WorldCat Identities
Fri Mar 21 17:13:29 2014 UTClccn-n820411940.00Is the military budget out of balance? /0.571.00Examining the draft debate /70269592n 82041194738222viaf-132161523INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VAlccn-n80126241Institute for Defense Analyseslccn-n86812571Brinkerhoff, John R.np-hammon, colin pHammon, Colin P.lccn-n79059051United StatesNavylccn-n79086897Holen, Arlenelccn-n80125460Center for Naval AnalysesInstitute of Naval Studieslccn-n84089118United StatesOffice of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Reserve Affairs)lccn-n85155247Levine, Daniel B.lccn-n80112963Center for Naval AnalysesHorowitz, Stanley A.HistoryUnited StatesUnemployment insuranceUnemployedUnited States.--NavyMilitary educationArmed Forces--Appropriations and expendituresOil pollution of rivers, harbors, etcMilitary service, VoluntaryCost effectivenessArmed Forces--Operational readinessArmed Forces--ReservesChinaNaval researchAdministrative agencies--ReorganizationUnited States.--Coast GuardDraftChina.--Zhongguo ren min jie fang junOperational readiness (Military science)United States.--ArmyAir pilotsArmies--OrganizationFlight crewsPersonnel managementShips--Maintenance and repairManpower planningExpenditures, PublicUnited States.--Marine CorpsHours of laborShips--ManningVocational guidanceSea-powerPollution--Economic aspectsWeapons systems--CostsNaval education--CostsGovernment purchasing--CostsUnited States.--Air ForceMedicine, MilitaryUnited States.--Department of DefenseMedical economicsVeterans--Medical careMultinational Force and ObserversNaval educationMedical care, Cost ofPricingMedical care--Cost shiftingMilitary assistance, AmericanIsrael-Arab War (1973)--PeaceBosnia and HercegovinaArmed Forces--Procurement--CostsMedicine, Military--Costs197119731974197719781979198119821983198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719992001200420052006200720082009201113578105355.22360973UB32392ocn713405258com19730.88Holen, ArleneThe effect of unemployment insurance laws and administration on unemployment rates73ocn001350868book19710.81Horowitz, Stanley AEconomic principles of liability and financial responsibility for oil pollutionThe paper examines the economic issues involved in the imposition of liability for the damages caused by disasters in general and major oil spills in particular. The conclusions reached are the following: Unlimited liability with absolute fault is to be preferred to limited liability when one takes the welfare of society as a whole into account; It may be desirable to levy fines on polluters above payment of damages; Oil companies do not have a right to carry on polluting activities; and The government should make certain that financial responsibility is provided for. (Author)62ocn037218102book19970.47Orlansky, JesseIndicators of training readinessThis paper is concerned with ways of improving the reliability and accuracy of SORTS, the Status of Readiness and Training System used to report the readiness of the Services for combat to senior officials in the Department of Defense. Although SORTS includes some subjective and potentially unreliable information, indicators of the amounts of training conducted, such as number of flying hours and steaming days, are robust and statistically valid predictors of such combat-related capabilities as bombing accuracy, battle deaths in war, and success in air-to-air combat in exercises and in war. The utility of SORTS for reporting Joint and Service readiness can be enhanced by including certain measures already being used by some of the Services, such as percent of crew qualified and percent of operational readiness inspections rated excellent or outstanding52ocn008452174book19811.00Jehn, ChristopherExamining the draft debateTopics include: Prejudices about the AVF concept; Costs; Socioeconomic factors; Quality of volunteers, Skilled manpower shortages; Race; Political problems; and International perceptions52ocn036184279book19960.47Hawkins, Charles FConference on force integration : seeking better reserve component capability and credibilityThe Commission on Roles and Missions of the Armed Forces has suggested that integration and cooperation between the Active Components (AC) and the Reserve Components (RC) of the military would yield more effective support from the Reserve Component. A group of representatives from the DoD, the Army, the Army National Guard, and IDA met in November of 1995 to explore how to bring more capability and credibility to the RC. This document presents background information on the conference's two main topics: Army RC combat unit training and ACIRC integration in the Army before summarizing activities during and outcomes of the conference. The conference consisted of opening presentations and discussion, followed by working group sessions. The presentations were on (1) the development of the enhanced brigade training strategy and (2) an IDA-developed model for estimating the post-mobilization/pre-deployment training time necessary for RC combat brigades and battalions. One of the working groups addressed heavy and infantry brigade pre-deployment training and the time required to train for certain roles and missions. The other group looked at how integration affects the capability and credibility of RC combat units. Though participants drew no formal conclusions, consensus was reached on several issues about training, readiness, and integration42ocn009903219book1982Horowitz, Stanley AIs the military budget out of balance?42ocn008261257book19810.47Horowitz, Stanley AQuantifying seapower readiness41ocn036285747book19960.47Brinkerhoff, John RActive-reserve integration in the Coast GuardHistory42ocn048503135book19770.10Horowitz, Stanley ACrew characteristics and ship condition : maintenance personnel effectiveness study (MPES)The productivity of enlisted personnel aboard ships is estimated as a function of their personal characteristics. Ship readiness is measured by the material condition of shipboard equipment. Up to now, little has been known about the relative value of different kinds of personnel. The goal of this study is to improve on the assumptions, underlying Navy personnel policies. Casualty reports from 91 cruisers, frigates, and destroyers are used to study how the productivity of enlisted personnel varies systematically with high school graduation, entry test scores, paygrade, experience, Navy training, race and marital status. Six occupations and three subsystems are examined separately. Equipment complexity, ship age, and overhaul frequency are accounted for. Implications are drawn for Navy policies regarding recruitment, retention, manning, rotation, and pay. (Author)41ocn181910632book20070.96Defense-related spending in China : a preliminary analysis and comparison with American equivalents32ocn009964964book1979Horowitz, Stanley ARelating resoures to readinessThis study examines the feasibility of developing a quantitative resource to readiness model. A hierarchy for potential definitions of readiness is presented and the conceptual flow of resources into this hierarchy is illustrated. Existing data systems and models are surveyed, and their constraint on a comprehensive model's development is discussed. Recommendations are made for funding and managing future resource to readiness research32ocn023871157book19901.00Hammon, Colin PFlying hours and aircrew performanceThis work addresses the development of quantitative relationships between how much aircrews have flown and how well they perform important aspects of their missions. It is determined that additional flying enhances proficiency in two ways: through the short-run honing of skills and through the long-run development of mastery. Estimates of the strength of the links between flying experience and three measures of performance are developed. The measures are: bombing accuracy, the quality of landings aboard aircraft carriers, and kills in air combat maneuvering exercises. In general, it is found that while both short- run experience are important, career experience has a stronger relationship than recent experience to performance32ocn027899539book19920.47Alternative approaches to organizing, training and assessing Army and Marine Corps units22ocn227837623book19950.47Brinkerhoff, John RCase Studies in Reserve Component Volunteerism: A Composite Battalion Task Force for the U.S. Army Element of the Multinational Force and Observers Mission, SinaiThis is one of a series of case studies prepared to illustrate how volunteerism has been used to gain access to National Guard and Reserve capabilities in support of recent military operations. The case studies have been prepared by reference to official documents and reports and interviews with unit members and other persons involved in the operation. This study tells about the special composite battalion task force the U.S. Army formed as part of the Multinational Force and Observers mission in the Sinai Desert. The battalion is comprised of active Army, Army National Guard, and Army Reserve personnel. Thus far, no major problems have been encountered and it is likely that a well-trained, fairly cohesive unit will result from the long and costly process. This case study serves as an example of how volunteer reservists can be used to accomplish an Army mission in situations where time is available for deliberate planning and lengthy preparations. This case study is a background paper for a report on the role of volunteerism in Reserve accession policy being prepared for the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Reserve Affairs22ocn227724905book1987Horowitz, Stanley ARelating Flying-Hour Activity to the Performance of AircrewsThis paper assesses the feasibility of developing quantitative relationships between the capability of aviation units to perform their assigned missions and the level of resources available for aircrew training on aircrew performance. The relatively sparse literature that develops statistical links between aircrew performance and flying hours is reviewed. Quantitative evidence of the magnitude of these links is discussed, and a model for relating flying-hour activity to aircrew performance is developed. The model posits that additional flying enhances proficiency in two ways: through the short-run honing of skills and through the long-run development of mastery. Available data on aircrew performance and on training histories are described. The paper finds that statistical analysis of historical information can successfully quantify the effects of training and experience on aircrew proficiency and safety. Additional analyses of the data that exist to support such quantification are proceeding22ocn227651436book19711.00Weiher, RodneyThe Relative Costs of Formal and On-the-Job Training for Navy Enlisted OccupationsThe purpose of the study of Navy enlisted personnel specialized training is to determine, in as many ratings as possible: Which major skills can be learned on the job; The learning curves for non-A-school grads and for A- school grads; and The relative costs of training third-class petty officers via formal training and on job training22ocn002048466book19711.00Weiher, RodneyA Production Function for Trained RecruitsIn Naval training operations resources are used to turn raw recruits into trained personnel. The resources used to produce these trained personnel include labor, primarily in the form of enlisted instructors, and capital, largely composed of barracks, but also including classrooms and other buildings, as well as training equipment. The purpose of the study is to determine the output capability, or capacity, of the Navy's initial entry training bases under current and alternative operating policies, as well as under various output requirements associated with alternative force levels22ocn018732914book1979Angier, Bruce NAn Analysis of Commercial Commodity AcquisitionThe purpose of this study is to determine whether there are potential cost savings available to the military through increased purchase of commercial, as opposed to designed-to-specification, equipment and material. This study differs from previous work in that it tries to develop low-cost, survey information on potential savings, and it is designed to be preliminary to a field test of candidate equipment. The equipment studied is that assigned to and used by a Marine 105mm howitzer battery. The method used to gather the commercial cost estimates was to survey commercial manufacturers to obtain cost data on possible substitutes. This method uncovered several items with significant cost-saving potential. (Author)22ocn034891441book19950.47Brinkerhoff, John RCase Studies in Reserve Component Volunteerism: The 175th Fighter Group, Maryland National Guard, Over BosniaThis is one of a series of case studies prepared to illustrate how volunteerism has been used to gain access to National Guard and Reserve capabilities in suppon of recent military operations. The case studies have been prepared by reference to official documents and repons and interviews with unit members and other persons involved in the operation. For two months in 1994, the 175th Fighter Group, Maryland Air National Guard, formed a Rainbow Detachment based at Aviano Air Base, Italy, as part of Operation Deny Flight, a NATO mission to monitor compliance with the UN ban on flights over Bosnia-Herzegovina. The 175th Rainbow Detachment's mission was to fly A- 10 missions in support of NATO's peacekeeping operations. The most noteworthy mission was a real attack on a Bosnian Serb tank. The report recounts the attack and makes observations about the course of the otherwise routine operation. This case study is a background paper for a report on the role of volunteerism in Reserve accession policy being prepared for the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Reserve Affairs22ocn227817607file19940.47Goldberg, Matthew SCost analysis of the military medical care system: data, cost functions, and peacetime care.In response to a congressional request, the DoD is conducting a comprehensive review of its military medical care system. IDA has been tasked with analyzing the cost of DoD's in-house medical facilities, under both current policies and proposed alternatives. This paper describes the data used in the analysis and the cost functions that were estimated. The paper also assesses the in-house costs of two policy alternatives for the provision of medical care during peacetimeFri Mar 21 15:44:12 EDT 2014batch21661