WorldCat Identities

Shapiro, Carl

Works: 160 works in 370 publications in 7 languages and 6,742 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Author of introduction, Editor
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Carl Shapiro
Information rules : a strategic guide to the network economy by Carl Shapiro( Book )

66 editions published between 1998 and 2014 in 6 languages and held by 2,730 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In Information Rules, authors Shapiro and Varian reveal that many classic economic concepts can provide the insight and understanding necessary to succeed in the information age. They argue that if managers seriously want to develop effective strategies for competing in the new economy, they must understand the fundamental economics of information technology. Whether information takes the form of software code or recorded music, is published in a book or magazine, or even posted on a website, managers must know how to evaluate the consequences of pricing, protecting, and planning new versions of information products, services, and systems. The first book to distill the economics of information and networks into practical business strategies, Information Rules is a guide to the winning moves that can help business leaders navigate successfully through the tough decisions of the information economy. Subjects covered include: Competitive advantage, Economic analysis, Game theory, Information age, Information economy, Information technology, Intellectual property, Marketing strategy, New economy, Pricing, Pricing strategy, Value of information
The economics of information technology : an introduction by Hal R Varian( Book )

26 editions published between 2004 and 2014 in English and held by 827 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An introduction for undergraduate and graduate students in economics, business strategy, law and related areas, this work is a concise and accessible review of some of the important economic factors affecting information technology industries
Measure guideline : heat pump water heaters in new and existing homes by Carl Shapiro( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 253 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Reducing thermal losses and gains with buried and encapsulated ducts in hot-humid climates by Carl Shapiro( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 252 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) monitored three houses in Jacksonville, FL, to investigate the effectiveness of encapsulated and encapsulated/buried ducts in reducing thermal losses and gains from ductwork in unconditioned attics. Burying ductwork beneath loose-fill insulation has been identified as an effective method of reducing thermal losses and gains from ductwork in dry climates, but it is not applicable in humid climates where condensation may occur on the outside of the duct jacket. By encapsulating the ductwork in closed cell polyurethane foam (ccSPF) before burial beneath loose-fill mineral fiber insulation, the condensation potential may be reduced while increasing the R-value of the ductwork
An in-depth look at ground source heat pumps and other electric loads in two GreenMax homes by Srikanth Puttagunta( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 251 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Building America research team Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) partnered with WPPI Energy to answer key research questions on in-field performance of ground-source heat pumps and lighting, appliance, and miscellaneous loads (LAMELs) through extensive field monitoring at two WPPI GreenMax demonstration homes in Wisconsin. These two test home evaluations provided valuable data on the true in-field performance of various building mechanical systems and LAMELs
Retrofitting air conditioning and duct systems in hot, dry climates by Carl Shapiro( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 251 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This technical report describes CARB's work with Clark County Community Resources Division in Las Vegas, Nevada, to optimize procedures for upgrading cooling systems on existing homes in the area to implement health, safety, and energy improvements. Detailed monitoring of five AC systems showed that three of the five systems met or exceeded air flow rate goals
Measure guideline : buried and/or encapsulated ducts by Carl Shapiro( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 249 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Buried and/or encapsulated ducts (BEDs) are a class of advanced, energy-efficiency strategies intended to address the significant ductwork thermal losses associated with ducts installed in unconditioned attics. BEDs are ducts installed in unconditioned attics that are covered in loose-fill insulation and/or encapsulated in closed cell polyurethane spray foam insulation. This Measure Guideline covers the technical aspects of BEDs as well as the advantages, disadvantages, and risks of BEDs compared to other alternative strategies. This guideline also provides detailed guidance on installation of BEDs strategies in new and existing homes through step-by-step installation procedures. Some of the procedures presented here, however, require specialized equipment or expertise. In addition, some alterations to duct systems may require a specialized license
A roundtable on a national framework for natural hazard risk reduction and management : developing a research agenda, summary report by Carl Shapiro( )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 226 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Field performance of heat pump water heaters in the northeast by Carl Shapiro( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 136 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Online zum Erfolg : Strategie für das Internet-Business by Carl Shapiro( Book )

1 edition published in 1999 in German and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Antitrust by Louis Kaplow( )

10 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This is a survey of the economic principles that underlie antitrust law and how those principles relate to competition policy. We address four core subject areas: market power, collusion, mergers between competitors, and monopolization. In each area, we select the most relevant portions of current economic knowledge and use that knowledge to critically assess central features of antitrust policy. Our objective is to foster the improvement of legal regimes and also to identify topics where further analytical and empirical exploration would be useful
Counterfeit-product trade by Gene M Grossman( )

12 editions published between 1986 and 1988 in English and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We analyze a two-country model of trade in both legitimate and counterfeit products. Domestic firms own trademarks and establish reputations for delivering high-quality products in a steady-state equilibrium. Foreign suppliers export legitimate low-quality merchandise and counterfeits of domestic brand-name goods. Heterogeneous home consumers either purchase low-quality imports or buy brand-name products, rationally expecting some degree of counterfeiting of the latter. We characterize a counterfeiting equilibrium and explore its properties. We describe the positive and normative effects of counterfeiting in comparison with a no-counterfeiting benchmark. Finally, we provide a welfare analysis of border inspection policy and of policy regarding the disposition of counterfeit goods that are confiscated at the border
Patent reform : aligning reward and contribution by Carl Shapiro( )

9 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 68 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Economists and policy makers have long recognized that innovators must be able to appropriate a reasonable portion of the social benefits of their innovations if innovation is to be suitably rewarded and encouraged. However, this paper identifies a number of specific fact patterns under which the current U.S. patent system allows patent holders to capture private rewards that exceed their social contributions. Such excessive patentee rewards are socially costly, since they raise the deadweight loss associated with the patent system and discourage innovation by others. Economic efficiency is promoted if rewards to patent holders are aligned with and do not exceed their social contributions. This paper analyzes two major reforms to the patent system designed to spur innovation by better aligning the rewards and contributions of patent holders: establishing an independent invention defense in patent infringement cases, and strengthening the procedures by which patents are re-examined after they are issued. Three additional reforms relating to patent litigation are also studied: limiting the use of injunctions, clarifying the way in which "reasonable royalties" are calculated, and narrowing the definition of "willful infringement."
Foreign counterfeiting of status goods by Gene M Grossman( )

10 editions published between 1986 and 1988 in English and held by 63 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We study the positive and normative effects of counterfeiting, i.e., trademark infringement, in markets where consumers are not deceived by forgeries. The fact that consumers are willing to pay more for counterfeits than for generic merchandise of similar quality suggests that they value the prestige, or status, associated with brand-name trademarks. Counterfeiters of status goods impose a negative externality on consumers of genuine items, as fakes degrade the status associated with a given label. But counterfeits allow consumers to unbundle the status and quality attributes of the brand-name products, and alter the competition among oligopolistic trademark owners. We analyze two policies designed to combat counterfeiting: enforcement policy which increases the likelihood of confiscation of illegal items, and the imposition of a tariff on low-quality imports
Dynamic R & D competition by Gene M Grossman( )

8 editions published between 1985 and 1988 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: We study a simple, two-stage, stochastic patent race involving two firms. We examine the behavior of the participants as they gain the lead or fall behind in the race. We find that the leader engages in R & D more intensively than does the follower, and that both firms intensify their efforts if the follower does catch up with the leader. We also analyze (1) the attractiveness of licensing, whereby the leader shares his results with the follower, (2) a policy of issuing patents for intermediate research results, and (3) the effects of research joint ventures, whereby the firms coordinate their initial research efforts and share their results
Competition policy and innovation by Carl Shapiro( )

5 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 49 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper seeks to improve understanding of the links between innovation and competition policy. It is intended to help OECD Member countries identify ways in which they can design and implement policies that best promote innovation while protecting against anti-competitive behaviour. Special attention is given to the need for firms to co-operate during the innovation process, e.g. by forming joint ventures and by engaging in co-operative standard setting activities, and the special challenges such co-operation poses for competition policy. The paper specifically addresses competition challenges that arise from inter-firm co-operation that aims to commercialise inventions, diffuse innovation more broadly throughout the economy, or extend and elaborate on existing technology. Although the economic principles articulated here apply across the entire economy, the paper focuses attention on the information and communications technology sector, where the opportunities for innovation
Optimal dynamic R & D programs by Gene M Grossman( )

6 editions published between 1985 and 1988 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We study the optimal pattern of outlays for a single firm pursuing an R & D program over time. In the deterministic case, (a) the amount of progress required to complete the project is known, and (b) the relationship between outlays and progress is known. In this case, it is optimal to increase effort over time as the project nears completion. Relaxing (a), we find in general a simple, positive relationship between the optimal expenditure rate at any point in time and the (expected) value at that time of the research program. We also show that, for a given level ofexpected difficulty, a riskier project is always preferred to a safe project. Relaxing (b), we find again that research outlays increase as further progressis made
Patent assertions are we any closer to aligning reward to contribution? by Fiona Scott Morton( )

6 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The 2011 America Invents Act was the most significant reform to the United States patent system in over fifty years. However, the AIA did not address a number of major problems associated with patent litigation in the United States. In this paper, we provide an economic analysis of post-AIA developments relating to Patent Assertion Entities (PAEs) and Standard-Essential Patents (SEPs). For PAEs and SEPs, we examine the alignment, or lack of alignment, between the rewards provided to patent holders and their social contributions. Our report is mixed. Regarding PAEs, we see significantly improved alignment between rewards and contributions, largely due to a series of rulings by the Supreme Court. Legislation currently under consideration in Congress would further limit certain litigation tactics used by PAEs that generate rewards unrelated to contribution. We also see some notable developments relating to SEPs, especially with the recent reform to the patent policies of the IEEE, a leading Standard-Setting Organization (SSO) and with several recent court decisions clarifying what constitutes a Fair, Reasonable and Non-Discriminatory (FRAND) royalty rate. However, other steps that could better align rewards with contributions on the SEP front have largely stalled out, particularly because other major SSOs do not seem poised to follow the lead of the IEEE. Antitrust enforcement in this area could further improve the alignment of rewards and contributions
Information rules : le regole dell'economia dell'informazione by Carl Shapiro( Book )

6 editions published between 1999 and 2006 in Italian and held by 39 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

International Lisp Conference 2007 : Clare College, Cambridge, UK, April 1-4, 2007 by Carl Shapiro( )

3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 27 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.41 (from 0.30 for Informatio ... to 0.95 for Informatio ...)

Information rules : a strategic guide to the network economy
The economics of information technology : an introduction
Alternative Names
Carl Shapiro American economist

Carl Shapiro Amerikaans econoom

Carl Shapiro amerikansk ekonom

Carl Shapiro amerikansk økonom

Carl Shapiro economista estadounidense

Carl Shapiro US-amerikanischer Ökonom

Shapiro, C. 1955-

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