WorldCat Identities

Philoponus, John active 6th century

Overview
Works: 752 works in 1,911 publications in 8 languages and 23,989 library holdings
Genres: History  Criticism, interpretation, etc 
Roles: Author, Annotator, Translator, Dubious author, Attributed name, Commentator for written text, Creator, Collector, Contributor, Other
Classifications: B415, 128
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about John Philoponus
 
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Most widely held works by John Philoponus
On Aristotle Meteorology 1.4-9, 12 by John Philoponus( )

10 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 944 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Of John Philoponus' commentary on the Meteorology only that on chapters 1-9 and 12 of the first book has been preserved. It is translated in this series in two parts, the first covering chapters 1-4, the second chapters 5-9 and 12
Against Proclus On the eternity of the world 9-11 by John Philoponus( )

48 editions published between 1535 and 2014 in 4 languages and held by 796 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In one of the most original books of late antiquity, Philoponus argues for the Christian view that matter can be created by God out of nothing. It needs no prior matter for its creation. At the same time, Philoponus transforms Aristotle's conception of prime matter as an incorporeal 'something - I know not what' that serves as the ultimate subject for receiving extension and qualities. On the contrary, says Philoponus, the ultimate subject is extension. It is three-dimensional extension with its exact dimensions and any qualities unspecified. Moreover, such extension is the defining characteristic of body. Hence, so far from being incorporeal, it is body, and as well as being prime matter, it is form - the form that constitutes body. This uses, but entirely disrupts, Aristotle's conceptual apparatus. Finally, in Aristotle's scheme of categories, this extension is not to be classified under the second category of quantity, but under the first category of substance as a substantial quantity."--Jacket
On Aristotle Physics 4.10-14 by John Philoponus( )

10 editions published between 2011 and 2014 in English and held by 776 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Philoponus' commentary on the last part of Aristotle's Physics Book 4 does not offer major alternatives to Aristotle's science, as did his commentary on the earlier parts, concerning place, vacuum and motion in a vacuum. Aristotle's subject here is time, and his treatment of it had led to controversy in earlier writers. Philoponus does offer novelties when he treats motion round a bend as in one sense faster than motion on the straight over the same distance in the same time, because of the need to consider the greater effort involved. And he points out that in an earlier commentary on Book 8 he had argued against Aristotle for the possibility of a last instant of time. This book is in the prestigious series, The Ancient Commentators on Aristotle, which translates the works of the ancient commentators into English for the first time."--Bloomsbury Publishing
On Aristotle Physics 4.6-9 by John Philoponus( )

8 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 770 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Philoponus has been identified as the founder in dynamics of the theory of impetus, an inner force impressed from without, which, in its later recurrence, has been hailed as a scientific revolution. His commentary is translated here without the previously translated excursus, the Corollary on Void, previously translated in the series. Philoponus rejects Aristotle's attack on the very idea of void and of the possibility of motion in it, even though he thinks that void never occurs in fact. Philoponus' arguement was later to be praised by Galileo."--Bloomsbury Publishing
Philoponus : On Aristotle Physics 4.1-5 by John Philoponus( )

11 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 762 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The first translation into English of this commentary, Philoponus explains Aristotle's account of place to elementary students
On Aristotle Posterior analytics 1.9-18 by John Philoponus( )

7 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 736 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this part of the Posterior Analytics Aristotle elaborates his assessment of how universal truths of science can be scientifically explained as inevitable in demonstrative proofs. But he introduces complications: some sciences discuss phenomena that can only be explained by higher sciences and again sometimes we reason out a cause from an effect, rather than an effect from a cause. Philoponus takes these issues further. Reasoning from particular to universal is the direction taken by induction, and in mathematics reasoning from a theorem to the higher principles from which it follows is considered particularly valuable. It corresponds to the direction of analysis, as opposed to synthesis. In the prestigious Ancient Commentators on Aristotle series, this book is the first translation of the Greek text into English."--Bloomsbury Publishing
Philoponus : on Aristotle, Posterior analytics 1.19-34 by John Philoponus( )

2 editions published in 2012 in Undetermined and English and held by 612 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Aristotle described the scientific explanation of universal or general facts as deducing them through scientific demonstrations, that is, through syllogisms that met requirements of logical validity and explanatoriness which he first formulated. In Chapters 19-23, he adds arguments for the further logical restrictions that scientific demonstrations can neither be indefinitely long nor infinitely extendible through the interposition of new middle terms. Chapters 24-26 argue for the superiority of universal over particular demonstration, of affirmative over negative demonstration, and of direct negative demonstration over demonstration to the impossible. Chapters 27-34 discuss different aspects of sciences and scientific understanding, allowing us to distinguish between sciences, and between scientific understanding and other kinds of cognition, especially opinion. Philoponus' comments on these chapters are interesting especially because of his metaphysical analysis of universal predication and his understanding of the notion of subordinate sciences. We learn from his commentary that Philoponus believed in Platonic Forms as inherent in, and posterior to, the Divine Intellect, but ascribed to Aristotle an interpretation of Plato's Forms as independent substances, prior to the Demiurgic Intellect. A very important notion from Aristotle's Posterior Analytics is that of the 'subordination' of sciences, i.e. the idea that some sciences depend on 'higher' ones for some of their principles. Philoponus goes beyond Aristotle in suggesting a taxonomy of sciences, in which the subordinate science concerns the same scientific genus as the superordinate, but a different species."--Bloomsbury Publishing
On Aristotle's Physics 5-8 by John Philoponus( Book )

24 editions published between 1994 and 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 564 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This volume makes available for the first time in English key commentaries on Aristotle's Physics by Philoponus and Simplicius, rival Neoplatonists of the sixth century A.D." "Paul Lettinck has restored a lost commentary by Philoponus - which has survived in the Greek only in fragments - by translating it from annotations to an Arabic translation of Physics. The annotations presented here paraphrase Philoponus' commentary on Physics, Books 5-7, and include as well two excerpts from the annotations on Book 8. Among the most interesting features of the text are Philoponus' arguments against infinite time, his comments on the divisibility of changing bodies and of motion, and his treatment of Zeno's paradox of the stadium." "Translated from the Greek by J.O. Urmson, Simplicius' commentary focuses on Aristotle's views on the existence of the void as they emerge in chapters 6-9 of Physics, Book 4. Simplicius addresses some objections to Aristotle by later philosophers, particularly by Philoponus and by the Epicureans and the Stoics. There are three crucial points in Simplicius' argument: his reply to Stoics who had attacked Aristotle's reservations about extracosmic void, his response to Aristotle in defense of the idea of motion through void, and his belief that Aristotle does not sufficiently recognize that the ground for the natural motion of bodies, whether in a void or not, is internal. Peter Lautner has provided an introduction and notes to the translation."--Jacket
On Aristotle's "Physics 2" by John Philoponus( Book )

19 editions published between 1993 and 2014 in 3 languages and held by 524 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Book 2 of the Physics is arguably the best introduction to Aristotle's work, both because it explains some of his central concepts, such as nature and the four causes, and because it asks some gripping questions that are still debated today: Is chance something real? If so, what? Can nature be explained by chance, necessity and natural selection, or is it purposive? Philoponus' commentary is not only a valuable guide, but also a work of Neoplatonism with its own views on causation, the Providence of Nature, the problem of evil and the immortality of the soul."--Bloomsbury Publishing
On Aristotle on the soul 2.7-12 by John Philoponus( )

19 editions published between 2003 and 2014 in English and held by 482 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this, one of the most original ancient texts on sense perception, Philoponus, the sixth-century AD commentator on Aristotle, considers how far perceptual processes are incorporeal." "Colour affects us in the same way as light which, passing through a stained glass window, affects the air, but colours only the masonry beyond. Sounds and smells are somewhat more physical, travelling most of the way to us with a moving block of air, but not quite all the way. Only the organ of touch takes on the tangible qualities perceived, because reception of sensible qualities in perception is cognitive, not physical. Neither light nor the action of colour involves the travel of bodies. Our capacities for psychological activity do not follow, nor result from, the chemistry of our bodies, but merely supervene on that. On the other hand, Philoponus shows knowledge of the sensory nerves, and he believes that thought and anger both warm us. This is used elsewhere to show how we can tell someone else's state of mind."--Jacket
On Aristotle's "On the soul 3.1-8" by John Philoponus( Book )

12 editions published between 1999 and 2014 in English and held by 480 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The ancient Greek commentators on Aristotle constitute a large body of Greek philosophical writings, not previously translated into European languages. This volume includes notes and indexes and forms part of a series to fill this gap
On Aristotle's Physics 3 by John Philoponus( Book )

14 editions published between 1994 and 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 465 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Book 3 of Aristotle's Physics elaborates definitions of change and infinity - concepts central to his theory of nature. In a sixth-century commentary on Physics 3, Philoponus makes use of Aristotle's views to argue for a Christian interpretation of infinity. In Physics Book 2, Aristotle defines nature as an internal source of change. By elaborating Aristotle's view of change, Book 3 takes an important step in establishing the claim - to be made in Book 8 - for a divine mover who causes change but in whom no change occurs. Book 3 also introduces Aristotle's doctrine of infinity as always potential, but never actual and never traversed. Here, as elsewhere, Philoponus turns Aristotle's arguments about infinity against the pagan Neoplatonist belief in a universe without a beginning
On Aristotle's "On the soul 3.9-13" by John Philoponus( Book )

23 editions published between 1999 and 2014 in English and held by 454 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The ancient Greek commentators on Aristotle constitute a large body of Greek philosophical writings, not previously translated into European languages. This volume includes notes and indexes and forms part of a series to fill this gap
On Aristotle on the intellect (De anima 3.4-8) by John Philoponus( Book )

11 editions published between 1991 and 2014 in English and held by 409 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In his commentary on a portion of Aristotle's de Anima (On the Soul) known as de Intellectu (On the Intellect), Philoponus drew on both Christian and Neoplatonic traditions as he reinterpreted Aristotle's views on such key questions as the immortality of the soul, the role of images in thought, the character of sense perception and the presence within the soul of universals. Although it is one of the richest and most interesting of the ancient works on Aristotle, Philoponus' commentary has survived only in William of Moerbeke's thirteenth-century Latin translation from a partly indecipherable Greek manuscript. The present version, the first translation into English, is based upon William Charlton's penetrating scholarly analysis of Moerbeke's text."--Bloomsbury Publishing
On Aristotle's "On the soul 1.1-2" by John Philoponus( Book )

11 editions published between 2005 and 2014 in English and held by 404 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This text by Philoponus, the sixth-century commentator on Aristotle, is notable for its very informative Introduction to Psychology, which tells us the views of Philoponus, of his teacher and of later Neoplatonists on our psychological capacities and on mind-body relations. There is an unusual account of how reason can infer a universally valid conclusion from a single instance, and there are inherited views on the roles of intellect and perception in concept formation, and on the human ability to make reasoned decisions, celebrated by Aristotle, but here downgraded. Philoponus attacks Galen's view that psychological capacities follow, or result from, bodily chemistry; they merely supervene on that and can be counteracted. He has benefited from Galen's knowledge of the brain and nerves, but also propounds the Neoplatonist belief in tenuous bodies which after death support our irrational souls temporarily, or our reason eternally."--Publisher's website
On Aristotle's "Physics 1.1-3" by John Philoponus( )

19 editions published between 2005 and 2014 in English and Spanish and held by 390 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Until the launch of this series over fifteen years ago, the 15,000 volumes of the ancient Greek commentators on Aristotle, written mainly between 200 and 600 ad, constituted the largest corpus of extant Greek philosophical writings not translated into English or other European languages. Over 40 volumes have now appeared in the series, which is planned in some 80 volumes altogether. In this, the first half of Philoponus' analysis of book one of Aristotle's Physics, the principal themes are metaphysical. Aristotle's opening chapter in the Physics is an abstract reflection on methodology for the investigation of nature, 'physics'. Aristotle suggests that one must proceed from things that are familiar but vague, and derive more precise but less obvious principles to constitute genuine knowledge. His controversial claim that this is to progress from the universal to the more particular occasions extensive apologetic exegesis, typical of Philoponus' meticulous and somewhat pedantic method. Philoponus explains away the apparent conflict between the 'didactic method' (unavoidable in physics) and the strict demonstrative method described in the Analytics. After 20 pages on chapter 1, Philoponus devotes the remaining 66 pages to Aristotle's objections to two major Presocratic thinkers, Parmenides and Melissus. Aristotle included these thinkers as an aside, because they were not engaged in physics, but in questioning the very basis of physics. Philoponus investigates Aristotle's claims about the relation between a science and its axioms, explores alternative ways of formalising Aristotle's refutation of Eleatic monism and provides a sustained critique of Aristotle's analysis of the Eleatics' purported mistakes about unity and being."--Bloomsbury Publishing
Philoponus on Aristotle's On coming-to-be and perishing 1.1-5 by John Philoponus( Book )

8 editions published between 1999 and 2014 in English and held by 390 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The first five chapters of Aristotle's De Generatione et Corruptione distinguish creation and destruction from mere qualitative change and from growth. But what inspires Philoponus most in his commentary on these chapters is the topic of organic growth. How does it take place without ingested matter getting into the same place as the growing body? And how is personal identity preserved, if our matter is always in flux, and our form depends on our matter? If we do not depend on the persistence of matter why are we not immortal? Analogous problems of identity arise also for inanimate beings. These topics of identity over time and the principles of causation are still matters of intense philosophical discussion
On Aristotle Posterior analytics 1.1-8 by John Philoponus( Book )

27 editions published between 2007 and 2014 in English and held by 373 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Aristotle's Posterior Analytics elaborates for the first time in the history of Western philosophy the notions of science and the requirements for the distinctive kind of knowledge scientists posses. His model is mathematics and his treatment of science amounts to a philosophical discussion, from the perspective or Aristotelian syllogistic, of mathematical proofs and the principles they are based on. Chapters 1-8 expound the foundations of Aristotle's theory, pointing out the similarities and differences between scientific knowledge and other types of knowledge, establishing the need for basic principles, and identifying the types of principles and the source of necessity associated with scientific facts." "Philoponus' massive commentary, the most complete ancient discussion of Posterior Analytics book, offers uniquely valuable testimony to the way this book was read and understood in late antiquity, as well as providing information on earlier interpretations. Of particular interest is Philoponus' account of scientific principles, which is based not only on Aristotle but also on the Greek mathematical tradition, especially Euclid and his commentator Proclus."--Jacket
On Aristotle's "On the soul 1.3-5" by John Philoponus( Book )

21 editions published between 2005 and 2014 in English and held by 368 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In chapter 5, Philoponus endorses Aristotle's rejection of the idea that the soul is particles and of Empedocles's idea that the soul must be made of all four elements in order to know what is made of the same elements."--Jacket
Against Aristotle, on the eternity of the world by John Philoponus( Book )

9 editions published between 1987 and 2014 in English and held by 354 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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WorldCat IdentitiesRelated Identities
On Aristotle's "On the soul 3.9-13"
Covers
Against Proclus On the eternity of the world 9-11On Aristotle Posterior analytics 1.9-18On Aristotle on the soul 2.7-12On Aristotle's "On the soul 3.1-8"On Aristotle's Physics 3On Aristotle's "On the soul 3.9-13"On Aristotle's "On the soul 1.1-2"On Aristotle's "Physics 1.1-3"
Alternative Names

controlled identityPseudo-Johannes Philoponus

Filòpono, Giovanni, 6th Cent.

Filopono, Giovanni, active 6th century

Filoponos, Iôannês

Filóponos I̓ōánnīs 0490?-0566?

Giovanni Filòpono, 6th Cent.

Iōannēs, Alexandreus, 6th cent.

Iōannēs, Alexandreus, active 6th century

Iōannēs, Grammatikos Alexandreus, active 6th century

Iōannēs Philoponos, Grammatikos, active 6th century

Ioannes Philoponus

I̓ōánnīs ho Filóponos 0490?-0566?

Iohannes, Alexandrinus, Grammaticus, active 6th century

Iohannes Philoponus

Iohannes Philoponus, 6th cent.

Iohannes Philoponus, active 6th century

Iohannis Caesariensis, 6th cent.

Iohannis Caesariensis, active 6th century

Jean d'Alexandrie

Jean le Grammairien

Jean le Grammairien 0490?-0566?

Jean, le Grammairien, dit Philoponus

Jean Philopon

Jean Philopon, 6th cent.

Jean Philopon, active 6th century

Jean, Philoponos

Jean Philoponos 0490?-0566?

Joannes Alexandrinus

Joannes Alexandrinus 0490?-0566?

Joannes Alexandrinus, Philoponus

Joannes grammaticus

Joannes grammaticus 0490?-0566?

Joannes Philoponus

Joannes Philoponus 0490?-0566?

Joannes Philoponus, 6th cent.

Joannes Philoponus, active 6th century

Johannes, Alexandrinus, Grammaticus

Johannes, Alexandrinus, Philoponus

Johannes, Grammaticus

Johannes grammaticus 0490?-0566?

Johannes Philoponos 0490?-0566?

Johannes Philoponos, 6th cent.

Johannes Philoponos, active 6th century

Johannes Philoponus

Johannes Philoponus 0490?-0566?

John, of Alexandria, the Grammarian, 6th cent.

John, of Alexandria, the Grammarian, active 6th century

John Philoponus, 6th cent.

John Philoponus, active 6th century

John, the Grammarian, 6th Cent.

Philopon, Jean

Philopon, Jean, 6th cent.

Philopon, Jean, active 6th century

Philoponos, Iōannēs

Philóponos I̓ōánnēs 0490?-0566?

Philoponos, Iōannēs, 6th cent.

Philoponos, Iōannēs, active 6th century

Philoponos, Iōannēs, Grammatikos, active 6th century

Philoponos, Jean, le Grammairien

Philoponos, Joannes

Philoponos Joannes 0490?-0566?

Philoponos, Johannes, 6th cent.

Philoponos, Johannes, active 6th century

Philoponus, Iohannes, 6th cent.

Philoponus, Iohannes, active 6th century

Philoponus, Joannes

Philoponus Joannes 0490?-0566?

Philoponus, Joannes, 6th cent.

Philoponus, Joannes, active 6th century

Philoponus, Johannes

Philoponus Johannes 0490?-0566?

Philoponus, John

Philoponus John 0490?-0566?

Philoponus, John, 6th cent.

Pseudo-Johannes, Philiponus

Ἰωάννης, Γραμματικός Ἀλεξανδρεύς, active 6th century

Ἰωάννης ὁ Φιλόπονος 0490?-0566?

Ἰωάννης, Φιλόπονος

Ἰωάννης Φιλόπονος, Γραμματικός, active 6th century

Φιλόπονος, Ιωάννης, 0490?-0566?

Φιλόπονος, Ἰωάννης, Γραμματικός, active 6th century

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