WorldCat Identities

Fletcher, J. D.

Overview
Works: 65 works in 137 publications in 1 language and 1,612 library holdings
Genres: Bibliography 
Roles: Author
Classifications: LB1029.G3, 371.334
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by J. D Fletcher
Computer games and instruction by J. D Fletcher( Book )

12 editions published in 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 177 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

There is intense interest in computer games. A total of 65 percent of all American households play computer games, and sales of such games increased 22.9 percent last year. The average amount of game playing time was found to be 13.2 hours per week. The popularity and market success of games is evident from both the increased earnings from games, over $7 Billion in 2005, and from the fact that over 200 academic institutions worldwide now offer game related programs of study. In view of the intense interest in computer games educators and trainers, in business, industry, the government, and the military would like to use computer games to improve the delivery of instruction. Computer Games and Instruction is intended for these educators and trainers. It reviews the research evidence supporting use of computer games, for instruction, and also reviews the history of games in general, in education, and by the military. In addition chapters examine gender differences in game use, and the implications of games for use by lower socio-economic students, for students' reading, and for contemporary theories of instruction. Finally, well known scholars of games will respond to the evidence reviewed
The determination of 28 elements in whole coal by direct-current arc spectrography by J. D Fletcher( Book )

2 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A bibliography of studies on elementary and secondary school reading, English, and mathematics for American Indian students by J. D Fletcher( Book )

3 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 58 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Two hundred twelve monographs and journal articles, published from 1913 to 1982, reporting studies on elementary and secondary school reading, English, and mathematics for American Indian students are cited in this bibliography. Arranged alphabetically by author, each entry contains applicable standard bibliographical information: author, title, edition, volume number, place and date of publication, publisher, and pagination. Study topics are wide ranging and include pilot studies into initial reading, academic achievement of American Indian students, the failure of Indian education, Arapaho grammar, phonemic rhythm in Comanche, effectiveness of computer assisted instruction, English as a second language for Navajos, approaches to acculturation, bilingual education, self image of the American Indian, etc. Sources include anthropological, educational, linguistic, psychological, and social science journals. (Nec)
What problems do American Indians have with English? by J. D Fletcher( Book )

5 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 56 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A literature survey of more than 800 sources, approximately 140 of which were judged to be relevant, assessed problems Alaska Natives and American Indians experience in learning English language skills required for survival and success in a modern, technological culture. Since the survey was to guide the adaptation and development of instructional materials for elementary and junior high school reading presented by computer, results emphasized receptive rather than expressive language. To some degree the problems of phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics identified were problems facing not only American Indians, but any students learning English as a second language. Morphology problems included American Indian use of inflections to indicate syntatic role of words, use of gender, and representation of noun modifiers by inflections in nouns. Semantic problems concerned concept development rather than vocabulary growth, particularly in color words and words concerning coercion and duty. Recommendations included providing computer practice with selected minimally constrasting vowel pairs; selected minimally contrasting consonant pairs; final consonants and consonant cluster; selected phonemes that do not exist in some American Indian languages; irregular plural noun forms; selected verb tense forms; determiners; third person singular pronouns; semantic implications of juncture; prepositions, verb-preposition combinations, and idioms; passive and wh- transformations; and basic vocabulary. (Author/NEC)
Conference summary on computer-aided instruction in education basics for Indian students by J. D Fletcher( Book )

5 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 56 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What problems do American Indians have with mathematics? by J. D Fletcher( Book )

5 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 55 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A literature survey of more than 800 sources, 80 of which were judged to be relevant, assessed the problems Native Alaskans and American Indians experience in learning elementary and junior high school mathematics, and focused on problems amenable to solution through computer presentation of mathematics materials. Empirical evidence indicated that American Indians are 1.7 years behind the national norm in grade 6 mathematics achievement and 3 years behind the norm at grade 12 and the proportion of Indian students with special needs in mathematics rises from 32% in grade 2, to 41% in grade 4, and to 46% in grade 6. Three clusters of problems American Indians experience with mathematics in school concern terms and concepts, time estimation, and student attitudes. Accordingly, it was recommended that computer presentations of mathematics materials to American Indians should provide practice on mathematics terms and concepts; include units on time estimation; and capitalize on the inherently motivating, "gaming" capabilities of computer interaction. The strength of computer presentation is its ability to provide practice that is: entertaining, motivating, and interactive; perceived to be culture-fair and private; easily transported and exactly reproduced; and individualized on an item-to-item basis. (Author/NEC)
English as the second language of deaf students by Veda Charrow( Book )

3 editions published in 1973 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Computer-assisted instruction in language arts for hearing-impaired students by J. D Fletcher( Book )

2 editions published in 1973 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Transfer from alternative presentations of spelling patterns in itial reading by J. D Fletcher( Book )

5 editions published in 1973 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The investigation was concerned with the class of grapheme-phoneme correspondence called spelling patterns and was intended to broaden empirical understanding of grapheme-phoneme correspondences used in teaching initial reading. Twenty-five boys and 47 girls from three moderate-ability first grade classes were chosen as subjects. These students had accumulated six minutes of session time on the computer assisted reading program (cai) phonic strand before beginning the experiment. One set of 24 spelling patterns was devised for each of the five vowels: a, e, I, o, and U. When each subject began the experiment, he was randomly assigned to one of the five sets of spelling patterns and then 12 of the 24 spelling patterns in the chosen set were selected for training. At the end of his eight-day training period, each subject was individually tested, off-line, on all 144 initial consonant and final consonant combinations derived from the full set of 24 spelling patterns to which he was assigned. The data reflected the value of presenting spelling patterns in initial reading. Teaching spelling patterns to the subjects resulted in positive transfer to a criterion task that required subjects to read words and non-words composed of the spelling patterns taught. (Wr)
Models of individual trajectories in computer-assisted instruction for deaf students by Patrick Suppes( Book )

2 editions published in 1973 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Crop & food research plant virus collection : catalogue of hosts and viruses by J. D Fletcher( Book )

1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Performance models of American Indian students : on computer-assisted instruction in elementary mathematics by Patrick Suppes( Book )

2 editions published in 1973 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Distance learning and the Reserve components by J Metzko( Book )

4 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report summarizes and evaluates Service plans to adopt distance learning (DL) technologies submitted in response to tasking by the Deputy Secretary of Defense. The evaluation includes consideration of information exchanged in joint-Service/OSD (Office of the Secretary of Defense) groups that have been reviewing Service training requirements and training technology. The evaluation of DL plans resulted in the following major findings: (1) DL has the potential to provide effective training and to reduce costs; (2) DL is little used by DoD today; (3) converting to DL requires sizable up-front investments; (4) the Services plan to convert about one in five courses to DL; (5) joint management of DL is needed to maximize savings; and (6) data gaps preclude intelligent DL investment decisions
Some new (and old) directions for computer courseware by J. D Fletcher( Book )

3 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Assessment of DoD job skill enhancement programs by J. D Fletcher( Book )

4 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In response to Congressional direction, an assessment was undertaken of programs developed by the Department of Defense (DoD) that can be made available to civilian organizations to provide immediate support and assistance to upgrade skills for better civilian employment opportunities. The assessment focuses on interactive courseware programs and their transfer to non-DoD activities. Several initiatives have been undertaken by the DoD to effect this transfer, but three sets of issues remain to be resolved: (1) specific civilian instructional requirements must be articulated; (2) methods must be developed to overcome fundamental differences between instructional materials that support the warfighting missions of the DoD and the instructional needs of non-DoD activities; and (3) resources and responsibilities in non-DoD activities must be allocated for determining civilian requirements, modifying instructional content, reprogramming, marketing, and producing, warehousing, and distributing materials. (Contains 20 references.) (Author)
Technology, the Columbus effect, and the third revolution in learning by J. D Fletcher( Book )

4 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Writing and printed books have influenced learning profoundly. The emergence of writing brought about a revolution in learning by freeing learners from requirements for face-to-face interaction with sages and other human sources of knowledge, lore, and information. Although learning became neither inexpensive nor universally available after the development of written language, its content became available anytime, anywhere. A second revolution occurred with the development of moveable type and books. These developments also made the content of learning, teaching, and educational materials available anytime, anywhere but more widely and, significantly, less expensively. Can we improve on books? Computer technology arises as a possibility. Computers can adapt the sequence and type of operations they perform to the conditions of the moment. In instruction, they can adapt the content, sequence, type, difficulty, granularity, and so forth of their presentations to learners or problem solvers based on ongoing, dynamic assessments of their individual needs. For this reason, computer technology may be effecting a third revolution in learning. While preserving the capabilities of books to present the content of instruction anytime, anywhere, computers can also provide the interactions of teachers, instructors, tutors, and mentors as needed by individual learners and users. This is not something books, movies, television, or videotape technologies can do affordably or to any significant degree. By presenting the content and the interactions of instruction, computers promise a new and significant capability for learning that is available anytime, anywhere. This capability may produce a third revolution in learning, with a significance equal to that of the development of writing and books
Process simulation of the hot rolling of thin gauge strip by finite element modelling by J. D Fletcher( Book )

4 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An overview of military training by J. D Fletcher( Book )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Military training means different things to different people. This document attempts to provide an overview of military training for people working in other areas of manpower, personnel, and instructional research. Military training uniquely emphasizes discipline, just-in- case preparation, and collective performance. Its relevance to other areas of personnel research are found in transferable products emanating from its research and development (R & D) investment; its contributions to instructional systems development (IDS); its techniques tor incorporating costs, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness in instructional assessment; and its concern with developing an engineering of instruction. The varieties of military training can be usefully classified into tour categories: residential training of individuals, residential training of collectives, unit training of individuals, and unit training of collectives. Simulation is a major component of individual and collective military training. Methodologies such as transfer effectiveness ratios and isoperformance assessment have been developed to identity cost-effectiveness tradeoffs in training simulations. Innovative techniques with constructivist overtones tor developing shared mental models, simulating military operations and tactical engagements, networking simulators, and providing after-action teed back have been developed tor conducting simulation-based military training. These techniques are shown to be applicable to a variety of training settings, needs, and issues inside and outside the military
Computer applications in education and training: status and trends by J. D Fletcher( Book )

4 editions published in 1975 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Updating information on various developmental efforts in computer-based training, this report provides information on new developments that may have implications for Navy training. Although projects in the military services are emphasized, major developments in the civilian sector are also reviewed. The range of activities emphasizes the use of computers for teaching and includes a wide variety of computer aids to instruction. Information for this report was gathered from reports supported under a Navy contract and from a continuing survey of other developments in computer-based instruction. It is organized under five major topic headings: (1) military activities, (2) civilian activities, (3) systems developments, (4) current issues in instructional design, and (5) state-of-the-art and Navy training needs. An overview is provided for each of the major topic areas as well as for many subtopic areas. A supporting bibliography is also included. (Author/DGC)
Defense workforce training programs by J. D Fletcher( Book )

5 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report discusses the amount and kinds of DoD interactive courseware (ICW) programs that are candidates for transfer to the private sector. The Defense Instructional Technology Information System (DITIS) was analyzed to identify ICW programs that are candidates for transfer from the DoD to the private sector. Out of 4644 ICW programs that have been reported to DITIS since its inception in May 1991, 2718 were identified as having possible utility in meeting private sector training requirements. Of these 2718 programs, 591 were computer-based instruction programs that run on the MS-DOS operating system, 1997 were computer-based instruction programs that run on the NOS operating system and were prepared using the TUTOR authoring system, and 130 were interactive videodisc programs that run on the MS-DOS operating system. Final determination of the transferability of these programs will depend on more authoritative suitability, legal, and security reviews that must be undertaken on a case-by-case basis. The DoD has taken several initiatives to assist the private sector in transferring DoD ICW programs to the civilian workforce for training. However, a number of issues, particulary those involving the availability of resources and the establishment of responsibilities, must be resolved before a comprehensive set of procedures for transfer can be successfully implemented
 
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Computer games and instruction
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English (76)

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