WorldCat Identities

Hess, Earl J.

Works: 52 works in 239 publications in 1 language and 21,706 library holdings
Genres: History  Biography  Personal narratives  Military history  Guidebooks  Criticism, interpretation, etc  Biographies 
Roles: Author, Author of introduction
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about Earl J Hess
Most widely held works by Earl J Hess
Pea Ridge : Civil War campaign in the West by William L Shea( Book )

12 editions published between 1992 and 2011 in English and held by 1,578 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The first definitive study of a Civil War battle in the Trans-Mississippi shows how the battle of Pea Ridge in northwestern Arkansas dramatically altered the balance of power and helped ensure Union victory
Liberty, virtue, and progress : Northerners and their war for the Union by Earl J Hess( )

9 editions published between 1988 and 1997 in English and held by 1,439 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Earl Hess has constructed the first comprehensive study of its kind to deal with Northern soldiers and civilians, with intellectual and social elites and with the masses. Drawing on published and unpublished sources including letters, diaries, and memoirs, he asserts that Northerners used ideology as a tool to retain their faith in their ideas. Northern values - self-government, democracy, individualism, egalitarianism, and self-control - were at the basis of American society. These values, shared by citizens both in and out of uniform, were instrumental in promoting a consensus and provided a commonly understood language that served to explain the Southern rebellion and why it was important for Unionists to crush it. Hess contends that, contrary to commonly held interpretations of war as disruptive of prewar ideals - that war produces disillusionment, cynicism, and bitterness - the Northerners' determination resulted in little change in ideology throughout even the worst of the war. He also suggests that the real change in ideology occurred after the war, due to changes in the economy and society
The Knoxville Campaign : Burnside and Longstreet in East Tennessee by Earl J Hess( )

8 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 1,425 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the fall and winter of 1863, Union General Ambrose Burnside and Confederate General James Longstreet vied for control of the city of Knoxville and with it the railroad that linked the Confederacy east and west. The generals and their men competed, too, for the hearts and minds of the people of East Tennessee. Often overshadowed by the fighting at Chickamauga and Chattanooga, this important campaign has never received a full scholarly treatment. In this landmark book, award-winning historian Earl J. Hess fills a gap in Civil War scholarship -- a timely contribution that coincides with and commemorates the sesquicentennial of the Civil War. The East Tennessee campaign was an important part of the war in the West. It brought the conflict to Knoxville in a devastating way, forcing the Union defenders to endure two weeks of siege in worsening winter conditions. The besieging Confederates suffered equally from supply shortages, while the civilian population was caught in the middle and the town itself suffered widespread destruction. The campaign culminated in the famed attack on Fort Sanders early on the morning of November 29, 1863. The bloody repulse of Longstreet's veterans that morning contributed significantly to the unraveling of Confederate hopes in the Western theater of operations. Hess's compelling account is filled with numerous maps and images that enhance the reader's understanding of this vital campaign that tested the heart of East Tennessee. The author's narrative and analysis will appeal to a broad audience, including general readers, seasoned scholars, and new students of Tennessee and Civil War history. The Knoxville Campaign will thoroughly reorient our view of the war as it played out in the mountains and valleys of East Tennessee. - Publisher
Lincoln Memorial University and the shaping of Appalachia by Earl J Hess( )

8 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 1,385 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Located near Cumberland Gap in the rugged hills of East Tennessee, Lincoln Memorial University (LMU) was founded in 1897 to help disadvantaged Appalachian youth and reward the descendents of Union loyalists in the region. Its founder was former Union General Oliver Otis Howard, a personal friend of Abraham Lincoln, who made it his mission to sustain an institution of higher learning in the mountain South that would honor the memory of the Civil War president
Pickett's charge--the last attack at Gettysburg by Earl J Hess( )

10 editions published between 2001 and 2011 in English and held by 1,355 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Drawing on exhaustive research, especially in unpublished personal accounts, Hess creates a narrative of the attack from both Union and Confederate perspectives. He examines the history of the units involved, their state of readiness, how they maneuvered under fire, and what the men who marched in the ranks thought about their participation in the assault. Ultimately, Hess explains, such an approach reveals Pickett's Charge as both a case study in how soldiers deal with combat and a dramatic episode of heroism, failure, and fate on the battlefield."--Jacket
The Civil War in the West : victory and defeat from the Appalachians to the Mississippi by Earl J Hess( )

13 editions published between 2011 and 2015 in English and held by 1,210 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Provides a history of Civil War battles fought in the stretch of land from the Appalachians to the Mississippi, discussing how the North leveraged the manpower of free blacks and advanced techonologies to come out the victor
Wilson's Creek, Pea Ridge, and Prairie Grove : a battlefield guide, with a section on Wire Road by Earl J Hess( )

4 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 1,174 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Wilson's Creek, Pea Ridge, and Prairie Grove were three of the most important battles fought west of the Mississippi River during the Civil War. They influenced the course of the first half of the war in that region by shaping Union military efforts while significantly contributing to Confederate defeat. Wilson's Creek, Pea Ridge, and Prairie Grove, the first book to provide a detailed guide to these battlefields, takes the visitor step-by-step through the major sites of each engagement. With numerous maps and illustrations that enhance the authors' descriptions of what happened at each stop, the book also includes analytical accounts explaining tactical problems associated with each battle as well as vignettes evoking for readers the personal experience of those who fought there. An indispensable companion for the battlefield visitor, this guide offers not only touring information and driving tours of sites associated with the campaigns that led to the battles, but also a brief history of each battle and an overview of the larger strategy and tactics of the military action in which these battles figured
Lee's Tar Heels : the Pettigrew-Kirkland-MacRae Brigade by Earl J Hess( )

7 editions published between 2002 and 2015 in English and held by 1,137 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Pettigrew-Kirkland-MacRae Brigade was one of North Carolina's best-known and most successful units during the Civil War. Formed in 1862, the brigade spent nearly a year protecting supply lines before being thrust into its first major combat at Gettysburg. There, James Johnston Pettigrew's men pushed back the Union's famed Iron Brigade in vicious fighting on July 1 and played a key role in Pickett's Charge on July 3, in the process earning a reputation as one of the hardest-fighting units in Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Despite suffering heavy losses during the Gettysburg camp
Braxton Bragg : the most hated man of the Confederacy by Earl J Hess( )

8 editions published between 2016 and 2017 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,096 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"As a leading Confederate general, Braxton Bragg (1817-1876) earned a reputation for incompetence, for wantonly shooting his own soldiers, and for losing battles. This public image established him not only as a scapegoat for the South's military failures but also as the chief whipping boy of the Confederacy. The strongly negative opinions of Bragg's contemporaries have continued to color assessments of the general's military career and character by generations of historians. Rather than take these assessments at face value, Earl J. Hess's biography offers a much more balanced account of Bragg, the man and the officer."--Dust jacket flap
Trench warfare under Grant & Lee : field fortifications in the Overland Campaign by Earl J Hess( )

14 editions published between 2007 and 2013 in English and held by 1,093 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Continuing the study of field fortifications he began in Field Armies and Fortifications in the Civil War, Earl J. Hess turns to the 1864 Overland campaign in this volume, which covers battles from the Wilderness to Cold Harbor. Trench warfare began in earnest and became an important part of tactical operations during this phase of the war in Virginia." "Drawing on research in primary sources and careful examination of trench remnants at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna, Cold Harbor, and Bermuda Hundred, Hess describes Union and Confederate earthworks and how Grant and Lee used them in this new era of field entrenchments." "Bolstered by rare, historic photographs and new detailed maps of the trench remnants, this book constitutes the second installment of a three-volume study of field fortifications in the eastern campaigns."--BOOK JACKET
In the trenches at Petersburg : field fortifications & Confederate defeat by Earl J Hess( )

11 editions published between 2009 and 2013 in English and held by 1,073 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Petersburg campaign began June 15, 1864, with Union attempts to break an improvised line of Confederate field fortifications. By the time the campaign ended on April 2, 1865, two opposing lines of sophisticated and complex earthworks stretched for thirty-five miles, covering not only Petersburg but also the southeastern approaches to Richmond. This book, the third volume in Earl Hess's trilogy on the war in the eastern theater, recounts the strategic and tactical operations in Virginia during the last ten months of the Civil War, when field fortifications dominated military planning and the landscape of battle. The book covers all aspects of the campaign, especially military engineering, including mining and countermining, the fashioning of wire entanglements, the laying of torpedo fields, and the construction of underground shelters to protect the men who manned the works. It also humanizes the experience of the soldiers working in the fortifications, revealing their attitudes toward attacking and defending earthworks and the human cost of trench warfare in the waning days of the war
The cinematic voyage of The Pirate : Kelly, Garland, and Minnelli at work by Earl J Hess( )

10 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 948 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Among the many products of the Arthur Freed Unit at M-G-M, The Pirate has garnered a great deal of attention from viewers and critics alike as one of the most interesting film musicals of all time. Although not as universally acclaimed as Singin' in the Rain, The Pirate is an important film musical to study for a number of reasons. It represents the start of Gene Kelly's glory period as actor, choreographer, and dancer
The Union soldier in battle : enduring the ordeal of combat by Earl J Hess( Book )

5 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 939 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Drawing extensively upon the letters, diaries, and memoirs of Northern soldiers, Hess reveals their deepest fears and shocks, and also their sources of inner strength. By identifying recurrent themes found in these accounts, Hess constructs a multilayered view of the many ways in which these men coped with the challenges of battle."--Jacket
Field armies and fortifications in the Civil War : the Eastern campaigns, 1861-1864 by Earl J Hess( )

13 editions published between 2005 and 2015 in English and held by 937 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The eastern campaigns of the Civil War involved the widespread use of field fortifications, from Big Bethel and the Peninsula to Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Charleston, and Mine Run. While many of these fortifications were meant to last only as long as the battle and often were not detailed in official records, Earl J. Hess argues that their history is deeply significant. Even before the onset of trench warfare at the Wilderness in May 1864, the Civil War saw more use of fieldworks than did any previous conflict in Western history."
Kennesaw Mountain : Sherman, Johnston, and the Atlanta Campaign by Earl J Hess( )

9 editions published between 2013 and 2016 in English and held by 828 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

While fighting his way toward Atlanta, William T. Sherman encountered his biggest roadblock at Kennesaw Mountain, where Joseph E. Johnston's Army of Tennessee held a heavily fortified position. The opposing armies confronted each other from June 19 to July 3, 1864, and Sherman initially tried to outflank the Confederates. His men endured heavy rains, artillery duels, sniping, and a fierce battle at Kolb's Farm before Sherman decided to directly attack Johnston's position on June 27. Kennesaw Mountain tells the story of an important phase of the Atlanta campaign. Historian Earl J. Hess e
Singin' in the rain : the making of an American masterpiece by Earl J Hess( Book )

8 editions published between 2009 and 2010 in English and held by 727 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This title combines prose with scholarship to provide the complete inside story of how 'Singin' in the Rain' was made, marketed, and received
The Battle of Ezra Church and the Struggle for Atlanta by Earl J Hess( )

8 editions published between 2015 and 2018 in English and held by 642 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fought on July 28, 1864, the Battle of Ezra Church was a dramatic engagement during the Civil War's Atlanta Campaign. Confederate forces under John Bell Hood desperately fought to stop William T. Sherman's advancing armies as they tried to cut the last Confederate supply line into the city. Confederates under General Stephen D. Lee nearly overwhelmed the Union right flank, but Federals under General Oliver O. Howard decisively repelled every attack. After five hours of struggle, 5,000 Confederates lay dead and wounded, while only 632 Federals were lost. The result was another major step in Sherman's long effort to take Atlanta. Hess challenges many common misconceptions about the battle, and sheds new light on the complexities and significance of this important engagement, both on and off the battlefield
The battle of Peach Tree Creek : Hood's first effort to save Atlanta by Earl J Hess( )

5 editions published between 2017 and 2018 in English and held by 604 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On July 20, 1864, the Civil War struggle for Atlanta reached a pivotal moment. As William T. Sherman's Union forces came ever nearer the city, the defending Confederate Army of Tennessee replaced its commanding general, removing Joseph E. Johnston and elevating John Bell Hood. This decision stunned and demoralized Confederate troops just when Hood was compelled to take the offensive against the approaching Federals. Attacking northward from Atlanta's defenses, Hood's men struck George H. Thomas's Army of the Cumberland just after it crossed Peach Tree Creek on July 20. Initially taken by surprise, the Federals fought back with spirit and nullified all the advantages the Confederates first enjoyed. As a result, the Federals achieved a remarkable defensive victory. Offering new and definitive interpretations of the battle's place within the Atlanta campaign, Earl J. Hess describes how several Confederate regiments and brigades made a pretense of advancing but then stopped partway to the objective and took cover for the rest of the afternoon on July 20. Hess shows that morale played an unusually important role in determining the outcome at Peach Tree Creek - a soured mood among the Confederates and overwhelming confidence among the Federals spelled disaster for one side and victory for the other. -- From dust jacket
Banners to the breeze : the Kentucky Campaign, Corinth, and Stones River by Earl J Hess( Book )

5 editions published between 2000 and 2010 in English and held by 366 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Banners to the Breeze analyzes three major Civil War campaigns that were conducted following a series of devastating Confederate defeats at the hands of Ulysses S. Grant in the spring of 1862. Earl J. Hess mixes dramatic narrative and new analysis as he brings these campaigns together in a coherent whole. Previously unpublished historic photographs of the battlefields are included."--Jacket
A German in the Yankee fatherland : the Civil War letters of Henry A. Kircher by Henry A Kircher( Book )

3 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 365 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fighting for the Union was, for Henry Kircher and his comrades in arms, fighting for "the Fatherland." They were German-speaking soldiers in the Northern Army, immigrants and sons of immigrants from the German communities of the Midwest. For them the Civil War was, among other things, a process of Americanization. This is one of the themes that emerge from the letters Kircher wrote home. The war introduced this shy young machinist from the German émigré community of Belleville, Illinois, to other parts of the nation, to a broader mix of Americans, to the national issues at stake. At the same time he was growing in maturity as the bitter reality of battle and the deaths of friends tempered the romantic patriotism that prompted his enlistment. When he was mustered out after four years, a double amputee, he was ready to take his place as a leader in the political and commercial life of his no longer exclusively German community. But the war itself is the primary topic of the letters. Written in the language in which he was most fluent and now translated for this publication, they are articulate, witty, and completely revealing. Kircher's view was broad: he wrote of the larger strategies, often accompanied by sketch maps in the margins, as well as of the personal experiences; of the politics of Army life as well as of his friends and their daily lives. He served in the ninth Illinois infantry, a German unit from Western Illinois, before entering the 12th Missouri, which consisted largely of German immigrants from St. Louis. He saw, and vividly described, action in campaigns in Arkansas at the long siege of Vicksburg, and at Chattanooga. Earl J. Hess has assembled these letters in careful translation and provided appropriate notes as well as introductory and concluding chapters to round out the biographical account. Connectives paragraphs bridge gaps in the narrative and supplement the letters with quotations from the diaries that Kircher kept in English. Photographs and maps round out the volume. - Jacket flap
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Audience level: 0.17 (from 0.01 for Wilson's C ... to 0.45 for A German i ...)

The Union soldier in battle : enduring the ordeal of combat
Liberty, virtue, and progress : Northerners and their war for the UnionLincoln Memorial University and the shaping of AppalachiaPickett's charge--the last attack at GettysburgWilson's Creek, Pea Ridge, and Prairie Grove : a battlefield guide, with a section on Wire RoadLee's Tar Heels : the Pettigrew-Kirkland-MacRae BrigadeTrench warfare under Grant & Lee : field fortifications in the Overland CampaignIn the trenches at Petersburg : field fortifications & Confederate defeatThe Union soldier in battle : enduring the ordeal of combat
Alternative Names
Hess, Earl J.

English (170)