Durr, Virginia Foster
Most widely held works about Virginia Foster Durr
Most widely held works by Virginia Foster Durr
Outside the magic circle : the autobiography of Virginia Foster Durr by Virginia Foster Durr ( Book )
15 editions published between 1985 and 1990 in English and held by 1,283 libraries worldwide
Freedom writer : Virginia Foster Durr, letters from the civil rights years by Virginia Foster Durr ( Book )
10 editions published between 2003 and 2006 in English and held by 530 libraries worldwide
"Virginia Foster Durr was a monumental champion for civil rights. A white southerner who returned to Alabama in 1951 after twenty years in Washington, D.C., she was horrified to revisit the racism of her childhood. In her struggle to understand the South and battle isolation, she wrote hundreds of letters - humorous, sharp, and observant - to her friends up north, among them Eleanor Roosevelt, Lyndon and Lady Bird Johnson, Hugo Black, and C. Vann Woodward." "Published on the 100th anniversary of Durr's birth, her letters offer a window onto a society in turmoil, chronicling the events that transformed the South and the nation. Her writing adds a distinctive glimpse into the day-to-day battles for racial justice at a pivotal moment in American history."--Jacket.
Oral history interview with Virginia Foster Durr, October 16, 1975 interview G-0023-3, Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007) by Virginia Foster Durr ( Book )
2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 14 libraries worldwide
This is the final interview in a series of three. Since the previous one, Clifford Durr had died, making the interview feel very different. Virginia wanders several times and remarks how he always managed to pull her thoughts back on track. The interview begins with stories from Clifford's time with the Reconstruction Finance Commission. While there, he encountered the wealthy men from Alabama who had refused to offer him respect, revealing the role of family connections in Southern society. She argues that poor manners made poor men. Though Clifford went into the chaos of Washington, D.C., every day, Virginia found peace and companionship among the gentility of Seminary Hill in Alexandria, VA. Throughout the interview, she compares the old aristocracy with the nouveau riche in Birmingham. During the New Deal era, James M. Landis climbed to prominence in Franklin Delano Roosevelt's administration. Through his wife Stella, Virginia grew interested in New Deal politics and policies, and she also gained an insiders' view of the Landises' marriage. The people she met through Clifford and the Landises pushed her into greater social awareness, fueling her growing activism. Durr's first participation in activism in Washington, D.C., was as a volunteer with the women's division of the Democratic National Committee. She had discussed this in an earlier interview, but in this excerpt, she reflects on the other women working with her and the racialized nature of their lobbying group. Though Roosevelt had promised them his support, when the southern senators began to distance themselves from the administration's New Deal policies, Roosevelt dropped the anti-poll tax efforts. Durr explains what that meant for her efforts. She then returns to the issue of southern poverty, explaining that it motivated her and other reformers. She also describes how the southern New Dealers composed The South: Economic Problem Number One in her living room. This interview reflects a growing awareness of racism in the South, and Durr describes her relationship with Mary McLeod Bethune, Lucy Randolph Mason and others. She also discusses in greater detail her impressions of the 1938 Southern Conference on Human Welfare along with its subsequent actions. The anti-Communism of the 1950s disappointed her greatly, and even several decades later, she found it hard to comprehend why the American public reacted as they did. The red-baiting that occurred fractured many of the groups Durr admired most and ultimately undid her own anti-poll tax committee. Durr also talks about the sexual harassment she and other women working on the Hill endured. During the last portion of the conversation, she tells stories of the various people she had know and worked with, including Vito and Miriam Marcantonio, Lee and Sonny Pressman and Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt. She maintains that when Roosevelt died, the entire attitude of the nation changed. After the war, Clifford worked with the Federal Communications Commission, so he and Virginia befriended television producers and directors.
Oral history interview with Virginia Durr, February 6, 1991 interview A-0337. Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007) by Virginia Foster Durr ( Book )
2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 14 libraries worldwide
Civil rights activist Virginia Foster Durr describes her involvement in the nascent civil rights movement of the 1940s and 1950s. Durr was among those white elites, like Eleanor Roosevelt and her husband Clifford, who supported black activists as they began organizing what would become the familiar civil rights movement of the 1960s. In this interview, she describes some of her experiences with the movement. The interviewer performed this interview as he was gathering information for a book, and this approach reveals itself as he corroborates facts rather than drawing out detailed thoughts on certain issues. As a result, this interview does not contain many passages useful for excerption, but interested researchers should read through it for a snapshot of some of the activism that was taking place in the American South before the 1960s.
Social activism and civil rights by Virginia Foster Durr ( Book )
1 edition published in 1976 in English and held by 14 libraries worldwide
Oral history interview with Virginia Foster Durr, March 13, 14, 15, 1975 interview G-0023-1, Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007) by Virginia Foster Durr ( Book )
3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 13 libraries worldwide
Virginia Foster Durr discusses her early life and how she became aware of the social justice problems plaguing twentieth-century America. Descended from a wealthy southern family that emigrated to Alabama during the early 1800s, she begins by telling stories she heard from her grandmother about life in the antebellum South. She explains what life was like on the plantation when she was a child, focusing on race relations between her family and the black workers employed by her grandmother. Her grandmother practiced noblesse oblige, giving gifts and parties to the poorer white and black families in her community. Throughout the interview, Durr reflects on her relationship with her father, addressing his disappointment in the fact that she was a girl and listing his various disciplinary methods. While Durr's parents carefully maintained an aura of condescending tolerance toward the blacks they employed, not all of her relatives were as gentle. After the death of her grandmother, Durr's parents advanced in Birmingham society, joining the country club and other social organizations. She repeatedly returns to the issues surrounding southern female gender identity, especially for elite women. She talks about how her social circle dealt with issues of sexuality and describes the racial and class divisions that ran through Birmingham during her youth. As teenagers, Durr and her sister Josephine, along with many other young southern belles, were sent to New York City for finishing and socialization. While there, Josephine met and married Hugo Black, the future Supreme Court Justice. Durr asserts that while her sister and Hugo Black had a happy marriage, the relationship stifled something within her sister. Nevertheless, the other women in her family never questioned the roles and even averred that women who fought for more rights had immoral reasons. Durr managed to convince her parents to send her to Wellesley for two years. While there, she began to question many of the assumptions that had governed her relationships and behaviors while in Alabama. Because of financial problems, Durr left Wellesley after her sophomore year, returning home to spend a year as a debutante. When she failed to find an eligible offer that year, she took a job at the law library, where she met her future husband, Clifford.
Oral history interview with Virginia Foster Durr, March 13, 14, 15, 1975 interview G-0023-2, Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007) by Virginia Foster Durr ( Book )
2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 13 libraries worldwide
In this fast-paced 1975 interview, Virginia Foster Durr and her husband Clifford banter back and forth as Clifford reminds Virginia of stories, names and significant events throughout the conversation. The interview begins where the previous one left off: with Virginia's growing awareness of social problems in the South, particularly of the evils of poverty. During the early 1930s, they faced a great many changes. Her brother-in-law Hugo Black returned to the Senate, and her mother had to be hospitalized because of depression. When Clifford lost his job in a Birmingham attorney office, he accepted a position with the Reconstruction Finance Corporation in Washington, D.C. After they arrived in Washington, she attempted to join the social milieu. One day, however, she decided she had had enough of all the receptions and joined the women's division of the Democratic Party to work with Eleanor Roosevelt. She became involved with issue of the poll tax, having herself been unable to vote several times because of it. Through their various activities, the Durrs befriended Clark Foreman, Lyndon Johnson, John L. and Katheryn Lewis, Tallulah Bankhead and other young New Dealers. The La Follette Committee hearings following the brutal attack on Joe Gelders drove Virginia to recognize how complicit her family and friends were in the violence and injustice occurring across the South. As a result, she helped organize the Southern Conference for Human Welfare in 1938. She also met Mary McLeod Bethune, and in the interview, she tells stories about how Bethune handled the racial segregation in various places they went, often undermining it in clever ways. As both the Durrs became increasingly involved in the New Deal actions, they became aware of the growing anti-Communist feeling that was spreading across the United States. In the interview, they discuss various manifestations of the growing hysteria, including Truman's loyalty oath, which ultimately drove Clifford from public office. Still hopeful and idealistic, Durr campaigned for Henry Wallace, the Progressive candidate, in 1948.
George Wallace settin' the woods on fire ( Visual )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
Four times governor of Alabama, four times a candidate for president, George Wallace was a fierce defender of Southern pride. This film through extensive archive footage and interviews presents the life of a man central to the civil rights years in the South, a lightening rod for controversy, a liberal judge who betrayed his principles for power, a politician who harnessed the anger lurking beneath American society to create a lasting conservative movement and a man ultimately reborn through suffering.
Social activism and civil rights Virginia F. Durr by Virginia Foster Durr ( Book )
4 editions published in 1976 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Freedom writer : the letters of Virginia Foster Durr by Virginia Foster Durr ( Book )
2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Papers, 1899-1976 by Clifford J Durr ( )
in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
The Durr Papers consist of personal, legal, and family letters and correspondence; photographs, speeches, addresses, lectures, clippings, memoranda, subject files, case files, scrapbooks, awards, diplomas, certificates, notes and a fragmentary rough draft of an autobiography, an oral history, financial records, legal records, notes, oversized items, reports, magazines, pamphlets, and books.
Outside the magic circle : the autobiography by Virginia Foster Durr ( Book )
1 edition published in 1986 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Papers: Series II, 1929-1991 (inclusive) by Virginia Foster Durr ( Book )
in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Biographical materials in this collection include a transcript of an oral history interview of the Durrs, their FBI files, clippings, and photographs. There are also Clifford Durr's files on the Eastland hearings; research notes and drafts of Outside the Magic Circle and other writings; speech notes; and materials collected by Durr.
Papers: Series I, 1919-1988 (inclusive) by Virginia Foster Durr ( Book )
in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Biographical materials in this collection include a transcript of an oral history interview of the Durrs, their FBI files, clippings and photographs. There are also Clifford Durr's files on the Eastland hearings; research notes and drafts of Outside the Magic Circle and other writings; speech notes; and materials collected by Durr.
Transcript of oral history, 1974 by Virginia Foster Durr ( Book )
4 editions published in 1974 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Interview with Durr (1903-) civil rights activist from Alabama, by William D. Barnard, 1974, sponsored by the Oral History Research Office, Columbia University.
Lecture and interview by Virginia Foster Durr ( Recording )
2 editions published in 1976 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Tape 1: Durr speaks at the "Women in the South" Conference at University of Alabama, 1976. Introduced by Jessica Mitford, Durr discusses the relationship between fascism and the killings of blacks in the South, the impact of warfare, and women activists from Alabama, etc. Other unrelated material follows. Tape 2: Stephanie Siegel interview discussing finishing school and Wellesley College, her family's history and views on race, disenfranchisement activities in the south, working on civil rights issues with her husband, and Southern politics, etc.
Papers, 1919-1991 (inclusive) by Virginia Foster Durr ( )
in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Biographical materials in this collection include a transcript of an oral history interview of Virginia and Clifford Durr, the Durrs' FBI files, clippings and photographs of Virginia Durr and her family, and materials about her education. There are also Clifford Durr's files on the Eastland hearings; research notes and drafts of Outside the Magic Circle and other writings; speech notes; and materials collected by Durr, mostly writings by others.
Ouside the magic circle by Virginia Foster Durr ( Book )
1 edition published in 1986 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Papers, 1904-1991 by Virginia Foster Durr ( )
in English and held by 1 library worldwide
These papers contain correspondence, letters, clippings, photographs, awards, certificates, ephemera, and printed materials. The primary topics discussed are her family and friends, civil rights and voting in the South, and politics in the U.S. and in Ala. Correspondence and letters constitute one-half of the collection, and clippings one-fourth. Of particular interest is the correspondence with the Harkness Fellows, who were European students studying in the U.S., as well as the correspondence with Hugo L. Black, and his second wife, Elizabeth, and with Lyndon and Lady Bird Johnson.
Virginia Foster Durr oral history interview, 1990 Mar. 9 by Virginia Foster Durr ( )
1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
The collection consists of an oral history interview with Virginia Foster Durr on March 9, 1990 in which she discusses the Southern Conference For Human Welfare; Lucy Randolph Mason; John L. Lewis; Congress of Industrial Organizations; Joe Gelders; Southern Policy Committee; Frank Graham; Eugene "Bull" Connor; Hugo Black; red-baiting; race-baiting; changing nature of race relations in the South; Lillian Smith; Killers of a Dream; and anti-Communist forces at the Southern Conference.
African Americans--Civil rights African Americans--Suffrage Alabama Alabama--Birmingham Alabama--Montgomery Biography Black, Hugo LaFayette,--1886-1971 Civil rights Civil rights and socialism Civil rights movements Civil rights workers Constitutional law Durr, Clifford J.--1899-1975 Durr, Virginia Foster Gomillion, Charles G.--1900- History Horton, Myles,--1905-1990 Interviews King, Martin Luther,--Jr.,--1929-1968 Ku Klux Klan (1915- ) Lawyers' spouses Manners and customs Massachusetts--Wellesley Mitford, Jessica,--1917-1996 New Deal (1933-1939) Parks, Rosa,--1913-2005 Political science Poll tax Prayer in the public schools Presidents--Election Progressive Party (U.S. : 1948) Race relations Records and correspondence Roosevelt, Eleanor,--1884-1962 School integration Selma to Montgomery Rights March Social history Social movements Sources Southern Conference for Human Welfare Southern States Students Suffrage United States Wellesley College Women Women civil rights workers Women college students Women--Political activity Women social reformers