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Fri Mar 21 17:05:20 2014 UTClccn-n853681220.00Project Air Force annual report, fiscal year 19930.391.00Annual report131715172n 853681221521260Project Air ForceProject Air Force (Rand Corporation)Rand Corporation. Project Air Forcelccn-n79126811United StatesAir Forcelccn-n78083407Rand Corporationpbllccn-n96104689Byman, Daniel1967-lccn-n85362829Cliff, Rogerlccn-n87874640Lesser, Ian O.1957-edtlccn-n83169127Khalilzad, Zalmayedtlccn-n87873432Karasik, Theodore Williamlccn-n92040970Larson, Eric V.(Eric Victor)1957-lccn-n79006743North Atlantic Treaty Organizationlccn-n88121239Ochmanek, David A.edtProject Air Force (U.S.)HistoryUnited StatesUnited States.--Air ForceMilitary policyMilitary planningNational securityMilitary relationsSecurity systemsAir powerChinaStrategic aspects of individual placesTerrorism--PreventionInformation warfare--PreventionAir warfareMilitary art and science--AutomationBiological warfareTerrorismJust-in-time systemsGalaxy (Jet transport)--Maintenance and repairAirplanes, Military--Maintenance and repair--ManagementAirplanes, Military--Maintenance and repair--Cost controlAstronautics, MilitaryAstronautics and civilizationAir bases--Security measuresBallistic missile defensesCruise missile defensesBombing, AerialVietnam War (1961-1975)Special forces (Military science)Asia--Ho Chi Minh TrailPersian Gulf War (1991)Aeronautics, American militaryIraqMilitary reconnaissanceBallistic missilesWorld politics--ForecastingAir defensesKosovo (Republic)Operation Allied Force (1999)Arms transfersArmed Forces--ReservesWar--Moral and ethical aspectsCombatants and noncombatants (International law)Military history, ModernMass media and warCivilian war casualtiesPublic relationsIndonesiaPolitical scienceSoutheast AsiaArmed Forces--Weapons systems194719481949195119521953195419551960196119621963196419651966196719681969197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014902907021169358.4030973UG633ocn46763894321452ocn044963902file19990.32Lesser, Ian OCountering the new terrorismThe contours of terrorism are changing, and the new terrorism has more diverse sources, motivations, and tactics than the old. It is more lethal, global in reach, and characterized by network forms of organization. Terrorist sponsorship is becoming hazier and "privatized." The August 1998 terrorist bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania fit in many ways the new mold. The chapters in this book trace the evolution of international terrorism against civilian and U.S. military targets, look ahead to where terrorism is going, and assess how it might be contained. Terrorism and counterterrorism are placed in strategic perspective, including how terrorism might be applied as an asymmetric strategy by less-capable adversaries. The report builds on a existing body of RAND research on terrorism and political violence, and makes extensive use of the RAND-St. Andrews Chronology of International Terrorism+-+921175883517175ocn044963633file19990.35Khalilzad, ZalmayStrategic appraisal the changing role of information in warfareAdvances in information technology have led us to rely on easy communication and readily available information--both in our personal lives and in the life of our nation. For the most part, we have rightly welcomed these changes. But information that is readily available is available to friend and foe alike; a system that relies on communication can become useless if its ability to communicate is interfered with or destroyed. Because this reliance is so general, attacks on the information infrastructure can have widespread effects, both for the military and for society. And such attacks can come from a variety of sources, some difficult or impossible to identify. This, the third volume in the Strategic Appraisal series, draws on the expertise of researchers from across RAND to explore the opportunities and vulnerabilities inherent in the increasing reliance on information technology, looking both at its usefulness to the warrior and the need to protect its usefulness for everyone. The Strategic Appraisal series is intended to review, for a broad audience, issues bearing on national security and defense planning+-+125507030532416082ocn044962814file19990.35Ramey, Timothy LLean logistics high-velocity logistics infrastructure and the C-5 Galaxy"This report considers the effects of radically reducing the time required to move and repair aircraft on operation of the C-5 Galaxy airlift aircraft. It is part of a body of research defining and evaluating the concept of Lean Logistics for the U.S. Air Force. The analysis uses Air Force data to drive simulations of C-5 logistics operations and considers peacetime flying programs. This study finds that a high-velocity infrastructure would provide C-5 performance that is the same as or better than that provided by the current infrastructure across a wide range of conditions and circumstances. A high-velocity infrastructure would require only one-sixth the amount of inventory at one-third the cost of the current infrastructure."--Rand website+-+124175883515922ocn044963015file19990.35Gonzales, DanielThe changing role of the U.S. military in spaceGrowth in the technical capabilities of commercial and foreign space systems, potential exploitation of space by adversaries, increasing use of commercial space capabilities by U.S. forces, and continuing budget constraints are all changing the role of the U.S. military in space. The growth of commercial space markets, and the rapid privatization and increasing foreign ownership of commercial space assets, suggest that the Department of Defense must develop a long-term strategy to ensure adequate and secure access to commercial communications satellites and other commercial space resources. Space control will assume increasing importance in military operations, and space itself may become a theater of military operations. The United States should develop a long-term strategy to enable the U.S. military to deny space capabilities to potential adversaries. Such a strategy should rely on system or operational concepts that minimize collateral damage to commercial, civil, and third-party space assets and that do not violate existing arms control agreements or treaties. Space surveillance--the ability to precisely identify, track, and predict the position of objects in space --is an essential aspect of space control. Space control and changing space surveillance needs have implications for the Air Force as an institution+-+061175883515662ocn044963713file19990.35Stillion, JohnAirbase vulnerability to conventional cruise-missile and ballistic-missile attacks technology, scenarios, and U.S. Air Force responsesAs part of a two-year effort to develop an expansive construct of air and space power in the early twenty-first century that capitalizes on forthcoming air and space technologies and concepts of operation and is effective against adversaries with diverse economies, cultures, political institutions, and military capabilities, the research team investigated the possibility that future adversaries might be able to mount effective missile attacks on U.S. Air Force (USAF) main operating bases in critical regions. This report does not assess the relative vulnerabilities of various force elements and facilities; instead, it aids the USAF in addressing a potential vulnerability of its in-theater bases: highly accurate attacks against USAF aircraft on parking ramps at such bases made possible by the proliferation of Global Positioning System (GPS) guidance and submunition warhead technologies. If such attacks are feasible, the current USAF operational concept of high-tempo, parallel strikes from in-theater bases could be put in jeopardy. This report concludes that these guidance and munition technologies could, in fact, put USAF bases at serious risk. The report describes the threat technologies and concept of operation in detail, then explores both short-term responses--such as putting machine-gun teams equipped with night-vision goggles in towers around the bases--and long-term responses--such as operating anywhere in the world from a few secure, hardened, fixed bases with guaranteed access--to these threats+-+K55275883515562ocn044964157file19990.33Byman, DanielAir power as a coercive instrumentCoercion--the use of threatened force to induce an adversary to change its behavior--is a critical function of the U.S. military. U.S. forces have recently fought in the Balkans, the Persian Gulf, and the Horn of Africa to compel recalcitrant regimes and warlords to stop repression, abandon weapons programs, permit humanitarian relief, and otherwise modify their actions. Yet despite its overwhelming military might, the United States often fails to coerce successfully. This report examines the phenomenon of coercion and how air power can contribute to its success. Three factors increase the likelihood of successful coercion: (1) the coercer's ability to raise the costs it imposes while denying the adversary the chance to respond (escalation dominance); (2) an ability to block an adversary's military strategy for victory; and (3) an ability to magnify third-party threats, such as internal instability or the danger posed by another enemy. Domestic political concerns (such as casualty sensitivity) and coalition dynamics often constrain coercive operations and impair the achievement of these conditions. Air power can deliver potent and credible threats that foster the above factors while neutralizing adversary countercoercive moves. When the favorable factors are absent, however, air power--or any other military instrument--will probably fail to coerce. Policymakers' use of coercive air power under inauspicious conditions diminishes the chances of using it elsewhere when the prospects of success would be greater+-+889275883515512ocn050869635file20020.37Karasik, Theodore WilliamToxic warfareSince the 1990s there has been an increase in the use of toxic weapons; for example, inexpensive and easily acquired chemicals and industrial waste. This work examines the implications of toxic weapon use for military planning and concludes that such weapons merit further analysis+-+787785883515465ocn048139063file19980.37Sources of conflict in the 21st century regional futures and U.S. strategyAs the millenium approaches, defense analysts begin to wonder how many of today's leading adversaries will remain adversaries. Will longstanding allies change their orientation? Who will be called on to intervene, and where? Can we expect stability, or chaos? This book examines current political trends and potential sources of conflict in three critical regions - Asia, the Greater Middle East, and Europe and the former Soviet Union - through the year 2025. The authors describe possible alternative strategic "worlds," including a projection of today's mixed political climate, a more benign world in which the great powers are at peace and are actively cooperative, and a world beset with economic, demographic, and political turmoil. Additional chapters provide a detailed discussion of regional trends and their meaning for strategy and planning. Through thoughtful analysis of current trends and the careful projection of the political-military climate of the future, defense planners will be better equipped to take on the challenges of the 21st century+-+047075883515255ocn050869628file20010.47Lambeth, Benjamin SNATO's air war for Kosovo a strategic and operational assessment"This book offers a thorough appraisal of Operation Allied Force, NATO's 78-day air war to compel the president of Yugoslavia, Slobodan Milosevic, to end his campaign of "ethnic cleansing" in Kosovo. The author sheds light both on the operation's strengths and on its most salient weaknesses. He outlines the key highlights of the air war and examines the various factors that interacted to induce Milosevic to capitulate when he did. He then explores air power's most critical accomplishments in Operation Allied Force as well as the problems that hindered the operation both in its planning and in its execution. Finally, he assesses Operation Allied Force from a political and strategic perspective, calling attention to those issues that are likely to have the greatest bearing on future military policymaking. The book concludes that the air war, although by no means the only factor responsible for the allies' victory, certainly set the stage for Milosevic's surrender by making it clear that he had little to gain by holding out. It concludes that in the end, Operation Allied Force's most noteworthy distinction may lie in the fact that the allies prevailed despite the myriad impediments they faced."--Rand abstracts+-+728785883514632ocn044963395file19990.35Defining a common planning framework for the Air Force"Within the Air Force, resourcing requirements and recommended allocations are developed within the Major Commands (MAJCOMs), and the corporate Air Force has few mechanisms that allow it to look across all Air Force requirements and set institutional priorities. RAND was asked to develop a common planning framework that could extend across the Air Force, allow better coordination of requirements and options, incorporate the Air Force "vision," and link to the external environment. The strategies-to-tasks methodology would provide the framework's foundation. Eventually, it was determined that the proposed planning areas were confusing and that all planning and programming should be based in Air Force core competencies. Other means have been implemented to strengthen existing processes to ensure that cross-cutting issues are raised and that horizontal integration across MAJCOMs takes place. Although the Air Force chose not to implement the proposed common planning framework, the effort is documented to contribute to the field of defense planning and programming."--Rand website+-+658275883514604ocn049414644file19990.37Byman, DanielChina's arms sales motivations and implicationsDeveloped by the Rand Corporation, the site contains chapters covering an Introduction; Background; Explaining China's Arms Transfers; Possible Constraints on China's Arms; Implications for the United States; An Overview of China's Arms Sales; and a Bibliography+-+K12275883514454ocn044963228com19990.33Robbert, Albert APrinciples for determining the Air Force active/reserve mixAlthough the mix of active and reserve forces constituting the total Air Force has shifted during the last decade's force drawdown, reductions have not been proportional and may not have taken into consideration effects on other components. This report sets forth a set of principles to help force planners and programmers recognize the implications for the cost, effectiveness, sustainability, and popular and political support of military forces. A framework is provided for integrating the range of considerations that decisionmakers face and for gaining perspective on the arguments voiced by interest groups who hope to influence the force mix. The authors find that cost considerations can cut in opposite directions depending on whether the force is being optimized for major theater war preparedness or for peacetime contingency operations+-+231297030532414218ocn184843324file20060.47Larson, Eric VMisfortunes of war press and public reactions to civilian deaths in wartimeHistoryThis book analyzes media and public reactions to civilian casualty incidents to determine whether these incidents affect media reporting or public support for military operations. Using case studies of incidents of civilian deaths over the last decade (the 1991 Al Firdos bunker bombing, the 1999 Djakovica convoy and Chinese embassy attacks, the 2002 Afghan wedding party attack, and the 2003 Baghdad marketplace explosion), the study team examined U+-+199795883532414014ocn050875161file20010.50Rabasa, AngelIndonesia's transformation and the stability of Southeast AsiaThis study examines the trends and dynamics that are driving Indonesia's transformation, outlines possible strategic futures and their implications for regional stability, and identifies options that the US might pursue in order to influence Indonesia's future course+-+759785883513943ocn047009375file19980.35To find, and not to yield how advances in information and firepower can transform theater warfareAbsent significant changes in U.S. defense investment priorities, American forces could soon find themselves unable to cope with some emerging challenges in large-scale power projection operations. Specifically, U.S. forces will need better capabilities to secure a foothold in distant theaters, to defeat weapons of mass destruction and their delivery vehicles, to gain control of operations in the air, and to locate and destroy invading ground forces. New surveillance sensors, information processing capabilities, communication systems, and guided munitions are enabling operational concepts that can allow U.S. forces to meet emerging challenges and, indeed, to adopt new approaches to warfare. The authors assess quantitatively the capabilities of U.S. forces in the context of a generic scenario depicting a large-scale war in the next decade. From this, they identify priorities for modernizing U.S. forces. They argue that modernization dollars should be focused on forces and enabling capabilities that allow for decisive operations early in a conflict. If necessary, funds for such enhancements can come from modest reductions in forces that are slower to deploy+-+276175883513525ocn154670390file20060.50Lal, RollieCentral Asia and its Asian neighbors security and commerce at the crossroadsThe Asian states neighboring Central Asia have historic links and strong interests in the region. China, Iran, Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan are critical players in the security and economic issues that will determine the future of Central Asia and affect U.S. interests in the region. Although these Asian states do not agree on how to secure Afghanistan against threats, there is unanimous agreement that a stable Afghanistan is critical to their own security interests. By assessing the developing relations between Central Asia and its Asian neighbors, it is evident that each country stands to benefit from stability and economic growth in Central Asia, but opinion toward U.S. presence and policy in the region could be a point of conflict. The purpose of this monograph is to provide an assessment of the nature of Asian states' interest and influence in Central Asia in order to determine the development of these relationships and how they will shape strategic dynamics of Asia in the coming years+-+925695883532413502ocn050851067file20010.37Rosenau, WilliamSpecial operations forces and elusive enemy ground targets lessons from Vietnam and the Persian Gulf WarIn the Vietnam War and the Persian Gulf conflict, special operations forces (SOF) conducted reconnaissance operations to locate hidden targets when political and other considerations prevented the deployment of conventional ground units and air power alone was unable to locate and eliminate elusive objectives. In Vietnam, SOF teams crossed the border into Laos to search for truck parks, storage depots, and other assets along the Ho Chi Minh Trail that were obscured by jungle canopy and camouflage. In western Iraq, British and American SOF patrolled vast areas searching for mobile Scud launchers. In both cases, the nature of the terrain combined with adversary countermeasures made it extremely difficult for ground teams to achieve their objectives. There are a number of implications for future operations. Although new technology, such as mini- and micro-unmanned aerial vehicles, may make it easier to teams to reconnoiter wide areas, using SOF in this fashion is unlikely to achieve U.S. objectives. Concerns about casualties and prisoners of war are likely to limit the use of SOF to the most vital national interests. However, unattended ground sensors could play an enhanced role in future operations. Although most will be delivered by air, some will require hand emplacement in difficult enemy terrain, a mission well suited to SOF. SOF in a battle damage assessment role could help ensure that critical targets have been destroyed. Finally, SOF might disable, destroy, or recover nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons+-+058785883513344ocn047009421file19980.35Kugler, Richard LChanges ahead future directions for the U.S. overseas military presenceU.S. military forces stationed abroad play vital roles. As regional political and military dynamics shift, so too will the United States need to adjust its overseas military posture to accommodate new objectives and missions in new places. In general, that posture will need to become more flexible and more expeditionary, covering a wider array of challenges and broader geographic areas. Such changes can be unsettling to accomplish and may even worry allies and friends. Yet the United States cannot adequately reassure foreign countries with an outdated force posture. Planning for these changes should not be based on marginal adjustments to arbitrary manpower levels but should assess strategic objectives, missions, and requirements before considering the implications for manpower, units, activities, and money. This planning also should establish coherent goals and orderly means of reaching them, rather than muddle along in incremental ways that lack direction or can be blown off course by the shifting political winds. This study offers eight options that can be used to help guide thinking and planning for the coming era of change+-+946175883513147ocn183651906file20070.47Cliff, RogerEntering the dragon's lair Chinese antiaccess strategies and their implications for the United StatesU.S. strategists have become increasingly concerned that an adversary might use ?antiaccess? strategies to interfere with our ability to deploy or operate military forces overseas. The authors analyzed Chinese military-doctrinal publications to see what strategies China might employ in the event of a conflict with the United States. They then assessed how these strategies might affect U.S. military operations and identified ways to reduce these effects. It appears possible that China could use antiaccess strategies to defeat the United States in a conflict--not in the sense of destroying the U+-+904485883512834ocn655848225file20100.50Fair, C. ChristinePakistan can the United States secure an insecure state?Describing Pakistan's likely future course, this book seeks to inform U.S. efforts to achieve an effective foreign policy strategy toward the country. The book forms an empirical analysis of developments in Pakistan and an assessment of the effectiveness of U.S. policy as of August 2009. Drawing on interviews of elites, polling data, and statistical data on Pakistan's armed forces, the book presents a political and political-military analysis. Primary data and analyses from Pakistanis and international economic organizations are used in the book's demographic and economic analyses. The book assesses Pakistan's own policies, based on similar sources, on government documents, and on the authors' close reading of the assessments of several outside observers. The book also discusses U.S. policy regarding Pakistan, which was based on interviews with U.S. policymakers and on U.S. policy documents. The policy recommendations are based on an assessment of the findings in all these areas. The book concludes with a number of recommendations for the U.S. government and the U.S. Air Force concerning how the United States could forge a broad yet effective relationship with this complicated state. --Publisher description+-+2523958835324582ocn006260794book19790.86Seaton, Michael BNew directions at Project Air ForceHistory102ocn029907403serial0.47Project Air Force (U.S.)Annual report, fiscal year ...21ocn495469342serial1.00Project Air Force (U.S.)Annual reportFor 60 years, RAND Project AIR FORCE (PAF) has offered an integrated program of objective, independent analysis on issues of enduring concern to Air Force leaders. Current research focuses on strategy and doctrine; aerospace force development; manpower, personnel, and training; and resource management. This report offers highlights from PAF's fiscal year 2006-2007 efforts, which addressed such key issues as the role of building partner capacity in a successful counterinsurgency strategy, identifying ways to reduce U.S. exposure to potential space attacks, assessing the right number and mix of fighter pilots, mitigating the effects of a potential Chinese antiaccess strategy in the western Pacific, making the system of air and space operations centers more flexible and efficient, learning lessons from Iraq's weak resistance to the Coalition invasion, and examining the Air Force's investment in test and evaluation infrastructure21ocn182524007book20070.10Project Air Force (U.S.)RAND Project Air Force, annual report 2007For 60 years, RAND Project AIR FORCE (PAF) has offered an integrated program of objective, independent analysis on issues of enduring concern to Air Force leaders. Current research focuses on strategy and doctrine; aerospace force development; manpower, personnel, and training; and resource management. This report offers highlights from PAF's fiscal year 2006-2007 efforts, which addressed such key issues as the role of building partner capacity in a successful counterinsurgency strategy, identifying ways to reduce U.S. exposure to potential space attacks, assessing the right number and mix of fighter pilots, mitigating the effects of a potential Chinese antiaccess strategy in the western Pacific, making the system of air and space operations centers more flexible and efficient, learning lessons from Iraq's weak resistance to the Coalition invasion, and examining the Air Force's investment in test and evaluation infrastructure11ocn069672388book20060.10Project Air Force (U.S.)RAND Project Air Force, annual report 200511ocn182523989book20040.10Project Air Force (U.S.)RAND Project Air Force, annual report 2003RAND Project AIR FORCE (PAF) carries out a broad-based research agenda intended to help the Air Force enhance its abilities. This annual report contains summaries of our recent work.11ocn191958573book20030.10Project Air Force (U.S.)RAND Project Air Force, annual report 2002The research findings highlighted in this year's Project AIR FORCE (PAF) annual report represent the broad spectrum of work the Air Force has asked us to undertake01ocn080435926book1991Project Air Force (U.S.)Project Air Force annual report, fiscal year 199101ocn078463944book1994Project Air Force (U.S.)Annual report01ocn078233757book1997Project Air Force (U.S.)Project Air Force, 1997 annual report01ocn081331321book1993Project Air Force (U.S.)Project Air Force annual report, fiscal year 199301ocn083529193book1999Project Air Force (U.S.)Project Air Force, 1999 annual report+-+9211758835+-+9211758835Fri Mar 21 15:23:36 EDT 2014batch52260