WorldCat Identities

Clotfelter, Charles T.

Works: 110 works in 406 publications in 1 language and 11,009 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  History 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: LC214.2, 379.2630973
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Charles T Clotfelter
After Brown : the rise and retreat of school desegregation by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

16 editions published between 2004 and 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,299 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States Supreme Court's 1954 landmark decision, "Brown V. Board of Education," set into motion a process of desegregation that would eventually transform American public schools. This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of how "Brown's" most visible effect--contact between students of different racial groups--has changed over the fifty years since the decision. Using both published and unpublished data on school enrollments from across the country, Charles Clotfelter uses measures of interracial contact, racial isolation, and segregation to chronicle the changes. He goes beyond previous studies by drawing on heretofore unanalyzed enrollment data covering the first decade after "Brown," calculating segregation for metropolitan areas rather than just school districts, accounting for private schools, presenting recent information on segregation within schools, and measuring segregation in college enrollment. Two main conclusions emerge. First, interracial contact in American schools and colleges increased markedly over the period, with the most dramatic changes occurring in the previously segregated South. Second, despite this change, four main factors prevented even larger increases: white reluctance to accept racially mixed schools, the multiplicity of options for avoiding such schools, the willingness of local officials to accommodate the wishes of reluctant whites, and the eventual loss of will on the part of those who had been the strongest protagonists in the push for desegregation. Thus decreases in segregation within districts were partially offset by growing disparities between districts and by selected increases in private school enrollment
Selling hope : state lotteries in America by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

14 editions published between 1989 and 1991 in English and held by 1,060 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Federal tax policy and charitable giving by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

17 editions published in 1985 in English and Undetermined and held by 641 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States is distinctive among Western countries in its reliance on nonprofit institutions to perform major social functions. This reliance is rooted in American history and is fostered by federal tax provisions for charitable giving. In this study, Charles T. Clotfelter demonstrates that changes in tax policy-effected through legislation or inflation-can have a significant impact on the level and composition of giving. Clotfelter focuses on empirical analysis of the effects of tax policy on charitable giving in four major areas: individual contributions, volunteering, corporate giving, and charitable bequests. For each area, discussions of economic theory and relevant tax law precede a review of the data and methodology used in econometric studies of charitable giving. In addition, new econometric analyses are presented, as well as empirical data on the effect of taxes on foundations. While taxes are not the most important determinant of contributions, the results of the analyses presented here suggest that charitable deductions, as well as tax rates and other aspects of the tax system, are significant factors in determining the size and distribution of charitable giving. This work is a model for policy-oriented research efforts, but it also supplies a major (and very timely) addition to the evidence that must inform future proposals for tax reform
Big-time sports in American universities by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

13 editions published between 2011 and 2013 in English and held by 504 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"For almost a century, big-time college sport has been a wildly popular but consistently problematic part of American higher education. The challenges it poses to traditional academic values have been recognized from the start, but they have grown more ominous in recent decades, as cable television has become ubiquitous, commercial opportunities have proliferated and athletic budgets have ballooned. Drawing on new research findings, this book takes a fresh look at the role of commercial sports in American universities. It shows that, rather than being the inconsequential student activity that universities often imply that it is, big-time sport has become a core function of the universities that engage in it. For this reason, the book takes this function seriously and presents evidence necessary for a constructive perspective about its value. Although big-time sport surely creates worrying conflicts in values, it also brings with it some surprising positive consequences"--Provided by publisher
Who benefits from the nonprofit sector?( Book )

9 editions published between 1992 and 1994 in English and held by 482 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Economic challenges in higher education by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

19 editions published between 1991 and 2008 in English and Undetermined and held by 479 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The last two decades have been a turbulent period for American higher education, with profound demographic shifts, gyrating salaries, and marked changes in the economy. While enrollments rose about 50% in that period, sharp increases in tuition and fees at colleges and universities provoke accusations of inefficiency, even outright institutional greed and irresponsibility. As the 1990s progress, surpluses in the academic labor supply may give way to shortages in many fields, but will there be enough new Ph. D.'s to go around?. Drawing on the authors' experience as economists and educators, this
Studies of supply and demand in higher education by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

17 editions published between 1993 and 2008 in English and held by 448 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the United States today, there are some 3,400 separately governed colleges and universities, amounting to a higher education industry with expenditures that constitute 2.8% of the gross national product. Yet, the economic issues affecting this industry have been paid relatively little attention. In this collection of eight essays, experts in economics and education bring economic analysis to bear on such underexamined topics as the nature of competition in higher education, higher education&#
Buying the best : cost escalation in elite higher education by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

13 editions published between 1996 and 2014 in English and held by 424 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In Clotfelter's view spiraling costs arise from the institutions' lofty ambitions and are made possible by steadily intensifying demand for places in the country's elite colleges and universities. Only if this demand slackens will universities be pressured to make cuts or pursue efficiencies. Buying the Best is the first study to make use of the internal historical records of specific institutions, as opposed to the frequently unreliable aggregate records made available by the federal government for the use of survey researchers. As such, it has the virtue of allowing Clotfelter to draw much more realistic comparative conclusions than have hitherto been reported. While acknowledging the obvious drawbacks of the small sample, Clotfelter notes that the institutions studied are significant for the disproportionate influence they, and comparable elite institutions, exercise in research and in the training of future leaders
Philanthropy and the nonprofit sector in a changing America( Book )

7 editions published between 1999 and 2005 in English and held by 357 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

American universities in a global market by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

13 editions published between 2010 and 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 275 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

International Differences in Entrepreneurship Edited by Josh Lemer and Antoinette Schoar
Public school segregation in metropolitan areas by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

12 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper presents measures of segregation in public schools for metropolitan areas. It shows that, not only are metropolitan areas very segregated, most of that segregation is due to racial disparities between districts rather than segregative patterns within districts. Metropolitan areas in the South and West tend to have larger districts, and thus feature less fragmentation by school district. Segregation at the metropolitan level appears to vary systematically with size, racial mix, and region. Because larger metropolitan areas tend to have more jurisdictions and exhibit greater differences in racial composition among jurisdictions, measured segregation rises with size, as measured by school enrollment
Are whites still "fleeing"? : racial patterns and enrollment shifts in urban public schools, 1987-1996 by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

12 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 75 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The effect of interracial contact in public schools on the enrollment of whites has been an important concern in assessments of desegregation since the 1970s. It has been feared that 'white flight' -- meaning exit from or avoidance of racially mixed public schools -- could undermine the racial contact that desegregation policy seeks to enhance. This study examines this question using recent data. It also expands coverage from large urban districts to entire metropolitan areas, paying attention to the spatial context within which enrollment decisions are made. To do so, it examines data for 1987 and 1996 on racial composition and enrollment in all schools and school districts in 238 metropolitan areas. The study finds that white losses appear to be spurred both by interracial contact in districts where their children attend school and by the opportunities available in metropolitan areas for reducing that contact. Implications for metropolitan segregation are examined
Interracial contact in high school extracurricular activities by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

12 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 63 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Using data from yearbooks for 194 high schools, this study examines the degree of interracial contact in 8,875 high school teams and other organizations. Tabulations show that the degree of interracial exposure was typically less than what would occur if all organizations in each school had been racially balanced and was much less than the exposure that would have occurred if all organizations reflected the racial composition of the schools containing them. Whereas the nonwhite percentage of the students enrolled in the sample high schools was 25.1 percent, the membership of clubs and teams was 21.1 percent, reflecting a lower rate of participation by nonwhites. Furthermore, because the racial compositions of clubs and teams were not uniform, the average white member was in an organization that was only 15.6 percent nonwhite. Although clearly less than its theoretical maximum, this rate of contact nonetheless appears to be much higher than what would occur if friendships were the only vehicle for interracial contact outside the classroom. Finally, the extent of segregation associated with these organizations was the same or less in the South as compared to the rest of the country
Federal oversight, local control, and the specter of "resegregation" in southern schools by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

11 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Analyzing data for the 100 largest school districts in the South and Border states, we ask whether there is evidence of "resegregation" of school districts and whether levels of segregation can be linked to judicial decisions. We distinguish segregation measures indicating the extent of racial isolation from those indicating the degree of racial imbalance across schools. For the period 1994 to 2004 the trend in only one measure of racial isolation is consistent with the hypothesis that districts in these regions are resegregating. Yet the increase in this measure appears to be driven by the general increase in the nonwhite percentage in the student population rather than policy-determined increases in racial imbalance. Racial imbalance itself shows no trend over this period. Racial imbalance is nevertheless associated with judicial declarations of unitary status, suggesting that segregation in schools might have declined had it not been for the actions of federal courts. This estimated relationship is subject to a lag, which is in keeping with the tendency for courts to grant unitary status only if districts agree to limit their own freedom to reassign students"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
The impact of tax reform on charitable giving : a 1989 perpspective by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

8 editions published between 1989 and 1990 in English and Undetermined and held by 39 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: a result of both of the major tax reform acts. The paper concludes that the
The peculiar scale economies of lotto by Philip J Cook( Book )

9 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The best-selling lottery game in the United States is lotto, a parimutuel game of long odds and large jackpots. Unlike in the other popular lottery games (numbers and instant). there is a strong tendency for per-capita lotto sales to increase with the size of the population base. The fact that the jackpot also tends to increase with population size is not a complete explanation, since the probability of winning tends to be inversely proportional to state population. our explanation for why the games are more successful in large states is that players tend to judge the likelihood of winning based on the frequency with which someone wins; then a larger state can offer a game at longer odds but the same perceived probability of winning as a smaller state
Teacher-student matching and the assessment of teacher effectiveness by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

10 editions published between 2004 and 2006 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We use administrative data on North Carolina public schools to document the tendency for more highly qualified teachers to be matched with more advantaged students, and we measure the bias this pattern generates in estimates of the impacts of various teacher qualifications on student achievement. One of the strategies we use to minimize this bias is to restrict the analysis to schools that assign students to classrooms in a manner statistically indistinguishable from random assignment. Using data for 5th grade, we consistently find significant returns to teacher experience in both math and reading and to licensure test scores in math achievement. We also find that the returns in math are greater for socioeconomically advantaged students, a finding that may help explain why the observed form of teacher-student matching persists in equilibrium
How and why do teacher credentials matter for student achievement? by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

9 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Education researchers and policy makers agree that teachers differ in terms of quality and that quality matters for student achievement. Despite prodigious amounts of research, however, debate still persists about the causal relationship between specific teacher credentials and student achievement. In this paper, we use a rich administrative data set from North Carolina to explore a range of questions related to the relationship between teacher characteristics and credentials on the one hand and student achievement on the other. Though the basic questions underlying this research are not new - and, indeed, have been explored in many papers over the years within the rubric of the "education production function" - the availability of data on all teachers and students in North Carolina over a ten-year period allows us to explore them in more detail and with far more confidence than has been possible in previous studies. We conclude that a teacher's experience, test scores and regular licensure all have positive effects on student achievement, with larger effects for math than for reading. Taken together the various teacher credentials exhibit quite large effects on math achievement, whether compared to the effects of changes in class size or to the socio-economics characteristics of students, as measured, for example, by the education level of their parents
Would higher salaries keep teachers in high-poverty schools? : evidence from a policy intervention in North Carolina by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

10 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"For a three-year time period beginning in 2001, North Carolina awarded an annual bonus of $1,800 to certified math, science and special education teachers working in high poverty or academically failing public secondary schools. Using longitudinal data on teachers, we estimate hazard models that identify the impact of this differential pay by comparing turnover patterns before and after the program's implementation, across eligible and ineligible categories of teachers, and across eligible and barely-ineligible schools. Results suggest that this bonus payment was sufficient to reduce mean turnover rates of the targeted teachers by 12%. Experienced teachers exhibited the strongest response to the program. Finally, the effect of the program may have been at least partly undermined by the state's failure to fully educate teachers regarding the eligibility criteria. Our estimates most likely underpredict the potential outcome of a program of permanent salary differentials operating under complete information"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
State lotteries at the turn of the century : report to the National Gambling Impact Study Commission by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Audience level: 0.33 (from 0.10 for After Brow ... to 0.73 for Public sch ...)

After Brown : the rise and retreat of school desegregation
Alternative Names
Charles T. Clotfelter American economist

Clotfelter, C. 1947-

Clotfelter, Charles 1947-

Clotfelter, Charles T.

English (227)

Selling hope : state lotteries in AmericaFederal tax policy and charitable givingBig-time sports in American universitiesWho benefits from the nonprofit sector?Economic challenges in higher educationStudies of supply and demand in higher educationBuying the best : cost escalation in elite higher educationPhilanthropy and the nonprofit sector in a changing AmericaAmerican universities in a global market