WorldCat Identities

Kirby, Sheila Nataraj 1946-

Works: 92 works in 321 publications in 1 language and 16,516 library holdings
Genres: Longitudinal studies  History  Case studies  Abstracts 
Roles: Author, Honoree
Classifications: AS36, 355.370973
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Sheila Nataraj Kirby
Reforming teacher education : something old, something new( Book )

10 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 381 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Teachers for a New Era (TNE) is one of the latest efforts aimed at teacher education reform. Eleven institutions participate in TNE, which emphasizes evidence-based decisionmaking, collaboration between education and arts and sciences faculty, and teaching as an academically taught clinical-practice profession. The authors studied the 11 TNE sites to examine the process by which reform will result in highly qualified teachers capable of producing improvements in student learning
Enlisted personnel trends in the selected reserve, 1986-1994 by Richard J Buddin( Book )

5 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 292 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since Operation Desert Storm/Shield, reserve forces have been drawing down. Nevertheless, fiscal constraints are placing a high priority on using reserve forces wherever they can meet deployment dates and readiness criteria. Reserve forces are expected to play an important role in responding to regional crises, as well as in peacekeeping, peace enforcement, and humanitarian assistance operations. These roles and missions, combined with the downsizing of both the active and reserve forces, make it critical that the reserve be able to meet the manpower and readiness requirements called for in our national military strategy. This report focuses on the Selected Reserve enlisted force and its changing profile, set against the context of the military drawdown. In particular, it examines changes from FY89 through FY94, pointing to some potential areas of concern with respect to reserve manning in the future
Staffing at-risk school districts in Texas : problems and prospects by Sheila Nataraj Kirby( Book )

14 editions published in 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 290 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Teacher supply and demand issues are of critical importance as our society enters the 21st century. Over the next decade, about two million new teachers will be needed largely because of a dramatic increase in enrollments and high attrition rates as an aging teacher workforce becomes eligible for retirement. It is important to understand where these teachers will come from and where they will teach. This is especially important for high-poverty districts that tend to have large numbers of students at risk of educational failure. These districts, which also tend to be disproportionately minority, are already facing difficulty recruiting and retaining qualified teachers. Given this, it is important to ask whether we will be able to staff high-risk and high-minority districts. National data show that these districts are staffed predominantly by minority teachers. Thus, the answer to the question of who will staff these districts revolves around whether we will have enough minority teachers. This report aims to fill part of this information gap by examining demand and supply of minority teachers in Texas
Facing the challenges of whole-school reform : New American Schools after a decade by Mark Berends( Book )

8 editions published in 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 268 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

About a decade ago, New American Schools (NAS) set out to address theperceived lagging performance of American students and the lacklusterresults of school reform efforts. As a private nonprofit organization, NAS's mission was-and is-to help schools and districts raise studentachievement levels by using whole-school designs and design team assistanceduring implementation. Since its inception, NAS has engaged in adevelopment phase (1992-1993), a demonstration phase (1993-1995), and ascale-up phase (1995-present). Over the last ten years, RAND has been monitoring the progress of the NASinitiative. This book is a retrospective on NAS and draws together thefindings from RAND research. The book underscores the significantcontributions made by NAS to comprehensive school reform but also highlightsthe challenges of trying to reform schools through whole-school designs. Divided into sections on each research phase, the book concludes with anafterword by NAS updating its own strategy for the future. This book willinterest those who want to better understand comprehensive school reform andits effects on teaching and learning within high-stakes accountabilityenvironments
Organizational improvement and accountability : lessons for education from other sectors( Book )

14 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 258 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) is a performance-based accountability system built around student test results. The accountability system comprises explicit educational goals, assessments for measuring the attainment of goals and judging success, and consequences (rewards or sanctions). But the mechanisms through which the system is intended to work are not well understood. The authors examined five accountability models: two from the manufacturing sector (the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award Program and the Toyota Production System (TPS)), a performance incentive model used in the evaluation of job training programs for the poor, accountability in the legal sector, accountability in health care as shown by clinical practice guidelines, use of statistical risk-adjustment methods, and the public reporting of health performance measures. Although education faces unique challenges, the authors conclude that educators can learn much from these other sectors. The Baldrige, TPS, and the clinical practice guidelines suggest the importance of focused institutional self-assessment, understanding school and district operations as a production process, being able to develop and apply a knowledge base about effective practice, and empowering participants in the process to contribute to improvement efforts. The job training and risk-adjustment models and the legal and health care accountability models provide specific guidance on how to enhance system-wide accountability in education by broadening performance measures; making sure performance goals are fair to all students and schools; developing standards of practice in promising areas; and encouraging professional accountability
Implementation in a longitudinal sample of New American Schools : four years into scale-up by Sheila Nataraj Kirby( Book )

6 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 239 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"New American Schools (NAS) was founded in 1991 as a private, non-profit organization dedicated to whole-school reform. NAS's mission is to help schools and districts significantly raise the achievement of large numbers of students with whole-school designs and the assistance design teams provide during the implementation process. NAS is currently in the scale-up phase of its effort in which the designs are being widely diffused in partnering jurisdictions across the nation. An earlier report, Implementation and Performance in New American Schools, by Berends, Kirby, et al. (2001) provided an overview of the progress in implementation and performance in a longitudinal sample of schools three years into the scale-up phase. This report provides an update on the progress of implementation a year later. These schools adopted one of seven NAS designs and are located in one of seven jurisdictions that chose to partner with NAS at the beginning of the scale-up phase. The study focused on three research questions: What was the level of implementation in NAS schools four years after scale-up and how has this changed over time? What factors impeded or facilitated the implementation of NAS designs in these schools? Among schools that dropped the NAS designs, what factors contributed to this decision? The report makes clear that several factors need to be aligned for designs to be well-implemented in schools: strong principal leadership, teachers who support the designs and have a strong sense of efficacy, strong district leadership and support, and clear communication and assistance from design teams. Without strong implementation, the promise of these designs to help schools improve is unlikely to be met. These are sobering and important lessons for federal, state, and local efforts aimed at comprehensive school reform."--Rand abstracts
Teacher attrition : the uphill climb to staff the nation's schools by David W Grissmer( Book )

5 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 214 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report develops a strategy for improving national and state forecasts of future teacher attrition rates. The authors (1) develop a theory of teacher attrition that accounts for the disparate reasons for attrition and explains the patterns of attrition unique to each life cycle and career stage; (2) selectively review existing literature on teacher attrition and present attrition patterns from several states in order to test hypotheses deriving from their theory; (3) review the data available to support improved attrition models and recommend ways to make better use of the data; and (4) identify sampling and data collection strategies that will improve the value of data collected in a future national survey of teachers
A casebook of alternative governance structures and organizational forms by Michael Hynes( Book )

13 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 214 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study is a short-term effort examining alternative ways that government can carry out its activities. The study was commissioned by the Defense Reform Initiative Office and should prove useful to government agencies and decisionmakers who are considering options for organizing themselves or their functions in different ways. The report considers governance structures and organizational forms that offer alternatives to the usual in-house provision of services. The alternatives can offer a chance to adopt modern business practices, streamline the organization, and adopt market mechanisms to improve quality, lower costs, and become more responsive to constituencies. As specific illustrations, the report describes several case studies
Patterns of attrition among Indiana teachers, 1965-1987 by David W Grissmer( Book )

9 editions published between 1991 and 1992 in English and held by 199 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report, one in a series focusing on Indiana teachers, presents findings regarding the patterns of teacher attrition among full-time teachers in Indiana from 1965-1987. It considers (1) whether teachers are leaving the profession at growing rates, (2) the roles played by compensation and working conditions in retaining teachers, (3) whether shortages of teachers are likely, (4) whether more attractive job opportunities are increasing attrition rates for women teachers, (5) types of teachers that stay longest in the profession, and (6) how attrition rates differ by subject taught. The findings indicate that teacher trends have been greatly affected by the changing pattern of women's participation in the labor force. Women teachers have followed the general trend among women of strongly increasing full-time participation in the labor force. The outlook for future trends in teacher attrition is mixed. Teacher attrition rates should remain low by historical standards for the next ten years, provided pay levels are maintained in real terms. The other factors that have restrained attrition rates should continue to do so. These include the presence of a predominantly mid- to late-career teaching force; strong labor-force participation for women; increased proportions of newly entering, older teachers; and declining class sizes. In the longer term, teacher attrition rates will rise as the larger group of mid- to late-career teachers retires and is replaced by younger teachers
Tuition tax deductions and parent school choice : a case study of Minnesota by Linda Darling-Hammond( Book )

7 editions published between 1985 and 1988 in English and held by 199 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents the results of one of the first empirical investigations of how a tax subsidy for tuition costs actually influences parents' school choices. It provides data about subsidy costs, utilization, and effects in Minnesota, the first state to have a tuition subsidy pass judicial review at all levels of the court system. The study also examines the effects of other state aid policies on nonpublic school operations and on parent choice of school, and it investigates the process by which parents make schooling choices. Findings suggest that the tax deduction has little or no effect on parental choice, while disproportionately benefiting upper-income households and parents who would have made the same schooling choices in the absence of the deduction. A reimbursable tax credit would be accessible to more parents than a tax deduction, while an educational voucher, representing "up front" cash, would have even greater effects on parents' school choices. However, other policies that directly increase access to schooling alternatives, such as lower immediate costs and free bus transportation, have the most effect on the schooling choices of low and moderate income parents. An appendix presents the selection and disposition of survey samples. Two pages of references and numerous tables are included. (Iw)
Reforming teacher education : a first year progress report on Teachers for a New Era( Book )

7 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 187 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Teachers for a New Era (TNE) is an ambitious attempt to reform teacher education in selected institutions across the nation. TNE's goal is to stimulate construction of excellent teacher education programs that are guided by a respect for evidence, are based on close collaboration between education and arts and sciences faculty, and have an integrated classroom component. RAND and MDRC are conducting a national evaluation, sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation, of the first four TNE grantees: Bank Street College of Education; California State University, Northridge; Michigan State University; and the University of Virginia. The authors provide an overview of the progress each institution made in the first year and some early lessons learned from a cross-site analysis. The report includes such details for each institution as a profile of the institution before it began the initiative, a summary of the design proposal it developed to carry out the reform, a detailed description of its implementation progress, and the state policy contexts against which it is carrying out the reforms
Compensating creators of intellectual property : collectives that collect by Stanley M Besen( Book )

5 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 173 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Intellectual property is used in many ways that make it difficult or impossible for copyright owners individually to enforce their rights. Where each use has small value relative to the cost of enforcement, owners will not find it worthwhile to collect fees and enjoin infringers unless they can cooperate with other rightsholders to economize on transaction costs. The result is the formation of collecting societies or copyright collectives. This report is a study of the collective administration of copyrights. It analyzes the determination of license fees using economic models of alternative ways in which copyright collectives might operate. The report also provides detailed descriptions of the operations of performing rights and reproduction rights organizations, and it explores the legal regimes under which copyright collectives operate, including special legislation governing their behavior and antitrust laws that constrain their operations. The report reaches four tentative conclusions: (1) cooperative pricing may be inevitable when collective administration is employed; (2) collective administration should be limited to cases in which infringements cannot be handled individually; (3) there will be many license fees and revenue distributions for which collective pricing is better for everyone than is individual pricing; and (4) the nature and form of the collective administration of any given set of rights will be similar in all countries
Enlisted personnel management : a historical perspective by Sheila Nataraj Kirby( Book )

9 editions published in 1996 in English and Undetermined and held by 167 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Enlisted force management is concerned with meeting national military manpower requirements with the nation's citizens. It attempts to balance the demand for enlisted personnel as determined by the requirements process with the supply of enlisted personnel in a cost-effective manner. This report represents the first phase of the larger study. It presents a historical view of enlisted force management, and it does so from two perspectives. First, it provides a chronological account of how external influences have shaped enlisted force management and the evolution of enlisted management practices. Second, it describes some recurring themes that run through the history of the enlisted force. Five themes recur: Quality; Specialization; Integration; Separation; and Compensation
Redesigning teacher education : opening the door for new recruits to science and mathematics teaching by Linda Darling-Hammond( Book )

5 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 163 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Over the last several years, there has been growing concern about shortages of qualified mathematics and science teachers. This report describes a number of special teacher preparation programs designed to attract individuals to mathematics or science teaching from such nontraditional pools as retirees, homemakers, career switchers, and recent college mathematics and science graduates. The programs are divided into three categories: (1) nontraditional recruitment programs, which do not require changes in state policies on teacher training and licensing; (2) alternative certification programs, which prepare teachers to meet revised state certification requirements; and (3) retraining programs, which help teachers in other fields acquire certification in mathematics or science. The indicators available in this study suggest that nontraditional programs are supplying a nontrivial number of mathematics and science teachers to school systems in their areas. The study also indicates that, for all their promise, nontraditional teacher preparation programs cannot fully overcome other attributes of teaching that make recruitment and retention of teachers difficult
The effect of mobilization on retention of enlisted reservists after Operation Desert Shield/Storm by Sheila Nataraj Kirby( Book )

4 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 155 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report discusses how reserve mobilizations affect the attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors of reservists, their families, and their employers. Understanding the effects of mobilizations and deployments is important because of the potential effects on retention, future recruiting, and the eventual reshaping of the reserve force in perhaps unforeseen ways. Using the 1991 Guard/Reserve Survey of Officers and Enlisted Personnel, the authors examine whether and how factors affecting reenlistment have changed since 1986--the last large-scale survey of reserve forces; examine the differences in behavior of mobilized and nonmobilized reservists to determine whether mobilization itself has had an effect on retention; and investigate whether mobilizations affected reservists' work, family environments, and economic positions
Costs and benefits of reserve participation : new evidence from the 1992 reserve components survey( Book )

4 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 152 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Recent greater reliance on reserve forces has made it important to understand how reserve mobilizations affect the attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors of reservists, their families, and their civilian employers. The report examines these issues in two ways. First, it compares survey data collected from reservists in 1986 and 1992; second, it compares the responses from mobilized and nonmobilized reservists who were questioned in the 1992 survey. Understanding how mobilizations affect reservists is important for several reasons, especially because mobilizations might change reservists' attitudes about reserve service in significant ways, eventually affecting retention and recruiting in future years
Enlisted management policies and practices : a review of the literature by Sheila Nataraj Kirby( Book )

7 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 151 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report examines past and current management policies and practices, and their effectiveness, in an attempt to understand how best to manage the enlisted force in the future. The authors reviewed the literature on the enlisted force to learn about the effects of various policies aimed at recruiting, retaining, developing, promoting, and transitioning military personnel. The report presents an overview of the literature, with particular emphasis on its policy implications, and a detailed, annotated bibliography
Private copying, appropriability, and optimal copying royalties by Stanley M Besen( Book )

4 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 145 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report analyzes the economic effects of the reproduction of intellectual property, I.E., books, journals, computer software, and audiovisual materials. A general economic model is presented in which direct appropriability (the marginal cost of copying is constant) and indirect appropriability (the marginal cost of copying is rising) appear as particular outcomes arising from particular assumptions regarding the marginal costs of copying. The model focuses on two aspects of private copying: the extent to which originals and copies are substitutes for consumers, and the technology for making copies from originals. Variants of the basic model, each of which is defined by a characterization of copying technology and substitutability, are examined in three cases. The model is then applied to the problem of determining the royalties to be charged for making copies. The analysis in this report indicates that the effects of private copying differ considerably depending on the assumptions regarding the substitutability between originals and copies and the relative costs of producing copies and originals, which has important implications for the appropriate public policy to pursue regarding such copying. (21 references) (cgd)
Ending social promotion without leaving children behind : the case of New York City by Jennifer Sloan McCombs( Book )

8 editions published between 2009 and 2010 in English and held by 137 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Many states and school districts are implementing test-based requirements for promotion at key transitional points in students' schooling careers, thus ending the practice of "social promotion"--Promoting students who have failed to meet academic standards and requirements for that grade. In 2003-2004, the New York City Department of Education (NYCDOE), which oversees the largest public school system in the country, implemented a new test-based promotion policy for 3rd-grade students and later extended it to 5th, 7th, and 8th graders. The policy emphasized early identification of children at risk of being retained in grade and provision of instructional support services to these students. NYCDOE asked RAND to conduct an independent longitudinal evaluation of the 5th-grade promotion policy and to examine the outcomes for two cohorts of 3rd-grade students. The findings of that study, conducted between March 2006 and August 2009, provide a comprehensive picture of how the policy was implemented and factors affecting implementation; the impact of the policy on student academic and socioemotional outcomes; and the links between the policy's implementation and the outcomes of at-risk students. Two other publications in this series provide a review of the prevailing literature on retention and lessons learned about policy design from top-level administrators across the country
Who is "joint"? : new evidence from the 2005 joint officer management census survey( Book )

4 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 124 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Department of Defense has an identified need to update the practice, policy, and law applied to Joint Officer Management and Joint Professional Military Education. As a lead-in to this study, the 2005 Joint Officer Management Census survey polled officers serving in billets. The authors examine the extent to which officers believe their jobs provide them with joint experience or require joint education or experience and examine how respondents' answers differ across organizations
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Reforming teacher education : something old, something new
Alternative Names
Kirby, Sheila

Kirby, Sheila N.

Nataraj Kirby, Sheila 1946-

English (145)

Enlisted personnel trends in the selected reserve, 1986-1994Staffing at-risk school districts in Texas : problems and prospectsFacing the challenges of whole-school reform : New American Schools after a decadeOrganizational improvement and accountability : lessons for education from other sectorsImplementation in a longitudinal sample of New American Schools : four years into scale-upA casebook of alternative governance structures and organizational formsReforming teacher education : a first year progress report on Teachers for a New EraEnlisted personnel management : a historical perspective