WorldCat Identities

Clotfelter, Charles T.

Overview
Works: 130 works in 537 publications in 1 language and 15,436 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  History  Abstracts 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, htt
Classifications: LC214.2, 379.2630973
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Charles T Clotfelter
After Brown : the rise and retreat of school desegregation by Charles T Clotfelter( )

21 editions published between 2004 and 2011 in English and held by 3,194 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States Supreme Court's 1954 landmark decision, Brown v. Board of Education, set into motion a process of desegregation that would eventually transform American public schools. This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of how Brown's most visible effect--contact between students of different racial groups--has changed over the fifty years since the decision. Using both published and unpublished data on school enrollments from across the country, Charles Clotfelter uses measures of interracial contact, racial isolation, and segregation to chronicle the changes. He goes beyond previous studies by drawing on heretofore unanalyzed enrollment data covering the first decade after Brown, calculating segregation for metropolitan areas rather than just school districts, accounting for private schools, presenting recent information on segregation within schools, and measuring segregation in college enrollment. Two main conclusions emerge. First, interracial contact in American schools and colleges increased markedly over the period, with the most dramatic changes occurring in the previously segregated South. Second, despite this change, four main factors prevented even larger increases: white reluctance to accept racially mixed schools, the multiplicity of options for avoiding such schools, the willingness of local officials to accommodate the wishes of reluctant whites, and the eventual loss of will on the part of those who had been the strongest protagonists in the push for desegregation. Thus decreases in segregation within districts were partially offset by growing disparities between districts and by selected increases in private school enrollment. ... Publisher description
Big-time sports in American universities by Charles T Clotfelter( )

26 editions published between 2011 and 2019 in English and held by 1,840 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"For almost a century, big-time college sport has been a wildly popular but consistently problematic part of American higher education. The challenges it poses to traditional academic values have been recognized from the start, but they have grown more ominous in recent decades, as cable television has become ubiquitous, commercial opportunities have proliferated and athletic budgets have ballooned. Drawing on new research findings, this book takes a fresh look at the role of commercial sports in American universities. It shows that, rather than being the inconsequential student activity that universities often imply that it is, big-time sport has become a core function of the universities that engage in it. For this reason, the book takes this function seriously and presents evidence necessary for a constructive perspective about its value. Although big-time sport surely creates worrying conflicts in values, it also brings with it some surprising positive consequences"--
Federal tax policy and charitable giving by Charles T Clotfelter( )

17 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 1,360 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States is distinctive among Western countries in its reliance on nonprofit institutions to perform major social functions. This reliance is rooted in American history and is fostered by federal tax provisions for charitable giving. In this study, Charles T. Clotfelter demonstrates that changes in tax policy-effected through legislation or inflation-can have a significant impact on the level and composition of giving. Clotfelter focuses on empirical analysis of the effects of tax policy on charitable giving in four major areas: individual contributions, volunteering, corporate giving, and charitable bequests. For each area, discussions of economic theory and relevant tax law precede a review of the data and methodology used in econometric studies of charitable giving. In addition, new econometric analyses are presented, as well as empirical data on the effect of taxes on foundations. While taxes are not the most important determinant of contributions, the results of the analyses presented here suggest that charitable deductions, as well as tax rates and other aspects of the tax system, are significant factors in determining the size and distribution of charitable giving. This work is a model for policy-oriented research efforts, but it also supplies a major (and very timely) addition to the evidence that must inform future proposals for tax reform
Economic challenges in higher education by Charles T Clotfelter( )

20 editions published between 1991 and 2008 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,253 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book examines three issues that will have a significant influences on all institutions of higher education in the United States: (1) the growth and composition of undergraduate enrollments; (2) the supply of faculty in the academic labor market; and (3) the skyrocketing cost of operating colleges and universities. Part 1 focuses on the demand for undergraduate education, with five chapters addressing the size and significance of such demand, patterns of enrollment and completion, explanations of demand, financial aid and public policy, and implications of recent enrollment trends. Part 2 focuses on the academic labor supply, with five chapters covering projections of shortages, a stock flow model of academic labor supply, decisions to undertake and complete doctoral study and choices of sector of employment, the demographic distribution of doctorates, and policies regarding the flow of new doctorates. Part 3 focuses on costs and productivity in American colleges and universities, with four chapters exploring cost inflation, expenditures, enrollment, and costs per student over time. (Contains approximately 430 references.) (Mdm)
Studies of supply and demand in higher education by Charles T Clotfelter( )

19 editions published between 1993 and 2014 in English and held by 1,228 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In the United States today, there are some 3,400 separately governed colleges and universities, amounting to a higher education industry with expenditures that constitute 2.8% of the gross national product. Yet relatively little attention has been paid to the economic issues affecting this industry. In this collection of eight essays, experts in economics and education apply economic analysis to such underexamined topics as the nature of competition in higher education, higher education's use of resources, and who chooses to purchase what kind of education and why."--BOOK JACKET. "The first study in the volume looks at the higher education market as a whole, including the ways in which colleges with small endowments are able to compete successfully with institutions that have much larger endowments for faculty, students, and financial support. The chapter also examines why tuitions are nearly the same among schools despite differences in prestige. Three other studies analyze recent trends in college enrollment, focusing on the racial composition of enrollments and the quality of students entering highly ranked institutions. The authors seek to understand the variation in enrollment between blacks and whites, for example, and they find that more and more of the top students, regardless of race, are going to elite private institutions."--BOOK JACKET. "Another essay considers the choices among colleges that young people from low-income backgrounds face, and argues that economists must look at subjective variables, such as expectations about schooling, when studying enrollment patterns. Rounding out the volume, three chapters discuss student interest in pursuing an academic career, the effect of changes in federally financed fellowships on universities, and the criteria universities use for deciding how to invest their endowments."--BOOK JACKET. "By addressing these issues, this volume fills a large gap in studies of the economics of higher education and suggests subjects for further study in this field."--BOOK JACKET
American universities in a global market by Charles T Clotfelter( )

19 editions published between 2010 and 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,206 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

International Differences in Entrepreneurship Edited by Josh Lemer and Antoinette Schoar
Selling hope : state lotteries in America by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

14 editions published between 1989 and 1991 in English and held by 1,001 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Looks at the history of state lotteries, discusses whether lotteries are ethical and assesses their effectiveness as a source of government funding
Buying the best : cost escalation in elite higher education by Charles T Clotfelter( )

17 editions published between 1996 and 2016 in English and held by 840 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In Clotfelter's view spiraling costs arise from the institutions' lofty ambitions and are made possible by steadily intensifying demand for places in the country's elite colleges and universities. Only if this demand slackens will universities be pressured to make cuts or pursue efficiencies. Buying the Best is the first study to make use of the internal historical records of specific institutions, as opposed to the frequently unreliable aggregate records made available by the federal government for the use of survey researchers. As such, it has the virtue of allowing Clotfelter to draw much more realistic comparative conclusions than have hitherto been reported. While acknowledging the obvious drawbacks of the small sample, Clotfelter notes that the institutions studied are significant for the disproportionate influence they, and comparable elite institutions, exercise in research and in the training of future leaders
Who benefits from the nonprofit sector? by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

14 editions published between 1992 and 1994 in English and Undetermined and held by 484 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Over a million nonprofit organizations, from day-care centers and neighborhood churches to major research universities and metropolitan hospitals, are currently relied upon to deliver an array of essential social services. This is in keeping with a historical conviction that private voluntary action, as opposed to government intervention, should address as many of the nation's social needs as possible."--BOOK JACKET. "But just how much to rely on the nonprofit sector is the question at the center of a growing debate. Critics challenge the assumption that nonprofit organizations have successfully directed much of their benefits toward the poor and disadvantaged - an assumption that has to date justified favorable tax treatment for donations and nonprofit operations."--BOOK JACKET. "Who Benefits from the Nonprofit Sector? examines all the major elements of the nonprofit sector - health services, educational and research institutions, religious organizations, social services, arts and cultural organizations, and foundations - describing each institution and its function, and then exploring how their benefits are distributed across various economic classes."--BOOK JACKET. "The book's findings indicate that while few institutions serve primarily the poor, there is no evidence of a gross distribution of benefits upwards toward the more affluent. The source of an institution's funding is also shown to be an important determinant in how its benefits are distributed. They show, for example, that:"--BOOK JACKET. "Nonprofit nursing homes and drug treatment centers have a lower concentration of Medicaid patients than their for-profit public counterparts do."--BOOK JACKET. "Twenty-seven percent of social service agencies serve primarily the poor, and the large majority of these received most of their income from the federal government."--BOOK JACKET. "The effective educational subsidy (i.e., cost of education less tuition) per person at both public and private univenities increases with income."--BOOK JACKET. "The analysis of this data makes for a book with profound implications for future social and tax policy."--Jacket
Philanthropy and the nonprofit sector in a changing America( Book )

11 editions published between 1999 and 2005 in English and held by 364 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book originated in a conference sponsored by the American Assembly and the Indiana Center on Philanthropy. Leading scholars and practitioners consider three key clusters of issues: First, what forces will determine the shape and activities of philanthropy and the nonprofit sector in the next decade? Second, how will philanthropy and the nonprofit sector be strengthened or weakened by those forces? Third, how can the challenges of grappling with the forces be transformed into opportunities? The focus is on a variety of pressures: the devolution of federal programs to the state and local levels; the blurring of lines between nonprofit and for-profit organizations; the changing distributions of income; major new wealth and its concentration; a revived interest in community and civil society; the evolution of religion and religious institutions; globalization; tax and other regulatory reform; and a retreat of government from various policy areas and the rise of privatization and market models."--BOOK JACKET
State lotteries at the turn of the century : report to the National Gambling Impact Study Commission by Charles T Clotfelter( )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 320 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Unequal colleges in the age of disparity by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

9 editions published between 2017 and 2018 in English and held by 290 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

It is commonly supposed that colleges help to reduce inequality by providing paths for individuals to rise beyond modest origins. Reviewing evidence from more than 1,000 colleges, elite and not, the author argues that baccalaureate education's power to reduce inequality has actually declined, because the colleges themselves have become more unequal. Unequal Colleges in the Age of Disparity describes the market for baccalaureate education over the last four decades, paying attention to both the demand side and supply side of the market. It is an historical analysis of a large and variegated industry, described in terms - such as "firm," "consumer," and "market power"--Rarely applied to it, that explain this increasing inequality.--
Public school segregation in metropolitan areas by Charles T Clotfelter( )

13 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 141 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper presents measures of segregation in public schools for metropolitan areas. It shows that, not only are metropolitan areas very segregated, most of that segregation is due to racial disparities between districts rather than segregative patterns within districts. Metropolitan areas in the South and West tend to have larger districts, and thus feature less fragmentation by school district. Segregation at the metropolitan level appears to vary systematically with size, racial mix, and region. Because larger metropolitan areas tend to have more jurisdictions and exhibit greater differences in racial composition among jurisdictions, measured segregation rises with size, as measured by school enrollment
Interracial contact in high school extracurricular activities by Charles T Clotfelter( )

13 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 123 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Using data from yearbooks for 194 high schools, this study examines the degree of interracial contact in 8,875 high school teams and other organizations. Tabulations show that the degree of interracial exposure was typically less than what would occur if all organizations in each school had been racially balanced and was much less than the exposure that would have occurred if all organizations reflected the racial composition of the schools containing them. Whereas the nonwhite percentage of the students enrolled in the sample high schools was 25.1 percent, the membership of clubs and teams was 21.1 percent, reflecting a lower rate of participation by nonwhites. Furthermore, because the racial compositions of clubs and teams were not uniform, the average white member was in an organization that was only 15.6 percent nonwhite. Although clearly less than its theoretical maximum, this rate of contact nonetheless appears to be much higher than what would occur if friendships were the only vehicle for interracial contact outside the classroom. Finally, the extent of segregation associated with these organizations was the same or less in the South as compared to the rest of the country
Are whites still "fleeing"? : racial patterns and enrollment shifts in urban public schools, 1987-1996 by Charles T Clotfelter( Book )

16 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 108 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The effect of interracial contact in public schools on the enrollment of whites has been an important concern in assessments of desegregation since the 1970s. It has been feared that "white flight," meaning exit from or avoidance of racially mixed public schools, could undermine the racial contact that desegregation policy seeks to enhance. This study examines this question using recent data. It also expands coverage from large urban districts to entire metropolitan areas, paying attention to the spatial context within which enrollment decisions are made. To do so, it examines data for 1987 and 1998 on racial composition and enrollment in all schools and school districts in 238 metropolitan areas. The study finds that white losses appear to be spurred both by interracial contact in districts where children attend school and by the opportunities available in metropolitan areas for reducing that contact. The findings apply with significant consistency to large and small districts in both large and small metropolitan areas. Implications for metropolitan segregation are examined. (Contains 34 references.) (Author/SM)
Federal oversight, local control, and the specter of "resegregation" in southern schools by Charles T Clotfelter( )

12 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 107 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Analyzing data for the 100 largest school districts in the South and Border states, we ask whether there is evidence of "resegregation" of school districts and whether levels of segregation can be linked to judicial decisions. We distinguish segregation measures indicating the extent of racial isolation from those indicating the degree of racial imbalance across schools. For the period 1994 to 2004 the trend in only one measure of racial isolation is consistent with the hypothesis that districts in these regions are resegregating. Yet the increase in this measure appears to be driven by the general increase in the nonwhite percentage in the student population rather than policy-determined increases in racial imbalance. Racial imbalance itself shows no trend over this period. Racial imbalance is nevertheless associated with judicial declarations of unitary status, suggesting that segregation in schools might have declined had it not been for the actions of federal courts. This estimated relationship is subject to a lag, which is in keeping with the tendency for courts to grant unitary status only if districts agree to limit their own freedom to reassign students"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
The impact of tax reform on charitable giving : a 1989 perpspective by Charles T Clotfelter( )

11 editions published between 1989 and 1990 in English and held by 90 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this paper is to examine the predicted effects of tax reform in the 1980s (the tax acts of 1981 and 1986) on charitable contributions by individuals and to compare them to the actual and apparent effects, viewed from the perspective of 1989. The paper discusses what the economic models can and cannot be expected to do. Then, using published data from tax returns, the paper compares actual and predicted changes in giving as a result of both of the major tax reform acts. The paper concludes that the changes in contributions are quite consistent with the economic model of giving. As a result of these tax changes, average giving in high income classes declined. These results imply that tax policy should continue to be considered one important determinant of the level of individual charitable contributions
Teacher-student matching and the assessment of teacher effectiveness by Charles T Clotfelter( )

12 editions published between 2004 and 2006 in English and held by 89 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We use administrative data on North Carolina public schools to document the tendency for more highly qualified teachers to be matched with more advantaged students, and we measure the bias this pattern generates in estimates of the impacts of various teacher qualifications on student achievement. One of the strategies we use to minimize this bias is to restrict the analysis to schools that assign students to classrooms in a manner statistically indistinguishable from random assignment. Using data for 5th grade, we consistently find significant returns to teacher experience in both math and reading and to licensure test scores in math achievement. We also find that the returns in math are greater for socioeconomically advantaged students, a finding that may help explain why the observed form of teacher-student matching persists in equilibrium
The demand for lottery products by Charles T Clotfelter( )

9 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Lotteries constitute one of the fastest-growing categories of consumer expenditure in the United States. Not only have an increasing number of states legalized state lotteries, but the per capita expenditures on lotteries in lottery states have increased at an annual rate of 13 percent after inflation between 1975 and 1988. This article examines the demand for lottery products. A majority of the adult public in lottery states play in any one year, but relatively few of these players account for most of the action". Socioeconomic patterns of play, measured from both sales data and household surveys, offer some surprises -- for example, that the Engle curve of lottery expenditures decline with income. There is some evidence that lottery sales increase with the payout rate, although it is not clear that it would be profitable for the states to increase payout rates. The addition of a new game, such as lotto, does not undercut sales of existing games, and the oft-heard claim that interest (and sales) will "inevitably" decline is contradicted by the data. The organizational form of the lottery is evolving in response to the quest for higher revenues: in particular, smaller states are forming multistate game. This article is a chapter from Selling Hope: State Lotteries in America, an NBER monograph to be published by Harvard University Press in November, 1989
The "gambler's fallacy" in lottery play by Charles T Clotfelter( )

12 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The -gambler's fallacy- is the belief that the probability of an event is lowered when that event has recently occurred, even though the probability of the event is objectively known to be independent from one trial to the next. This paper provides evidence on the time pattern of lottery participation to see whether actual behavior is consistent with this fallacy. Using data from the Maryland daily numbers game, we find a clear and consistent tendency for the amount of money bet on a particular number to fall sharply immediately after it is drawn, and then gradually to recover to its former level over the course of several months. This pattern is consistent with the hypothesis that lottery players are in fact subject to the gambler?s fallacy
 
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After Brown : the rise and retreat of school desegregation
Covers
Big-time sports in American universitiesFederal tax policy and charitable givingEconomic challenges in higher educationStudies of supply and demand in higher educationAmerican universities in a global marketSelling hope : state lotteries in AmericaBuying the best : cost escalation in elite higher educationWho benefits from the nonprofit sector?Philanthropy and the nonprofit sector in a changing America
Alternative Names
Charles T. Clotfelter American economist

Charles T. Clotfelter economista estadounidense

Charles T. Clotfelter economista estatunidenc

Charles T. Clotfelter economista estauxunidense

Charles T. Clotfelter ekonomist amerikan

Clotfelter, C. 1947-

Clotfelter, Charles 1947-

Clotfelter, Charles T.

Languages
English (282)