WorldCat Identities

Card, David E. (David Edward) 1956-

Works: 323 works in 1,626 publications in 2 languages and 18,083 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Handbooks and manuals  Abstracts 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Honoree, Contributor
Classifications: HD4917, 331
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by David E Card
Handbook of labor economics by Orley Ashenfelter( Book )

104 editions published between 1986 and 2011 in 3 languages and held by 1,200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A guide to the continually evolving field of labour economics. This volume focus on the following topics: thedemand side of the labour market; labour economics within companies; interactions between demand and supply; and emergent labour markets
Myth and measurement : the new economics of the minimum wage by David E Card( Book )

22 editions published between 1995 and 2016 in English and held by 1,056 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"David Card and Alan B. Krueger have already made national news with their pathbreaking research on the minimum wage. Here they present a powerful new challenge to the conventional view that higher minimum wages reduce jobs for low-wage workers. In a work that has important implications for public policy as well as for the direction of economic research, the authors put standard economic theory to the test, using data from a series of recent episodes, including the 1992 increase in New Jersey's minimum wage, the 1988 rise in California's minimum wage, and the 1990-91 increases in the federal minimum wage. In each case they present a battery of evidence showing that increases in the minimum wage lead to increases in pay, but no loss in jobs." "A distinctive feature of Card and Krueger's research is the use of empirical methods borrowed from the natural sciences, including comparisons between the "treatment" and "control" groups formed when the minimum wage rises for some workers but not for others. In addition, the authors critically reexamine the previous literature on the minimum wage and find that it, too, lacks support for the claim that a higher minimum wage cuts jobs. Finally, the effects of the minimum wage on family earnings, poverty outcomes, and the stock market valuation of low-wage employers are documented. Overall, this book calls into question the standard model of the labor market that has dominated economists' thinking on the minimum wage. In addition, it will shift the terms of the debate on the minimum wage in Washington and in state legislatures throughout the country."--Jacket
Finding jobs : work and welfare reform by David E Card( Book )

14 editions published between 1998 and 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 704 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book contains 13 papers on labor market and welfare reform, with special emphasis on the demand for low-wage workers, wages and job characteristics in the less skilled labor market, public politics to increase employment and earnings of less skilled workers, and the impact of welfare reform. The following papers are included: "The Labor Market and Welfare Reform" (Rebecca M. Blank, David E. Card); "The Employment, Earnings, and Income of Less Skilled Workers over the Business Cycle" (Hilary W. Hoynes); "Displacement and Wage Effects of Welfare Reform" (Timothy J. Bartik); "Job Change and Job Stability among Less Skilled Young Workers" (Harry J. Holzer, Robert J. LaLonde); "Wage Progression among Less Skilled Workers" (Tricia Gladden, Christopher Taber); "Gender Differences in the Low-Wage Labor Market" (Jane Waldfogel, Susan E. Mayer); "Health Insurance and Less Skilled Workers" (Janet Currie, Aaron Yelowitz); "Employee-Based versus Employer-Based Subsidies to Low-Wage Workers: a Public Finance Perspective" (Stacy Dickert-Conlin, Douglas Holtz-Eakin); "Public Service Employment and Mandatory Work: a Policy Whose Time Has Come and Gone and Come Again?" (David T. Ellwood, Elisabeth D. Welty); "Financial Incentives for Increasing Work and Income among Low-Income Families" (Rebecca M. Blank, David E. Card, Philip K. Robins); "Child Care and Mothers' Employment Decisions" (Patricia M. Anderson, Phillip B. Levine); "Use of Means-Tested Transfer Programs by Immigrants, Their Children, and Their Children's Children" (Kristin F. Butcher, Luojia Hu); and "Time Limits" (Robert A. Moffitt, LaDonna A. Pavetti). All papers contain substantial bibliographies. (Mn)
Small differences that matter : labor markets and income maintenance in Canada and the United States by David E Card( Book )

17 editions published between 1993 and 2009 in English and held by 440 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume, the first in a new series by the National Bureau of Economic Research that compares labor markets in different countries, examines social and labor market policies in Canada and the United States during the 1980s. It shows that subtle differences in unemployment compensation, unionization, immigration policies, and income maintenance programs have significantly affected economic outcomes in the two countries. For example: -Canada's social safety net, more generous than the American one, produced markedly lower poverty rates in the 1980s.-Canada saw a
Public policy and the income distribution( Book )

7 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 415 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Public Policy and the Income Distribution tackles many of the most difficult and intriguing questions about how government intervention - or lack thereof - has affected the incomes of everyday Americans. The twentieth century was remarkable in the extent to which advances in public policy helped improve the economic well being of Americans. Synthesizing existing knowledge on the effectiveness of public policy and contributing valuable new research, Public Policy and the Income Distribution examines public policy's successes, and points out the areas in which progress remains to be made."--Jacket
Seeking a premier economy : the economic effects of British economic reforms, 1980-2000( Book )

15 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 280 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the 1980s and 1990s successive British governments launched a series of reforms aimed at deregulating the economy. This collection of essays examines the impact that these reforms have had on unemployment, industrial relations, pay rates, and poverty, among other issues
Immigration, poverty, and socioeconomic inequality( Book )

7 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 221 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Wages, school quality, and employment demand by David E Card( Book )

12 editions published between 2010 and 2016 in English and held by 167 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"David Card and Alan B. Krueger have made substantial contributions to the field of Labor Economics. Their influential work focuses on policy-relevant issues and spans vast and important topics, including: unemployment, minimum wage, migration, measurement error, unions, wage differentials among various groups in the US, labor demand, social insurance, and technological change. Card and Krueger have also been extremely influential in econometrics methodology; they were at the forefront of employing an "experimental" approach in their research design and implementation. Both of these IZA prize winners have made significant methodological contributions on instrumental variable estimation, measurement error, regression discontinuity methods, and the use of "natural" experiments. This book provides an overview of their most important work and is divided two main parts: the first section focuses on school quality and the differences in wages across groups in the U.S.; the second part concentrates on the effect of changes in the minimum wage on employment and wage setting. In section introductions, Card and Krueger offer their insight into these two areas and discuss the historical context for their research. [Includes:] winners of the IZA Prize in Labor Economics in 2006; Includes the authors' most influential work on minimum wage, wage inequality, the role of unions, the effects of immigration on the labor market, and the effect of school quality on earnings; The authors' work has shaped the research agenda in labor economics and promoted the use of natural experiments "--Publisher's website
Distribution of income and wealth in Ontario : theory and evidence by Charles M Beach( Book )

8 editions published between 1981 and 2016 in English and held by 153 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book provides an extensive survey of recent literature and a new source of income and wealth distribution data for Ontario, drawn from newly available microdata sets. It also presents an evaluation of the data as a basis for measuring inequality in the distribution of economic and well-being
Changes in the relative structure of wages and employment : a comparison of the United States, Canada, and France by David E Card( Book )

22 editions published between 1995 and 1998 in English and held by 106 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Standard models suggest that adverse labor demand shocks will lead to bigger employment losses if institutional factors like minimum wages and trade unions prevent downward wage adjustments. Some economists have argued that this insight explains the contrast between the United States, where real wages fell over the 1980s and aggregate employment expanded vigorously, and Europe, where real wages were (roughly) constant and employment was stagnant. We test this hypothesis by comparing changes in wages and employment rates over the 1980s for different age and education groups in the United States, Canada, and France. We argue that the same forces that led to falling real wages for less-skilled workers in the U.S. affected similar workers in Canada and France. Consistent with the view that labor market institutions are more rigid in France, and more flexible in the U.S., we find that relative wages of less-skilled workers fell the most in the U.S., fell somewhat less in Canada, and did not fall at all in France. Contrary to expectations, however, we find little evidence that wage inflexibilities generated divergent patterns of relative employment growth across the three countries
Minimum wages and employment : a case study of the fast food industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania by David E Card( Book )

18 editions published between 1993 and 2001 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On April 1, 1992 New Jersey's minimum wage increased from $4.25 to $5.05 per hour. To evaluate the impact of the law we surveyed 410 fast food restaurants in New Jersey and Pennsylvania before and after the rise in the minimum. Comparisons of the changes in wages, employment, and prices at stores in New Jersey relative to stores in Pennsylvania (where the minimum wage remained fixed at $4.25 per hour) yield simple estimates of the effect of the higher minimum wage. Our empirical findings challenge the prediction that a rise in the minimum reduces employment. Relative to stores in Pennsylvania, fast food restaurants in New Jersey increased employment by 13 percent. We also compare employment growth at stores in New Jersey that were initially paying high wages (and were unaffected by the new law) to employment changes at lower-wage stores. Stores that were unaffected by the minimum wage had the same employment growth as stores in Pennsylvania, while stores that had to increase their wages increased their employment
A reanalysis of the effect of the New Jersey minimum wage increase on the fast-food industry with representative payroll data by David E Card( Book )

13 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: This paper re-examines the effect of the 1992 New Jersey minimum wage increase on employment in the fast-food industry. We begin by analyzing employment trends using a comprehensive new data set derived from the Bureau of Labor Statistics's (BLS's) ES-202 data file. Both a longitudinal sample and a repeated-cross-section sample drawn from these data indicate similar or slightly faster employment growth in New Jersey relative to eastern Pennsylvania after the rise in New Jersey's minimum wage, consistent with the main findings of our earlier survey. We also use the ES-202 data to measure the effects of the 1996 increase in the federal minimum wage, which raised the minimum wage in Pennsylvania but not in New Jersey. We find no indication of relative employment losses in Pennsylvania. In light of these findings, we re-examine employment trends in the sample of fast-food restaurants assembled by the Employment Policies Institute (EPI) and David Neumark and William Wascher. The differences between this sample and both the BLS data and our earlier sample are attributable to a small set of restaurants owned by a single franchisee who provided the original Pennsylvania data for the 1995 EPI study. We also find that employment trends in the EPI/Neumark-Wascher sample are strikingly different for firms that reported their data on a weekly, biweekly or monthly basis, possibly because of seasonal factors. Controlling for the systematic effects of the varying reporting intervals, the combined EPI/Neumark-Wascher sample shows no difference in hours growth between New Jersey and Pennsylvania
Education, earnings and the "Canadian G.I. Bill" by Thomas Lemieux( Book )

12 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We use the unique experiences of Canadian World War II veterans to identify the effects of a large scale college subsidy program on educational attainment and earnings. Like the United States, Canada set up an extensive veteran's assistance program that provided financial aid and institutional support for college attendance. Because of differences in military enlistment rates and education systems, however, a much lower fraction of Quebec men benefited from VRA benefits than men from other provinces. Building on this fact, we analyze inter-cohort patterns of education and earnings for English- speaking men from Ontario, using French-speaking men from Quebec as a control group. We use data from the 1971 and 1981 Canadian Censuses to compare conventional (OLS) estimates of the return to schooling with instrumental variables (IV) estimates that use potential eligibility for VRA benefits as an exogenous determinant of schooling. Consistent with the recent literature, we find that the IV estimates are typically as big or bigger than the corresponding OLS estimates. We also explore an alternative identification strategy that utilizes information on family background available in the 1973 Canadian Job Mobility Survey. We hypothesize that veterans from relatively disadvantaged family backgrounds were more likely to be affected by the VRA's incentives than veterans from wealthier families. Using the interaction of veteran status and family background as an instrument for schooling, we again find rates of return to education as large or larger than the corresponding OLS estimates
Financial incentives for increasing work and income among low-income families by Rebecca M Blank( Book )

21 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper investigates the impact of financial incentive programs, which have become an increasingly common component of welfare programs. We review experimental evidence from several such programs. Financial incentive programs appear to increase work and raise income (lower poverty), but cost somewhat more than alternative welfare programs. In particular, windfall beneficiaries -- those who would have been working anyway -- can raise costs by participating in the program. Several existing programs limit this effect by targeting long-term welfare recipients or by limiting benefits to full-time workers. At the same time, because financial incentive programs transfer support to working low-income families, the increase in costs due to windfall beneficiaries makes these programs more effective at alleviating poverty and raising incomes. Evidence also indicates that combining financial incentive programs with job search and job support services can increase both employment and income gains. Non-experimental evidence from the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and from state Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) programs with enhanced earnings disregards also suggests that these programs increase employment, and this evidence is consistent with the experimental evidence on the impact of financial incentive programs
Earnings, schooling, and ability revisited by David E Card( Book )

14 editions published between 1994 and 1995 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper presents a survey and interpretation of recent research on the return to education. The empirical findings in a series of current papers suggest that the causal effect of education on earnings is understated by standard estimation methods. Using a simple model of optimal schooling developed by Gary Becker (1967), I derive an explicit formula for the conventional estimate of the return to schooling and for alternative instrumental variables and fixed- effects estimators. The analysis suggests that instrumental variables estimates based on 'interventions' that affect the schooling choices of children from relatively disadvantaged family backgrounds will tend to exceed the corresponding OLS estimates
School finance reform, the distribution of school spending, and the distribution of SAT scores by David E Card( Book )

14 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper we study the effects of school finance reforms on the distribution of school spending across richer and poorer districts, and the effects of spending equalization on the distribution of student outcomes across children from different family backgrounds. We use school district data from the 1977 and 1992 Censuses of Governments to measure the correlation between state funding per pupil and median family income in each district. We find that states where the school finance system was declared unconstitutional in the 1980s increased the relative funding of low-income districts. Increases in state funds available to poorer districts led to increases in the relative spending of these districts, and to some equalization in spending across richer and poorer districts. We then use micro samples of SAT scores from this same period to measure the effects of spending inequality on the inequality in test scores between children from different family backgrounds. We find some evidence that the equalization of spending across districts leads to a narrowing of test score outcomes across family background groups
Is workers' compensation covering uninsured medical costs? : evidence from the 'Monday effect' by David E Card( Book )

18 editions published between 1994 and 1996 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Steady increases in the costs of medical care, coupled with a rise in the fraction of workers who lack medical care insurance, have led to a growing concern that the Workers' Compensation system is paying for off-the-job injuries. Many analysts have interpreted the high rate of Monday injuries -- especially for hard-to-monitor injuries like back sprains -- as evidence of this phenomenon. In this paper, we propose a test of the hypothesis that higher Monday injury rates are due to fraudulent claims. Specifically, we compare the daily injury patterns for workers who are more and less likely to have medical insurance coverage, and the corresponding differences in the fraction of injury claims that are disputed by employers. Contrary to expectations, we find that workers without medical coverage are no more likely to report a Monday injury than other workers. Similarly, employers are no more likely to challenge a Monday injury claim -- even for workers who lack medical insurance
Handbook of labor economics by Orley Ashenfelter( Book )

36 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and held by 63 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A guide to the continually evolving field of labour economics
Estimating the effects of a time limited earnings subsidy for welfare leavers by David E Card( Book )

13 editions published between 2004 and 2005 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the Self Sufficiency Program (SSP) welfare demonstration, members of a randomly assigned treatment group could receive a subsidy for full time work. The subsidy was available for three years, but only to people who began working full time within 12 months of random assignment. A simple optimizing model suggests that the eligibility rules created an 'establishment' incentive to find a job and leave welfare within a year of random assignment, and an 'entitlement' incentive to choose work over welfare once eligibility was established. Building on this insight, we develop an econometric model of welfare participation that allows us to separate the two effects and estimate the impact of the earnings subsidy on welfare entry and exit rates among those who achieved eligibility. The combination of the two incentives explains the time profile of the experimental impacts, which peaked 15 months after random assignment and faded relatively quickly. Our findings suggest that about half of the peak impact of SSP was attributable to the establishment incentive. Despite the extra work effort generated by SSP the program had no lasting impact on wages, and little or no long run effect on welfare participation
School competition and efficiency with publicly funded Catholic schools by David E Card( Book )

11 editions published between 2008 and 2011 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The province of Ontario has two publicly funded school systems: secular schools (known as public schools) that are open to all students, and separate schools that are open to children with Catholic backgrounds. The systems are administered independently and receive equal funding per student. In this paper we use detailed school and student-level data to assess whether competition between the systems leads to improved efficiency. Building on a simple model of school choice, we argue that incentives for effort will be greater in areas where there are more Catholic families, and where these families are less committed to a particular system. To measure the local determinants of cross-system competition we study the effects of school openings on enrollment growth at nearby elementary schools. We find significant cross-system responses to school openings, with a magnitude that is proportional to the fraction of Catholics in the area, and is higher in more rapidly growing areas. We then test whether schools that face greater cross-system competition have higher productivity, as measured by test score gains between 3rd and 6th grade. We estimate a statistically significant but modest-sized impact of potential competition on the growth rate of student achievement. The estimates suggest that extending competition to all students would raise average test scores in 6th grade by 6-8% of a standard deviation
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Handbook of labor economics
Alternative Names
Card, D. 1956-

Card, David.

Card, David 1956-...

Card, David E.

Card, David Edward 1956-

David Card Canadees econoom

David Card Canadian economist

David Card canadisk økonom

David Card kanadai közgazdász

David Card kanadensisk ekonom

David Card kanadischer Ökonom und Hochschullehrer

David Card kanadisk økonom

Кард, Дэвид



English (395)

Spanish (1)

Myth and measurement : the new economics of the minimum wageFinding jobs : work and welfare reformSmall differences that matter : labor markets and income maintenance in Canada and the United StatesPublic policy and the income distributionSeeking a premier economy : the economic effects of British economic reforms, 1980-2000Wages, school quality, and employment demandHandbook of labor economics