WorldCat Identities

Margo, Robert A. (Robert Andrew) 1954-

Works: 126 works in 587 publications in 2 languages and 9,262 library holdings
Genres: History  Conference papers and proceedings  Abstracts 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Contributor
Classifications: LC66.5.S68, 338.47370975
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Robert A Margo
Wages and labor markets in the United States, 1820-1860 by Robert A Margo( )

14 editions published between 1992 and 2000 in English and held by 1,905 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

New wage series are constructed for three occupational groups - common laborers, artisans, and white-collar workers - in each of the four major census regions - Northeast, Midwest, South Atlantic, and South Central - over the period 1820 to 1860, and also for California between 1847 and 1860. Margo uses these data, along with previously collected evidence on prices, to explore a variety of issues central to antebellum economic development."--Jacket
Women's work? : American schoolteachers, 1650-1920 by Joel Perlmann( )

13 editions published between 2000 and 2010 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,839 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"American schoolteaching is one of few occupations to have undergone a thorough gender shift from men to women, yet previous explanations have neglected a key feature of the transition: its regional character. By the early 1800s, far higher proportions of women were teaching in the Northeast than in the South, and this regional difference was reproduced as settlers moved West before the Civil War. What explains the creation of these divergent regional arrangements in the East, their recreation in the West, and their eventual disappearance by the next century?" "In Women's Work? the authors blend newly available quantitative evidence with historical narrative to show that distinctive regional school structures and related cultural patterns account for the initial regional difference, while a growing recognition that women could handle the work after they temporarily replaced men during the Civil War helps explain this widespread shift to female teachers later in the century. Yet despite this shift, a significant gender gap in pay and positions remained. This book offers an original and thought-provoking account of a remarkable historical transition."--Jacket
Race and schooling in the South, 1880-1950 : an economic history by Robert A Margo( Book )

22 editions published between 1990 and 2007 in English and held by 1,377 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book is about the interrelationships among race, schooling, and labor market outcomes for men, principally in the United States' South, from the late 19th century to the mid-twentieth. The book seeks to deepen understanding of post-slave experience of blacks in the U.S. economy and the context it provided for changes in racial economic differences after World War ii. By utilizing newly available census data and school district records, the volume analyzes evidence concerning occupational discrimination, educational expenditures, taxation, and teachers' salaries to clarify the cost for blacks of post-slave segregation. Titles of the eight chapters include: (1) "Two Explanations of Economic Progress"; (2) "Race and Schooling in the South: a Review of the Evidence"; (3) "The Political Economy of Segregated Schools: Explaining the U-Shaped Pattern"; (4) "'Teacher Salaries in Black and White': Pay Discrimination in the Southern Classroom"; (5) "The Impact of Separate-but-Equal"; (6) "The Competitive Dynamics of Racial Exclusion: Employment Segregation in the South, 1900 to 1950"; (7) "'To the Promised Land': Education and the Black Exodus"; and (8) "Conclusion: Race, Social Change, and the Labor Market." (Contains references and an index.) (Eh)
Human capital in history : the American record by Leah Platt Boustan( )

11 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 229 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Présentation de l'éditeur : "America's expansion to one of the richest nations in the world was partly due to a steady increase in labor productivity, which in turn depends upon the invention and deployment of new technologies and on investments in both human and physical capital. The accumulation of human capital-the knowledge and skill of workers-has featured prominently in American economic leadership over the past two centuries. Human Capital in History brings together contributions from leading researchers in economic history, labor economics, the economics of education, and related fields. Building on Claudia Goldin's landmark research on the labor history of the United States, the authors consider the roles of education and technology in contributing to American economic growth and well-being, the experience of women in the workforce, and how trends in marriage and family affected broader economic outcomes. The volume provides important new insights on the forces that affect the accumulation of human capital."
Enterprising America : businesses, banks, and credit markets in historical perspective by Banks, and Credit Markets in Historical Perspective (Conference) Enterprising America: Businesses( )

9 editions published between 2015 and 2016 in English and held by 216 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The rise of America from a colonial outpost to one of the world's most sophisticated and productive economies was facilitated by the establishment of a variety of economic enterprises pursued within the framework of laws and institutions that set the rules for their organization and operation. To better understand the historical processes central to American economic development, Enterprising America brings together contributors who address the economic behavior of American firms and financial institutions �and the associated legal institutions that shaped their behavior �throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Collectively, the contributions provide an account of the ways in which businesses, banks, and credit markets promoted America's extraordinary economic growth. Among the topics that emerge are the rise of incorporation and its connection to factory production in manufacturing, the organization and operation of large cotton plantations in comparison with factories, the regulation and governance of banks, the transportation revolution's influence on bank stability and survival, and the emergence of long-distance credit in the context of an economy that was growing rapidly and becoming increasingly integrated across space.--
Disenfranchisement, school finance, and the economics of segregated schools in the United States South, 1890-1910 by Robert A Margo( Book )

8 editions published between 1982 and 1985 in English and held by 163 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Labor market integration before the Civil War by Robert A Margo( Book )

15 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 119 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper uses newly collected archival evidence to examine various aspects of the geographic performance of American labor markets before the Civil War. Much of the paper addresses the evolution of regional differences in real wages, of interest to economic historians because they speak to the formation of a national labor market.' In the North, real wages followed a pattern of convergence: wages were highest initially on the frontier -- the Midwest -- but tended to decline relative to real wages in settled regions -- the Northeast -- as labor migrated to the frontier. In the South, regional wage gaps were generally smaller than in the North, but real wages in the South fell significantly below Northern levels beginning in the 1830's. In addition to regional differences, I also examine wage convergence at the level of local labor markets, proxied by counties, using manuscript census data for 1850 and 1860. I find strong evidence of regression to the mean: high wage counties in 1850 were far less likely to be high wage in 1860. Such evidence is consistent with the view that antebellum local labor markets were spatially integrated
Race and the value of owner-occupied housing, 1940-1990 by William J Collins( Book )

19 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 107 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The racial gap in the value of owner occupied housing has narrowed substantially since 1940, but this narrowing has not been even over time or across space. The 1970s stand out as an unusual decade in which the value gap did not narrow despite continued convergence in the observed characteristics of housing. A decline in the relative value of black-owned homes in central cities appears to have offset gains elsewhere during the 1970s, and this central city decline continued into the 1980s. In further exploration of the 1970s, we find evidence of a rising propensity for higher-income blacks to live in the suburbs. We also find a positive correlation between riots in the 1960s and widening of the value gap during the 1970s in a panel of cities
The North-South wage gap, before and after the Civil War by Robert A Margo( Book )

13 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 99 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In an economy with 'national' factor markets, the factor price effects of a permanent, regional specific shock register everywhere, perhaps with a brief lag. The United States in the nineteenth century does not appear to have been such an economy. Using data for a variety of occupations, I document that the Civil War occasioned a dramatic divergence in the regional structure of wages -- in particular, wages in the South Atlantic and South Central states relative to the North fell sharply after the War. The divergence was immediate, being apparent as early as 1866. It was persistent: for none of the occupations examined did the regional wage structure return to its ante-bellum configuration by century's end. The divergence cannot be explained by the changing racial composition of the Southern wage labor force after the War, but does appear consistent with a sharp drop in labor productivity in Southern agriculture. I also use previously neglected data to argue that the South probably experienced a decline in the relative price of non-traded goods after the War
Race and home ownership, 1900 to 1990 by William J Collins( Book )

11 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 99 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The historical evolution of racial differences in income in the 20th century United States has been examined intensively by economists, but the evolution of racial differences in wealth has been examined far less. This paper uses IPUMS data to study trends in racial differences in home ownership since 1900. At the turn of the century approximately 20 percent of black adult males (ages 20 to 64) owned their homes, compared with 46 percent of white men, a gap of 26 percentage points. By 1990, the black home ownership rate had increased to 52 percent and the racial gap had fallen to 19.5 percentage points. All of the long-term rise in the rate of black home ownership, and almost all of the corresponding long-term decline in the racial gap, occurred after 1940, with the majority of both changes concentrated in the 1960 to 1980 period. We also use the IPUMS to study trends in race differences in the incidence of mortgages, and in the value of owner-occupied housing
Changes in the distribution of wages, 1940-1950 : the public vs. the private sector by Robert A Margo( Book )

14 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and Undetermined and held by 98 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Between 1940 and 1950 wage differentials within and between labor market groups narrowed significantly - the so-called 'Great Compression'. This paper disaggregates the Great Compression into its public and private components. Wage compression in the public sector, along with a decline in the pay premia received by public sector workers, explains about 40 percent of aggregate wage compression in the 1940s. The experience of the 1940s stands in stark contrast with that of the past two decades, in which a rigid public sector wage structure has dampened increases in aggregate wage inequality
Historical perspectives on U.S. economic geography by Sukhoo Kim( Book )

12 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 97 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We review historical patterns of economic geography' for the United States from the colonial period to the present day. The analysis is framed in terms of two geographic scales: regions and cities. The compelling reason for studying geographic areas of different scales is that models that explain the location of economic activities at one scale many not apply to other scales. We consider the process of settling the frontier'; the development of national markets in goods and factors and, more generally, the convergence (and divergence) of regional economies; the growth of cities and the relationship between urbanization and trends in aggregate economic structure, such as industrialization; and changes in the internal spatial structure of cities
Rising wage dispersion across American manufacturing establishments, 1850-1880 by Jeremy Atack( Book )

9 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 96 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We use data from the manuscript censuses of manufacturing for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 to study the dispersion of average monthly wages across establishments. We find a marked increased in wage inequality over the period, an increase that cannot be explained by biases in the data or changes in census enumeration procedures. Based on log wage regressions on establishment characteristics we compute a decomposition of the change in wage inequality between 1850 and 1880. The decomposition reveals that changes in wage structure' the regression coefficients and the standard error of the residuals largely offset each: changes in the coefficients produced a reduction in wage inequality, while residual inequality increased. Most of the rise in wage inequality can be attributed to an increased concentration of employment in large establishments, which paid relatively low wages. We present indirect evidence that the negative effect of size on wages reflected differences in skill composition: workforces in large establishments were less skilled than in small establishments
Historical perspectives on racial differences in schooling in the United States by William J Collins( Book )

12 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 91 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

African-Americans entered the post-Civil War era with extremely low levels of exposure to schooling. Relying primarily on micro-level census data, we describe racial differences in literacy rates, school attendance, years of educational attainment, age-in-grade distributions, spending per pupil, and returns to literacy since emancipation, with emphasis on the pre-1960 period. The overwhelming theme is one of educational convergence, despite overt discrimination for much of the period studied, and subject to several qualifications. We interpret this theme in light of a simple model of educational attainment
The labor market effects of the 1960s riots by William J Collins( )

11 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Between 1964 and 1971, hundreds of riots erupted in American cities, resulting in large numbers of injuries, deaths, and arrests, as well as in considerable property damage concentrated in predominantly black neighborhoods. There have been few studies of an econometric nature that examine the impact of the riots on the economic status of African Americans, or on the cities in which the riots took. We present two complementary empirical analyses. The first uses aggregate, city-level data on income, employment, unemployment, and the area's racial composition from the published volumes of the federal censuses. We estimate the riot effect' by both ordinary least squares and two-stage least squares. The second uses individual-level census data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The findings suggest that the riots had negative effects on blacks' income and employment that were economically significant and that may have been larger in the long run (1960-1980) than in the short run (1960-1970). We view these findings as suggestive rather than definitive for two reasons. First, the data are not detailed enough to identify the precise mechanisms at work. Second, the wave of riots may have had negative spillover effects to cities that did not experience severe riots; if so, we would tend to underestimate the riots' overall effect
The economic aftermath of the 1960's riots : evidence from property values by William J Collins( )

10 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the 1960s numerous cities in the United States experienced violent, race-related civil disturbances. Although social scientists have long studied the causes of the riots, the consequences have received much less attention. This paper examines census data from 1950 to 1980 to measure the riots' impact on the value of central-city residential property, and especially on black-owned property. Both ordinary least squares and two-stage least squares estimates indicate that the riots depressed the median value of black-owned property between 1960 and 1970, with little or no rebound in the 1970s. Analysis of household-level data suggests that the racial gap in the value of property widened in riot-afflicted cities during the 1970s
Capital deepening in American manufacturing, 1850-1880 by Jeremy Atack( Book )

10 editions published in 2003 in English and Dutch and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We use establishment-level data to study capital deepening -- increases in the capital-output ratio -- in American manufacturing from 1850 to 1880. In nominal terms, the aggregate capital-output ratio in our samples rose by 30 percent from 1850 to 1880. Growth in real terms was considerably greater -- 70 percent -- because prices of capital goods declined relative to output prices. Cross-sectional regressions suggest that capital deepening was especially importnat in the larger firms and was positively associated with the diffusion of steam-powered machinery. However, even after accounting for shifts over time in such factors, much of the capital deepening remains to be explained. Although capital deepening implies a fall in the average product of capital it does not necessarily imply that rates of return were declining. However, we find strong evidence that returns did decline. We also show that returns were decreasing in firm size, although the data are not sufficiently informative to tell us why it was so
The impact of the Civil War on capital intensity and labor productivity in southern manufacturing by William A Hutchinson( )

10 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Civil War resulted in a substantial divergence in the regional structure of factor prices. In particular, wages fell in the South relative to the non-South, but interest rates and other measures of the costs of capital increased. Using archival data for manufacturing establishments, we show that capital-output and capital-labor ratios in southern manufacturing declined relative to non-southern manufacturing after the War, precisely in the direction implied by the regional shifts in factor prices. Labor productivity in Southern manufacturing also declined, but this decline is explained by the reduction in capital intensity
Steam power, establishment size, and labor productivity growth in nineteenth century American manufacturing by Jeremy Atack( )

11 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We use establishment level data from the 1850-80 censuses of manufacturing to study the correlates of the use of steam power and the impact of steam power on labor productivity growth in nineteenth century American manufacturing. A key result is that establishment size mattered: large establishments, as measured by employment, were much more likely to use steam power than smaller establishments. Controlling for firm size, location, industry, and other establishment characteristics, steam powered establishments had higher labor productivity than establishments using hand or animal power, or water power. We also find that the impact of steam on labor productivity was increasing in establishment size. The diffusion of steam power was an important factor behind the growth of labor productivity, accounting for 22 to 41 percent of that growth between 1850 and 1880, depending on establishment size
Employment and unemployment in the 1930s by Robert A Margo( )

10 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper surveys recent research on employment and unemployment in the 1930s. Unlike earlier studies that tended to rely heavily on aggregate time series, the research discussed in this paper focuses on disaggregated data. This shift in focus stems from two factors. First, dissaggregated evidence provides many more degrees of freedom than the decade of annual observations associated with the depression and thus can prove helpful in discriminating between macroeconomic models. Second, and more importantly, disaggregation has revealed aspects of labor market behavior hidden in the time series that are essential to their proper interpretation and which are, in any case, important in their own right. In particular, the findings dispute the view that representative-agent models are useful for interpreting shifts in employment and unemployment over the course of the Depression
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Race and schooling in the South, 1880-1950 : an economic history
Women's work? : American schoolteachers, 1650-1920Race and schooling in the South, 1880-1950 : an economic history
Alternative Names
Margo, Robert Andrew 1954-

Robert Andrew Margo americký ekonom

Robert Margo Ameerika Ühendriikide majandusteadlane

Robert Margo Amerikaans econoom

Robert Margo economist american

Robert Margo economista estadounidense

Robert Margo economista estatunidenc

Robert Margo économiste américain

Robert Margo konömavan Lamerikänik

Robert Margo US-amerikanischer Ökonom

Robert Margo usona ekonomikisto

English (241)

Dutch (1)