WorldCat Identities

Philoponus, John active 6th century

Works: 658 works in 1,837 publications in 7 languages and 22,633 library holdings
Genres: History  Criticism, interpretation, etc 
Roles: Author, Translator, Annotator, Attributed name, Commentator for written text, Collector, Commentator, Contributor, Other
Classifications: B415, 128
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about John Philoponus
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Most widely held works by John Philoponus
On Aristotle on the intellect (De anima 3.4-8) by John Philoponus( Book )

33 editions published between 1991 and 2014 in English and held by 576 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The 'Posterior Analytics' contains Aristotle's Philosophy of Science. In Book 2, Aristotle asks how the scientist discovers what sort of loss of light constitutes lunar eclipse. The scientist has to discover that the moon's darkening is due to the earth's shadow. Once that defining explanation is known the scientist possesses the full scientific concept of lunar eclipse and can use it to explain other necessary features of the phenomenon. The present commentary, arguably misascribed to Philoponus, offers some interpretations of Aristotle that are unfamiliar nowadays. For example, the scientific concept of a human is acquired from observing particular humans and repeatedly receiving impressions in the sense image or percept and later in the imagination. The impressions received are not only of particular distinctive characteristics, like paleness, but also of universal human characteristics, like rationality. Perception can thus in a sense apprehend universal qualities in the individual as well as particular ones."--Jacket
On Aristotle's "On the soul 2.1-6" by John Philoponus( Book )

38 editions published between 2003 and 2014 in English and held by 554 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this, one of the most original ancient texts on sense perception, Philoponus, the sixth-century AD commentator on Aristotle, considers how far perceptual processes are incorporeal." "Colour affects us in the same way as light which, passing through a stained glass window, affects the air, but colours only the masonry beyond. Sounds and smells are somewhat more physical, travelling most of the way to us with a moving block of air, but not quite all the way. Only the organ of touch takes on the tangible qualities perceived, because reception of sensible qualities in perception is cognitive, not physical. Neither light nor the action of colour involves the travel of bodies. Our capacities for psychological activity do not follow, nor result from, the chemistry of our bodies, but merely supervene on that. On the other hand, Philoponus shows knowledge of the sensory nerves, and he believes that thought and anger both warm us. This is used elsewhere to show how we can tell someone else's state of mind."--BOOK JACKET
Against Aristotle, on the eternity of the world by John Philoponus( Book )

22 editions published between 1987 and 2014 in English and held by 496 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On Aristotle's "On the soul 3.9-13" by John Philoponus( Book )

19 editions published between 1999 and 2014 in English and held by 344 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The first translation into English of this commentary, Philoponus explains Aristotle's account of place to elementary students
On Aristotle's Physics 5-8 by John Philoponus( Book )

10 editions published between 1994 and 2014 in English and held by 341 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This volume makes available for the first time in English key commentaries on Aristotle's Physics by Philoponus and Simplicius, rival Neoplatonists of the sixth century A.D." "Paul Lettinck has restored a lost commentary by Philoponus - which has survived in the Greek only in fragments - by translating it from annotations to an Arabic translation of Physics. The annotations presented here paraphrase Philoponus' commentary on Physics, Books 5-7, and include as well two excerpts from the annotations on Book 8. Among the most interesting features of the text are Philoponus' arguments against infinite time, his comments on the divisibility of changing bodies and of motion, and his treatment of Zeno's paradox of the stadium." "Translated from the Greek by J.O. Urmson, Simplicius' commentary focuses on Aristotle's views on the existence of the void as they emerge in chapters 6-9 of Physics, Book 4. Simplicius addresses some objections to Aristotle by later philosophers, particularly by Philoponus and by the Epicureans and the Stoics. There are three crucial points in Simplicius' argument: his reply to Stoics who had attacked Aristotle's reservations about extracosmic void, his response to Aristotle in defense of the idea of motion through void, and his belief that Aristotle does not sufficiently recognize that the ground for the natural motion of bodies, whether in a void or not, is internal. Peter Lautner has provided an introduction and notes to the translation."--BOOK JACKET
On Aristotle's "Physics 2" by John Philoponus( Book )

16 editions published between 1993 and 2014 in 3 languages and held by 338 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Book 2 of the Physics is arguably the best introduction to Aristotle's work, both because it explains some of his central concepts, such as nature and the four causes, and because it asks some gripping questions that are still debated today: Is chance something real? If so, what? Can nature be explained by chance, necessity and natural selection, or is it purposive? Philoponus' commentary is not only a valuable guide, but also a work of Neoplatonism with its own views on causation, the Providence of Nature, the problem of evil and the immortality of the soul."--Bloomsbury Publishing
On Aristotle's "On the soul 3.1-8" by John Philoponus( Book )

18 editions published between 1999 and 2014 in English and held by 318 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The ancient Greek commentators on Aristotle constitute a large body of Greek philosophical writings, not previously translated into European languages. This volume includes notes and indexes and forms part of a series to fill this gap
On Aristotle's Physics 3 by John Philoponus( Book )

11 editions published between 1994 and 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 278 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Book 3 of Aristotle's Physics elaborates definitions of change and infinity - concepts central to his theory of nature. In a sixth-century commentary on Physics 3, Philoponus makes use of Aristotle's views to argue for a Christian interpretation of infinity. In Physics Book 2, Aristotle defines nature as an internal source of change. By elaborating Aristotle's view of change, Book 3 takes an important step in establishing the claim - to be made in Book 8 - for a divine mover who causes change but in whom no change occurs. Book 3 also introduces Aristotle's doctrine of infinity as always potential, but never actual and never traversed. Here, as elsewhere, Philoponus turns Aristotle's arguments about infinity against the pagan Neoplatonist belief in a universe without a beginning
On Aristotle's "On the soul 1.1-2" by John Philoponus( Book )

15 editions published between 2005 and 2014 in English and held by 246 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This text by Philoponus, the sixth-century commentator on Aristotle, is notable for its very informative Introduction to Psychology, which tells us the views of Philoponus, of his teacher and of later Neoplatonists on our psychological capacities and on mind-body relations. There is an unusual account of how reason can infer a universally valid conclusion from a single instance, and there are inherited views on the roles of intellect and perception in concept formation, and on the human ability to make reasoned decisions, celebrated by Aristotle, but here downgraded. Philoponus attacks Galen's view that psychological capacities follow, or result from, bodily chemistry; they merely supervene on that and can be counteracted. He has benefited from Galen's knowledge of the brain and nerves, but also propounds the Neoplatonist belief in tenuous bodies which after death support our irrational souls temporarily, or our reason eternally."--Publisher's website
Against Proclus's "On the eternity of the world, 1-5" by John Philoponus( Book )

14 editions published between 2003 and 2014 in English and held by 225 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"One of the most interesting of all post-Aristotelian Greek philosophical texts, Against Proclus on the Eternity of the World was written at a crucial moment in the defeat of paganism by Christianity, AD 529, when the Emperor Justinian closed the pagan Neoplatonist school in Athens." "Philoponus in Alexandria was a brilliant Christian philosopher, steeped in Neoplatonism, who turned the pagans' ideas against them. Here he attacks the most devout of the earlier Athenian pagan philosophers, Proclus, defending the distinctively Christian view that the universe had a beginning against Proclus' eighteen arguments to the contrary, which are discussed in eighteen chapters."--Jacket
On Aristotle's "Physics 1.1-3" by John Philoponus( Book )

17 editions published between 2005 and 2014 in English and Spanish and held by 218 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Until the launch of this series over fifteen years ago, the 15,000 volumes of the ancient Greek commentators on Aristotle, written mainly between 200 and 600 ad, constituted the largest corpus of extant Greek philosophical writings not translated into English or other European languages. Over 40 volumes have now appeared in the series, which is planned in some 80 volumes altogether. In this, the first half of Philoponus' analysis of book one of Aristotle's Physics, the principal themes are metaphysical. Aristotle's opening chapter in the Physics is an abstract reflection on methodology for the investigation of nature, 'physics'. Aristotle suggests that one must proceed from things that are familiar but vague, and derive more precise but less obvious principles to constitute genuine knowledge. His controversial claim that this is to progress from the universal to the more particular occasions extensive apologetic exegesis, typical of Philoponus' meticulous and somewhat pedantic method. Philoponus explains away the apparent conflict between the 'didactic method' (unavoidable in physics) and the strict demonstrative method described in the Analytics. After 20 pages on chapter 1, Philoponus devotes the remaining 66 pages to Aristotle's objections to two major Presocratic thinkers, Parmenides and Melissus. Aristotle included these thinkers as an aside, because they were not engaged in physics, but in questioning the very basis of physics. Philoponus investigates Aristotle's claims about the relation between a science and its axioms, explores alternative ways of formalising Aristotle's refutation of Eleatic monism and provides a sustained critique of Aristotle's analysis of the Eleatics' purported mistakes about unity and being."--Bloomsbury Publishing
On Aristotle's "On the soul 1.3-5" by John Philoponus( Book )

18 editions published between 2005 and 2014 in English and held by 215 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This text by Philoponus rejects accounts of soul, or as we would say of mind, which define it as moving, as cognitive, or in physical terms." "Chapter 3 considers Aristotle's attack on the idea that the soul is in motion. This was an attack partly on his teacher, Plato, since Plato defines the soul as self-moving. Philoponus agrees with Aristotle's attack, but, probably following Ammonius, he takes Plato's apparently physicalistic account of the soul in the Timaeus as symbolic, and Aristotle's criticism only to concern literalists." "What we would call the mind-body relation is the subject of Chapter 4. Plato and Aristotle attacked a physicalistic theory of soul, which suggested it was the blend, or chemical combination of ingredients in the body. Philoponus attacks the theory too, but he allows that ratiocination needs to be accompanied by changes in face and brain, even though, against Alexander, he thinks humans can also exercise the matter-free thought of Aristotle's 'active intellect'." "In Chapter 5, Philoponus endorses Aristotle's rejection of the idea that the soul is particles and of Empedocles' idea that the soul must be made of all four elements in order to know what is made of the same elements. He also rejects, with Aristotle, definitions of the soul as moving or cognitive as ignoring lower forms of life. He finally discusses Aristotle's rejection of Plato's localisation of parts of the soul in parts of the body, but asks if new knowledge of the brain and the nerves does not require some kind of localisation."--BOOK JACKET
On Aristotle's "On coming to be and perishing 2.5-11" by John Philoponus( Book )

8 editions published between 2004 and 2014 in English and held by 203 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

It will be of interest to students of ancient philosophy and science (the commentary draws on earlier philosophical and medical texts); of Patristics and Christian theology (it allows comparison of Philoponus' later creationist doctrine with his earlier ideas about generation); of medieval philosophy (there are a number of parallels with Averroes' commentaries on Aristotle's treatise); and to anyone interested in metaphysics of causation, emergence, necessity, and determination."--Jacket
On Aristotle Posterior analytics 1.9-18 by John Philoponus( Book )

6 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 116 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On Aristotle Physics 4.6-9 by John Philoponus( Book )

7 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 99 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On Aristotle Physics 4.10-14 by John Philoponus( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 99 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On Aristotle Meteorology 1.4-9, 12 by John Philoponus( Book )

7 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 54 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Of John Philoponus' commentary on the Meteorology only that on chapters 1-9 and 12 of the first book has been preserved. It is translated in this series in two parts, the first covering chapters 1-4, the second chapters 5-9 and 12
On Aristotle Physics 4.1-5 by John Philoponus( Book )

7 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The first translation into English of this commentary, Philoponus explains Aristotle's account of place to elementary students
Johannis Philoponi Commentariae annotationes in libros priorum resolutivorum Aristotelis by John Philoponus( Book )

9 editions published in 1994 in Latin and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Gloses et commentaire du livre XI du Contra Proclum de Jean Philopon autour de la matière première du monde by Pascal Mueller-Jourdan( Book )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The problem of the Materia Prima is certainly one of the most important challenges of late antique Physics. It is interesting to note that such a difficulty has never been focused on an exhaustive treatise in Antiquity. If the question of the matter resists any investigation, it is because the matter is radically 'aneideos' (without form) even though it is the condition 'sine qua non' of the existence of all forms in the sensible world. The present study proposes the first translation in French of the entire eleventh Book of the Philoponus' Contra Proclum (VIe s.) which precisely discusses the status of the Prime Matter. After having clarified the context of such a question in the Neoplatonic Alexandrian School, it puts forward a detailled step-to-step analysis of the Philoponian argument, the notions used by him and a new general theory which attempts to evaluate the pertinence and the internal coherence of his contribution to this very problematic question."--Publisher's website
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WorldCat IdentitiesRelated Identities
On Aristotle's "On the soul 3.1-8"
Alternative Names

controlled identityPseudo-Johannes Philoponus

Alexandreus, Joannes

Filopón, Juan

Filopono, Giovanni, active 6th century

Filoponos, Iôannês

Filóponos I̓ōánnīs 0490?-0566?

Giovanni : Filopono

Giovanni : Filòpono <grammatico>

Grammaticus, Joannes

Ioannes, Alexandreus, 6e s.

Iōannēs, Alexandreus, active 6th century

Ioannes <grammatico>

Iōannēs, Grammatikos Alexandreus, active 6th century

Ioannes : Philoponos

Iōannēs Philoponos, Grammatikos, active 6th century

Ioannes Philoponus

I̓ōánnīs ho Filóponos 0490?-0566?

Iohannes, Alexandrinus, Grammaticus, active 6th century

Iohannes Philoponus

Iohannes Philoponus, 6e s.

Iohannes Philoponus, active 6th century

Iohannis Caesariensis, active 6th century

Jean d'Alexandrie

Jean le Grammairien

Jean le Grammairien 0490?-0566?

Jean, le grammairien, 6e s.

Jean, le Grammairien, dit Philoponus

Jean Philopon

Jean Philopon, 6e s.

Jean Philopon, active 6th century

Jean, Philoponos

Jean Philoponos 0490?-0566?

Joannes Alexandreus

Joannes Alexandrinus

Joannes Alexandrinus 0490?-0566?

Joannes Alexandrinus Philoponus

Joannes grammaticus

Joannes grammaticus 0490?-0566?

Joannes Grammaticus, 6e s.

Joannes Philoponus

Joannes Philoponus 0490?-0566?

Joannes Philoponus, 6e s.

Joannes Philoponus, active 6th century

Johannes : Alexandrinus <grammatico>

Johannes, Alexandrinus, Grammaticus

Johannes, Alexandrinus, Philoponus

Johannes, Grammaticus

Johannes grammaticus 0490?-0566?

Johannes Grammaticus, 6e s.

Johannes Grammaticus Philoponus

Johannes Philoponos 0490?-0566?

Johannes Philoponos, 6e s.

Johannes Philoponos, active 6th century

Johannes Philoponus

Johannes Philoponus 0490?-0566?

John, of Alexandria, the Grammarian, active 6th century

John Philoponus, active 6th century

Juan de Alejandría

Juan Filopón

Philopon , Jean

Philopon, Jean, 6e s.

Philopon, Jean, active 6th century


Philoponos, Iōannēs

Philóponos I̓ōánnēs 0490?-0566?

Philoponos, Ioannes, 6e s.

Philoponos, Iōannēs, active 6th century

Philoponos, Iōannēs, Grammatikos, active 6th century

Philoponos, Jean, le Grammairien

Philoponos, Joannes

Philoponos Joannes 0490?-0566?

Philoponos, Johannes, 6e s.

Philoponos, Johannes, active 6th century


Philoponus, Ioannes

Philoponus, Iohannes, active 6th century

Philoponus, Joannes

Philoponus Joannes 0490?-0566?

Philoponus, Joannes, 6e s.

Philoponus, Joannes, active 6th century

Philoponus , Johannes

Philoponus Johannes 0490?-0566?

Philoponus , John

Philoponus John 0490?-0566?

Philoponus, John 6th cent

Pseudo-Ioannes : Philoponus

Pseudo-Johannes, Philiponus


Ἰωάννης, Γραμματικός Ἀλεξανδρεύς, active 6th century

Ἰωάννης ὁ Φιλόπονος 0490?-0566?

Ἰωάννης, Φιλόπονος

Ἰωάννης Φιλόπονος, Γραμματικός, active 6th century

Φιλόπονος, Ιωάννης, 0490?-0566?

Φιλόπονος, Ἰωάννης, Γραμματικός, active 6th century

English (304)

German (21)

Latin (10)

Dutch (3)

French (2)

Spanish (2)

Italian (1)

On Aristotle's "On the soul 2.1-6"On Aristotle's "On the soul 3.9-13"On Aristotle's "On the soul 3.1-8"On Aristotle's Physics 3On Aristotle's "On the soul 1.1-2"Against Proclus's "On the eternity of the world, 1-5"On Aristotle's "Physics 1.1-3"On Aristotle's "On the soul 1.3-5"