WorldCat Identities

Mississippi State University Department of Psychology

Works: 32 works in 33 publications in 1 language and 88 library holdings
Genres: Periodicals  Academic theses 
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about Mississippi State University
Most widely held works by Mississippi State University
Research in psychological type( )

in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bulletin of research in psychological type( )

in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Research in psychological type( Book )

1 edition published in 1982 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Illicit use of ADHD stimulant medications : Gender differences in perceptions of risk by Joanna C Hachtel( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Little research exists on gender differences regarding prevalence or perceptions of risk associated with college students’ misuse, illegal consumption, and diversion of prescription stimulant medications. Data from Mississippi State University undergraduates (N = 1,714) were examined for gender differences in illicit behaviors and related risk perceptions. Men were more likely to report consumption and diversion, but not more likely to report misuse of their own prescription stimulants. Overall, men reported lower risk perceptions associated with consumption of others’ prescription stimulants. This finding held true for legal and health risk perceptions for those uninvolved in diversion or consumption, for health risk perceptions for those who report consumption, and for social risk perceptions for those who report diversion. Although some analyses were underpowered, results help clarify how researchers define and measure these behaviors, determine possible relationships between risk perceptions and illicit use of prescription stimulant medications, and identify potential targets for intervention
Word frequency and the recall-recognition paradox by Willie Brown( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

When people predict recognition performance, they wrongly predict that high frequency words will produce better recognition than low frequency words. To examine whether familiarity was the heuristic behind these inaccurate predictions, participants saw some words prior to study to increase their familiarity. We found that familiarity influences predictions, but word frequency has the greater influence. Research has shown that these inaccurate predictions can be corrected with test experience. Subsequent predictions are more accurate, but it is unclear whether participants learn that low frequency words are always better for memory or that participants had learned that low frequency words are only better for recognition and high frequency words are better for recall. We resolved this issue by giving a forced-choice recognition test after the single-item recognition test to determine what participants learned after the first test, and we found that participants learned that low frequency words facilitate recognition but not recall
Investigating the threat-avoidant model of pathological anxiety by Lee McCluskey( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Structural equation modeling was utilized to test a hypothesized model for the effects of negative biases, thought suppression, experiential avoidance, and mindfulness on pathological anxiety. Self-report scales were used to measure each construct. Confirmatory factor analyses were used to test the factor structure of each scale. Identified factors were disparate from those in previous research on some scales, so items from scales were pooled to create scales for each construct. Alternate models were tested. No models showed adequate fit. Significant paths between most constructs partially supported our theory. Surprisingly, thought suppression did not predict anxiety. This finding is important because previous literature cites parallels between thought suppression and experiential avoidance to explain the role of experiential avoidance in anxiety. Additionally, the effects of mindfulness on anxiety were mediated by experiential avoidance and negativity bias, providing a possible explanation for the efficacy of mindfulness based treatments for anxiety
Socialization of coping : Influence of parental mental health and parenting practices by Janet W Kwan( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Socialization of coping is the idea that child coping methods are learned through parents’ modeling of response to stressors. Literature has examined how various aspects of parenting quality may influence their children’s coping behaviors. However, a dearth of research has studied the lasting effect of coping socialization in emerging adulthood, a distinctive time period with the greatest onset rate of psychiatric disorders. Thus, the current study examined how parental mental health, coping responses and discipline strategies influence emerging adult mental health and coping behavior. Two separate multiple regression analyses and a series of moderation and mediation analyses were conducted. Results indicated that emerging adult gender moderated the association between paternal and emerging adult disengagement coping. Additionally, the association between parental and emerging adult mental health was mediated by emerging adults’ disengagement coping. Lastly, the effect of poor maternal coping on emerging adult coping behavior was moderated by parental mental health
Action control, motivation for reward, and deficits in anticipatory pleasure by Jessica Christine Swinea( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A primary symptom of depression is anhedonia, or the loss of interest or pleasure. Anhedonic individuals can have deficits in anticipatory pleasure (‘wanting’ things) or consummatory pleasure (‘liking’ things). Depressed individuals generally have deficits in anticipatory but not consummatory pleasure. A possible buffer against anticipatory anhedonia is action orientation, or the ability to upregulate positive affect in pursuit of goals when stressed. To examine the relationship between stress, action/state orientation, and anhedonia, highly anhedonic individuals who were either action- or state-oriented underwent a demanding mood induction, and completed the Effort-Expenditure for Reward Task, a measure of motivation for reward. Evidence did not support action orientation as a buffer; however, individuals who showed fluctuation in self-reported motivation were less motivated to work for reward. Evidence emerged suggesting that fluctuation in motivation over time may predict less willingness to work. Future research can examine the relationship between variability in motivation and depression
Standing up for the self: the role of resistance in self-concept clarity by Jesi Elise Johnson( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

I examined whether expressing minority opinions enhances self-concept clarity and whether need for uniqueness (NfU) moderates this predicted relationship. I used an experimental survey with a 2 (Pre-existing Position: opposed, in favor) × 2 (Majority Position: opposed, in favor) × 2 (Participant Action: resist, conform) design. Participants identified themselves as primarily for or against granting legal rights to homosexuals and completed an NfU measure. Participants were then randomly assigned to read that the majority of MSU students either oppose or support granting legal rights to homosexuals. After reading arguments consistent with the majority position, participants were asked to offer arguments that either supported or refuted the majority. Contrary to hypotheses, arguing the minority position did not enhance self-concept clarity. Anti-gay rights participants were higher in self-concept clarity than pro-gay rights participants, and they became even higher in self-concept clarity when arguing with an opposed majority than when arguing against one
Do social norms or self-interest rule? Comparing the power of social norms and targets of prejudice on symbolic prejudice in a group discussion by William Thomas Cockrell( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

We examined how social norms and confrontations by targets of prejudice influence opinions of gay rights. During an experimental discussion participants were assigned to a 2 (Target: gay target present vs. Christian non-target present) x 2 (Social Support: no group support vs. support from 3 confederates) design. Dependent variables included participants’ public votes on gay rights policies, private post-discussion attitudes, and post-discussion reactions toward the discussion. Results showed that participants exposed to a group showed greater public endorsement of gay-rights than those interacting with the target alone. Gay targets facilitated greater public advocacy for gay rights than Christian targets, despite reporting more negative reactions post-discussion. Overall, participants became more pro-gay rights after the discussion, regardless of condition. These results support the role of social norms in reducing prejudice but also suggest that, contrary to the self-interest rule, targets of prejudice may garner greater support by standing up for their rights
An investigation of training, schemas, and false recall of diagnostic features by Rachel Kathleen Foster( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This study examined whether schemas formed during training (graduate coursework, clinical supervision, etc.) are responsible for the tendency of clinicians to experience higher rates of false recall for clinical case details when compared to novices. Participants in this study were recruited from a general psychology class to limit preexisting knowledge of psychological disorders. Half of the participants were trained to recognize features of Generalized Anxiety Disorder with the purpose of forming a schema for that disorder, whereas the other half were not. Participants’ memory for the diagnostic and non-diagnostic details within a hypothetical case vignette was tested using a free recall prompt followed by a yes/no recognition test. Trained participants falsely recognized the diagnostic detail ‘restlessness’ and falsely recalled the diagnostic detail ‘uncontrollable worry’ at a significantly higher rate than controls, suggesting that the training successfully formed a schema for GAD symptoms
The MSU psychology news : a newsletter for alumni, students, parents, and friends( )

in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Picture superiority effect and its detrimental effect in memory updating with road signs by Eumji Kang( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Classic studies found advantages of pictures over words in memory (picture superiority effect). This paper applied the picture superiority effect to road signs to examine whether people remembered picture road signs better than word road signs. People remembered picture road signs better than word road signs, as evidenced on a recognition test. However, in real driving situations drivers do not need to remember the meaning of one road sign for a long time; rather, they need to continuously update information from sequentially encountered road signs. Therefore, Experiment 2 explored the differences in updating memory between pictures and words. Memory for the most recently viewed road signs was different depending on the form (picture, word) of the previously encountered road sign. Previously encountered picture items impaired memory significantly more than previously encountered words. These findings demonstrate that superior picture memory sometimes can be detrimental, especially when remembering recent information
Present position of sociology at Mississippi State University by Mississippi State University( Book )

1 edition published in 1970 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Are clinicians better at conceptualizing and recalling case details? by Christopher Allen Webb( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This study questions whether expertise plays a role in how mental health clinicians remember case details about their clients. Specifically, are expert clinicians better at teasing apart complex case details than novices? Clinicians' diagnostic schemas may afford a mechanism for easily retaining and retrieving information about particular cases. American Board of Professional Psychologists certified clinicians acted as our expert participants. Undergraduate students enrolled in general psychology acted as novices. Results indicated experts recalled more information than non-experts for each of three hypothetical case vignettes--simple, complex-coherent, and complex-incoherent. As complexity of the vignettes increased the overall amount of recall increased for the complex-coherent vignette and then decreased for the complex-incoherent vignette for both groups. Experts also exhibited more false recalls of symptom specific details for the complex-incoherent case. This finding is evidence of schema-based knowledge and experts' tendency to use schemas in an effort to make sense of illogical cases
The tolerant social norm effect : are norms of tolerance more powerful than prejudicial norms? by Rachael E Carroll( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The present study aimed to examine how a manipulated majority position affects attitude change for intergroup and non-intergroup issues. Specifically I wanted to see how norms of tolerance and norms of prejudice differed. The study employed a 3 (majority manipulated position: positive, neutral, or negative) X 2 (issue type: intergroup or non-intergroup) ANCOVA. Additionally, I wanted to examine how participants' perceived societal direction affects attitude change for intergroup issues with a 3 (majority manipulated position: positive, neutral, or negative) X 3 (perceived direction of attitude: support, stay the same, negative) ANOVA. Participants were randomly assigned to view a majority manipulation position. Attitude change was determined by a difference between a pre-and post-manipulation score. In partial support of my hypothesis intergroup issues elicited more norm-consistent attitude change than non-intergroup topics, however this was driven by a prejudicial social norm effect. No effect was found for perceived societal direction
Establishing the reliability and validity of the Stalking Myth Scale - revised by Amanda Lee Pastuszak( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Misconceptions about intimate aggression have been found to have serious consequences (Kamphius et al., 2005; Robinson, 2005). These beliefs serve to minimize the crime and blame the victim which can cause individuals to not take the crime seriously (Kamphius, et al., 2005; Sinclair, in press). Initial work combined and updated Sinclair's (2010) Stalking Myths Scale and McKeon's unpublished Stalking Attitudes Questionnaire, but further psychometric analysis is needed (Lyndon, Sinclair, & Martin, 2011). I surveyed 1,200 undergraduates using the Stalking Myth Scale –Revised (SMS – R), a modified version of the Obsessive Relational Intrusion Inventory – Short Form (ORI - SF; Cupach & Spitzberg, 2004), and three intimate partner aggression myth scales. My findings replicated the factor structure of the previous pilot and attitudes regarding stalking were found to be predictors of the likelihood to engage in, the perceived normativity of, and the perceived motivation behind stalking
Action control and the relationship between anhedonia, anxiety, and unconscious inhibition of positive information by Taban Salem( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Previous research suggests that individuals with difficulty upregulating positive affect exhibit below-chance accuracy when identifying positive words presented outside of awareness, an effect termed subchance perception of positive information (SPPI). Previous findings also suggest that state orientation may underlie the relationship between clinical symptoms such as anxiety and anhedonia and SPPI. The current study addressed methodological limitations of previous research and tested hypotheses that state oriented individuals exhibit SPPI and that state orientation underlies the relationship between clinical symptoms and accuracy in identifying briefly-presented positive words. Results did not support hypotheses. The null findings in this study suggest that the relationship between action orientation and subchance perception of positive information may be less robust than preliminary findings suggested. Findings yielded from exploratory analyses suggested that future studies should include participants with greater symptom severity in order to have sufficient power to detect relationships between positive word accuracy and clinical symptoms
Not all rejections are created equal : differentiating how and when rejection leads to aggression by Lawrence K Perko( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The effect of attributions for rejection on the perceived levels of threat to different basic needs was experimentally tested. In this 3 (Internal, External, and Ambiguous attribution) x 3 (Controllable, Uncontrollable, and Neither attribution) experiment, participants read one of nine relationship termination vignettes manipulating which attribution was provided as the reason for being rejected. Perceived levels of threat to Fiske's (2002) core social motives (belonging, control, and self-esteem) were measured. Analyses revealed main effects of the internal/external attributions, such that an internal attribution led to increased feelings of anger and desire to retaliate. Both effects were mediated by increases in threat to self-esteem. No effects of the rejection controllability attribution were found. These findings suggest that rejections that include internal attributions, such as that it's the rejected person's fault that they are being rejected, threaten a person's self-esteem, which in turn leads to anger and desires to retaliate
Episodically defined categories in the organization of visual memory by Karla B Antonelli( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Research into the nature and content of visual long-term memory has investigated what aspects of its representation may account for the remarkable ability we have to remember large amounts of detailed visual information. One theory proposed is that visual memories are supported by an underlying structure of conceptual knowledge around which visual information is organized. However, findings in memory for visual information learned in a visual search task were not explained by this theory of conceptual support, and a new theory is proposed that incorporates the importance of episodic, task-relevant visual information into the organizational structure of visual memory. The current study examined visual long-term memory organization as evidenced by retroactive interference effects in memory for objects learned in a visual search. Four experiments were conducted to examine the amount of retroactive interference induced based on aspects in which interfering objects were related to learned objects. Specifically, episodically task-relevant information about objects was manipulated between conditions based on search instructions. Aspects of conceptual category, perceptual information (color), and context (object role in search) were examined for their contribution to retroactive interference for learned objects. Findings indicated that when made episodically task-relevant, perceptual, as well as conceptual, information contributed to the organization of visual long-term memory. However, when made episodically non-relevant, perceptual information did not contribute to memory organization, and memory defaulted to conceptual category organization. This finding supports the theory of an episodically defined organizational structure in visual long-term memory that is overlaid upon an underlying conceptual structure
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Alternative Names

controlled identityMississippi State University

Mississippi State University. Dept. of Psychology

English (22)