WorldCat Identities

Card, David E. (David Edward) 1956-

Works: 298 works in 1,596 publications in 1 language and 17,624 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Honoree, Contributor
Classifications: HD4917, 331.23
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by David E Card
Myth and measurement : the new economics of the minimum wage by David E Card( Book )

14 editions published between 1995 and 2016 in English and held by 1,015 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"David Card and Alan B. Krueger have already made national news with their pathbreaking research on the minimum wage. Here they present a powerful new challenge to the conventional view that higher minimum wages reduce jobs for low-wage workers. In a work that has important implications for public policy as well as for the direction of economic research, the authors put standard economic theory to the test, using data from a series of recent episodes, including the 1992 increase in New Jersey's minimum wage, the 1988 rise in California's minimum wage, and the 1990-91 increases in the federal minimum wage. In each case they present a battery of evidence showing that increases in the minimum wage lead to increases in pay, but no loss in jobs." "A distinctive feature of Card and Krueger's research is the use of empirical methods borrowed from the natural sciences, including comparisons between the "treatment" and "control" groups formed when the minimum wage rises for some workers but not for others. In addition, the authors critically reexamine the previous literature on the minimum wage and find that it, too, lacks support for the claim that a higher minimum wage cuts jobs. Finally, the effects of the minimum wage on family earnings, poverty outcomes, and the stock market valuation of low-wage employers are documented. Overall, this book calls into question the standard model of the labor market that has dominated economists' thinking on the minimum wage. In addition, it will shift the terms of the debate on the minimum wage in Washington and in state legislatures throughout the country."--Jacket
Finding jobs : work and welfare reform by Rebecca M Blank( Book )

13 editions published between 2000 and 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 705 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Small differences that matter : labor markets and income maintenance in Canada and the United States by David E Card( Book )

17 editions published between 1993 and 2009 in English and held by 439 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume, the first in a new series by the National Bureau of Economic Research that compares labor markets in different countries, examines social and labor market policies in Canada and the United States during the 1980s. It shows that subtle differences in unemployment compensation, unionization, immigration policies, and income maintenance programs have significantly affected economic outcomes in the two countries. For example: -Canada's social safety net, more generous than the American one, produced markedly lower poverty rates in the 1980s.-Canada saw a smaller increase in earnings inequality than the United States did, in part because of the strength of Canadian unions, which have twice the participation that U.S. unions do.-Canada's unemployment figures were much higher than those in the United States, not because the Canadian economy failed to create jobs but because a higher percentage of nonworking time was reported as unemployment. These disparities have become noteworthy as policy makers cite the experiences of the other country to support or oppose particular initiatives
Public policy and the income distribution by Alan J Auerbach( Book )

8 editions published in 2006 in English and Undetermined and held by 417 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Public Policy and the Income Distribution tackles many of the most difficult and intriguing questions about how government intervention - or lack thereof - has affected the incomes of everyday Americans. The twentieth century was remarkable in the extent to which advances in public policy helped improve the economic well being of Americans. Synthesizing existing knowledge on the effectiveness of public policy and contributing valuable new research, Public Policy and the Income Distribution examines public policy's successes, and points out the areas in which progress remains to be made."--Jacket
Seeking a premier economy : the economic effects of British economic reforms, 1980-2000( Book )

18 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 286 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the 1980s and 1990s successive British governments launched a series of reforms aimed at deregulating the economy. This collection of essays examines the impact that these reforms have had on unemployment, industrial relations, pay rates, and poverty, among other issues
Immigration, poverty, and socioeconomic inequality( Book )

7 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 218 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Wages, school quality, and employment demand by David E Card( Book )

11 editions published between 2010 and 2016 in English and held by 163 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"David Card and Alan B. Krueger have made substantial contributions to the field of Labor Economics. Their influential work focuses on policy-relevant issues and spans vast and important topics, including: unemployment, minimum wage, migration, measurement error, unions, wage differentials among various groups in the US, labor demand, social insurance, and technological change. Card and Krueger have also been extremely influential in econometrics methodology; they were at the forefront of employing an "experimental" approach in their research design and implementation. Both of these IZA prize winners have made significant methodological contributions on instrumental variable estimation, measurement error, regression discontinuity methods, and the use of "natural" experiments. This book provides an overview of their most important work and is divided two main parts: the first section focuses on school quality and the differences in wages across groups in the U.S.; the second part concentrates on the effect of changes in the minimum wage on employment and wage setting. In section introductions, Card and Krueger offer their insight into these two areas and discuss the historical context for their research. [Includes:] winners of the IZA Prize in Labor Economics in 2006; Includes the authors' most influential work on minimum wage, wage inequality, the role of unions, the effects of immigration on the labor market, and the effect of school quality on earnings; The authors' work has shaped the research agenda in labor economics and promoted the use of natural experiments "--Publisher's website
Distribution of income and wealth in Ontario : theory and evidence by Charles M Beach( Book )

5 editions published between 1981 and 2016 in English and held by 152 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book provides an extensive survey of recent literature and a new source of income and wealth distribution data for Ontario, drawn from newly available microdata sets. It also presents an evaluation of the data as a basis for measuring inequality in the distribution of economic and well-being
Education, earnings and the "Canadian G.I. Bill" by Thomas Lemieux( Book )

12 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We use the unique experiences of Canadian World War II veterans to identify the effects of a large scale college subsidy program on educational attainment and earnings. Like the United States, Canada set up an extensive veteran's assistance program that provided financial aid and institutional support for college attendance. Because of differences in military enlistment rates and education systems, however, a much lower fraction of Quebec men benefited from VRA benefits than men from other provinces. Building on this fact, we analyze inter-cohort patterns of education and earnings for English- speaking men from Ontario, using French-speaking men from Quebec as a control group. We use data from the 1971 and 1981 Canadian Censuses to compare conventional (OLS) estimates of the return to schooling with instrumental variables (IV) estimates that use potential eligibility for VRA benefits as an exogenous determinant of schooling. Consistent with the recent literature, we find that the IV estimates are typically as big or bigger than the corresponding OLS estimates. We also explore an alternative identification strategy that utilizes information on family background available in the 1973 Canadian Job Mobility Survey. We hypothesize that veterans from relatively disadvantaged family backgrounds were more likely to be affected by the VRA's incentives than veterans from wealthier families. Using the interaction of veteran status and family background as an instrument for schooling, we again find rates of return to education as large or larger than the corresponding OLS estimates
Earnings, schooling, and ability revisited by David E Card( Book )

14 editions published between 1994 and 1995 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper presents a survey and interpretation of recent research on the return to education. The empirical findings in a series of current papers suggest that the causal effect of education on earnings is understated by standard estimation methods. Using a simple model of optimal schooling developed by Gary Becker (1967), I derive an explicit formula for the conventional estimate of the return to schooling and for alternative instrumental variables and fixed- effects estimators. The analysis suggests that instrumental variables estimates based on 'interventions' that affect the schooling choices of children from relatively disadvantaged family backgrounds will tend to exceed the corresponding OLS estimates
School finance reform, the distribution of school spending, and the distribution of SAT scores by David E Card( Book )

14 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper we study the effects of school finance reforms on the distribution of school spending across richer and poorer districts, and the effects of spending equalization on the distribution of student outcomes across children from different family backgrounds. We use school district data from the 1977 and 1992 Censuses of Governments to measure the correlation between state funding per pupil and median family income in each district. We find that states where the school finance system was declared unconstitutional in the 1980s increased the relative funding of low-income districts. Increases in state funds available to poorer districts led to increases in the relative spending of these districts, and to some equalization in spending across richer and poorer districts. We then use micro samples of SAT scores from this same period to measure the effects of spending inequality on the inequality in test scores between children from different family backgrounds. We find some evidence that the equalization of spending across districts leads to a narrowing of test score outcomes across family background groups
Financial incentives for increasing work and income among low-income families by Rebecca M Blank( Book )

20 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper investigates the impact of financial incentive programs, which have become an increasingly common component of welfare programs. We review experimental evidence from several such programs. Financial incentive programs appear to increase work and raise income (lower poverty), but cost somewhat more than alternative welfare programs. In particular, windfall beneficiaries -- those who would have been working anyway -- can raise costs by participating in the program. Several existing programs limit this effect by targeting long-term welfare recipients or by limiting benefits to full-time workers. At the same time, because financial incentive programs transfer support to working low-income families, the increase in costs due to windfall beneficiaries makes these programs more effective at alleviating poverty and raising incomes. Evidence also indicates that combining financial incentive programs with job search and job support services can increase both employment and income gains. Non-experimental evidence from the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and from state Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) programs with enhanced earnings disregards also suggests that these programs increase employment, and this evidence is consistent with the experimental evidence on the impact of financial incentive programs
Proceedings, Conference on Software Maintenance 1993 : CSM-93, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 27-30, 1993 by Conference on Software Maintenance( Book )

6 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 74 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Unionization and wage inequality : a comparative study of the U.S., the U.K., and Canada by David E Card( Book )

19 editions published between 2003 and 2009 in English and held by 63 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Immigration is often viewed as a proximate cause of the rising wage gap between high- and low-skilled workers. Nevertheless, there is controversy over the appropriate framework for measuring the presumed effect, and over the magnitudes involved. This paper offers an overview and synthesis of existing knowledge on the relationship between immigration and inequality, focusing on evidence from cross-city comparisons in the U.S. Although some researchers have argued that a cross-city research design is inherently flawed, I show that evidence from cross-city comparisons is remarkably consistent with recent findings from aggregate time series data. Both designs provide support for three key conclusions: (1) workers with below high school education are perfect substitutes for those with a high school education; (2)₃high school equivalent₄ and ₃college equivalent₄ workers are imperfect substitutes; (3) within education groups, immigrants and natives are imperfect substitutes. Together these results imply that the impacts of recent immigrant inflows on the relative wages of U.S. natives are small. The effects on overall wage inequality (including natives and immigrants) are larger, reflecting the concentration of immigrants in the tails of the skill distribution and higher residual inequality among immigrants than natives. Even so, immigration accounts for a small share (5%) of the increase in U.S. wage inequality between 1980 and 2000
Estimating the effects of a time limited earnings subsidy for welfare leavers by David E Card( Book )

13 editions published between 2004 and 2005 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the Self Sufficiency Program (SSP) welfare demonstration, members of a randomly assigned treatment group could receive a subsidy for full time work. The subsidy was available for three years, but only to people who began working full time within 12 months of random assignment. A simple optimizing model suggests that the eligibility rules created an 'establishment' incentive to find a job and leave welfare within a year of random assignment, and an 'entitlement' incentive to choose work over welfare once eligibility was established. Building on this insight, we develop an econometric model of welfare participation that allows us to separate the two effects and estimate the impact of the earnings subsidy on welfare entry and exit rates among those who achieved eligibility. The combination of the two incentives explains the time profile of the experimental impacts, which peaked 15 months after random assignment and faded relatively quickly. Our findings suggest that about half of the peak impact of SSP was attributable to the establishment incentive. Despite the extra work effort generated by SSP the program had no lasting impact on wages, and little or no long run effect on welfare participation
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Myth and measurement : the new economics of the minimum wage
Alternative Names
Card, D. 1956-

Card, David.

Card, David 1956-...

Card, David E.

Card, David Edward 1956-

David Card Canadees econoom

David Card Canadian economist

David Card canadisk økonom

David Card kanadai közgazdász

David Card kanadensisk ekonom

David Card kanadischer Ökonom und Hochschullehrer

David Card kanadisk økonom

Кард, Дэвид



English (189)

Finding jobs : work and welfare reformSmall differences that matter : labor markets and income maintenance in Canada and the United StatesPublic policy and the income distributionSeeking a premier economy : the economic effects of British economic reforms, 1980-2000Wages, school quality, and employment demand