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Mississippi State University Department of Psychology

Works: 23 works in 24 publications in 1 language and 77 library holdings
Genres: Periodicals  Academic theses 
Classifications: BF698.A1,
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about Mississippi State University
Most widely held works by Mississippi State University
Research in psychological type( )

in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bulletin of research in psychological type( )

in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Research in psychological type( Book )

1 edition published in 1982 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Not all rejections are created equal : differentiating how and when rejection leads to aggression by Lawrence K Perko( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The effect of attributions for rejection on the perceived levels of threat to different basic needs was experimentally tested. In this 3 (Internal, External, and Ambiguous attribution) x 3 (Controllable, Uncontrollable, and Neither attribution) experiment, participants read one of nine relationship termination vignettes manipulating which attribution was provided as the reason for being rejected. Perceived levels of threat to Fiske's (2002) core social motives (belonging, control, and self-esteem) were measured. Analyses revealed main effects of the internal/external attributions, such that an internal attribution led to increased feelings of anger and desire to retaliate. Both effects were mediated by increases in threat to self-esteem. No effects of the rejection controllability attribution were found. These findings suggest that rejections that include internal attributions, such as that it's the rejected person's fault that they are being rejected, threaten a person's self-esteem, which in turn leads to anger and desires to retaliate
Word frequency and the recall-recognition paradox by Willie Brown( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

When people predict recognition performance, they wrongly predict that high frequency words will produce better recognition than low frequency words. To examine whether familiarity was the heuristic behind these inaccurate predictions, participants saw some words prior to study to increase their familiarity. We found that familiarity influences predictions, but word frequency has the greater influence. Research has shown that these inaccurate predictions can be corrected with test experience. Subsequent predictions are more accurate, but it is unclear whether participants learn that low frequency words are always better for memory or that participants had learned that low frequency words are only better for recognition and high frequency words are better for recall. We resolved this issue by giving a forced-choice recognition test after the single-item recognition test to determine what participants learned after the first test, and we found that participants learned that low frequency words facilitate recognition but not recall
Action control and the relationship between anhedonia, anxiety, and unconscious inhibition of positive information by Taban Salem( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Previous research suggests that individuals with difficulty upregulating positive affect exhibit below-chance accuracy when identifying positive words presented outside of awareness, an effect termed subchance perception of positive information (SPPI). Previous findings also suggest that state orientation may underlie the relationship between clinical symptoms such as anxiety and anhedonia and SPPI. The current study addressed methodological limitations of previous research and tested hypotheses that state oriented individuals exhibit SPPI and that state orientation underlies the relationship between clinical symptoms and accuracy in identifying briefly-presented positive words. Results did not support hypotheses. The null findings in this study suggest that the relationship between action orientation and subchance perception of positive information may be less robust than preliminary findings suggested. Findings yielded from exploratory analyses suggested that future studies should include participants with greater symptom severity in order to have sufficient power to detect relationships between positive word accuracy and clinical symptoms
The tolerant social norm effect : are norms of tolerance more powerful than prejudicial norms? by Rachael E Carroll( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The present study aimed to examine how a manipulated majority position affects attitude change for intergroup and non-intergroup issues. Specifically I wanted to see how norms of tolerance and norms of prejudice differed. The study employed a 3 (majority manipulated position: positive, neutral, or negative) X 2 (issue type: intergroup or non-intergroup) ANCOVA. Additionally, I wanted to examine how participants' perceived societal direction affects attitude change for intergroup issues with a 3 (majority manipulated position: positive, neutral, or negative) X 3 (perceived direction of attitude: support, stay the same, negative) ANOVA. Participants were randomly assigned to view a majority manipulation position. Attitude change was determined by a difference between a pre-and post-manipulation score. In partial support of my hypothesis intergroup issues elicited more norm-consistent attitude change than non-intergroup topics, however this was driven by a prejudicial social norm effect. No effect was found for perceived societal direction
The effects of proposed changes to alcohol use disorder in DSM-5 by Taylor English( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The upcoming Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) will change how Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) is characterized by going from a two-factor hierarchical model to a unidimensional disorder. In addition, the number of criteria needed are being reduced, which may increase AUD prevalence rates. The present study examines how these changes will impact college students as compared to their non-college attending peers. Participants were asked to complete questionnaires about their alcohol use and what criteria they meet, a daily functioning questionnaire, and a measure to determine their willingness to engage in risky behaviors. Results indicate that college students will show a disproportionate increase in diagnoses, even though college students who meet criteria show no significant differences in functional impairment compared to students who do not meet criteria. These results suggest that the new criteria may not be a good indicator of AUD presence for college students
Episodically defined categories in the organization of visual memory by Karla B Antonelli( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Research into the nature and content of visual long-term memory has investigated what aspects of its representation may account for the remarkable ability we have to remember large amounts of detailed visual information. One theory proposed is that visual memories are supported by an underlying structure of conceptual knowledge around which visual information is organized. However, findings in memory for visual information learned in a visual search task were not explained by this theory of conceptual support, and a new theory is proposed that incorporates the importance of episodic, task-relevant visual information into the organizational structure of visual memory. The current study examined visual long-term memory organization as evidenced by retroactive interference effects in memory for objects learned in a visual search. Four experiments were conducted to examine the amount of retroactive interference induced based on aspects in which interfering objects were related to learned objects. Specifically, episodically task-relevant information about objects was manipulated between conditions based on search instructions. Aspects of conceptual category, perceptual information (color), and context (object role in search) were examined for their contribution to retroactive interference for learned objects. Findings indicated that when made episodically task-relevant, perceptual, as well as conceptual, information contributed to the organization of visual long-term memory. However, when made episodically non-relevant, perceptual information did not contribute to memory organization, and memory defaulted to conceptual category organization. This finding supports the theory of an episodically defined organizational structure in visual long-term memory that is overlaid upon an underlying conceptual structure
Corporal punishment : associations with alcohol use and abuse in emerging adults by Mary Ward Pollard( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Research shows corporal punishment is associated with negative outcomes in offspring. These negative outcomes can present themselves during childhood and emerging adulthood. One negative consequence can be alcohol abuse. The consequences of alcohol abuse in emerging adults are reasons to research corporal punishment's effects to support positive parental discipline. The current study examined the relationship between past-year corporal punishment and alcohol abuse in the emerging adulthood population. Results of the current study showed corporal punishment was correlated positively with alcohol use, externalizing problems, and authoritarian parenting style, and negatively correlated with maternal authoritative parenting style and permissive parenting style. Males reported higher amounts of paternal corporal punishment and higher amounts of alcohol consumption. Finally, it was determined that risk factors for alcohol abuse included male gender, Caucasian ethnicity, and positive history of family alcohol abuse, and that psychopathology mediated the relationship between corporal punishment and alcohol use and abuse
Picture superiority effect and its detrimental effect in memory updating with road signs by Eumji Kang( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Classic studies found advantages of pictures over words in memory (picture superiority effect). This paper applied the picture superiority effect to road signs to examine whether people remembered picture road signs better than word road signs. People remembered picture road signs better than word road signs, as evidenced on a recognition test. However, in real driving situations drivers do not need to remember the meaning of one road sign for a long time; rather, they need to continuously update information from sequentially encountered road signs. Therefore, Experiment 2 explored the differences in updating memory between pictures and words. Memory for the most recently viewed road signs was different depending on the form (picture, word) of the previously encountered road sign. Previously encountered picture items impaired memory significantly more than previously encountered words. These findings demonstrate that superior picture memory sometimes can be detrimental, especially when remembering recent information
Do social norms or self-interest rule? Comparing the power of social norms and targets of prejudice on symbolic prejudice in a group discussion by William Thomas Cockrell( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

We examined how social norms and confrontations by targets of prejudice influence opinions of gay rights. During an experimental discussion participants were assigned to a 2 (Target: gay target present vs. Christian non-target present) x 2 (Social Support: no group support vs. support from 3 confederates) design. Dependent variables included participants’ public votes on gay rights policies, private post-discussion attitudes, and post-discussion reactions toward the discussion. Results showed that participants exposed to a group showed greater public endorsement of gay-rights than those interacting with the target alone. Gay targets facilitated greater public advocacy for gay rights than Christian targets, despite reporting more negative reactions post-discussion. Overall, participants became more pro-gay rights after the discussion, regardless of condition. These results support the role of social norms in reducing prejudice but also suggest that, contrary to the self-interest rule, targets of prejudice may garner greater support by standing up for their rights
Investigating the threat-avoidant model of pathological anxiety by Lee McCluskey( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Structural equation modeling was utilized to test a hypothesized model for the effects of negative biases, thought suppression, experiential avoidance, and mindfulness on pathological anxiety. Self-report scales were used to measure each construct. Confirmatory factor analyses were used to test the factor structure of each scale. Identified factors were disparate from those in previous research on some scales, so items from scales were pooled to create scales for each construct. Alternate models were tested. No models showed adequate fit. Significant paths between most constructs partially supported our theory. Surprisingly, thought suppression did not predict anxiety. This finding is important because previous literature cites parallels between thought suppression and experiential avoidance to explain the role of experiential avoidance in anxiety. Additionally, the effects of mindfulness on anxiety were mediated by experiential avoidance and negativity bias, providing a possible explanation for the efficacy of mindfulness based treatments for anxiety
Present position of sociology at Mississippi State University by Mississippi State University( Book )

1 edition published in 1970 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Establishing the reliability and validity of the Stalking Myth Scale - revised by Amanda Lee Pastuszak( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Misconceptions about intimate aggression have been found to have serious consequences (Kamphius et al., 2005; Robinson, 2005). These beliefs serve to minimize the crime and blame the victim which can cause individuals to not take the crime seriously (Kamphius, et al., 2005; Sinclair, in press). Initial work combined and updated Sinclair's (2010) Stalking Myths Scale and McKeon's unpublished Stalking Attitudes Questionnaire, but further psychometric analysis is needed (Lyndon, Sinclair, & Martin, 2011). I surveyed 1,200 undergraduates using the Stalking Myth Scale –Revised (SMS – R), a modified version of the Obsessive Relational Intrusion Inventory – Short Form (ORI - SF; Cupach & Spitzberg, 2004), and three intimate partner aggression myth scales. My findings replicated the factor structure of the previous pilot and attitudes regarding stalking were found to be predictors of the likelihood to engage in, the perceived normativity of, and the perceived motivation behind stalking
The MSU psychology news : a newsletter for alumni, students, parents, and friends( )

in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Parenting and emerging adult adjustment : the role of parental discipline and consistency by Shea Golding( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Parenting practices and discipline practices impact children’s lives in many ways, particularly children’s behaviors and outcomes. Positive parenting practices including authoritative parenting, non-violent discipline practices, and consistency are associated with positive psychological adjustment. Research demonstrates that negative parenting practices including authoritarian and permissive parenting, harsh discipline practices, and inconsistency are related to childhood maladjustment. The current study aimed to examine the relationships among parenting practices, discipline practices, consistency, and emerging adult psychological adjustment. Results indicated that positive parenting, positive discipline, and consistent practices are negatively correlated with emerging adult maladjustment. The current study found no differences between mothers and fathers for parenting practices, discipline practices, or consistency. Lastly, it was found that consistency acts as a partial mediator between parenting and discipline practices and psychological outcome and is a strong predictor of psychological adjustment
Are clinicians better at conceptualizing and recalling case details? by Christopher Allen Webb( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This study questions whether expertise plays a role in how mental health clinicians remember case details about their clients. Specifically, are expert clinicians better at teasing apart complex case details than novices? Clinicians' diagnostic schemas may afford a mechanism for easily retaining and retrieving information about particular cases. American Board of Professional Psychologists certified clinicians acted as our expert participants. Undergraduate students enrolled in general psychology acted as novices. Results indicated experts recalled more information than non-experts for each of three hypothetical case vignettes--simple, complex-coherent, and complex-incoherent. As complexity of the vignettes increased the overall amount of recall increased for the complex-coherent vignette and then decreased for the complex-incoherent vignette for both groups. Experts also exhibited more false recalls of symptom specific details for the complex-incoherent case. This finding is evidence of schema-based knowledge and experts' tendency to use schemas in an effort to make sense of illogical cases
Master of Science in clinical psychology at Mississippi State University by Mississippi State University( Book )

1 edition published in 1979 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Parenting in same-sex parent-child dyads : effects on emerging adults in a Southern sample by Kimberly R Brown( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The current study investigated the effects of parenting styles in same-sex and opposite-sex parent-child dyads, as well as the differences in parenting styles in two regions of the country. This study's sample came from two previously collected datasets: one from Mississippi and one from Florida. The participants reported on perceived parental behaviors, parenting styles, discipline practices, and their own psychological adjustment. There were main effects for gender of emerging adults and parenting styles of mothers and fathers. No interactions between the genders of the parent and child reached significance. The results of Pearson correlations suggest that authoritarian parenting leads to negative outcomes for individuals from Florida, although there was no relationship for individuals from Mississippi. Conversely, the results suggest that permissive parenting leads to negative outcomes for individuals from Mississippi, although there was no relationship for individuals from Florida. Thus, outcomes related to parenting seem to differ by region
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Alternative Names

controlled identityMississippi State University

Mississippi State University. Dept. of Psychology

English (22)