WorldCat Identities

Parcel, Toby L.

Works: 24 works in 63 publications in 1 language and 2,024 library holdings
Genres: Longitudinal studies  History  Bibliography 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Toby L Parcel
Parents' jobs and children's lives by Toby L Parcel( Book )

11 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 717 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The empirical basis for Parcel and Menaghan's study is a series of multivariate analyses using data drawn from the 1986 and 1988 waves of the National Longitudinal Survey's Child-Mother data set. This data set matches longitudinal data on mothers, derived from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, with data on the children of these mothers born as of 1986. Children aged 3 to 6 were given age-appropriate developmental assessments every two years in order to assess the influence of parental work on short-term changes in their cognition and social behavior. The authors also devote considerable attention to the effects of fathers' work and family structure on the well-being of their children. Parcel and Menaghan's work brings evidence to bear on both the theoretical perspectives guiding the analyses and on current policy debates regarding the nexus of work and family
Work & family : research informing policy( Book )

16 editions published between 1996 and 2000 in English and held by 498 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Editors Toby Parcel and Daniel Cornfield draw on two major themes for this volume. First, that essential to an understanding of the interplay between work and family is an acknowledgment of the varied ways time influences work and family processes and outcomes. The editors and contributors look at time in both the macro historical sense as well as through examination of the more quotidian choices involved in balancing work and family. Second, the editors consider the social policy implications that inhere in these essays. Contributors to Work and Family have been encouraged to think explicitly about how governmental policies, as well as those of individual firms, can be derived from their research." "This collection is suited to courses on work and occupations, family studies, organizations, and gender roles, and will be of interest to scholars in these areas."--Jacket
Ascription and labor markets : race and sex differences in earnings by Toby L Parcel( Book )

9 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 428 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The problem and theoretical foundations; Data, methods, and labor market's structure; Local labor market characteristics'effects on earnings; Economic sector and dual labor market characteristics'effects on earning; Occupational labor market characteristics' and class/authority effects on earnings; Social psychological effects on earnings: social selection and earnings attainment
The end of consensus : diversity, neighborhoods, and the politics of public school assignments by Toby L Parcel( )

4 editions published between 2015 and 2016 in English and held by 351 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

One of the nation's fastest growing metropolitan areas, Wake County, North Carolina, added more than a quarter million new residents during the first decade of this century, an increase of almost 45 percent. At the same time, partisanship increasingly dominated local politics, including school board races. Against this backdrop, this book considers the ways diversity and neighborhood schools have influenced school assignment policies in Wake County, particularly during 2000-2012, when these policies became controversial locally and a topic of national attention
Individual investments, ecological variables and Black-white realtive [sic] economic status : a contextual analysis of status attainment for Blacks and whites by Toby L Parcel( Book )

2 editions published between 1977 and 1988 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Resources or vulnerabilities? : the structural determinants of economic returns in American manufacturing, 1950-1980 by Chin-fen Chang( )

2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This dissertation examines determination of economic returns of American manufacturing industries from 1950 to 1980. Types of economic returns studied include real hourly wages, the share of fringe benefits, and labor's share of income. I use the resource perspective as the theoretical framework in this dissertation. Economic returns are found to vary significantly among manufacturing industries. Using a pooled cross-sectional, time series design, I find that industrial characteristics are more important than occupational and macro-level variables in determining differences of economic returns over time and across industries. Occupational and macro-level variables, however, still have significant influences. Average asset size, productivity, and centralization are the three industrial factors to have significant effects on all three measures of economic outcomes. The results show that, though these three industrial factors are resources for workers to improve their wages and fringe benefits, they have negative effects on labor's share of income and are vulnerabilities for workers. This dissertation thus demonstrates the danger to use absolute measure of economic returns to study functions of structural determinants: to be resources or vulnerabilities. Based on findings discussed in the dissertation, additional research should examine how a structural factor may become a resource or vulnerability for workers at firm level. This dissertation also calls for further studies to investigate interactions among industrial, occupational, and macro-level variables and the effects of these interactions on labor market returns
Children by Toby L Parcel( )

in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The impact of homeownership on child outcomes by Donald R Haurin( Book )

1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sociology of work( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Who pays for public education? : the relationship between school finance and educational outcomes at the organizational level by Mary Elizabeth Courtney( )

1 edition published in 1997 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This study examines the 614 school districts of Ohio, with separate regressions for urban, suburban, town, and rural locations. The data set, The School District Data Book, was released by the U.S. Department of Education in 1994. This is the first time the federal government has mapped census tracts to the universe of U.S. school districts. I model characteristics of communities as determinants of (1) percentage of revenue supplied to school districts by local sources; (2) percentage of the district's salaries allocated to instruction; and (3) percentage of ninth graders who passed the mathematics section of the proficiency test
The Impact of Homeownership on Child Outcomes. Low-Income Homeownership Working Paper Series by Donald R Haurin( Book )

1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Using a national panel data set that links the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (nlsy) with the nlsy Child data, this study examines the impact of homeownership on several child outcomes. Data analysis indicates that children of homeowners have better home environments, higher cognitive test scores, and fewer behavior problems than do children of renters. The study finds that these results hold even after controlling for a large number of economic, social, and demographic variables. Owning a home compared with renting leads to a 13 to 23 percent higher quality home environment. The independent impact of homeownership combined with its positive impact on the home environment results in the children of homeowners achieving math scores up to nine percent higher and reading scores up to seven percent higher, with reductions in children's behavior problems of up to three percent. These findings suggest that homeownership support programs should be targeted to households with young children. The measurement of the home environment questionnaire is appended. (Contains 61 references.) (Sm)
The consequences of job loss for the likelihood, extent, and stability of later employment by Laura E Geschwender( )

1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The risk of job loss threatens workers across occupations and industries and alters the quality of life of those who experience it. The purpose of this research is to examine the long-term consequences of job loss for several labor market outcomes, including becoming reemployed, leaving the labor force, working part-time involuntarily and voluntarily, and the likelihood of experiencing subsequent job loss or making other job transitions. I compare the effect of job loss not leaving one's job as well as to other voluntary and involuntary job transitions. Finally, I determine whether the effect of job loss differs by sex, race, and age, thereby exacerbating race and sex inequality in the employment outcomes
The determinants of young women's wages : comparing the effects of individual and occupational labor market characteristics by Marta Elliott( )

1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Stability and Change in Children's Home Environments: The Effects of Parental Occupational Experiences and Family Conditions by Elizabeth G Menaghan( Book )

1 edition published in 1991 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This study examined the effects of mothers' and fathers' occupational conditions on children's home environments, and of change in occupational and family conditions on change in home environments. The study used the 1986 and 1988 supplements to the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth. Subjects were 781 married mothers with children aged 3 through 6 years in 1986. For mothers in dual-earner families, home environment was affected by mothers': (1) self-esteem and sense of mastery; (2) age (for older mothers); (3) work at a complex occupation; (4) marriage to a highly educated spouse; (5) having fewer children. Improvements over time in children's home environment were affected by spouse's occupational characteristics and age (for spouses who were younger). Declines in home environments occurred when additional children were born or the marriage ended. For mothers in male-earner families who were not employed in 1986, predictors of home environments were similar to those for mothers in families with two earners, with the exception that mothers' cognitive resources and spouses' wage level also had positive effects. Improvements in home environment in this group were also responsive to spouse's working conditions and changes in family circumstances. A list of references is included. (Author/BC)
Why do southern children have lower verbal facility scores than children in other regions? by Laura Ellen Geschwender( )

1 edition published in 1991 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Comparable worth, occupational labor markets, and occupational earnings: results from the 1980 census by Toby L Parcel( )

in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Family and schooling effects on educational attainment : Great Britain and the United States compared by Mary Ann Powell( )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This comparison of educational attainment processes enhances our understanding of the ways in which parental work and family choices affect children's lives, and clarifies which effects are due to decisions within families and which are influenced by societal context
Working mothers, welfare mothers : implications for children in the twenty-first century by Toby L Parcel( )

1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The relative importance of personal dominance, sex and educational status in discussion groups by Toby L Parcel( )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Riding the coaching carousel : the effects of sex, race, and institutional environment on the occupational internal labor market mobility of collegiate managerial personnel by Mikaela Jean Dufur( )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Results suggest that female and minority workers still experience some disadvantages to starting out their careers as head coaches. In addition, minority workers have lower odds of ever becoming head coaches, and they travel more slowly to those jobs. However, female workers are advantaged in moving to head coaching jobs, and both women and minorities have better chances of working in the more competitive Division I. Subsequent analyses reveal that these advantages have conditions: minority workers in Division I tend to be tokens assigned to recruit and communicate with minority players. Female workers are favored, but only for less visible jobs coaching other women. Although being highly productive has some benefits in moving to head coaching positions, white men gain benefits related to productivity and social connections that workers in other groups do not. Having children benefits men in this, labor market, but hurts minority women. Organizations exert both halo effects—coaches who have previously worked in more successful programs are more likely to get ahead—and magnet effects—coaches working in more successful programs wait longer to move to head coaching positions. Finally, although Title IX has opened up new opportunities for female athletes in collegiate sport, exposure to Title IX lawsuits hurts the careers of female coaches but helps their white male colleagues. There is some evidence that coaching women's basketball is a separate labor market, within which training and work origins are less important
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Work & family : research informing policy
Alternative Names
Parcel, Toby

Parcel, Toby Lee

English (59)

Sociology of work