennis 1941-