WorldCat Identities

Philoponus, John active 6th century

Works: 652 works in 1,874 publications in 7 languages and 23,018 library holdings
Genres: History  Criticism, interpretation, etc 
Roles: Author, Translator, Annotator, Dubious author, Attributed name, Commentator for written text, Collector, Other, Contributor
Classifications: B415, 128
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about John Philoponus
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Most widely held works by John Philoponus
Against Proclus's "On the eternity of the world, 6-8" by John Philoponus( Book )

34 editions published between 2003 and 2014 in English and held by 563 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In one of the most original books of late antiquity, Philoponus argues for the Christian view that matter can be created by God out of nothing. It needs no prior matter for its creation. At the same time, Philoponus transforms Aristotle's conception of prime matter as an incorporeal 'something - I know not what' that serves as the ultimate subject for receiving extension and qualities. On the contrary, says Philoponus, the ultimate subject is extension. It is three-dimensional extension with its exact dimensions and any qualities unspecified. Moreover, such extension is the defining characteristic of body. Hence, so far from being incorporeal, it is body, and as well as being prime matter, it is form - the form that constitutes body. This uses, but entirely disrupts, Aristotle's conceptual apparatus. Finally, in Aristotle's scheme of categories, this extension is not to be classified under the second category of quantity, but under the first category of substance as a substantial quantity."--Jacket
On Aristotle on the intellect (De anima 3.4-8) by John Philoponus( Book )

32 editions published between 1991 and 2014 in English and held by 555 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The 'Posterior Analytics' contains Aristotle's Philosophy of Science. In Book 2, Aristotle asks how the scientist discovers what sort of loss of light constitutes lunar eclipse. The scientist has to discover that the moon's darkening is due to the earth's shadow. Once that defining explanation is known the scientist possesses the full scientific concept of lunar eclipse and can use it to explain other necessary features of the phenomenon. The present commentary, arguably misascribed to Philoponus, offers some interpretations of Aristotle that are unfamiliar nowadays. For example, the scientific concept of a human is acquired from observing particular humans and repeatedly receiving impressions in the sense image or percept and later in the imagination. The impressions received are not only of particular distinctive characteristics, like paleness, but also of universal human characteristics, like rationality. Perception can thus in a sense apprehend universal qualities in the individual as well as particular ones."--Jacket
On Aristotle's "On the soul 2.1-6" by John Philoponus( Book )

38 editions published between 2003 and 2014 in English and held by 534 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this, one of the most original ancient texts on sense perception, Philoponus, the sixth-century AD commentator on Aristotle, considers how far perceptual processes are incorporeal." "Colour affects us in the same way as light which, passing through a stained glass window, affects the air, but colours only the masonry beyond. Sounds and smells are somewhat more physical, travelling most of the way to us with a moving block of air, but not quite all the way. Only the organ of touch takes on the tangible qualities perceived, because reception of sensible qualities in perception is cognitive, not physical. Neither light nor the action of colour involves the travel of bodies. Our capacities for psychological activity do not follow, nor result from, the chemistry of our bodies, but merely supervene on that. On the other hand, Philoponus shows knowledge of the sensory nerves, and he believes that thought and anger both warm us. This is used elsewhere to show how we can tell someone else's state of mind."--BOOK JACKET
On Aristotle's Physics 5-8 by John Philoponus( Book )

14 editions published between 1994 and 2014 in English and held by 351 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This volume makes available for the first time in English key commentaries on Aristotle's Physics by Philoponus and Simplicius, rival Neoplatonists of the sixth century A.D." "Paul Lettinck has restored a lost commentary by Philoponus - which has survived in the Greek only in fragments - by translating it from annotations to an Arabic translation of Physics. The annotations presented here paraphrase Philoponus' commentary on Physics, Books 5-7, and include as well two excerpts from the annotations on Book 8. Among the most interesting features of the text are Philoponus' arguments against infinite time, his comments on the divisibility of changing bodies and of motion, and his treatment of Zeno's paradox of the stadium." "Translated from the Greek by J.O. Urmson, Simplicius' commentary focuses on Aristotle's views on the existence of the void as they emerge in chapters 6-9 of Physics, Book 4. Simplicius addresses some objections to Aristotle by later philosophers, particularly by Philoponus and by the Epicureans and the Stoics. There are three crucial points in Simplicius' argument: his reply to Stoics who had attacked Aristotle's reservations about extracosmic void, his response to Aristotle in defense of the idea of motion through void, and his belief that Aristotle does not sufficiently recognize that the ground for the natural motion of bodies, whether in a void or not, is internal. Peter Lautner has provided an introduction and notes to the translation."--BOOK JACKET
On Aristotle's "Physics 2" by John Philoponus( Book )

17 editions published between 1993 and 2014 in 3 languages and held by 341 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Book 2 of the Physics is arguably the best introduction to Aristotle's work, both because it explains some of his central concepts, such as nature and the four causes, and because it asks some gripping questions that are still debated today: Is chance something real? If so, what? Can nature be explained by chance, necessity and natural selection, or is it purposive? Philoponus' commentary is not only a valuable guide, but also a work of Neoplatonism with its own views on causation, the Providence of Nature, the problem of evil and the immortality of the soul."--Bloomsbury Publishing
On Aristotle's "On the soul 3.1-8" by John Philoponus( Book )

19 editions published between 1999 and 2014 in English and held by 319 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The ancient Greek commentators on Aristotle constitute a large body of Greek philosophical writings, not previously translated into European languages. This volume includes notes and indexes and forms part of a series to fill this gap
On Aristotle's Physics 3 by John Philoponus( Book )

13 editions published between 1994 and 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 284 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Book 3 of Aristotle's Physics elaborates definitions of change and infinity - concepts central to his theory of nature. In a sixth-century commentary on Physics 3, Philoponus makes use of Aristotle's views to argue for a Christian interpretation of infinity. In Physics Book 2, Aristotle defines nature as an internal source of change. By elaborating Aristotle's view of change, Book 3 takes an important step in establishing the claim - to be made in Book 8 - for a divine mover who causes change but in whom no change occurs. Book 3 also introduces Aristotle's doctrine of infinity as always potential, but never actual and never traversed. Here, as elsewhere, Philoponus turns Aristotle's arguments about infinity against the pagan Neoplatonist belief in a universe without a beginning
On Aristotle's "On the soul 1.1-2" by John Philoponus( Book )

16 editions published between 2005 and 2014 in English and held by 245 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This text by Philoponus, the sixth-century commentator on Aristotle, is notable for its very informative Introduction to Psychology, which tells us the views of Philoponus, of his teacher and of later Neoplatonists on our psychological capacities and on mind-body relations. There is an unusual account of how reason can infer a universally valid conclusion from a single instance, and there are inherited views on the roles of intellect and perception in concept formation, and on the human ability to make reasoned decisions, celebrated by Aristotle, but here downgraded. Philoponus attacks Galen's view that psychological capacities follow, or result from, bodily chemistry; they merely supervene on that and can be counteracted. He has benefited from Galen's knowledge of the brain and nerves, but also propounds the Neoplatonist belief in tenuous bodies which after death support our irrational souls temporarily, or our reason eternally."--Publisher's website
On Aristotle's "Physics 1.1-3" by John Philoponus( Book )

18 editions published between 2005 and 2014 in English and Spanish and held by 217 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Until the launch of this series over fifteen years ago, the 15,000 volumes of the ancient Greek commentators on Aristotle, written mainly between 200 and 600 ad, constituted the largest corpus of extant Greek philosophical writings not translated into English or other European languages. Over 40 volumes have now appeared in the series, which is planned in some 80 volumes altogether. In this, the first half of Philoponus' analysis of book one of Aristotle's Physics, the principal themes are metaphysical. Aristotle's opening chapter in the Physics is an abstract reflection on methodology for the investigation of nature, 'physics'. Aristotle suggests that one must proceed from things that are familiar but vague, and derive more precise but less obvious principles to constitute genuine knowledge. His controversial claim that this is to progress from the universal to the more particular occasions extensive apologetic exegesis, typical of Philoponus' meticulous and somewhat pedantic method. Philoponus explains away the apparent conflict between the 'didactic method' (unavoidable in physics) and the strict demonstrative method described in the Analytics. After 20 pages on chapter 1, Philoponus devotes the remaining 66 pages to Aristotle's objections to two major Presocratic thinkers, Parmenides and Melissus. Aristotle included these thinkers as an aside, because they were not engaged in physics, but in questioning the very basis of physics. Philoponus investigates Aristotle's claims about the relation between a science and its axioms, explores alternative ways of formalising Aristotle's refutation of Eleatic monism and provides a sustained critique of Aristotle's analysis of the Eleatics' purported mistakes about unity and being."--Bloomsbury Publishing
On Aristotle's "On the soul 1.3-5" by John Philoponus( Book )

19 editions published between 2005 and 2014 in English and held by 215 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This text by Philoponus rejects accounts of soul or, as we would say, of mind, that define it as being in motion or in cognitive or physical terms. Chapter 3 considers Aristotle's attack on the idea that the soul is in motion. This was an attack partly on his teacher, Plato, since Plato defines the soul as self-moving. Philoponus agrees with Aristotle's attack, but, probably following Ammonius, he takes Plato's apparently physicalist account of the soul in the Timeus as symbolic; Aristotle's criticism only concerns literalists. What we would call the mind-body relation is the subject of Chapter 4
On Aristotle's "On coming to be and perishing 2.5-11" by John Philoponus( Book )

11 editions published between 2004 and 2014 in English and held by 209 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

It will be of interest to students of ancient philosophy and science (the commentary draws on earlier philosophical and medical texts); of Patristics and Christian theology (it allows comparison of Philoponus' later creationist doctrine with his earlier ideas about generation); of medieval philosophy (there are a number of parallels with Averroes' commentaries on Aristotle's treatise); and to anyone interested in metaphysics of causation, emergence, necessity, and determination."--Jacket
On Aristotle Posterior analytics 1.1-8 by John Philoponus( Book )

22 editions published between 2007 and 2014 in English and held by 187 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Aristotle's Posterior Analytics elaborates for the first time in the history of Western philosophy the notions of science and the requirements for the distinctive kind of knowledge scientists posses. His model is mathematics and his treatment of science amounts to a philosophical discussion, from the perspective or Aristotelian syllogistic, of mathematical proofs and the principles they are based on. Chapters 1-8 expound the foundations of Aristotle's theory, pointing out the similarities and differences between scientific knowledge and other types of knowledge, establishing the need for basic principles, and identifying the types of principles and the source of necessity associated with scientific facts." "Philoponus' massive commentary, the most complete ancient discussion of Posterior Analytics book, offers uniquely valuable testimony to the way this book was read and understood in late antiquity, as well as providing information on earlier interpretations. Of particular interest is Philoponus' account of scientific principles, which is based not only on Aristotle but also on the Greek mathematical tradition, especially Euclid and his commentator Proclus."--Jacket
On Aristotle Posterior analytics 1.9-18 by John Philoponus( Book )

7 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 118 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On Aristotle Physics 4.10-14 by John Philoponus( Book )

3 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 102 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On Aristotle Physics 4.6-9 by John Philoponus( Book )

8 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 100 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On Aristotle Meteorology 1.4-9, 12 by John Philoponus( Book )

8 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 56 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Of John Philoponus' commentary on the Meteorology only that on chapters 1-9 and 12 of the first book has been preserved. It is translated in this series in two parts, the first covering chapters 1-4, the second chapters 5-9 and 12
On Aristotle Physics 4.1-5 by John Philoponus( Book )

8 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The first translation into English of this commentary, Philoponus explains Aristotle's account of place to elementary students
Johannis Philoponi Commentariae annotationes in libros priorum resolutivorum Aristotelis by John Philoponus( Book )

10 editions published in 1994 in Latin and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Gloses et commentaire du livre XI du Contra Proclum de Jean Philopon autour de la matière première du monde by Pascal Mueller-Jourdan( Book )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The problem of the Materia Prima is certainly one of the most important challenges of late antique Physics. It is interesting to note that such a difficulty has never been focused on an exhaustive treatise in Antiquity. If the question of the matter resists any investigation, it is because the matter is radically 'aneideos' (without form) even though it is the condition 'sine qua non' of the existence of all forms in the sensible world. The present study proposes the first translation in French of the entire eleventh Book of the Philoponus' Contra Proclum (VIe s.) which precisely discusses the status of the Prime Matter. After having clarified the context of such a question in the Neoplatonic Alexandrian School, it puts forward a detailled step-to-step analysis of the Philoponian argument, the notions used by him and a new general theory which attempts to evaluate the pertinence and the internal coherence of his contribution to this very problematic question."--Publisher's website
On Aristotle Meteorology 1.1-3 by John Philoponus( Book )

6 editions published between 2010 and 2014 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Of John Philoponus' commentary on the Meteorology only that on chapters 1-9 and 12 of the first book has been preserved. It is translated in this series in two parts, the first covering chapters 1-4, the second chapters 5-9 and 12
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Audience level: 0.40 (from 0.03 for Gloses et ... to 0.87 for De vroeger ...)

WorldCat IdentitiesRelated Identities
On Aristotle's "On the soul 3.1-8"
Alternative Names
Joannes Alexandreus, séc.VI

Joannes Grammaticus, Alexandrinus, séc.VI

Joannes Philoponus, séc.VI

Philoponos, séc.VI

Philoponus, John, séc.VI

English (322)

German (23)

Latin (11)

Dutch (3)

French (2)

Spanish (2)

Italian (1)

On Aristotle on the intellect (De anima 3.4-8)On Aristotle's "On the soul 2.1-6"On Aristotle's "On the soul 3.1-8"On Aristotle's Physics 3On Aristotle's "On the soul 1.1-2"On Aristotle's "Physics 1.1-3"On Aristotle's "On the soul 1.3-5"On Aristotle's "On coming to be and perishing 2.5-11"