WorldCat Identities

Maskus, Keith E. (Keith Eugene)

Works: 201 works in 602 publications in 3 languages and 8,870 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Patents 
Roles: Author, Editor
Classifications: K1401, 346.048
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Keith E Maskus
Intellectual property rights in the global economy by Keith E Maskus( Book )

14 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 454 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The new global IPR system comes with benefits as well as costs. Their increasing importance raises international economic policy questions that evoke impassioned and exaggerated claims from both advocates and opponents of IPRs, particularly concerning sensitive issues, such as patent protection of pharmaceuticals. In this comprehensive economic assessment of the effects of stronger international IPRs, Keith E. Maskus examines these competing claims through an analysis of the economic effects of extended international protection and partial harmonization of IPRs. He brings together recent studies of various aspects of the issue and performs new quantitative and qualitative analyses. The author presents findings that apply to a number of important policy questions on the very new phenomenon of IPRs, and especially to whether priority attention should be devoted to them in the upcoming next round of global trade talks
Intellectual property and development : lessons from recent economic research by Carsten Fink( Book )

26 editions published between 2004 and 2012 in English and held by 432 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In the mid-1990s, the World Trade Organization developed the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), which sets out minimum standards of IPR protection. The World Bank has held keen interest in better understanding how well-designed intellectual property policies can help foster development and reduce poverty. This volume brings together studies conducted by World Bank or Bank-affiliated economic researchers who seek to better understand the economic underpinnings of the different degrees and forms of IPR protection."--Jacket
International public goods and transfer of technology under a globalized intellectual property regime by Keith E Maskus( Book )

17 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 321 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this collection, distinguished economists, political scientists, and legal experts discuss the implications of the ever more globalized protection of intellectual property rights for the ability of countries to provide their citizens with such important public goods as basic research, education, public health, and sound environmental policies. Such items increasingly depend on the exercise of private rights over technical inputs and information goods, which could usher in a brave new world of accelerating technological innovation. However, higher and more harmonized levels of international intellectual property rights could also throw up high roadblocks in the path of follow-on innovation, competition, and the attainment of social objectives. It is at best unclear who represents the public interest in negotiating forums dominated by powerful knowledge cartels. This is the first book to assess the public processes and inputs that an emerging transnational system of innovation with need to promote technical progress, economic growth, and welfare for all participants."--BOOK JACKET
The Economics and politics of world sugar policies by Steven V Marks( Book )

8 editions published between 1993 and 1996 in English and Spanish and held by 261 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Marks and Maskus have organized a collection of papers from a 1990 conference on "Sugar Markets in the 1990s." Their purpose is to independently publish the revised and updated papers and commentaries from a conference on world sugar for a wider audience. [...] As the editors point out in the introduction, the world sugar price has been volatile, partly because sugar cycles and partly because of trade structures and arrangements. Many countries have used the volatility of prices to justify their supports for domestic production. Most studies in the book cover periods characterized by price volatility: the 1970s and 1980s. [...] Because of the periods the book covered and the concern for volatility, the book presents an in-depth analysis of one of the most sensitive commodity programs involved in GATT and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) negotiations. -- Abridged from (Oct. 30, 2015)
Private rights and public problems : the global economics of intellectual property in the 21st century by Keith E Maskus( Book )

13 editions published between 2006 and 2013 in 3 languages and held by 252 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Consumers constantly confront intellectual property rights (IPRs) every day, from their morning cup of Starbucks coffee to the Intel chip on their computer at work. Intellectual property rights help protect creative inventions in the form of trademarks, copyrights, and patents. Despite legal protection, many goods--including music and video files--are easily copied or shared, which affects industries, innovators, and customers. In his follow-up to one of the most popular PIIE titles of all time, Keith Maskus looks at the expansion of private legal rights into international trade markets, not only for technological items but also for international public goods like vaccines and prescription drugs. Private Rights and Public Problems assesses IPR issues for users, producers, and innovators and the difficulty of establishing an international policy regime that governs IPRs in all markets. Post-industrial countries have preferential terms for licensing and selling products, in part because they develop more global brands and products. Maskus observes that in these countries the primacy of private property raises contentious international debate between innovation owners in rich countries and followers and users in emerging and poor countries. Maskus explores if increased privacy regulations limit innovation and pose artificial and real barriers, such as decreased information accessibility and increased cost. This book addresses a fundamental issue: should basic scientific and technological knowledge be commoditized? In this guide to the current global impact of IPRs, the author analyzes the economic contribution of IPRs underlying features: innovation and access to international technologies
Quantifying the impact of technical barriers to trade : can it be done? by Keith E Maskus( Book )

10 editions published between 2001 and 2004 in English and held by 235 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The changing structure of comparative advantage in American manufacturing by Keith E Maskus( Book )

7 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 217 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The WTO, intellectual property rights, and the knowledge economy( Book )

13 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 184 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A collection of previously published articles
Quiet pioneering : Robert M. Stern and his international economic legacy( Book )

5 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 164 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Professional international economists will find much worth reading in the volume. It also is relevant to scholars of international relations and international organizations, as well as political scientists and government policy analysts
Intellectual property rights : legal and economic challenges for development( Book )

7 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 132 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In recent years, intellectual property rights both in the form of patents and copyrights have expanded in their coverage, the width and depth of protection, and the tightness in their enforcement. Moreover, for the first time in history, the IPR regime has become increasingly uniform at international level by means of the TRIPS agreement, irrespectively of the degrees of development of the various countries. The book addresses the effects of IPR on the processes of innovation and innovation diffusion, and provides detailed discussions of possible policy measures within the current TRIPS regime
Reforming U.S. patent policy : getting the incentives right by Keith E Maskus( Book )

7 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 127 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report argues that reforms of the U.S. patent system have suceeded in limiting the competition of ideas, discouraging innovation, and ultimately reducing U.S. competitiveness
Intellectual property growth and trade by Hamid Beladi( Book )

13 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 124 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this volume several economists offer comprehensive and analytical literature surveys of the central questions regarding the linkages between intellectual property protection, international trade and investment, and economic growth. The authors range widely over their particular areas of inquiry."--Jacket
Estimating the knowledge-capital model of the multinational enterprise by David L Carr( Book )

12 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What we term the firm includes three principal assumptions. First, services of knowledge-based and knowledge-generating activities, such as R&D, can be geographically separated from production and supplied to production facilities at low cost. Second, these knowledge-intensive activities are skilled-labor intensive relative to production. These characteristics give rise to vertical multinationals, which fragment production and locate activities according to factor prices and market size. Third, knowledge-based services have a (partial) joint-input characteristic that they can be supplied to additional production facilities at low cost. This characteristic gives rise to horizontal multinationals, which produce the same goods or services in multiple locations. In this paper, we note how this model predicts relationships between affiliate sales and country characteristics. We then subject these predictions to empirical tests
Should core labor standards be imposed through international trade policy? by Keith E Maskus( )

13 editions published between 1997 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

August 1997 Weak provision of core labor standards in developing countries has complex effects on competitiveness and trade. The problem cannot be treated effectively by imposing trade sanctions, but should instead be approached through programs aimed directly at poverty reduction, education reforms, and disclosure of information. Numerous proposals have surfaced recently to incorporate a clause about labor standards in the rules of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Such a clause would require each WTO member to recognize and enforce certain core labor standards: forbidding forced labor, discrimination, and the exploitation of child workers and guaranteeing the rights of workers to associate freely and engage in collective bargaining with employers. Failure to provide core labor standards would subject a country to international trade sanctions. Maskus analyzes links between core labor standards and international trade policy. He develops a series of simple models to see whether limiting core labor standards in export sectors of developing countries can improve the countries' price competitiveness in export markets. He concludes that deficient provision of core labor standards generally diminishes export competitiveness rather than improving it, because of the distortionary effects of those deficiencies. In other words, concerns about the negative impact on industrial countries of limited wage, employment, and labor standards in developing countries are largely misplaced- one exception: exploiting child labor could expand exports in highly labor-intensive sectors. But wage spillovers into industrial economy labor markets must be trivial, and there is no empirical evidence that the use of child labor provides measurable competitive advantages. Do international trade sanctions serve a legitimate, effective role in penalizing countries that fail to observe core labor standards? Maskus points out that trade restrictions are blunt, indirect instruments and may be counterproductive, harming the people they are designed to help and ineffective in achieving stated goals. Thus, including in WTO rules a social clause guaranteeing core labor standards would reduce global efficiency for a small gain. Some approaches- compensation programs from wealthy countries, focused on poverty reduction and better access to education- be more effective and less costly than trade restrictions. At the same time, the International Labor Organization could improve its monitoring and publicity efforts, to raise international consciousness about labor standards. This paper-a product of the Development Research Group-is part of a larger effort in the group to analyze trade barriers facing developing countries
Multinational firms : reconciling theory and evidence by James R Markusen( Book )

11 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 65 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An important component of Robert Lipsey's work has been his research on multinational firms, and his careful documentation of their behavior in terms of production and intra-firm trade. In this paper, we extend recent theory referred to as the knowledge-capital model', which simultaneously generates motives for both horizontal and vertical multinational production. We use this model to derive predictions about foreign affiliates' pattern of production for local markets versus production for exports as functions of country characteristics such as market sizes, size differences, and relative endowment differences. These predictions are then taken to data on affiliate production and trade. Results confirm several hypotheses. The ratio of production for export sales to production for local sale by affiliates of foreign multinationals depends negatively on market size, investment and trade costs in the host country, and positively on the relative skilled-labor abundance of the parent country (skilled-labor scarcity of the host country)
Discriminating among alternative theories of the multinational enterprise by James R Markusen( Book )

12 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Recent theoretical developments have incorporated endogenous multinational firms into the general-equilibrium model of trade. One simple taxonomy separates the theory into vertical' models in which firms geographically separate activities by stages of production and horizontal' models of multi-plant firms which duplicate roughly the same activities in many countries. We refer to a hybrid of these two as the 'knowledge capital model'. In this paper, we nest these three models within an unrestricted model. Econometric tests give strong support to the horizontal model and overwhelming reject the vertical model
Parallel imports of pharmaceutical products in the European Union by Mattias Ganslandt( )

17 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and Undetermined and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Parallel imports are legitimately produced goods imported legally into a country without the authorization of a trademark, copyright, or patent holder. In the European Union, so long as a pharmaceutical manufacturer has placed a good on the market voluntarily, the principle of free movement of goods allows individuals or firms within the EU to trade goods across borders without the consent of the producer. What is the effect of these parallel imports?
Patent challenges for standard-setting in the global economy : lessons from information and communications technology by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

6 editions published in 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 55 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy: Lessons from Information and Communication Technology examines how leading national and multinational standard-setting organizations (SSOs) address patent disclosures, licensing terms, transfers of patent ownership, and other issues that arise in connection with developing technical standards for consumer and other microelectronic products, associated software and components, and communications networks including the Internet. Attempting to balance the interests of patent holders, other participants in standard-setting, standards implementers, and consumers, the report calls on SSOs to develop more explicit policies to avoid patent holdup and royalty-stacking, ensure that licensing commitments carry over to new owners of the patents incorporated in standards, and limit injunctions for infringement of patents with those licensing commitments. The report recommends government measures to increase the transparency of patent ownership and use of standards information to improve patent quality and to reduce conflicts of laws across countries."--Publisher's description
Quantifying the impact of services liberalization in a developing country by Denise Eby Konan( )

12 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and Undetermined and held by 54 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Konan and Maskus consider how service liberalization differs from goods liberalization in terms of welfare, the level and composition of output, and factor prices within a developing economy, in this case Tunisia. Despite recent movements toward liberalization, Tunisian service sectors remain largely closed to foreign participation and are provided at high cost relative to many developing nations. The authors develop a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of the Tunisian economy with multiple products and services and three trading partners. They model goods liberalization as the unilateral removal of product tariffs. Restraints on services trade involve both restrictions on cross-border supply (mode 1 in the GATS) and on foreign ownership through foreign direct investment (mode 3 in the GATS). The former are modeled as tariff-equivalent price wedges while the latter are comprised of both monopoly-rent distortions (arising from imperfect competition among domestic producers) and inefficiency costs (arising from a failure of domestic service providers to adopt least-cost practices). They find that goods-trade liberalization yields a gain in aggregate welfare and reorients production toward sectors of benchmark comparative advantage. However, a reduction of services barriers in a way that permits greater competition through foreign direct investment generates larger welfare gains. Service liberalization also requires lower adjustment costs, measured in terms of sectoral movement of workers, than does goods-trade liberalization. And it tends to increase economic activity in all sectors and raise the real returns to both capital and labor. The overall welfare gains of comprehensive service liberalization amount to more than 5 percent of initial consumption. The bulk of these gains come from opening markets for finance, business services, and telecommunications. Because these are key inputs into all sectors of the economy, their liberalization cuts costs and drives larger efficiency gains overall. The results point to the potential importance of deregulating services provision for economic development. This paper--a product of the Trade, Development Research Group--is part of a larger effort in the department to measure the benefits of services trade
General-equilibrium approaches to the multinational firm : a review of theory and evidence by James R Markusen( Book )

15 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Beginning in the early 1980s, theoretical analyses have incorporated the multinational firm into the microeconomic, general-equilibrium theory of international trade. Recent advances indicate how vertical and horizontal multinationals arise endogenously as determined by country characteristics, including relative size and relative endowment differences, and trade and investment costs. Results also characterize the relationship between foreign affiliate production and international trade in goods and services. In this paper, we survey some of this recent work, and note the testable predictions generated in the theory. In the second part of the paper, we examine empirical results that relate foreign affiliate production to country characteristics and trade/investment cost factors. We also review findings from analyses of the pattern of substitutability or complementarity between trade and foreign production
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Intellectual property rights in the global economy
Alternative Names
Maskus, K. E. 1954-

Maskus, Keith

Maskus, Keith 1954-

Maskus, Keith E.

Maskus, Keith E. 1954-

Maskus, Keith E. (Keith Eugene), 1954-

Maskus, Keith Eugen.

Maskus, Keith Eugene

Maskus, Keith Eugene 1954-

English (231)

Spanish (1)

German (1)

Intellectual property and development : lessons from recent economic researchInternational public goods and transfer of technology under a globalized intellectual property regimeQuantifying the impact of technical barriers to trade : can it be done?The WTO, intellectual property rights, and the knowledge economyQuiet pioneering : Robert M. Stern and his international economic legacyReforming U.S. patent policy : getting the incentives rightIntellectual property growth and trade