WorldCat Identities

Lewy, Guenter 1923-

Overview
Works: 61 works in 374 publications in 7 languages and 18,460 library holdings
Genres: History  Church history  Case studies 
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about Guenter Lewy
 
Most widely held works by Guenter Lewy
The Nazi persecution of the gypsies by Guenter Lewy( Book )

34 editions published between 1999 and 2003 in 4 languages and held by 3,402 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies, Guenter Lewy draws upon thousands of documents - many never before published - from German and Austrian archives to create the most comprehensive and accurate picture available of the fate of the Gypsies under the Nazi regime. Lewy traces the escalating vilification of the Gypsies as the Nazis instigated a widespread crackdown on the "work-shy" and "itinerants." But he shows that Nazi policy towards Gypsies was confused and changeable. At first, local officials persecuted Gypsies, and those who behaved in gypsy-like fashion, for antisocial tendencies. Later, with the rise of race obsession, Gypsies were seen as a threat to German racial purity, though Himmler himself wavered, trying to separate out and save those he considered "pure Gypsies" descended from Aryan roots in India. Indeed, Lewy challenges much existing scholarship in showing that, however much the Gypsies were persecuted, there was no general program of extermination analogous to the "final solution" for the Jews."--Jacket
America in Vietnam by Guenter Lewy( Book )

27 editions published between 1978 and 1981 in English and held by 2,651 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Chronicles American involvement in Vietnam, from the 1950s through the 1970s, documenting strategic and tactical failures and reviewing the charges made against the American conduct of the war
The Catholic Church and Nazi Germany by Guenter Lewy( Book )

85 editions published between 1964 and 2013 in 6 languages and held by 1,969 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A study of the Catholic Church and its relationship to Hitler's Third Reich
The Armenian massacres in Ottoman Turkey : a disputed genocide by Guenter Lewy( )

24 editions published between 2005 and 2014 in English and Turkish and held by 1,944 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 1915, the Ottoman government, then run by the Young Turks, deported most of its Armenian citizens from their eastern Anatolian lands. According to reliable estimates, close to forty percent of the prewar population perished, many in brutal massacres. Armenians call it the first genocide of the twentieth century. Turks speak of an instance of intercommunal warfare and wartime relocation made necessary by the treasonous conduct of their Armenian minority. The voluminous literature on this tragic episode of World War I is characterized by acrimony and distortion in which both sides have simplified a complex historical reality and have resorted to partisan special pleading. The Armenian Massacres in Ottoman Turkeyexamines the rich historical evidence without political preconceptions. Relying on archival materials as well as eye-witness testimony, Guenter Lewy avoids the sterile was-it-genocide-or-not debate and presents a detailed account of what actually happened. The result is a book that will open a new chapter in this contentious controversy and may help achieve a long-overdue reconciliation of Armenians and Turks
The cause that failed : communism in American political life by Guenter Lewy( )

11 editions published in 1990 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,629 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

From a height of almost 100,000 members during the Depression, when politicians, workers, and intellectuals were drawn into its orbit, the American Communist Party has descended into irrelevance and isolation, failing even to run a presidential candidate in 1988. Indeed, as Guenter Lewy writes in this critical account of American Communism, despite decades of feverish activity and ferocious discipline, it was a cause doomed to fail from the very beginning. In The Cause that Failed, Lewy offers an incisive narrative of the American Communist Party from the days of John Reed to the advent of glasnost. He traces its origins and development, underscoring how its devotion to Moscow and inflexible Marxist ideology isolated it from the American scene--in fact, most of its first members were Eastern European immigrants. During the left wing tide of the Depression the Communist Party reached the peak of its influence, as it joined labor unions and progressive organizations in a "Popular Front." But Lewy reveals the deceptive, antidemocratic, self-defeating tactics the Communists pursued even then, as they manipulated front organizations, seized control of political parties, peace groups, and labor unions, and enforced political conformity among members and sympathizers. He follows the Party through its inexorable decline in the succeeding decades, up to its current position as one of the last Stalinist parties left in a world of glasnost and perestroika. Lewy also provides a sharply critical discussion of the encounter between Communism and liberal and mainstream America
Essays on genocide and humanitarian intervention by Guenter Lewy( )

10 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 1,259 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The essays in this book, written over a span of some twenty years but updated for this publication, discuss episodes of mass murder that are often considered instances of genocide: the large-scale killing of Armenians in Ottoman Turkey during World War I, the near-extinction of North America's Indian population, the vicious persecution of the 'Roma' or Gypsies under the Nazi regime. But in line with Article II of the Genocide Convention of 1948, Lewy stresses the crucial importance of looking closely at the intent of the perpetrators. In contrast to the Holocaust, the killers in the atrocities mentioned above did not seek to destroy an entire people, and so, these three large-scale killings do not deserve the label of genocide. Lewy argues that affirming the distinctiveness of the Holocaust does not deny, downgrade, or trivialize the suffering of other people. The crimes against the Ottoman Armenians, the American Indians, and the Gypsies -- even if they did not reach the threshold of genocide -- involved horrendous suffering and a massive loss of life. The genocides of Cambodia and Rwanda that took place in the second half of the twentieth century remind us that man's inhumanity to man can take many forms and is not the special prerogative of any particular group. The last essay of the collection deals with the complications of humanitarian intervention to prevent genocide. As the recent support of the Libyan rebels by NATO demonstrates, the issues raised here remain topical and controversial."--Publisher's description
Religion and revolution by Guenter Lewy( Book )

10 editions published in 1974 in English and German and held by 960 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Assisted death in Europe and America : four regimes and their lessons by Guenter Lewy( Book )

14 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and held by 751 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Advances in medical treatment now enable physicians to prolong life to a previously unknown extent, however in many instances these new techniques mean not the saving of life but prolonging the act of dying. In the eyes of many, medical technology has run out of control and contributes to unnecessary suffering. Hence the demand has arisen that patients should be entitled to choose death when pain and physical and mental deterioration have destroyed the possibility of a dignified and meaningful life and that their doctors should help them to realize this endeavor. At the present time there are seven jurisdictions in the world that, with various restrictions, have legalized the practice of assisted death- physician-assisted suicide and/or voluntary euthanasia- to wit, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemborg, and Switzerland in Europe and the states of Oregon, Washington and Montana in the United States. Four of these regimes have been functioning for many years, and we have from them a substantial body of data as well as much observational research. This book is based on this material. The literature dealing with the moral, legal and social aspects of assisted death is voluminous, but there is also much writing that provides a detailed accounts of the way that these four regimes are working. Many partisans, on both sides of the issue, cite existing data selectively or, at times, willfully distort the empirical evidence in order to strengthen their case. Based on the documentary record and interviews with officials, this book gives the reader a reliable picture of the way assisted death functions and to draw relevant lessons. While accurate factual information cannot settle a moral debate, it nevertheless is a precondition of any well-founded argument. -- from Book Jacket
Peace & revolution : the moral crisis of American pacifism by Guenter Lewy( Book )

8 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 750 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Outlawing genocide denial : the dilemmas of official historical truth by Guenter Lewy( )

15 editions published in 2014 in English and Spanish and held by 702 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Holocaust denial can be viewed as another form of hatred against Jews and restricting it can be understood as a way of preventing hate speech. Germany has made it a crime punishable by law. Other European countries have adopted similar laws. While the rationales for criminalizing speech seems reasonable, Lewy asks readers to look again and to consider carefully the dangers of doing so. His discussion neither dismisses the ramifications of genocide denial nor justifies it; he instead looks closely at the possible risks of government-enforced interpretations of history. By outlawing genocide denial, governments set a precedent for dictating historical 'truth' and how events should be interpreted. Such government restrictions can be counterproductive in a democratic society that values freedom of speech. Lewy examines these and related ideas through the analysis of historical and current examples."--Publisher's Web site
Why America needs religion : secular modernity and its discontents by Guenter Lewy( Book )

5 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 417 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The federal loyalty-security program : the need for reform by Guenter Lewy( Book )

5 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 412 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

False consciousness : an essay on mystification by Guenter Lewy( Book )

9 editions published between 1982 and 2017 in English and held by 316 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this book, Guenter Lewy explains and critiques the idea of false consciousness - that people living under capitalism do not know their best interests. This idea was prevalent in the writings of nineteenth century Marxism, modern communism, and the New Left. Lewy applies what German scholars call Ideologiekritik to the Marxian concept of ideology or false consciousness itself, to demystify the concept of mystification. He also presents an account of the historical development of the concept, and the dangers of its application in society. Belief in false consciousness inspired many social scientists to propose that elite classes in capitalist countries use the media and the education system to manipulate the proletariat, thus perpetuating their own power. Lewy marshals social scientific evidence to refute that idea, demonstrating that education and the mass media in the United States in fact often challenge accepted values and the status quo. Lewy documents Soviet and Chinese brainwashing efforts to eradicate dangerous political ideas and values derived from a belief in false consciousness. He also reviews attempts by Marxist and neo-Marxist educators and social scientists in the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) to free young people from false consciousness by means of emancipatory pedagogy--a program of intense political indoctrination. --
Perpetrators : the world of the Holocaust killers by Guenter Lewy( Book )

5 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 287 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Monsters exist, but they are too few in number to be truly dangerous. More dangerous are the common men, the functionaries ready to believe and to act without asking questions." Primo Levi's words disclose a chilling truth: assigning blame to hideous political leaders, such as Hitler, Himmler, and Heydrich, is necessary but not sufficient to explain how the Holocaust could have happened. These leaders, in fact, relied on many thousands of ordinary men and women who made the Nazi machine work on a daily basis -- members of the killing squads, guards accompanying the trains to the extermination camps, civilian employees of the SS, the drivers of gas trucks, and the personnel of death factories such as Auschwitz. Why did these ordinary people collaborate and willingly become mass murderers? In Perpetrators: The World of the Holocaust Killers, Guenter Lewy tries to answer one of history's most disturbing questions. Lewy draws on a wealth of previously untapped sources, including letters and diaries of soldiers who served in Russia, the recollections of Jewish survivors, archival documents, and most importantly, the trial records of hundreds of Nazi functionaries. The result is a ghastly, extraordinarily detailed portrait of the Holocaust perpetrators, their mindset, and the motivations for their actions. Combining a rigorous historical analysis with psychological insight, the book explores the dynamics of participation in large-scale atrocities, offering a thought-provoking and timely reflection on individual responsibility for collective crimes. Lewy concludes that the perpetrators acted out of a variety of motives--a sense of duty, obedience to authority, thirst for career, and a blind faith in anti-Semitic ideology, among others. A witness to the 1938 Kristallnacht himself and the son of a concentration camp survivor, Lewy has searched for the reasons of the Holocaust out of far more than theoretical interest: it is a passionate attempt to illuminate a dismal chapter of his life -- and of human history -- that cannot be forgotten. -- Provided by publisher
Constitutionalism and statecraft during the Golden Age of Spain : a study of the political philosophy of Juan de Mariana, S.J. by Guenter Lewy( Book )

28 editions published between 1957 and 1998 in 3 languages and held by 286 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Harmful and undesirable : book censorship in Nazi Germany by Guenter Lewy( Book )

7 editions published between 2012 and 2016 in English and Italian and held by 269 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Like every authoritarian regime in history, Nazi Germany tried to control intellectual freedom through book censorship. Between 1933 and 1945, Hitler's party orchestrated a massive campaign to take control of all forms of communication in the nation. Book burnings abounded-- in 1933 alone, there were 93 book burnings in 70 German cities. Indeed, Werner Schlegel, an official in the Ministry of Propaganda, called the book burnings "a symbol of the revolution." Bookstores, libraries, and universities were pillaged, while German authors were targeted by the regime. Yet surprisingly, Nazi book censorship has been largely overlooked by modern historians. In Harmful and Undesirable, Guenter Lewy analyzes the various strategies that the Nazis employed to enact censorship and the people, including Martin Bormann, Philipp Bouhler, Joseph Goebbels, and Alfred Rosenberg, who led the attack on intellectual life. The Propaganda Ministry played a leading role in the censorship campaign, supported by an array of organizations at both the local and state levels. Because of the many overlapping jurisdictions and organizations, censorship was disorderly and erratic. Beyond the implementation of censorship, Lewy also describes the plight of authors, publishers, and bookstores who clashed with the Nazi regime. Some authors were imprisoned, tortured, and even killed. Meanwhile others, such as Gottfried Benn, Gerhart Hauptmann, Ernst Jünger, Jochen Klepper, and Ernst Wiechert became controversial "inner emigrants" who chose to remain in Germany and criticize the Nazi regime through allegories and parables. Ultimately, Lewy paints a fascinating portrait of intellectual life under the Nazi dictatorship, revealing the fate of those who were caught in the wheels of censorship."--
"If God is dead, everything is permitted"? by Guenter Lewy( Book )

10 editions published between 2008 and 2017 in English and Undetermined and held by 245 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Dostoevsky's dictum that when God is dead everything is permitted can have several meanings. It can refer to the behavior of individuals suggesting that someone who is or becomes an unbeliever will conduct himself immorally. Alternatively, the saying can pertain to the moral character of an entire country and mean a society that rejects God is doomed to moral decay. Guenter Lewy presents a few of the major arguments of those who question the relationship between morality and religion, and examines the case for the continuing dependence of morality upon religion.Beginning with Dostoevsky's The Brothers Karamazov Lewy introduces the reader to the position that morality depends on religious belief. He then follows the idea throughout history, from its origin, to its extension during the Enlightment, to the Victorians, to the roots of atheism. Lewy then presents a critical discussion of Sweden as a model of a secular nation where morality is retained although most of the population is not religious. He shows that Sweden offers a serious and unique illustration of how democracy and morality can flourish in a post-modern environment.If God is Dead, Everything is Permitted? as the author acknowledges, is more of an essay than a seemless history of the relationship of religion and morality. Lewy's fascination with the intersection and influence of religion on morality is not a new topic. Indeed the discussion is important and alive today in light of new technological and scientific advances. Although Lewy may not put closure to the debate about whether morality is dependent on religion the evidence presented here sheds light on the morality of today by examining its historical past."--Provided by publisher
Il massacro degli armeni : un genocidio controverso by Guenter Lewy( Book )

5 editions published between 2006 and 2015 in Italian and held by 55 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Der Armenische Fall : die Politisierung von Geschichte : was geschah, wie es geschah und warum es geschah by Guenter Lewy( Book )

3 editions published in 2009 in German and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Learning from the Vietnam War by Guenter Lewy( Recording )

1 edition published in 1978 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Outlines some lessons to be learned from the Vietnam War
 
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The Nazi persecution of the gypsies
Alternative Names
Guenter Lewy American author and political scientist

Guenter Lewy deutsch-amerikanischer Politikwissenschaftler

Guenter Lewy Duits auteur

Guenter Lewy historien et politologue américain

Guenter Lewy storico tedesco

Levi, Gjunter 1923-

Lewy, Guenter

Lewy, Günter 1923-

Леви, Гюнтер 1923-

גונתר לוי

冈特·路易

Languages
English (247)

Italian (19)

German (18)

French (13)

Spanish (8)

Turkish (5)

Dutch (5)

Covers
America in VietnamThe Catholic Church and Nazi GermanyThe Armenian massacres in Ottoman Turkey : a disputed genocideAssisted death in Europe and America : four regimes and their lessonsWhy America needs religion : secular modernity and its discontents"If God is dead, everything is permitted"?Der Armenische Fall : die Politisierung von Geschichte : was geschah, wie es geschah und warum es geschah