WorldCat Identities

Buchwald, Jed Z.

Works: 59 works in 276 publications in 3 languages and 10,314 library holdings
Genres: History  Biography  Terminology  Festschriften 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Publishing director, Author of introduction
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Jed Z Buchwald
Newton and the origin of civilization by Jed Z Buchwald( )

20 editions published between 2011 and 2017 in English and held by 1,831 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Isaac Newton's Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended, published in 1728, one year after the great man's death, unleashed a storm of controversy. And for good reason. The book presents a drastically revised timeline for ancient civilizations, contracting Greek history by five hundred years and Egypt's by a millennium. Newton and the Origin of Civilization tells the story of how one of the most celebrated figures in the history of mathematics, optics, and mechanics came to apply his unique ways of thinking to problems of history, theology, and mythology, and of how his radical ideas produced an uproar that reverberated in Europe's learned circles throughout the eighteenth century and beyond. Jed Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold reveal the manner in which Newton strove for nearly half a century to rectify universal history by reading ancient texts through the lens of astronomy, and to create a tight theoretical system for interpreting the evolution of civilization on the basis of population dynamics. It was during Newton's earliest years at Cambridge that he developed the core of his singular method for generating and working with trustworthy knowledge, which he applied to his study of the past with the same rigor he brought to his work in physics and mathematics. Drawing extensively on Newton's unpublished papers and a host of other primary sources, Buchwald and Feingold reconcile Isaac Newton the rational scientist with Newton the natural philosopher, alchemist, theologian, and chronologist of ancient history
The creation of scientific effects : Heinrich Hertz and electric waves by Jed Z Buchwald( )

17 editions published between 1994 and 2010 in English and held by 1,619 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book is an attempt to reconstitute the tacit knowledge--the shared, unwritten assumptions, values, and understandings--that shapes the work of science. Jed Z. Buchwald uses as his focus the social and intellectual world of nineteenth-century German physics. Drawing on the lab notes, published papers, and unpublished manuscripts of Heinrich Hertz, Buchwald recreates Hertz's 1887 invention of a device that produced electromagnetic waves in wires. The invention itself was serendipitous and the device was quickly transformed, but Hertz's early experiments led to major innovations in electrodyna
Histories of the electron : the birth of microphysics by Jed Z Buchwald( )

19 editions published between 2001 and 2004 in English and held by 1,567 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Isaac Newton's natural philosophy by Jed Z Buchwald( )

18 editions published between 2000 and 2004 in English and held by 1,562 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Newton studies have undergone radical changes in the last half-century as more of his work has been uncovered and more details of his life and intellectual context have come to light. This volume singles out two strands in recent Newton studies: the intellectual background to Newton's scientific thought and both specific and general aspects of his technical science. The essays make new claims concerning Newton's mathematical methods, experimental investigations, and motivations, as well as the effect that his long presence had on science in England.The book is divided into two parts. The essays in part I shed new light on Newton's motivations and the sources of his method. The essays in part II explore Newton's mathematical philosophy and his development of rational mechanics and celestial dynamics. An appendix includes the last paper by Newton biographer Richard W. Westfall, examining some of the ways that mathematics came to be used in the age of Newton in pursuits and domains other than theoretical or rational mechanics
Wrong for the right reasons by Jed Z Buchwald( )

20 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 547 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The rapidity with which knowledge changes makes much of past science obsolete, and often just wrong, from the present's point of view. We no longer think, for example, that heat is a material substance transferred from hot to cold bodies. But is wrong science always or even usually bad science? The essays in this volume argue by example that much of the past's rejected science, wrong in retrospect though it may be - and sometimes markedly so - was nevertheless sound and exemplary of enduring standards that transcend the particularities of culture and locale
From Maxwell to microphysics : aspects of electromagnetic theory in the last quarter of the nineteenth century by Jed Z Buchwald( Book )

23 editions published between 1985 and 1988 in English and held by 522 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The rise of the wave theory of light : optical theory and experiment in the early nineteenth century by Jed Z Buchwald( Book )

13 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 519 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A master of science history : essays in honor of Charles Coulston Gillispie by Charles Coulston Gillispie( )

17 editions published between 2011 and 2012 in English and held by 404 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

New essays in science history ranging across the entire field and related in most instance to the works of Charles Gillispie, one of the field's founders
The zodiac of Paris : how an improbable controversy over an ancient Egyptian artifact provoked a modern debate between religion and science by Jed Z Buchwald( Book )

10 editions published in 2010 in English and French and held by 376 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Dendera zodiac--an ancient bas-relief temple ceiling adorned with mysterious symbols of the stars and planets--was first discovered by the French during Napoleon's campaign in Egypt, and quickly provoked a controversy between scientists and theologians. Brought to Paris in 1821 and ultimately installed in the Louvre, where it can still be seen today, the zodiac appeared to depict the nighttime sky from a time predating the Biblical creation, and therefore cast doubt on religious truth. The Zodiac of Paris tells the story of this incredible archeological find and its unlikely role in the fierce disputes over science and faith in Napoleonic and Restoration France --Publisher's description
The Oxford handbook of the history of physics by Jed Z Buchwald( Book )

16 editions published between 2013 and 2017 in English and held by 370 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book brings together cutting-edge writing by more than twenty leading authorities on the history of physics from the seventeenth century to the present day. By presenting a wide diversity of studies in a single volume, it provides authoritative introductions to scholarly contributions that have tended to be dispersed in journals and books not easily accessible to the general reader. While the core thread remains the theories and experimental practices of physics, the Handbook contains chapters on other dimensions that have their place in any rounded history. These include the role of lecturing and textbooks in the communication of knowledge, the contribution of instrument-makers and instrument-making companies in providing for the needs of both research and lecture demonstrations, and the growing importance of the many interfaces between academic physics, industry, and the military
Scientific practice : theories and stories of doing physics( Book )

10 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 364 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Scientific credibility and technical standards in 19th and early 20th century Germany and Britain by Jed Z Buchwald( Book )

13 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 205 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The articles in this first volume of ARCHIMEDES explicitly and intentionally cross boundaries between science and technology, and they also illuminate one another. The first three contributions concern optics and industry in 19th century Germany; the fourth concerns electric standards in Germany during the same period; the last essay in the volume examines a curious development in the early history of wireless signalling that took place in England, and that has much to say about the establishment and enforcement of standard methods in a rapidly-developing technology that emerged out of a scientific effect. Historical work over the last few decades has shown that technology cannot be characterized simply, or even usually, as applied science. The beliefs, the devices, and the natural objects that are created or discovered by scientists, often play altogether minor roles in the construction of technologies. Taking this realization as a given, the essays in Scientific Credibility and Technical Standards effectively argue that we must now seek to go beyond it; we must also begin to think carefully about the role that science actually did play when it was explicitly deployed by technologists
The romance of science : essays in honour of Trevor H. Levere.( )

7 editions published in 2017 in English and German and held by 124 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The Romance of Science pays tribute to the wide-ranging and highly influential work of Trevor Levere, historian of science and author of Poetry Realised in Nature, Transforming Matter, Science and the Canadian Arctic, Affinity and Matter and other significant inquiries in the history of modern science. Expanding on Levere's many themes and interests, The Romance of Science assembles historians of science -- all influenced by Levere's work -- to explore such matters as the place and space of instruments in science, the role and meaning of science museums, poetry in nature, chemical warfare and warfare in nature, science in Canada and the Arctic, Romanticism, aesthetics and morals in natural philosophy, and the "dismal science" of economics. The Romance of Science explores the interactions between science's romantic, material, institutional and economic engagements with Nature."-- $c Provided by publisher
Hermann von Helmholtz's mechanism : the loss of certainty : a study on the transition from classical to modern philosophy of nature by Gregor Schiemann( )

2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Two seemingly contradictory tendencies have accompanied the development of the natural sciences in the past 150 years. On the one hand, the natural sciences have been instrumental in effecting a thoroughgoing transformation of social structures and have made a permanent impact on the conceptual world of human beings. This historical period has, on the other hand, also brought to light the merely hypothetical validity of scientific knowledge. As late as the middle of the 19th century the truth-pathos in the natural sciences was still unbroken. Yet in the succeeding years these claims to certain knowledge underwent a fundamental crisis. For scientists today, of course, the fact that their knowledge can possess only relative validity is a matter of self-evidence." "The present analysis investigates the early phase of this fundamental change in the concept of science through an examination of Hermann von Helmholtz's conception of science and his mechanistic interpretation of nature. Helmholtz (1821-1894) was one of the most important natural scientists in Germany. The development of this thought offers an impressive but, until now, relatively little considered report from the field of the experimental sciences chronicling the erosion of certainty."--Jacket
Erasmi Bartholini Experimenta crystalli Islandici disdiaclastici : quibus mira & insolita refractio detegitur by Erasmus Bartholin( Book )

4 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Patterns of change : linguistic innovations in the development of classical mathematics by Ladislav Kvasz( )

4 editions published in 2008 in English and Undetermined and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book offers a reconstruction of linguistic innovations in the history of mathematics; innovations which changed the ways in which mathematics was clone, understood and philosophically interpreted. It argues that there are at least three ways in which the language of mathematics has been changed throughout its history, thus determining the lines of development that mathematics has followed." "The book offers tools of analysis by means of which scholars and students of the history and philosophy of mathematics can attain better understanding of the various changes, which the subject of their study underwent in the course of history. The book brings also important insights for mathematics education connecting growth of language with the development of mathematical thought."--Jacket
A Master of Science History : Essays in Honor of Charles Coulston Gillispie by Jed Z Buchwald( )

4 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Contributors -- Charles Gillispie -- Archaeology -- Astronomy -- Chemistry -- Geology, Biology and Natural Theology -- Mathematics -- Medicine and Health -- Science and Industry in France. 
From summetria to symmetry : the making of a revolutionary scientific concept by Giora Hon( )

5 editions published in 2008 in English and Undetermined and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The concept of symmetry is inherent to modern science, and its evolution has a complex history that richly exemplifies the dynamics of scientific change. This study is based on primary sources, presented in context: the authors examine closely the trajectory of the concept in the mathematical and scientific disciplines as well as its trajectory in art and architecture. The principal goal is to demonstrate that, despite the variety of usages in many different domains, there is a conceptual unity underlying the invocation of symmetry in the period from antiquity to the 1790s which is distinct from the scientific usages of this term that first emerged in France at the end of the 18th century. The key figure in revolutionizing the concept of symmetry is the mathematician, Adrien-Marie Legendre. His achievements in solid geometry (1794) are contrasted with the views of the philosopher, Immanuel Kant, on the directionality of space (1768)."--Jacket
The world as a mathematical game : John von Neumann and twentieth century science by Giorgio Israel( )

2 editions published in 2009 in German and English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Galileo and Newton's work towards the mathematisation of the physical world; Leibniz's universal logical calculus; the Enlightenment's mathématique sociale. John von Neumann inherited all these aims and philosophical intuitions, together with an idea that grew up around the Vienna Circle of an ethics in the form of an exact science capable of guiding individuals to make correct decisions. With the help of his boundless mathematical capacity, von Neumann developed a conception of the world as a mathematical game, a world globally governed by a universal logic in which individual consciousness moved following different strategies: his vision guided him from set theory to quantum mechanics, to economics and to his theory of automata (anticipating artificial intelligence and cognitive science). Von Neumann became a true legend in twentieth century science; but he was also a controversial figure, because of the decisive role he played in determining US military policy and strategic atomic equilibrium - which he viewed as an application of game theory. The Cold War is over; the age of nuclear physics and big science has been superseded by our age of biotechnology and postacademic science. From the life of John von Neumann emerge important insights to understand the cultural and technological landscape that we have inherited from the past century. This book provides the first comprehensive scientific and intellectual biography of John von Neumann, a man who perhaps more than any other is representative of twentieth century science. There are hundreds of metaphors for life: Life is a vale of tears, a dream, a joke. In As You Like It, Shakespeare says that life is a stage. What was von Neumann's metaphor? ... it was that life is a game. Sensitive to the double-edged sword of knowledge and the idiocy of mankind, von Neumann's main legacy might be the deepening of the ancient dilemma of Prometheus. (Philip Davis, Siam News, May 30, 2003)
The Romance of Science by Jed Z Buchwald( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Wrong for the right reasons
Histories of the electron : the birth of microphysicsIsaac Newton's natural philosophyWrong for the right reasonsThe rise of the wave theory of light : optical theory and experiment in the early nineteenth centuryThe zodiac of Paris : how an improbable controversy over an ancient Egyptian artifact provoked a modern debate between religion and scienceScientific practice : theories and stories of doing physicsScientific credibility and technical standards in 19th and early 20th century Germany and BritainHermann von Helmholtz's mechanism : the loss of certainty : a study on the transition from classical to modern philosophy of nature
Alternative Names
Buchwald, J. Z. 1949-

Buchwald, Jed.

Buchwald, Jed 1949-

Buchwald, Jed Zachary 1949-

Jed Buchwald

Jed Buchwald American historian

Jed Buchwald Amerikaanse historicus van de wetenschap

Jed Buchwald historiador estadounidense

Jed Buchwald historien américain

English (220)

German (2)

French (1)