WorldCat Identities

Paris, Bernard J.

Works: 61 works in 248 publications in 3 languages and 13,970 library holdings
Genres: Criticism, interpretation, etc  Biography  Conference papers and proceedings  History 
Roles: Author, Editor, Director, Other, Photographer, Film editor, Composer
Classifications: BJ47, 822.33
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Bernard J Paris
A psychological approach to fiction; studies in Thackeray, Stendhal, George Eliot, Dostoevsky, and Conrad by Bernard J Paris( Book )

24 editions published between 1974 and 2017 in English and held by 1,181 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

'Psychology helps us to talk about what the novelist knows, but fiction helps us to know what the psychologist is talking about.' So writes the author of this brilliant study. The chief impulse of realistic fiction is mimetic; novels of psychological realism call by their very nature for psychological analysis. This study uses psychology to analyze important characters and to explore the consciousness of the author and the work as a whole. What is needed for the interpretation of realistic fiction is a psychological theory congruent with the experience portrayed. Emerging from Paris' approach are wholly new and illuminating interpretations of Becky Sharp, William Dobbin, Amelia Sedley, Julian Sorel, Madame de Renal, Mathilde de la Mole, Maggie Tulliver, the underground man, Charley Marlow, and Lord Jim. The psychological approach employed by Paris helps the reader not only to grasp the intricacies of mimetic characterization, but also to make sense of thematic inconsistencies which occur in some of the books under consideration. For students of human behavior as well as students of literature, the great figures of realistic fiction provide a rich source of empathic understanding and psychological insight
Experiments in life; George Eliot's quest for values by Bernard J Paris( Book )

10 editions published in 1965 in English and held by 862 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Character and conflict in Jane Austen's novels : a psychological approach by Bernard J Paris( Book )

22 editions published between 1978 and 2017 in English and held by 799 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In Character and Conflict in Jane Austen's Novels, Bernard J. Paris offers an analysis of the protagonists in four of Jane Austen's most popular novels. His analysis reveals them to be brilliant mimetic creations who often break free of the formal and thematic limitations placed upon them by Austen. Paris traces the powerful tensions between form, theme, and mimesis in Mansfield Park, Emma, Pride and Prejudice, and Persuasion. Paris uses Northrop Frye's theory of comic forms to analyze and describe the formal structure of the novels, and Karen Horney's psychological theories to explore the personalities and inner conflicts of the main characters. The concluding chapter turns from the characters to their creator, employing the Horneyan categories of self-effacing, detached, and expansive personality types to interpret Jane Austen's own personality. Readers of Jane Austen will find much that is new and challenging in this study. It is one of the few books to recognize and pay tribute to Jane Austen's genius in characterization. Anyone who reads this book will come away with a new understanding of Austen's heroines as imagined human beings and also with a deeper feeling for the troubled humanity of the author herself
Karen Horney : a psychoanalyst's search for self-understanding by Bernard J Paris( Book )

14 editions published between 1994 and 2006 in English and German and held by 758 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bernard J. Paris argues that Horney's inner struggles - in particular her compulsive need for men - induced her to embark on a search for self-understanding, which she recorded first in her diaries and then in her covertly autobiographical psychoanalytic writings. Although this search brought Horney only partial relief from her problems, it led her to profound and original insights into the human psyche. Paris describes Horney's life - her childhood and adolescence in Germany, marriage to Oskar Horney, motherhood, analysis and self analysis, immigration to the United States, founding of the American Institute for Psychoanalysis, ostracism by the psychoanalytic establishment, and many romantic liaisons
Shakespeare's personality( Book )

7 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 604 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The unknown Karen Horney : essays on gender, culture, and psychoanalysis by Karen Horney( Book )

9 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 594 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Contains previously unpublished and uncollected works of Karen Horney
Rereading George Eliot : changing responses to her experiments in life by Bernard J Paris( Book )

12 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 423 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In a probing analysis that has broad implications for theories of reading, Bernard J. Paris explores how personal needs and changes in his own psychology have affected his responses to George Eliot over the years. Having lost his earlier enthusiasm for her "Religion of Humanity," he now appreciates the psychological intuitions that are embodied in her brilliant portraits of characters and relationships. Concentrating on Eliot's most impressive psychological novels, Middlemarch and Daniel Deronda, Paris focuses on her detailed portrayals of major characters in an effort to recover her intuitions and appreciate her mimetic achievement. He argues that although she intended for her characters to provide confirmation of her views, she was instead led to deeper, more enduring truths, although she did not consciously comprehend the discoveries she had made. Like her characters, Paris argues, these truths must be disengaged from her rhetoric in order to be perceived."--Jacket
Conrad's Charlie Marlow : a new approach to "Heart of darkness" and Lord Jim by Bernard J Paris( Book )

14 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 391 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Whereas Marlow has usually been discussed as a literary device who is of no special interest in himself, this study argues that Conrad portrays Marlow and his relationships with a psychological depth that is unsurpassed in literature. In "Youth," "Heart of Darkness," and Lord Jim, he is a continuously-evolving character whose thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are expressions of his personality and experience. Understanding Marlow's motivations newly illuminates the formal complexity and thematic richness of these works, for his inner conflicts profoundly affect the structure of his narrations, his interactions with his auditors, and the elusive meanings of his tales
Character as a subversive force in Shakespeare : the history and Roman plays by Bernard J Paris( Book )

8 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 386 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bargains with fate : psychological crises and conflicts in Shakespeare and his plays by Bernard J Paris( Book )

11 editions published between 1991 and 2017 in English and held by 372 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The enduring appeal of Shakespeare's works derives largely from the fact that they contain brilliantly drawn characters. Interpretations of these characters are products of changing modes of thought, and thus past explanations of their behavior, including Shakespeare's, no longer satisfy us. In this work, Bernard J. Paris, an eminent Shakespearean scholar, shows how Shakespeare endowed his tragic heroes with enduring human qualities that have made them relevant to people of later eras.Bargains with Fate employs a psychoanalytic approach inspired by the theories of Karen Horney to analyze Shakespeare's four major tragedies and the personality that can be inferred from all of his works. This compelling study first examines the tragedies as dramas about individuals with conflicts like our own who are in a state of crisis due to the breakdown of their bargains with fate, a belief that they can magically control their destinies by living up to the dictates of their defensive strategies.Filled with bold hypotheses supported by carefully detailed accounts, this innovative study is a resource for students and scholars of Shakespeare, and for those interested in literature as a source of psychological insight. The author's combination of literary and psychoanalytic perspectives guides us to a humane understanding of Shakespeare and his protagonists, and, in turn, to a more profound knowledge of ourselves and human behavior."--Provided by publisher
Third force psychology and the study of literature( Book )

6 editions published between 1985 and 1986 in English and held by 362 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Imagined human beings : a psychological approach to character and conflict in literature by Bernard J Paris( Book )

10 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 337 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

One of literature's greatest gifts is its portrayal of realistically drawn characters--human beings in whom we can recognize motivations and emotions. InImagined Human Beings, Bernard J. Paris explores the inner conflicts of some of literature's most famous characters, using Karen Horney's psychoanalytic theories to understand the behavior of these characters as we would the behavior of real people. When realistically drawn characters are understood in psychological terms, they tend to escape their roles in the plot and thus subvert the view of them advanced by the author. A Horneyan approach both alerts us to conflicts between plot and characterization, rhetoric and mimesis, and helps us understand the forces in the author's personalty that generate them. The Horneyan model can make sense of thematic inconsistencies by seeing them as the product of the author's inner divisions. Paris uses this approach to explore a wide range of texts, includingAntigone,"The Clerk's Tale,"The Merchant of Venice, A Doll's House, Hedda Gabler, Great Expectations, Jane Eyre, The Mayor of Casterbridge, Wuthering Heights, Madame Bovary, The Awakening, and The End of the Road
The therapeutic process : essays and lectures by Karen Horney( Book )

9 editions published in 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 334 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dostoevsky's greatest characters : a new approach to Notes from underground, crime and punishment, and the brothers karamazov by Bernard J Paris( Book )

13 editions published between 2008 and 2015 in English and held by 207 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Addressed to all readers of Dostoevsky, as well as to teachers, students, and specialists, this lucidly-written study approaches the underground man, Raskolnikov, and Ivan and Alyosha Karamazov as imagined human beings whose feelings, behaviors, and ideas are expressions of their personalities and experience. While asserting the autonomy of Dostoevsky's characters, Paris shows that there is a tension between them and the author₂s rhetoric and demonstrates that the characters often escape their illustrative roles. By paying close attention to mimetic detail, this book seeks to recover Dostoevsky's psychological intuitions and fully to appreciate his brilliance in characterization
Heaven and its discontents : Milton's characters in Paradise lost by Bernard J Paris( Book )

7 editions published between 2010 and 2017 in English and held by 178 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Many critics agree with C.S. Lewis that "Satan is the best drawn of Milton's characters." Satan is certainly a wonderful creation, but Adam and Eve are also complex and well-drawn, and God may be the most complicated character of all. Paradise Lost is above all God's story; it is his discontent, first with Lucifer and then with human beings, that drives the action from the beginning until his anger subsides at the world's end
A general drama of pain : character and fate in Hardy's major novels by Bernard J Paris( Book )

8 editions published between 2012 and 2017 in English and held by 159 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This motivational analysis of the protagonists in Thomas Hardy's three most widely read novels--Tess of the d'Urbervilles, The Mayor of Casterbridge, and Jude the Obscure--highlights an often-overlooked aspect of his art. Bernard J. Paris shows Hardy's genius in creating imagined human beings. He demonstrates that while Hardy tends to blame external conditions for his characters' painful fates, their downfalls are due to a very complex combination of cosmic, social, and psychological factors. Hardy's characters are usually discussed primarily in thematic terms. The characters are are so richly portrayed, Paris argues, that they can be better understood independent of Hardy's interpretations, in motivational terms and he utilizes the psychologist Karen Horney's theories to recover Hardy's intuitions. The characters are full of inner conflicts that make them difficult to fathom, but the approach Paris employs explains their contradictions and illuminates their troubled relationships--shedding light on these expertly crafted imagined human beings. This psychological approach to Hardy's characters enables us to understand his characters and gain insight into the implied authors of the works. In addition, the approach shows Hardy's authorial personality. We can see that Hardy treats some defensive strategies more sympathetically than others. Given his view of life as "a general drama of pain," resignation, like that of Hardy's character Elizabeth-Jane, is the strategy he prefers
Reviews of the environmental effects of pollutants : VII. Lead by Mary Anne Bell( Book )

1 edition published in 1978 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Lead, one of the oldest metals known to man, has by far the largest usage in the U.S. of any of the heavy metals, approaching 1.5 million metric tons per year. The largest use, for gasoline antiknock additives, results in the annual dispersion to the atmosphere of between 150,000 and 200,000 tons. Lead concentrations in the environment have increased significantly since the industrial revolution. Lead contamination reaching the environment is more or less immobilized in insoluble forms, e.g., as oxides, carbonates, or phosphates. Lead is not biomagnified to any significant extent in man's food chain. The transfer of lead to foods is minimized by its low solubility in environmental media, and by the ability of soil to bind lead ions. Although lead poisoning of animals does occur occasionally, the contribution of animal products to human lead burdens is negligible
El proceso terapéutico : ensayos y conferencias by Karen Horney( Book )

3 editions published between 2003 and 2017 in Spanish and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Karen Horney se anticipó a su época al ver la terapia como un proceso de colaboración en el que la apertura, la honestidad y el apoyo del terapeuta crece a la vez que el paciente. En muchas de sus obras incluyó capítulos acerca del proceso terapéutico, escribió ensayos sobre temas clínicos y, justo antes de su muerte, trabajaba en una obra sobre técnicas analíticas. El profesor Bernard J. Paris ha recopilado muchos de estos textos, creando con ellos una guía para terapeutas basada en la propia y rica experiencia de la autora. Llenos de humanidad y sabiduría clínica, los ensayos y conferencias aquí reunidos ofrecen insights de gran calado sobre temas como la transferencia, los sueños, la asociación libre o las formas en que la personalidad de los terapeutas puede influir en el proceso de curación; todo ello desde un enfoque holístico, pues para Karen Horney "el psicoanálisis no es, afortunadamente, la única manera de resolver los conflictos interiores. La vida, en sí, sigue siendo un terapeuta muy eficaz". (Fuente: La Llave)
Experiment in life : George Eliot's quest for values by Bernard J Paris( Book )

3 editions published in 1965 in English and Undetermined and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A preface to morals by Walter Lippmann( )

2 editions published in 1982 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Discusses how twentieth century people deal with moral issues while older forms of authority, such as the church, state, class, family law and custom, are in a weakened state because of the rise of liberalism
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Audience level: 0.34 (from 0.03 for The therap ... to 0.97 for El proceso ...)

A psychological approach to fiction; studies in Thackeray, Stendhal, George Eliot, Dostoevsky, and Conrad
Alternative Names
Paris, Bernard

English (184)

German (4)

Spanish (3)

Karen Horney : a psychoanalyst's search for self-understandingShakespeare's personalityThe unknown Karen Horney : essays on gender, culture, and psychoanalysisRereading George Eliot : changing responses to her experiments in lifeConrad's Charlie Marlow : a new approach to "Heart of darkness" and Lord JimBargains with fate : psychological crises and conflicts in Shakespeare and his playsImagined human beings : a psychological approach to character and conflict in literatureThe therapeutic process : essays and lectures