WorldCat Identities

Blank, Rebecca M.

Works: 175 works in 645 publications in 1 language and 20,366 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Case studies  Abstracts 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Contributor
Classifications: HV95, 362.580973
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Rebecca M Blank
Is the market moral? : a dialogue on religion, economics, and justice by Rebecca M Blank( )

19 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 2,779 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The new world of welfare by Rebecca M Blank( )

14 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 2,434 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Publisher Fact Sheet
Changing inequality by Rebecca M Blank( )

10 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 1,922 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Rebecca M. Blank offers the first comprehensive analysis of an economic trend that has been reshaping the United States over the past three decades: rapidly rising income inequality. In clear language, she provides an overview of how and why the level and distribution of income and wealth has changed since 1979, sets this situation within its historical context, and investigates the forces that are driving it. Among other factors, Blank looks closely at changes within families, including women's increasing participation in the work force. The book includes some surprising findings--for example, that per-person income has risen sharply among almost all social groups, even as income has become more unequally distributed. Looking toward the future, Blank suggests that while rising inequality will likely be with us for many decades to come, it is not an inevitable outcome. Her book considers what can be done to address this trend, and also explores the question: why should we be concerned about this phenomenon? -- Book Description
Working and poor : how economic and policy changes are affecting low-wage workers by Rebecca M Blank( )

14 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and held by 1,716 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Over the last three decades, large-scale economic developments, such as technological change, the decline in unionization, and changing skill requirements, have exacted their biggest toll on low-wage workers. These workers often possess few marketable skills and few resources with which to support themselves during periods of economic transition. In this book a group of economists and policy experts examine how economic and policy changes over the last twenty-five years have affected the well-being of low-wage workers and their families. This book explores every facet of the economic well-being of less-skilled workers, from employment and earnings opportunities to consumption behavior and social assistance policies
Finding jobs : work and welfare reform by David E Card( )

17 editions published between 2000 and 2002 in English and held by 1,574 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The coordinated push to move an increasing number of welfare recipients off assistance and into full-time work has raised a number of key questions about the nature of the labor market for less skilled workers: Will employment opportunities for former welfare recipients be vulnerable to future recessions? How quickly will workers' wages grow as they gain labor market experience? What is the effect of eligibility time limits on those who remain on welfare despite financial incentives and administrative prodding to leave? The twelve chapters in this book address these and many other important questions about the labor market prospects facing less skilled workers in the aftermath of recent welfare reform legislation." -- p. 1
Measuring racial discrimination by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

20 editions published in 2004 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,570 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

It takes a nation : a new agenda for fighting poverty by Rebecca M Blank( Book )

22 editions published between 1996 and 2018 in English and held by 1,461 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this impeccably researched book, Rebecca Blank provides the definitive antidote to the scapegoating, guesswork, and outright misinformation of today's welfare debates. Demonstrating that government aid has been far more effective than most people think, she also explains that even private support for the poor depends extensively on public funds. It takes a nation to fight a problem as pervasive and subtle as modern poverty, and this book argues that we should continue to implement a mix of private and public programs. Federal, state, and local assistance should go hand in hand with private efforts at community development and personal empowerment and change
Insufficient funds : savings, assets, credit, and banking among low-income households by Project Muse( )

12 editions published between 2009 and 2011 in English and held by 1,220 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Social protection versus economic flexibility : is there a trade-off? by Social protection versus economic flexibility( )

17 editions published in 1994 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,105 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Do social protection programs limit the ability of the labor market to adjust to fast-growing segments of the economy, and thus inevitably lead to a decrease in economic growth? This volume compares how such programs as social security, income transfers, and job protection laws in Western Europe, the United States, and Japan have affected labor market flexibility. Does tying health insurance to employment limit job mobility? Do certain housing policies inhibit workers from moving to new jobs in different areas? What are the effects of daycare and maternity leave policies on working mothers? The authors explore these and many other questions in an effort to understand why European unemployment rates are so high compared with the U.S. rate
Do justice : linking Christian faith and modern economic life by Rebecca M Blank( Book )

2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 191 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Financial incentives for increasing work and income among low-income families by Rebecca M Blank( Book )

23 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 149 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper investigates the impact of financial incentive programs, which have become an increasingly common component of welfare programs. We review experimental evidence from several such programs. Financial incentive programs appear to increase work and raise income (lower poverty), but cost somewhat more than alternative welfare programs. In particular, windfall beneficiaries -- those who would have been working anyway -- can raise costs by participating in the program. Several existing programs limit this effect by targeting long-term welfare recipients or by limiting benefits to full-time workers. At the same time, because financial incentive programs transfer support to working low-income families, the increase in costs due to windfall beneficiaries makes these programs more effective at alleviating poverty and raising incomes. Evidence also indicates that combining financial incentive programs with job search and job support services can increase both employment and income gains. Non-experimental evidence from the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and from state Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) programs with enhanced earnings disregards also suggests that these programs increase employment, and this evidence is consistent with the experimental evidence on the impact of financial incentive programs
The dynamics of part-time work by Rebecca M Blank( )

12 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 136 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper uses 14 years of data from the PSID to explore dynamic labor supply choices among adult women between full-time, part-time, or no labor market work. A variety of models indicate that past choices should be important in predicting current labor supply choices. This paper compares the effectiveness of several estimation strategies which require more or less historical information. The results indicate that past history in labor supply choices among adult women is very important in predicting current labor supply; given the lack of such data in many cases, the paper explores how much is lost when limited or no longitudinal information is available. In addition, the paper explores the substantive question of the role of part-time work in the labor market. Part-time workers are a very heterogeneous group; different part-time workers are in the midst of very different labor supply patterns. Most women use part-time work as a temporary alternative to full-time work or to being out of the labor market; few women use it as a transitional step into full-time employment. Simulations suggest the potential impact on future labor supply of mandating that low-skilled women who are out of the labor market enter part-time work
What has welfare reform accomplished? : impacts on welfare participation, employment, income, poverty, and family structure by Robert F Schoeni( )

16 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 134 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper evaluates the effectiveness of recent welfare reforms, investigating the effects of both state-specific waivers in the early 1990s and the 1996 federal reform legislation. Unlike earlier work, we analyze a wide array of indicators, including welfare participation, labor market involvement, earnings, income and poverty, and family formation. While no single methodology is entirely satisfying, the results in this paper are convincing in part because they are consistent across alternative approaches. We find strong evidence that these policy changes reduced public assistance participation and increased family earnings. The result was a rise in total family income and a decline in poverty. The gains from the 1996 reforms were not as broadly distributed across the distribution of less-skilled women as were the effects of waivers. Waivers also increased labor market involvement among the less-skilled, but the 1996 reforms had little additional impact on work behavior after controlling for economic forces. These policies also appeared to have an impact on family structure
What causes public assistance caseloads to grow? by Rebecca M Blank( )

15 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 130 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper uses state panel data to investigate changes in public assistance caseloads. Compared to other research, it uses more extensive data, both across states and over time; it utilizes a particularly rich set of control variables; it investigates the different subcomponents of the AFDC program separately; and it investigates the extent to which changes in caseloads are driven by changes in take-up rates versus in eligibility. The results indicate that an unexplained increase in AFDC-Basic caseloads started in the mid-1980s. This trend appears to be driven by three underlying components: a rise in child-only cases, an increase in take-up rates over the early 1990s during the economic slowdown, and a long-term increase in eligibility which is not well explained by a large set of control variables. In contrast, AFDC-UP caseload changes are relatively well-explained by the model in this paper and are far more responsive to economic factors. Recent state policy changes are correlated with caseload declines, but more than half of their affect appears to precede their implementation, suggesting that other changes in client and caseworker behavior was occurring in states that adopted major policy changes
State abortion rates : the impact of policies, providers, politics, demographics, and economic environment by Rebecca M Blank( )

13 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 129 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper uses data on abortion rates from 1974-88, to estimate two-stage least squares models with fixed state and year effects. The results indicate that implementing restrictions on Medicaid funding for abortion results in lower aggregate abortion rates in-state and higher abortion rates among nearby states, suggesting one of the main effects of these policies is to induce cross-state migration for abortion services. The effect of these restrictions on actual abortions among state residents is much smaller; a maximal estimate suggests that 22 percent of the abortions among low-income women that are publicly funded do not take place after funding is eliminated. We also have substantial evidence that a larger number of abortion providers in a state increases the abortion rate within the state, primarily through inducing cross-state migration, with nonhospital providers being particularly important. Political affiliation variables have mixed effects and are difficult to interpret. Controlling for state fixed effects, the effect of changes in demographic and economic variables over time is typically small, although a rise in unemployment has consistently positive effects on abortion rates
The Clinton legacy for America's poor by Rebecca M Blank( )

15 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 124 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper examines the impact of Clinton era social policy changes on the poor. It explores shifts in incentives, behavior, and incomes and discusses the role Clinton did or did not play in influencing the policy mix and the nature of the political debate surrounding poverty. Policy changes included a radical shift in welfare policy, a sizable expansion in supports for low income workers with children, new child support enforcement measures, more restricted support for immigrants, and altered housing policies. Partly as a result of these policies, but also in part due to the strong economy, welfare use plummeted, work rose dramatically among single parents, and poverty was reduced. At the same time, there are indications that some families are doing worse than before and that some working families are not getting health and food benefits to which they are entitled. Significant questions remain about what will happen to poor families in the next recession
Evaluating welfare reform in the United States by Rebecca M Blank( )

15 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 123 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper reviews the economics literature on welfare reform over the 1990s. A brief summary of the policy changes over this period is followed by a discussion of the methodological techniques utilized to analyze the effects of these changes on outcomes. The paper then critically reviews the econometric and experimental literature on caseload changes, labor force changes, poverty and income changes, and family formation changes. A growing body of evidence suggests that the recent policy changes have influenced economic behavior and well-being in a variety of ways. One particular set of 'new-style' welfare programs seems to show especially promising results, with significantly increased work and earnings and reduced poverty
Can equity and efficiency complement each other? by Rebecca M Blank( )

14 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 119 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Economists tend to assume that redistributive transfers increase equity but cause a loss in efficiency, the so-called 'leaky bucket' effect. This paper explores situations where efficiency losses are small or where equity and efficiency might even complement each other. A simple model identifies key parameters that cause leaky buckets and which policy can affect. Three situations are discussed where the equity/efficiency tradeoff may be low: When transfers go to populations with no capacity to change their behavior; when transfers go to programs that limit efficiency losses through behavioral requirements; and when commodities are subsidized that function as long-term investments and create future income gains
When do women use AFDC & food stamps? : the dynamics of eligibility vs. participation by Rebecca M Blank( )

17 editions published between 1993 and 1996 in English and held by 119 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper investigates dynamic patterns in the relationship between eligibility and participation in the AFDC and food stamp programs, using monthly longitudinal data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation. The results indicate that the majority of eligibility spells are relatively short, do not result in program participation, and end with increases in income. Participation is most likely to occur among women with lower current and future earning opportunities, and is also affected by locational and policy parameters. Those who elect to participate in these programs tend to start receiving benefits almost immediately upon becoming eligible. with little evidence of delayed program entry. A substantial number of women exit these programs before their eligibility ends; among at least some of these women it seems likely that there are unreported changes in income occurring. In 1989, if all eligible single-parents families had participated in AFDC and food stamps, benefit payments would have been $13.5 billion higher
Public sector growth and labor market flexibility : the United States vs. the United Kingdom by Rebecca M Blank( )

15 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 105 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper investigates whether a larger public sector limits labor market adjustment, using data from the United States and the United Kingdom, two countries with quite different public/private employment trends. The results indicate that the two countries have a similar mix of occupations and workers in the public versus the private sector. Both countries have experienced some overall convergence of the public/private wage differential over the 1980s, although the extent of this differential varies substantially by occupation and gender. Both countries have also seen wage inequality in the public and private sectors increase over the past decade. Variability in public sector employment and wages over time is generally as great as in the private sector, although the cyclical patterns are different. The US public sector, however, seems more responsive to private sector demand changes than does the public sector in the UK. The paper concludes that the public sectors of both countries show a substantial amount of change and adaptation, particularly over the past decade
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Associated Subjects
Abortion--U.S. states Aid to families with dependent children programs--U.S. states--Econometric models Babbitt, Jerome Randolph, Blank, Rebecca M Chopra, Aneesh P.--(Aneesh Paul), Clinton, Bill, Copps, Michael Joseph, Council of Economic Advisers (U.S.) Economic history Economic policy Economics--Religious aspects--Christianity Equality--Economic aspects Evaluation Finance, Personal Financial services industry Households--Economic aspects Income distribution Labor market Leibowitz, Jon, Low-income consumers Marquez, Awilda Rose, Ohlhausen, Maureen K.--(Maureen Kraemer), Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (United States) Poor Porcari, John D.--(John Davis), Poverty Poverty--Government policy Public welfare Public welfare administration--U.S. states--Econometric models Public welfare--Evaluation Social policy Social security Strickling, Lawrence Edward, Temporary employment Unemployment United States United States.--Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Trade Development United States.--Department of Commerce United States.--Department of Commerce.--Office of the Secretary United States.--Department of Transportation.--Office of the Secretary United States.--Federal Aviation Administration United States.--Federal Trade Commission United States.--Office of Foreign Commercial Services United States.--Office of Science and Technology Policy Unskilled labor Unskilled labor--Supply and demand Welfare recipients--Economic conditions Welfare recipients--Employment Welfare recipients--Services for Working poor
Is the market moral? : a dialogue on religion, economics, and justice
The new world of welfareChanging inequalityWorking and poor : how economic and policy changes are affecting low-wage workersFinding jobs : work and welfare reformMeasuring racial discriminationIt takes a nation : a new agenda for fighting povertyInsufficient funds : savings, assets, credit, and banking among low-income householdsSocial protection versus economic flexibility : is there a trade-off?Do justice : linking Christian faith and modern economic life
Alternative Names
Blank, R. 1955-

Blank, R. M. 1955-

Blank, Rebecca 1955-

Blank, Rebecca M.

Blank, Rebecca Margaret 1955-

Rebecca Blank American economist

Rebecca Blank Amerikaans econome

Rebecca Blank amerikansk ekonom

Rebecca Blank amerikansk økonom

Rebecca Blank eacnamaí Meiriceánach

Rebecca Blank economista estadounidense

Rebecca Blank economista estatunidenca

Rebecca Blank ekonomiste amerikane

Rebecca Blank politica e economista statunitense

Rebecca Blank politicienne américaine

Rebecca Blank US-amerikanische Politikerin

Бланк, Ребекка Маргарет

ربکا بلنک اقتصاددان آمریکایی

ريبيكا بلانك سياسية أمريكية



English (311)