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Harvard Institute of Economic Research

Works: 1,468 works in 2,059 publications in 1 language and 2,970 library holdings
Genres: Periodicals  Vital statistics 
Roles: Editor, Other
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Harvard Institute of Economic Research
Discussion paper( )

in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Financial crises in emerging markets : the lessons from 1995 by Roberto Chang( Book )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We present a simple model that can account for the main features of recent financial crises in emerging markets. The international illiquidity of the domestic financial system is at the center of the problem. Illiquid banks are a necessary and a sufficient condition for financial crises to occur. Domestic financial liberalization and capital flows from abroad (especially if short term) can aggravate the illiquidity of banks and increase their vulnerability to exogenous shocks and shifts in expectations. A bank collapse multiplies the harmful effects of an initial shock, as a credit squeeze and costly liquidation of investment projects cause real output drops and collapses in asset prices. Under fixed exchange rates, a run on banks becomes a run on the currency if the Central Bank attempts to act as a lender of last resort
Growth, economies of scale, and targeting in Japan (1955-1990) by Dick Beason( Book )

3 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Mexican peso crisis : sudden death or death foretold? by Jeffrey Sachs( Book )

4 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We argue that allowing for the possibility of a self-fulfilling panic helps in understanding several features of the recent Mexican crisis. Self-fulfilling expectations became decisive in generating a panic only after the government ran down gross reserves and ran up short-term dollar debt. We present a simple model to explain how and why multiple equilibria can occur for some levels of reserves or debt, but not for others. Lastly, we argue that the imperfect credibility of Mexican exchange rate policy made it advisable to follow more contractionary fiscal and monetary policies in 1994. Our model formalizes the reasons why this is so
Price versus quantity : market clearing mechanisms when sellers differ in quality by Andrew Metrick( Book )

2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

High-quality producers in a vertically differentiated market can reap superior profits by charging higher prices, selling greater quantities, or both. If qualities are known by consumers and production costs are constant, then having a higher quality secures the producer both higher price and higher quantity; if marginal costs are rising, having a higher quality assures only higher price. If only some consumers can discern quality but others cannot, then high- and low-quality producers may set a common price, but the high-quality producer will sell more. In this context, quality begets quantity. Empirical analyses suggest that in both the mutual fund and automobile industries, high-quality producers sell more units than their low-quality competitors, but at no higher price (or markup) per unit
Why aren't savings rates in Latin America procyclical? by Philip R Lane( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We document a striking empirical regularity: Latin American savings rates are as a rule substantially less procyclical than for OECD countries and in some cases are actually countercyclical. We build a non-representative agent intertemporal macroeconomic model that rationalizes this phenomenon as the equilibrium outcome of interaction between multiple groups that have common access to aggregate income. We conclude by suggesting that institutional reform may hold the key to improving the cyclical behavior of savings in Latin America
Wage inequality and segregation by skill by Michael Kremer( Book )

2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Evidence from the US, Britain, and France suggests that recent growth in wage inequality has been accompanied by greater segregation of high- and low-skill workers into separate firms. A model in which workers of different skill-levels are imperfect substitutes can simultaneously account for these increases in segregation and inequality either through technological change, or, more parsimoniously, through observed changes in the skill-distribution
Reform from within by Aaron Tornell( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We present a model of endogenous institutional change that rationalizes reforms that have taken place in the context of economic crisis and drastic political change. Most of the reforms have been initiated by powerholders, even though they have ended worse off relative to the status quo. The first point we make is that reform is the tool used by some powerful groups to limit the power of their political opponents. The second point is that groups with common access' to the economy's resources find it individually rational to overappropriate resources. As a result the economy deteriorates. When the economy reaches a crisis conflict among groups erupts. Reform is the result of this conflict
Public policy implications of declining old age mortality by James M Poterba( Book )

3 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Nominal income targeting by Robert E Hall( Book )

3 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper discusses nominal income targeting as a possible rule for the conduct of monetary policy. We begin by discussing why a rule for monetary policy may be desirable and the characteristics that a good rule should have. We emphasize, in particular, three types of nominal income targets, which differ in how they respond to past shocks, to prices, and real economic activity. A key question is how any of these rules might be implemented in practice. We suggest that the consensus forecast of future nominal income could playa role in ensuring that the central bank does not deviate from its announced target. To show how economic performance might have differed historically if the Fed had been committed to some type of nominal income target, we offer simulations of a simple model of the economy. According to the simulations, the primary benefit of nominal income targeting would have been reduced volatility in the price level and the inflation rate. Whether real economic activity would have been less volatile is unclear
Hierarchical Bayes models with many instrumental variables by Gary Chamberlain( Book )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper, we explore Bayesian inference in models with many instrumental variables that are potentially weakly correlated with the endogenous regressor. The prior distribution has a hierarchical (nested) structure. We apply the methods to the Angrist-Krueger (AK, 1991) analysis of returns to schooling using instrumental variables formed by interacting quarter of birth with state/year dummy variables. Bound, Jaeger, and Baker (1995) show that randomly generated instrumental variables, designed to match the AK data set, give two-stage least squares results that look similar to the results based on the actual instrumental variables. Using a hierarchical model with the AK data, we find a posterior distribution for the parameter of interest that is tight and plausible. Using data with randomly generated instruments, the posterior distribution is diffuse. Most of the information in the AK data can in fact be extracted with quarter of birth as the single instrumental variable. Using artificial data patterned on the AK data, we find that if all the information had been in the interactions between quarter of birth and state/year dummies, then the hierarchical model would still have led to precise inferences, whereas the single instrument model would have suggested that there was no information in the data. We conclude that hierarchical modeling is a conceptually straightforward way of efficiently combining many weak instrumental variables
Cooperatives vs. outside ownership by Oliver D Hart( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We are concerned with the design of a constitution for a firm -- an ex ante contract which assigns residual rights of control (and possibly residual income rights) without reference to the issue to be decided. We focus attention on two polar constitutions: nonprofit cooperatives and outside ownership. In the former, ownership is shared among a group of consumers on a one member, one vote basis. In the latter, all control rights and rights to residual income are allocated to an outsider. Ex post, agents are assumed to have asymmetric information, which rules out recontracting. We have two main results. First, in the case of perfect competition, an outside owner achieves the first-best; a cooperative typically does not because the rent from any cost advantage relative to the market is used to shield members from competitive pressure, and the median voter's preferences may not reflect average preferences. Second, in the case where the members of a cooperative have common preference orderings they unanimously vote for the first-best; an outside owner typically makes inefficient decisions, tailored to the marginal rather than to the average customer
Tax reform and the cost of capital : an international comparison by Dale W Jorgenson( Book )

3 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The first of a set of lectures inaugurated by the University of Uppsala and given every two years in honour of the Swedish economist Erik Lindahl. The lectures in this volume survey the new theoretical links between monetary theory and public finance
Retaliatory mechanisms for eliminating trade barriers : aggressive unilateralism vs. GATT cooperation by Kathryn E Spier( Book )

3 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Transformational recession : a general phenomenon examined through the example of Hungary's development by János Kornai( Book )

2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On the economic analysis of labor market institutions and institutional change by Richard B Freeman( Book )

4 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Does economic geography matter for international specialization? by Donald R Davis( Book )

4 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

There are two principal theories of why countries trade: comparative advantage and increasing returns to scale. Yet there is no empirical work that assesses the relative importance of these two theories in accounting for production structure and trade. We use a framework that nests an increasing returns model of economic geography featuring home market effects with that of Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek. We employ these trade models to account for the structure of OECD manufacturing production. The data militate against the economic geography framework. Moreover, even in the specification most generous to economic geography, endowments account for 90 percent of the explainable variance, economic geography but 10 percent
Exchange rate choices by Richard N Cooper( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On sustainable development by Robert Dorfman( Book )

3 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Audience level: 0.75 (from 0.53 for Tax reform ... to 0.88 for On the eco ...)

Associated Subjects
Bayesian statistical decision theory Business cycles--Econometric models Capital gains tax Capital investments--Econometric models Capital investments--Mathematical models Capital levy Capital--Mathematical models Comparative advantage (International trade)--Mathematical models Cooperative societies--Mathematical models Corporate governance--Mathematical models Corporations--Taxation--Econometric models Corporations--Taxation--Government policy Corporations--Taxation--Mathematical models Developing countries Economic geography Economic history Economic policy--Econometric models Economics--Research Economies of scale--Mathematical models Financial crises Financial crises--Econometric models Financial crises--Mathematical models General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (Organization) Heckscher-Ohlin principle Hungary Income--Econometric models Income tax Income tax--Econometric models Income tax--Mathematical models Industrial policy--Econometric models Instrumental variables (Statistics) Interest rates Interest rates--Econometric models Japan Latin America Life expectancy Market segmentation--Mathematical models Mexico Monetary policy Monetary policy--Econometric models Money Non-tariff trade barriers--Mathematical models Older people--Diseases Older people--Government policy Quality of products--Mathematical models Saving and investment--Econometric models Skilled labor--Econometric models United States Unskilled labor--Econometric models Wage differentials--Econometric models
Alternative Names
Harvard Institute for Economic Research

Harvard Institute of Economic Research

Harvard University Cambridge, Mass Institute of Economic Research

Harvard University Harvard Institute of Economic Research

Harvard University Institute of Economic Research


Institute of Economic Research

Institute of Economic Research Cambridge, Mass

English (56)