WorldCat Identities

Alston, Julian M.

Overview
Works: 162 works in 306 publications in 3 languages and 3,411 library holdings
Genres: Case studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Honoree, 958, Opponent
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Julian M Alston
Regulating agricultural biotechnology : economics and policy by Richard E Just( )

18 editions published between 2006 and 2011 in English and held by 548 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book presents the first thorough economic analysis of current agricultural biotechnology regulation. The contributors, most of whom are agricultural economists working either in universities or NGOs, address issues such as commercial pesticides, the costs of approving new products, liability, benefits, consumer acceptance, regulation and its impacts, transgenic crops, social welfare implications, and biosafety. Richard E. Just is Distinguished University Professor and former Chair, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Maryland at College Park. Julian M. Alston is Professor, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California at Davis. David Zilberman is Chair, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California at Berkeley
Persistence pays : U.S. agricultural productivity growth and the benefits from public R & D spending by Julian M Alston( )

12 editions published between 2009 and 2010 in English and held by 425 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Agricultural science policy in the United States has profoundly affected the growth and development of agriculture worldwide, not just in the A United States. Over the past 150 years, and especially over the second th half of the 20 Century, public investments in agricultural R&D in the United States grew faster than the value of agricultural production. Public spending on agricultural science grew similarly in other more-developed countries, and c- lectively these efforts, along with private spending, spurred agricultural prod- tivity growth in rich and poor nations alike. The value of this investment is seldom fully appreciated. The resulting p- ductivity improvements have released labor and other resources for alternative uses--in 1900, 29. 2 million Americans (39 percent of the population) were - rectly engaged in farming compared with just 2. 9 million (1. 1 percent) today-- while making food and fiber more abundant and cheaper. The benefits are not confined to Americans. U. S. agricultural science has contributed with others to growth in agricultural productivity in many other countries as well as the Un- ed States. The world's population more than doubled from around 3 billion in 1961 to 6. 54 billion in 2006 (U. S. Census Bureau 2009). Over the same period, production of important grain crops (including maize, wheat and rice) almost trebled, such that global per capita grain production was 18 percent higher in 2006."--Publisher's description
The effects of farm and food policy on obesity in the United States by Julian M Alston( )

8 editions published in 2017 in English and German and held by 252 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book uses an economic framework to examine the consequences of U.S. farm and food policies for obesity, its social costs, and the implications for government policy. Drawing on evidence from economics, public health, nutrition, and medicine, the authors evaluate past and potential future roles of policies such as farm subsidies, public agricultural R & D, food assistance programs, taxes on particular foods (such as sodas) or nutrients (such as fat), food labeling laws, and advertising controls. The findings are mostly negative--it is generally not economic to use farm and food policies as obesity policy--but some food policies that combine incentives and information have potential to make a worthwhile impact."--Back cover
Demand for disaggregated food-away-from-home and food-at-home products in the United States by Abigail Mary Okrent( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 239 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Paying for agricultural productivity by Julian M Alston( Book )

9 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 236 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The economics of agricultural R&D policy; Agricultural R&D investments and impacts; Agricultural R&D investments and institutions in the United States; Agricultural R&D policy in Australia; Agricultural R&D policy in the United Kingdom; Financing agricultural R&D in the Netherlands: the changing role of government; Agricultural R&D policy in New Zealand; A synthesis
Agricultural science policy : changing global agendas by Julian M Alston( Book )

8 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 228 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science under scarcity : principles and practice for agricultural research evaluation and priority setting by Julian M Alston( Book )

15 editions published between 1995 and 1998 in English and held by 228 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Resources for agricultural science are scarce across the world. Yet even as resources are shrinking, agricultural science has expanded its inquiry into many new areas - such as environmental preservation, food quality, and rural development - without forsaking its more traditional concerns. In a time of right government budgets, research administrators are faced with the need to provide strong evidence that costs are justified by benefits. Science under Scarcity is an invaluable guide to the theory and methods necessary for evaluating research in agriculture and for setting priorities for resource allocation. Although economists have made significant progress in developing more sophisticated methods for research evaluation and priority setting, many research analysts and administrators do not have a working knowledge of those practices. Without the assistance of formal economic analysis it is particularly difficult to assess the social value of new technologies or to make informed judgments about the trade-offs that are involved in allocation decisions. Addressing that knowledge gap, Science under Scarcity reviews, synthesizes, and extends such methods as economic surplus analysis, econometric techniques, mathematical programming procedures, and scoring models. It discusses these practices in the context of scientific policy, describes their conceptual foundations, and explains how to do them
Making science pay : the economics of agricultural R & D policy by Julian M Alston( Book )

5 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and held by 200 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A comprehensive review of US agricultural research and development policy focusing on institutions and expenditures as well as proposals for change in financing, organization, and management. Agricultural economists Alston and Pardy develop the historical themes and issues in agricultural policy, the economic concepts embedded in its development, and the contemporary challenges of government involvement, funding, and research management. Includes statistical tables and charts
A meta-analysis of rates of return to agricultural R & D : ex pede Herculem? by Julian M Alston( Book )

16 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 152 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Analyze alternative national and international strategies and policies for meeting foof needs of the developing world on a sustainable basis, with particular emphasis on low-income countries and on the poorer groups in those countries
Removal of price supports and supply controls for U.S. tobacco : an economic analysis of the impact by Daniel A Sumner( Book )

5 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 152 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Optimal reserve and export policies for the California almond industry : theory, econometrics and simulations( Book )

7 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 62 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The benefits from agricultural research and development, innovation, and productivity growth by Julian M Alston( )

4 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 54 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report contains a review of the literature on the role of agricultural research and development in fostering innovation and productivity in agriculture. The review seeks to clarify concepts and terminology used in the area, provide a critical assessment of approaches found in the literature, report main results, and draw inferences. A key finding is that the social rate of return to investments in agricultural R & D has been generally high. Specific findings differ depending on methods and modelling assumptions, particularly assumptions concerning the research lag distribution, the nature of the research-induced technological change, and the nature of the markets for the affected commodities
Demand for food in the United States : a review of literature, evaluation of previous estimates, and presentation of new estimates of demand by Abigail Mary Okrent( Book )

3 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Many findings and policy recommendations in the academic literature are influenced by published estimates of elasticities of demand for food. However, the quality of these estimates is diverse and depends on modeling choices and assumptions, including the functional form for demands, types of data used, separability structure, food definitions, and statistical techniques used to estimate the models. In this monograph, we make three contributions to the empirical literature on demand for food in the United States. First, we evaluate the elasticities of demand for food from previous studies using the mean absolute error in elasticity-based predictions of quantity responses to actual past changes in prices and total expenditure. Second, we estimate elasticities of demand for aggregate food products using annual and monthly data under various alternative assumptions about functional form. We evaluate how well these new estimates of elasticities of demand predict quantity responses to actual price and expenditure changes, both absolutely and compared with previous estimates from the literature. Third, we estimate two sets of elasticities of demand for disaggregated fruit and vegetables: one that is conditional on the total expenditure on fruit and vegetables and a second that is conditional on expenditure on goods. To facilitate and provide context for these empirical contributions, we begin the monograph with a succinct statement of the relevant theory that underpins demand models, some specific discussion of separability and aggregation assumptions and their implications for the interpretation of demand elasticities, and a review of issues more generally that arise in empirical demand analysis"--Executive summary
Agricultural R & D in the developing world : too little, too late? by Philip G Pardey( Book )

5 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Book combines new evidence with economic theory and an economic way of thinking about science policy--highlighting the developing-country aspects--as well as a set of in-depth, comparative country studies
A new look at infectious disease by Julian M Alston( Book )

5 editions published in 1967 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The California Table Grape Commission's promotion program : an evaluation( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An exact approach for evaluating the benefits from technnological change by Will Martin( Book )

8 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The California Prune Board's promotion program : an evaluation( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The common agricultural policy and international trade in poultry meat by Julian M Alston( Book )

4 editions published in 1985 in English and German and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les avantages de la recherche-développement, de l'innovation et de l'accroissement de la productivité dans le secteur agricole by Julian M Alston( )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 27 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Regulating agricultural biotechnology : economics and policy
Covers
Persistence pays : U.S. agricultural productivity growth and the benefits from public R & D spendingPaying for agricultural productivityAgricultural science policy : changing global agendasScience under scarcity : principles and practice for agricultural research evaluation and priority settingMaking science pay : the economics of agricultural R & D policyA meta-analysis of rates of return to agricultural R & D : ex pede Herculem?
Alternative Names
Alston, J. M. 1953-

Alston, Julian 1953-

Alston, Julian M. 1953-

Julian Alston australischer Agrarökonom

Julian Mark Alston Amerikaans professor

Languages
English (136)

German (2)

French (2)