WorldCat Identities

Cole, David N.

Works: 77 works in 304 publications in 1 language and 11,035 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Case studies  Abstracts 
Roles: Author, Other, Editor
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by David N Cole
Beyond naturalness : rethinking park and wilderness stewardship in an era of rapid change by David N Cole( )

16 editions published between 2010 and 2012 in English and held by 1,835 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The central concept guiding the management of parks and wilderness over the past century has been "naturalness"--To a large extent the explicit purpose in establishing these special areas was to keep them in their "natural" state. But what does that mean, particularly as the effects of stressors such as habitat fragmentation, altered disturbance regimes, pollution, invasive species, and climate change become both more pronounced and more pervasive? Beyond Naturalness brings together leading scientists and policymakers to explore the concept of naturalness, its varied meanings, and the extent to which it provides adequate guidance regarding where, when, and how managers should intervene in ecosystem processes to protect park and wilderness values. The main conclusion is the idea that naturalness will continue to provide an important touchstone for protected area conservation, but that more specific goals and objectives are needed to guide stewardship. The issues considered in Beyond Naturalness are central not just to conservation of parks, but to many areas of ecological thinking-including the fields of conservation biology and ecological restoration-and represent the cutting edge of discussions of both values and practice in the twenty-first century. This book offers excellent writing and focus, along with remarkable clarity of thought on some of the difficult questions being raised in light of new and changing stressors such as global environmental climate change
Wildland recreation : ecology and management by William E Hammitt( Book )

29 editions published between 1987 and 2015 in English and held by 1,147 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Wildland Recreation, Second Edition provides solutions to crucial recreational resource problems. Based upon its authors' extensive firsthand experience as well as their exhaustive review of the world literature on the subject, it provides up-to-date, detailed coverage of today's wildland recreation management issues." "Like its best-selling predecessor, Wildland Recreation, Second Edition is a valuable working resource for wildland recreation management professionals and a comprehensive course text for students of forest and natural resources recreation, park management, environmental conservation, and related disciplines."--Jacket
Soft paths : how to enjoy the wilderness without harming it by Bruce Hampton( Book )

7 editions published between 1988 and 1995 in English and held by 403 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This outdoor-education book describes methods of hiking and camping that minimize the human impact upon the natural environment. Each chapter offers the rationale behind recommended practices, based on the best scientific research on recreational impact. The first chapter, "The Case for Minimum Impact," describes increasing tourist use of wildlife areas and the resulting negative effects. The second chapter, "Backcountry Travel" looks primarily how to reduce the environmental impact of hiking. It describes how to hike across different types of terrain while maintaining the quality of trails, land, and wildlife. Chapter 3, "Selecting and Using a Campsite," discusses terrain characteristics that are prone to suffer most from recreational camping. It discusses camp locations and the amount and type of use a campsite should have. Chapter 4 discusses "Fires and Stoves," their use, effects, and safety. Chapter 5 examines "Sanitation and Waste Disposal," including ways for disposing of various kinds of waste in order to maintain water-table purity. Chapters 6-11 explain minimum-impact camping methods for the following "special environments": deserts; rivers and lakes; coastal areas; alpine and arctic tundra; snow and ice; and bear country. Two additional chapters make a final case for low-impact camping and offer a list of 45 resources for further reading. (Tes)
Campsite conditions in the Bob Marshall Wilderness, Montana by David N Cole( )

5 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 365 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Wilderness campsite impacts : effect of amount of use by David N Cole( )

4 editions published in 1982 in English and held by 346 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Wilderness visitors and recreation impacts : baseline data available for twentieth century conditions by David N Cole( )

5 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 291 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Changes in the motivations, perceptions, and behaviors of recreation users : displacement and coping in wilderness by Troy Elizabeth Hall( )

5 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 274 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Computer simulation modeling of recreation use : current status, case studies, and future directions( Book )

6 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 273 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Numerical visitor capacity : a guide to its use in wilderness by David N Cole( )

2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 271 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Despite decades of academic work and practical management applications, the concept of visitor capacity remains controversial and inconsistently operationalized. Nevertheless, there are situations where development of a numerical estimate of capacity is important and where not doing so has resulted in land management agencies being successfully litigated. This report is a guide to developing estimates of numerical visitor capacity, with particular emphasis on wilderness. It reviews capacity concepts, surveys available approaches to capacity determination, and outlines a generic process. Appendices provide information on relevant legislation and policy, as well as detailed examples and templates
Wilderness visitors, experiences, and management preferences : how they vary with use level and length of stay by David N Cole( )

3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 231 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We explore the extent to which visitor experiences and management preferences vary between the most heavily used places in wilderness and places that are less popular. We also contrast day and overnight users. The study was conducted in Forest Service administered wildernesses in Oregon and Washington using both on-site and mailback questionnaires. The on-site questionnaires were administered as visitors exited the wilderness at 36 trailheads in 13 wildernesses. The trail use ranged from very high to moderate. To include visitors who selected low use trails, we sent mailback questionnaires to self-issue permit holders. We describe visitor characteristics, trip characteristics, motivations and experiences, encounters with other groups, attitudes toward recreation management, and opinions about the Forest Service. Differences related to use level were surprisingly small. Differences between day and overnight users were also small. We found evidence that wilderness experiences were adversely affected at high use locations but most visitors consider these effects to be of little importance. Most visitors to the more popular places make psychological adjustments to heavy use, allowing most of them to find solitude and have what they consider "a real wilderness experience." Consequently, most are not supportive of use limits to avoid people related problems. We draw conclusions about potential indicators, standards, and management actions for heavily-used places in wilderness
Visitor use density and wilderness experience : proceedings : Missoula, Montana, June 1-3, 2000 by Wayne A Freimund( Book )

7 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 218 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Changing conditions on wilderness campsites : seven case studies of trends over 13 to 32 years by David N Cole( )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 216 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report brings together seven case studies of trends in the number and condition of wilderness campsites over periods ranging from 13 to 32 years. Case examples come from five mountainous wilderness areas in the western United States: Sequoia-Kings Canyon Wilderness in California, the Eagle Cap Wilderness in Oregon, the Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness in Idaho and the Selway-Bitterroot and Lee Metcalf Wilderness in Montana, as well as Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona and Caney Creek Wilderness in Arkansas. The case studies used two different research designs. In one design, small samples of campsites were selected and studied in detail, making it possible to detect relatively small changes in condition. The other approach involved inventorying all campsites in an area and collecting rudimentary data on the condition of each campsite. This approach provides insight into landscape-scale change in the number and condition of campsites but the relatively imprecise measures of campsite conditions do not provide reliable information on campsite change at the scale of individual sites. Most of these studies suggest that aggregate campsite impact increased for much of the latter twentieth century, but that by the first decade of the twenty-first century, this trend reversed. Campsite impacts have recently plateaued or declined in most wildernesses in this compilation. In the most extreme cases, campsite improvement reflects (1) successful implementation of a use concentration or containment strategy, and (2) an active wilderness ranger program, involving obliteration of unnecessary or poorly located campsites and maintenance and cleaning of established campsites
Wilderness visitor experiences : progress in research and management : 2011 April 4-7, Missoula, MT by Wilderness Visitor Experience Workshop( )

3 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 209 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The workshop was convened to celebrate and review 50 years of research on wilderness visitor experience and its influence on wilderness stewardship. These proceedings are organized in three sections. The first section contains 12 papers that review literature or describe empirical research about wilderness visitor experiences. The second section provides three papers on management frameworks and the perspectives of planners and managers. The third section consists of five papers on wilderness experiences and the future
Vegetation and soil restoration on highly impacted campsites in Eagle Cap Wilderness, Oregon by David N Cole( )

3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 208 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Restoration of plant cover on campsites in subalpine forests : Sawtooth Wilderness, Idaho( )

2 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 202 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study assessed the effectiveness of restoration treatments in enhancing the growth of Vaccinium scoparium transplants and plants established from seed on six closed campsites in subalpine forests in the Sawtooth Wilderness, Idaho. In the primary experiment, the soil on all plots was scarified and amended with organic matter; plots varied regarding the type and amount of organic matter in the amendments, whether or not they were fertilized, and whether or not they were covered with a mulch blanket. In the second experiment, plots varied regarding whether or not they were scarified, amended with organic matter, or received supplemental water. Compared to an earlier study in similar forests in the Eagle Cap Wilderness, Oregon, survival and growth of Vaccinium scoparium transplants was high, regardless of treatment, as long as campsites were closed and soils were scarified. In the primary experiment, 92 percent of transplants were still alive after five years and most transplants had increased in size. This greater success may reflect the larger size of transplants used in the Sawtooth study (mean of 315 cm²). The most pronounced main effect of treatments in the primary experiment was the beneficial effect of fertilization with Biosol® on the establishment and growth of seedlings, particularly graminoids. Certain combinations of mulch and type and amount of organic matter were more beneficial than other combinations, but none of these treatments had either consistent or substantial positive effects. Supplemental watering increased restoration success, suggesting that recovery is limited by water. Our results suggest that native vegetation can be restored on highly disturbed campsites in these forests. They also reinforce the importance of avoiding impact in the first place given the lengthy recovery periods required in these ecosystems and the intensive restoration efforts needed to speed recovery
Wilderness Science in a Time of Change Conference : Missoula, Montana, May 23-27, 1999 by Wilderness Science in a Time of Change Conference( Book )

6 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Vol. 1: Ten papers presented as plenary talks at the conference, "Wilderness Science in a Time of Change," are included. Topics include: the influence of global change on wilderness and its management; contemporary criticisms and celebrations of the wilderness idea; the capacity of science to meet the challenges and opportunities wilderness presents; wilderness in relation to biological conservation and the human experience of wilderness; and fundamental dilemmas of wilderness management. vol. 2: Thirty-eight papers related to the theme of wilderness in the context of larger systems are included. Three overview papers synthesize existing knowledge and research about wilderness economics, relationships between wilderness and surrounding social communities, and relationships between wilderness and surrounding ecological communities and processes. Other papers deal with wilderness meanings and debates; wilderness within larger ecosystems; and social, economic, and policy issues. vol. 3:Thirty-six papers related to the theme of wilderness as a place to conduct science are included. Five overview papers synthesize knowledge and research about basic work in the biophysical and social sciences that has been conducted in wilderness. Other papers present the results of focused basic research in wilderness, with one set of papers devoted to the conduct and management of science in wilderness. vol. 4: Thirty-seven papers are presented on wilderness visitors, experiences, and visitor management. Three overview papers synthesize knowledge and research about wilderness visitors, management of visitor experiences, and wilderness recreation planning. Other papers contain the results of specific research projects on wilderness visitors, information and education, and visitor management. vol. 5: Forty-six papers are presented on the nature and management of threats to wilderness ecosystems. Five overview papers synthesize knowledge and research on wilderness fire, recreation impacts, livestock in wilderness, nonnative invasive plants, and wilderness air quality. Other papers contain the results of specific research projects on wilderness recreation impacts and management, wilderness restoration, fire and its management, and issues related to air, water, and exotic species
Low-impact recreational practices for wilderness and backcountry by David N Cole( Book )

8 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 195 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Day users in wilderness : how different are they? by David N Cole( Book )

5 editions published in 2001 in English and Undetermined and held by 191 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study describes the trip and visitor characteristics, evaluations, and preferences of day users in wilderness, by contrasting them with overnight users. Data from the Three Sisters (OR), Desolation (CA), Bob Marshall (MT), Charles Deam (IN), Caney Creek (AR), Shining Rock (NC), and Cohutta (GA) Wildernesses are presented. Primary conclusions were that: (1) day users and overnight users are not profoundly different; (2) day users are more tolerant of relatively crowded conditions and less likely to see an immediate need to limit use (at least in places that receive substantial day use); (3) day users are typically as experienced in wilderness travel, and as attached to wilderness and supportive of wilderness protection as overnight users; (4) day users may be as interested in a wilderness experience as overnight users, although there is some evidence to the contrary; and (5) day use of wilderness might be considered less wilderness dependent than overnight use. Implications related to meeting the needs and desires of day users and the management of wilderness trails and destinations that receive heavy day use are discussed
Wilderness recreation use trends, 1965 through 1994 by David N Cole( Book )

5 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 184 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Beyond naturalness : rethinking park and wilderness stewardship in an era of rapid change
Alternative Names
Cole, David.

Cole, David (David N.)

Cole, David N.

English (133)

Wildland recreation : ecology and managementSoft paths : how to enjoy the wilderness without harming it