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Rand Strategy Assessment Center

Works: 46 works in 89 publications in 1 language and 2,889 library holdings
Genres: History  Rules 
Classifications: AS36, 355.48
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Rand Strategy Assessment Center
Contingency plans for war in Western Europe, 1920-1940 by Mark Jacobsen( Book )

3 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 123 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In an attempt to determine the effects of war planning on the behavior of countries in crises and wars, this report analyzes the national-level planning that preceded and shaped the German invasion of the Low Countries and northern France in 1940. As a study of war planning in the 1930s by France, Britain, Belgium, and Germany, it sheds considerable light on the way in which political, financial, and manpower constraints guide the military planning process: Threat assessment played a comparatively minor part in planning. Instead, available resources were the single most important determinant of plans. The situation of a totalitarian nation bent on changing the European status quo opposed by a coalition of democracies offers obvious analogies with present-day NATO. The authors discuss the similarities and differences in the historical and current situations, and draw three types of parallels: conceptual parallels, planning process comparisons, and direct similarities
U.S. strategic alternatives in a changing Pacific by Jonathan D Pollack( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 113 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report summarizes a review of U.S. strategic planning issues in the Pacific basin. The authors use an approach that emphasizes (1) preemptively defusing potential shocks that could upset what would otherwise be positive trends; (2) maintaining regional stability, thereby making it unnecessary for Japan, China, Korea, or any other state to appreciably expand its military capabilities and to set off a destabilizing regional arms competition; (3) increasing the efficiency with which the United States pursues presence and power projection roles; (4) encouraging regional aspirations by reducing direct U.S. oversight of regional security and reducing troublesome forms of presence; and (5) improving the coordination of the political, economic, and military dimensions of national security policy. The authors conclude that the United States will continue to play a critical regional security role in the future, albeit a changing one--instead of containment, the United States will focus more on maintaining its presence and stability in the region
Planning for long-term security in Central Europe : implications of the new strategic environment by Paul K Davis( Book )

3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 111 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The recent changes in Europe have transformed the strategic landscape and altered what can be accomplished with respect to security. This report proposes a framework of new NATO objectives and a strategy for accomplishing them. The approach recognizes the desirability of achieving long-term stability--a state characterized by robust security, predictability, the absence of crises and dangerous international tensions, a "reasonable" defense burden that is either constant or shrinking, and public satisfaction with the situation. To achieve this objective, the authors recommend thinking in terms of five subordinate objectives: (1) deter, without provocation, a Soviet invasion of Western Europe; (2) deter, without provocation, Soviet reentry into Eastern Europe; (3) maintain strategic equivalence; (4) deter rearmament; and (5) reduce sources of conflict and tension
Improving the NATO force planning process : lessons from past efforts by James C Wendt( Book )

3 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 109 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Since the early 1970s, various initiatives have been made to improve the NATO defense planning process. This report examines some of these efforts. The purpose is to identify some broad guidelines for introducing and managing future initiatives. The report identifies the most important lessons learned from past initiatives and applies them to current defense improvement programs."--Rand abstracts
A new methodology for modeling national command level decisionmaking in war games and simulations by Paul K Davis( Book )

3 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 107 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes and illustrates a methodology for modeling National Command Level (NCL) decisionmaking in large-scale crisis and conflict involving both superpowers {u2014} a methodology that progresses from abstract concepts about superpower objectives and strategy through the step-by-step procedures for building an operational computer program. Its two key components are defining an "image" of Soviet or U.S. decisionmaking, and moving from that imprecise image to a precise and coherent computer program. The report's sections outline the modeling approach; review the most important concepts underlying the approach; describe the systematic definition of alternative coherent images of the Soviet or U.S. NCL; describe building an operational computer program that is both transparent and able to explain its own decisions; and discuss initial experiences using prototype versions of the computer models
Toward a conceptual framework for operational arms control in Europe's central region by Paul K Davis( Book )

3 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 103 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study sketches a military framework for conceiving and evaluating measures for operational arms control in Europe's central region--i.e., arms control affecting the operations and readiness of forces. Such measures are complementary to structural arms control, which affects size and composition. In the past, operational arms control has been largely associated with confidence-building measures that have limited, although worthy, ambitions. This study argues, however, that operational arms control has the potential to substantially improve NATO's military security. Although operational arms control has considerable potential by itself, this study concludes that it should no longer be treated as a separate subject, but should be integrated with structural measures
Adapting the RAND Strategy Assessment System to force assessment studies in the Joint Staff by Robert D Howe( Book )

2 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 102 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report documents the results of an effort undertaken for the Capabilities Assessment Division (CAD) of the Joint Staff. The project had two purposes: (1) to demonstrate that the operations and output of the RAND Strategy Assessment System (RSAS) could be calibrated to that of other models and games currently employed by CAD, and (2) to allow CAD to evaluate the utility of the RSAS for their purposes. This report outlines what was done in this effort, how it was done, and the degree to which the results were acceptable to CAD. RSAS proved valuable for many of CAD's assessments. In particular, the combination of analytic war plans and analyst plans used in this work proved quite flexible and robust in controlling and modifying scenario details during the course of the assessments. The most pronounced shortcoming of the RSAS from CAD's perspective is the underdeveloped state of the naval models. The work reported here also resulted in several improvements being made to the baseline RSAS system, including changes to graphics software, force data, and air warfare modeling
Concepts and models of escalation : a report from the Rand Strategy Assessment Center by Paul K Davis( Book )

3 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 101 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study describes a conceptual decision model for treating escalation processes in the automated war gaming of the RAND Strategy Assessment Center. It also summarizes much of what is known about Soviet views on escalation, and briefly reviews U.S. and Western European views. The study's purpose is to provide a logical structure for writing decision rules, a structure that would assure some level of coherence and completeness while encouraging rule writers to consider specific issues and to keep in mind asymmetries in the U.S., Western European, and Soviet thinking. Section II reviews the classic Western concept of escalation ladders, notes its weaknesses for two-sided war games intended to reflect Soviet-Western asymmetries, and then develops a more appropriate framework. Sections III and IV compare Western and Soviet concepts of escalation. Section V draws upon the issues of preceding sections to sketch out a conceptual escalation model. It then provides a simplified example of how the model might work in a particular scenario. Finally, Sec. VI describes a methodology for actually writing decision rules coherently
Naval arms control : the backdrop of history by James L Lacy( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 93 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The West's reluctance to place general purpose naval forces on the arms control table is based on many considerations-some of them strategic, but one of them historical. In a commonly held view, the United States and Britain fared badly in the naval agreements of the 1920s and 1930s. The Axis powers built up their navies in the 1930s, the democracies languished behind, and Germany and Japan were harder to defeat at sea during World War II precisely because of this unhappy record. It is not only memories of the interwar period's naval agreements that trouble many in the West today. The entire subject seems to leave a bad after taste. This note retraces the larger steps along a path nearly two hundred years long, with emphasis on the twentieth century. Although the subject is naval arms control, the discussion is also about navies, naval power, and the strategy and politics that have woven together aspirations to unfetter sea power on the one hand, and inclinations to constrain that power on the other
Between worlds : Europe and the seas in arms control by James L Lacy( Book )

3 editions published between 1990 and 1991 in English and held by 91 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This Note discusses Soviet efforts to link naval limitations to ongoing negotiations on conventional forces in Europe. It examines the history of these efforts and explores alternatives for approaching naval issues in future arms control talks
Analytic war plans : adaptive force-employment logic in the RAND Strategy Assessment System (RSAS) by William Schwabe( Book )

3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 89 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The RAND Strategy Assessment System (RSAS) simulates future USSR vs. U.S. armed conflict scenarios by playing Red and Blue Agent programs against each other. These Agents are each headed by a National Command Level, which gives guidance to subordinate Military Command Levels. The programs the latter execute are called Analytic War Plans (AWPs), which use conditional logic to adapt the force orders they issue. AWPs are written in the RAND-ABEL language. They have a hierarchy of functions. A phase is composed of several moves and usually lasts for more than a day. Procedures contain force order tables that issue orders to the various force models. Authorization for plans to take many important actions must be specifically granted through the Authorization variable. This Note describes the structure of AWPs and Control Plans in detail, and provides annotated examples of a Control Plan and two AWPs
Roles and phases in superpower deterrence and escalation control by William Schwabe( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This Note presents an analysis of possible actions, such as force movements and communications, the United States might take to deter the Soviet Union or other powers during a variety of crisis situations. The analysis examines contingencies and options by using a framework that identifies possible superpower roles and distinguishes among different stylized phases of crisis and conflict. This framework posits and develops three alternative superpower roles: (1) the 'True Believer'--an actor in a historic, ideological struggle between Soviet Marxism-Leninism and Western capitalistic liberal democracy; (2) the 'Competitor'--a pursuer of national interests in the framework of competing blocs and alliances organized around the great powers and subject to nuclear-era constraints; and (3) the 'Stabilizer'--seeking to maintain relative order and to contain risks. The analysis posits four phases in conflict scenarios: opening, posturing, engagement, and concluding. The analysis includes a consideration of the impact of Soviet deterrence actions on the United States and the impact of both U.S. and Soviet deterrence actions on other parties
The RAND-ABEL programming language : history, rationale, and design by Norman Zalmon Shapiro( Book )

2 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 87 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes the motivations behind the development of the RAND-ABEL programming language and some of its novel features. RAND-ABEL was designed to meet the needs of the RAND Strategy Assessment Center, which is building a large system for automated war gaming in which separate rule-based models represent the behavior of the United States, the USSR, and a third country. To satisfy the requirements for speed and transparency, the language was designed to be: (1) rapidly compilable and executable; (2) self-documenting; (3) understandable by nonprogrammer domain experts after modest instruction; (4) reasonably easy to learn and use, especially for modifying or incrementally extending existing code; (5) portable across different computers; and (6) well suited to development of large and complex rule-based simulations. Certain of its features are unique: the ability to express directly in RAND-ABEL source code such natural structures as decision tables (isomorphic with decision trees) and order tables, which lay out orders to be executed sequentially, and its novel declaration-by-example feature, which is useful for rule-based programs with enumerated variables and many distinct data types. RAND-ABEL has built-in support for a data dictionary for communication between separate modules
A rule-based policy-level model of nonsuperpower behavior in strategic conflicts by William Schwabe( Book )

3 editions published between 1982 and 1983 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this report is to describe the second generation of Scenario Agent, a rule-based, policy-level computer model of nonsuperpower behavior in strategic conflicts. Scenario Agent is a model within the RAND Strategy Assessment Center war gaming system. The report reviews the work completed on the model, the rationale behind the model's rules, and the need for refinement of the rules. 130 pp. Bibliog
Within and beyond naval confidence-building : the legacy and the options by James L Lacy( Book )

2 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As part of a study entitled Framework Concepts and Analysis for Conventional arms Control for the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, RAND has been examining questions and options relating to the possible future inclusion of general-purpose naval forces in East-West negotiations. The study has been conducted within the RAND Strategy Assessment Center, which is part of RAND's National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center supported by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. This Note focuses on naval confidence-building in the East-West context. It examines present approaches and future options within and beyond confidence-building measures in the naval sphere. The aim is to be clearer about the kinds of choices the Soviet Union and the United States will face in the coming years
RSAS 4.6 summary by Bruce W Bennett( Book )

1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The RAND Strategy Assessment System (RSAS) is a global war gaming and analysis system that focuses on conflict, from major regional contingencies through strategic warfare. It has been developed to support balance assessment, contingency analysis, and military training. It is global because it includes order-of-battle data for most major countries worldwide. This Note summarizes the development status of RSAS 4.6, as released, describing each of its components and how they have been changed since RSAS 4.0. It describes known limitations of the RSAS and enhancements the authors feel ought to be made, as a reference point for RSAS applications and future development. Finally, it provides some basic information on how to use the RSAS, how it is designed to be used, and descriptions of RSAS inputs and outputs
Strategic planning for national security : lessons from business experience by Paul J Bracken( Book )

5 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

United States defense planning is at a crossroads, and it is therefore useful to review not only discrete issues, but even basic concepts of strategic planning. This Note reviews concepts used in the business world to build insights about how to view current and prospective problems, opportunities, and choices. The author draws upon the business literature for both ideas and metaphors. He observes that U.S. national security planning could profit greatly from an approach that distinguishes among "core, environmental, and hedging strategies," and that considers security analogs to such business concepts as defining the business, dealing with new competitors, controlling the intensity of competition, entry and exit barriers, and the need to redeploy assets and restructure the organization. He then relates these concepts to specific problems of national security interest
Protracted conflict in Central Europe : a conceptual analysis by John K Setear( Book )

3 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This Note explores protracted war in Europe, defined as war lasting longer than 30 days; examines some possible pathways to such a war; hypothesizes the general phases that might constitute a protracted war; and discusses the political and military problems that national leaderships and military commanders might face in such a conflict. Keywords: Central Europe; Warfare; Conventional warfare; Scenarios; Periodicals; Reports; Threats; Military publications; Threat evaluation. (EG)
Situational force scoring : accounting for combined arms effects in aggregate combat models by Patrick D Allen( Book )

3 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the real world of combat, different types of assets (e.g., infantry, armor, or artillery) perform better or worse in different types of terrain or engagements, and each asset type is more or less effective depending upon the mix of weapons in both sides' forces. The situational force scoring (SFS) methodology has been developed to better account for situation-dependent combined arms effects in aggregate combat. This Note describes the SFS methodology and its current and planned applications in the RAND Strategy Assessment System. It presents an overview of the four-stage process of the SFS methodology: varying asset strength as a function of the combat situation, varying the force strength as a function of asset mix, performing combat assessment, and calculating casualty distribution. It also discusses some optional calculations that can be performed, including conserving scarce assets at the cost of reduced combat effectiveness, accounting for extreme differences between lethality and vulnerability, and accounting for different generations of armor and anti-armor assets
An analyst's primer for the RAND/ABEL programming language by Paul K Davis( Book )

3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 75 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This Note is a primer for analysts wishing to use the RAND/ABEL programming language, a fast, high-level, strongly typed procedural language developed for use in building large and complex knowledge-based simulations in a C/UNIX environment. The primer supplements the comprehensive reference manual by providing a simple introduction and problem sets. The targeted reader is an analyst with subject-area knowledge, modeling capability, and a general understanding of computer programming, but only modest programming skills. After reading this primer and working through the exercises provided, such a person should be able to read and modify substantive logic within RAND/ABEL programs, although sometimes going to the reference manual and depending on more proficient programmers for complex operations or subtle debugging
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Alternative Names
National Defense Research Institute (U.S.). Rand Strategy Assessment Center


R.S.A.C. (Rand Strategy Assessment Center)

Rand Corporation Rand Strategy Assessment Center

Rand Corporation. Strategy Assessment Center


RSAC (Rand Strategy Assessment Center)

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