WorldCat Identities

Cowan, Ruth Schwartz 1941-

Overview
Works: 44 works in 137 publications in 3 languages and 5,686 library holdings
Genres: History  Interviews  Oral histories  Biography  Academic theses 
Roles: Author, Creator
Classifications: TX23, 640.973
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Ruth Schwartz Cowan
Heredity and hope : the case for genetic screening by Ruth Schwartz Cowan( )

14 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 2,155 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

he secrets locked in our genes are being revealed, and we find ourselves both enthused and frightened about what that portends. We look forward to curing disease and alleviating suffering--for our children as well as for ourselves--but we also worry about delving too deeply into the double helix. Abuses perpetrated by eugenicists--from involuntary sterilization to murder--continue to taint our feelings about genetic screening. Yet, as Ruth Schwartz Cowan reveals, modern genetic screening has been practiced since 1960, benefiting millions of women and children all over the world. She persuasively argues that new forms of screening--prenatal, newborn, and carrier testing--are both morally right and politically acceptable. Medical genetics, built on the desire of parents and physicians to reduce suffering and increase personal freedom, not on the desire to "improve the human race," is in fact an entirely different enterprise from eugenics. Cowan's narrative moves from an account of the interwoven histories of genetics and eugenics in the first half of the twentieth century, to the development of new forms of genetic screening after mid-century. It includes illuminating chapters on the often misunderstood testing programs for sickle cell anemia, and on the world's only mandated premarital screening programs, both of them on the island of Cyprus. Neither minimizing the difficulty of the choices that modern genetics has created for us nor fearing them, Cowan bravely and compassionately argues that we can improve the quality of our own lives and the lives of our children by using the modern science and technology of genetic screening responsibly
More work for mother : the ironies of household technology from the open hearth to the microwave by Ruth Schwartz Cowan( Book )

31 editions published between 1983 and 2008 in English and held by 1,612 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Shows how new, supposedly time-saving inventions have both increased the workload and improved the standard of living
A social history of American technology by Ruth Schwartz Cowan( Book )

19 editions published between 1997 and 2018 in English and Korean and held by 989 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The text explains how various technologies have affected the ways in which Americans work, govern, cook, transport, communicate, maintain their health, and reproduce
Our parents' lives : the Americanization of Eastern European Jews by Neil M Cowan( Book )

9 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 561 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An account, based on interviews, of the experiences of East European Jewish immigrants and of their children (born between 1895-1915), emphasizing the traumas of antisemitism in Eastern Europe and of the demands of assimilation in the USA. Ch. 1 (pp. 3-38), "Dangerous Just to Be: Life in the Old Country, " discusses relations with Gentile neighbors and servants and the dangers of pogroms and attacks by antisemitic ruffians. Also mentions attacks on Jewish children in immigrant quarters in the U.S. and antisemitism in the school system
Our parents' lives : Jewish assimilation and everyday life by Neil M Cowan( Book )

5 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 166 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sir Francis Galton and the study of heredity in the nineteenth century by Ruth Schwartz Cowan( Book )

7 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 115 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sir Francis Galton and the study of heredity in the nineteenth century by Ruth Schwartz Cowan( Book )

9 editions published between 1969 and 1974 in English and held by 27 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Biomedical and behavioral technology by Ruth Schwartz Cowan( Book )

3 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A Directory of women in the history of science and technology( Book )

2 editions published in 1982 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Okasan wa isogashikunaru bakari : Kaji rodo to tekunoroji no shakaishi( Book )

1 edition published in 2010 in Japanese and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Gender and reproductive technologies by Charis Cussins( Recording )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Rothschild explores the issue of embryonic development from a feminist perspective. Langford discusses invitro fertilization in an effort to examine the relationship between reproductive technologies and gender identity. Cussins presents her empirical field research on infertility done in a California hospital. Cowan reviews the history of amniocentesis from radical, liberal, and socialist feminist perspectives. Weidman joins the panelists for commentary and discussion
Kwahak kisul kwa kasa nodong : il i tŏ manajin chubu by Ruth Schwartz Cowan( Book )

1 edition published in 1997 in Korean and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Careful and complete observation of the patient" : nurses and the sociotechnical system of medical research, 1930-1962 by Amanda L Mahoney( Book )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study addresses the history of nurses working in medical research between 1930 and 1962, a time of tremendous growth in the use of experimentation to further clinical knowledge. Nurses were part of an intricate network of people, machines, knowledge and space--a socio-technical system--that made the clinical discoveries of the mid-20th century possible. Nurses were heavily involved in the day to day practices of medical research, thus this dissertation employs a microhistory approach, focusing on individual research projects conducted at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Archival sources related to clinical trials and nursing at HUP were examined as well as the historical records of funding agencies. Nurses performed important, skilled tasks including data collection and complex patient care. The requirements of research studies as well as the new technologies associated with clinical trials required nurses to develop methods and systems to accommodate an increased work load, collect data, and implement new treatments and techniques. This knowledge work was performed in the busy, understaffed world of the mid-20th century hospital. Nurses provided close observation and careful control of the patient, making metabolic research in particular feasible within hospitals. Nurses maintained the cooperation of research patients, a critical aspect to studies involving special diets. Within the hospital, nurses created a "zone of control" around the bedside of research patients, implementing research protocols, closely observing patients and gaining their compliance or cooperation. Using the work of bedside nurses as a historical lens reveals much about the world of medical research and the many factors that contributed to the growth and acceptance of experimentation as a normal part of clinical medicine. Marginalized actors have the agency and power to influence the success or failure of medical research even if they are denied official power. Nursing may hold the solutions to many of the challenges researchers face today
Orbital decay: space junk and the environmental history of earth's planetary borderlands by Lisa Ruth Rand( Book )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What is space junk, and who defines pollution in an environment seemingly devoid of nature as we know it? Beginning with the launch of Sputnik in 1957, spacefaring nations transformed the region between the upper atmosphere and the moon from a wilderness into a landscape. Like any terrestrial industry, the construction of a satellite infrasctructure in orbit also yielded a system of byproducts—human-made waste colloquially known as “space junk.” Although remote and largely invisible to the majority of space technology users, the orbital environment nonetheless played a critical role in Cold War geopolitics. Contrary to current space policy literature that portrays space junk and awareness of space junk as recent phenomena, communities around the world were both aware and concerned about space junk from the very first moments of the Space Age. By tracing convergent changes in the orbital landscape and in the political landscape below during the Cold War, concurrent with the rise of mainstream environmentalism, this dissertation reveals the roots of an international understanding of the borderlands between Earth and outer space as a natural environment at risk. Focusing on highly mobile, unruly space junk artifacts illuminates the many ways that humankind mutually shaped and was shaped by the global ecosystem surrounding our planet during the Cold War. Situated at the intersection of the histories of science, technology, and the environment, this dissertation illustrates how space junk in orbit and falling to Earth brought geographically and politically disparate states into dangerous proximity during the Cold War. An international consciousness of outer space as a fragile environment emerged early in the Space Age, and influenced the negotiation of new modes of international scientific and environmental governance in near-Earth space
Okāsan wa isogashiku naru bakari : kaji rōdō to tekunorojī no shakaishi = More work for mother by Ruth Schwartz Cowan( Book )

1 edition published in 2010 in Japanese and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

English men of science: their nature and nurture by Francis Galton( Book )

2 editions published in 1970 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The revolution will be videotaped : making a technology of consciousness in the long 1960s by Peter Sachs Collopy( Book )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In the late 1960s, video recorders became portable, leaving the television studio for the art gallery, the psychiatric hospital, and the streets. The technology of recording moving images on magnetic tape, previously of use only to broadcasters, became a tool for artistic expression, psychological experimentation, and political revolution. Video became portable not only materially but also culturally; it could be carried by an individual, but it could also be carried into institutions from the RAND Corporation to the Black Panther Party, from psychiatrists' offices to art galleries, and from prisons to state-funded media access centers. Between 1967 and 1973, American videographers across many of these institutional contexts participated in a common discourse, sharing not only practical knowledge about the uses and maintenance of video equipment, but visions of its social significance, psychological effects, and utopian future. For many, video was a technology which would bring about a new kind of awareness, the communal consiousness that--influenced by the evolutionary philosophy of Henri Bergson--Pierre Teilhard de Chardin referred to as the noosphere and Marshall McLuhan as the global village. Experimental videographers across several fields were also influenced by the psychedelic research of the 1950s and early 1960s, by the development of cybernetics as a science of both social systems and interactions between humans and machines, by anthropology and humanistic psychology, and by revolutionary political movements in the United States and around the world
A case study of technology and social change: the washing machine and the working wife by Ruth Schwartz Cowan( Book )

1 edition published in 1973 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Francis Galton's statistical ideas; the influence of eugenics by Ruth Schwartz Cowan( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

English men of science : their nature and nurture by Francis Galton( Book )

1 edition published in 1970 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

 
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More work for mother : the ironies of household technology from the open hearth to the microwave
Covers
More work for mother : the ironies of household technology from the open hearth to the microwaveA social history of American technologyOur parents' lives : Jewish assimilation and everyday life
Alternative Names
Cowan, Ruth Schwartz

Ruth Schwartz Cowan historiadora estadounidense

Schwartz Cowan Ruth

Schwartz Cowan, Ruth 1941-

コーワン, ルース・シュウォーツ

Languages
English (108)

Korean (3)

Japanese (2)