WorldCat Identities

Alesina, Alberto

Overview
Works: 345 works in 1,965 publications in 2 languages and 20,346 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  History 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Honoree
Classifications: HC240, 338.94
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about Alberto Alesina
 
Most widely held works by Alberto Alesina
The future of Europe : reform or decline by Alberto Alesina( Book )

25 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and held by 780 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Presenting the argument which suggests that, unless Europe takes serious action soon, its economic and political decline is unavoidable, this text provides a statement of the steps Europe must take before it's too late
Fighting poverty in the US and Europe : a world of difference by Alberto Alesina( Book )

30 editions published between 2004 and 2010 in English and held by 722 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As events highlight deep divisions in attitudes between America and Europe, this is a very timely study of different approaches to the problems of domestic inequality and poverty. Based on careful and systematic analysis of national data, the authors describe just how different the two continents are in the level of their State engagement in the redistribution of income. They go through various possible economic explanations for the difference, including different levels of pre-tax income, openness, and social mobility; they survey politico-historical differences such as the varying physical size of nations, their electoral and legal systems, and the character of their political parties, as well as their experiences of war; and they examine sociological explanations which include different attitudes to the poor and notions of social responsibility, as well as, most importantly, attitudes to race. They calculate that attitudes to race explain half the observed difference in levels of public redistribution of income
Partisan politics, divided government, and the economy by Alberto Alesina( Book )

25 editions published between 1994 and 2003 in English and Undetermined and held by 618 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The authors first outline the rational partisan business cycle, where Republican administrations begin with recession, and Democratic administrations with expansions, and next the midterm cycle, where the President's party loses votes in the mid-term congressional election. The book argues that both cycles are the result of uncertainty about the outcome of presidential elections. Other topics covered include retrospective voting on the economy, coat-tails, and incumbency advantage. A final chapter shows how the analysis sheds light on the economies and political processes of other industrial democracies
The size of nations by Alberto Alesina( Book )

22 editions published between 2003 and 2005 in English and held by 588 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The authors of this timely and provocative book use the tools of economic analysis to examine the formation and change of political borders. They argue that while these issues have always been at the core of historical analysis, international economists have tended to regard the size of a country as "exogenous," or no more subject to explanation than the location of a mountain range or the course of a river. Alesina and Spolaore consider a country's borders to be subject to the same analysis as any other manmade institution. In The Size of Nations they argue that the optimal size of a country is determined by a cost-benefit trade-off between the benefits of size and the costs of heterogeneity. In a large country, per capita costs may be low, but the heterogeneous preferences of a large population make it hard to deliver services and formulate policy. Smaller countries may find it easier to respond to citizen preferences in a democratic way."--Jacket
Political cycles and the macroeconomy by Alberto Alesina( Book )

19 editions published between 1997 and 1999 in English and Italian and held by 507 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Analiza: Ciclos políticos en Estados Unidos; Pools, incertidumbre electoral y economía; Ciclos políticos y políticas macroeconómicas en las democracias industriales; Partidos políticos, Instituciones y déficits presupuestarios
Politics and economics in the eighties by Alberto Alesina( Book )

18 editions published between 1991 and 2014 in English and held by 438 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Is the federal budget deficit a result of congressional deadlocks, gross miscalculation of economic trends, or a Republican strategy to tie the budgetary hands of future Democratic leadership? To what extend does the partisan split between Congress and the executive branch constrain the president's agenda? In this volume, political scientists and economists tackle these and many other contentious issues, offering a variety of analytical perspectives. Certain to provoke controversy, this interdisciplinary volume brings together policy experts to provide a coherent analysis of the most important
Currency unions by Alberto Alesina( Book )

25 editions published between 2000 and 2013 in English and held by 292 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What is the optimal number of currencies in the world? Common currencies affect trading costs and, thereby, the amounts of trade, output, and consumption. From the perspective of monetary policy, the adoption of another country's currency trades off the benefits of commitment to price stability against the loss of an independent stabilization policy. The nature of the tradeoff depends on co-movements of disturbances, on distance, trading costs, and on institutional arrangements such as the willingness of anchor countries to accommodate to the interests of clients
Europe and the euro( Book )

16 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 261 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"A decade is an ideal time frame over which to evaluate the success of the euro and whether it has lived up to expectations. To that aim, Europe and the Euro looks at a number of important issues, including the effects of the euro on reform of goods and labor markets; its influence on business cycles and trade among members; and whether the single currency has induced convergence or divergence in the economic performance of member countries. While adoption of the euro may not have met the expectations of its most optimistic proponents, the benefits have been many, and there is reason to believe that the euro is robust enough to survive recent economic shocks. This volume is an essential reference on the first ten years of the euro and the workings of a monetary union."--Jacket
Institutional reforms : the case of Colombia( Book )

6 editions published between 2004 and 2005 in English and held by 243 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Columbia suffers not only from institutional problems, but also a range of social issues such as high crime rates, drug trafficking and political corruption. This text looks at the construction of the country's institutions, including proposals that could be introduced to address a myriad of problems
Fiscal policy after the financial crisis by Alberto Alesina( Book )

15 editions published between 2013 and 2016 in English and held by 197 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The recent recession has brought fiscal policy back to the forefront, with economists and policy makers struggling to reach a consensus on highly political issues like tax rates and government spending. At the heart of the debate are fiscal multipliers, whose size and sensitivity determine the power of such policies to influence economic growth. Fiscal Policy after the Financial Crisis focuses on the effects of fiscal stimuli and increased government spending, with contributions that consider the measurement of the multiplier effect and its size. In the face of uncertainty over the sustainabili
Defining a macroeconomic framework for the Euro area by Alberto Alesina( Book )

11 editions published in 2001 in English and Undetermined and held by 191 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Public goods and ethnic divisions by Alberto Alesina( Book )

22 editions published between 1997 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 151 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

May 1999 The public goods problem is linked to another, almost insurmountable problem: ethnic divisions. Ethnic conflict is an important determinant of local public finances. Alesina, Baqir, and Easterly present a model that links heterogeneity of preferences across ethnic groups in a city to the amount and type of public good the city supplies. Results show that the shares of spending on productive public goods-education, roads, sewers, and trash pickup-in U.S. cities (metro areas/urban counties) are inversely related to the city's (metro area's/county's) ethnic fragmentation, even after controlling for other socioeconomic and demographic determinants. They conclude that ethnic conflict is an important determinant of local public finances. In cities where ethnic groups are polarized, and where politicians have ethnic constituencies, the share of spending that goes to public goods is low. Their results are driven mainly by how white-majority cities react to varying minority-group sizes. Voters choose lower public goods when a significant fraction of tax revenues collected from one ethnic group is used to provide public goods shared with other ethnic groups. This paper-a product of Macroeconomics and Growth, Development Research Group-is part of a larger effort in the group to study the political economy of policymaking. The authors may be contacted at alesina@mit.edu, baqir@econ.berkeley.edu, or weasterly@worldbank.org
What does the European Union do? by Alberto Alesina( Book )

33 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 123 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We construct a set of indicators to measure the policy-making role of the European Union (European Council, Parliament, Commission, Court of Justice, etc.), in a selected number of policy domains. Our goal is to examine the division of prerogatives between European institutions and national ones, in light of the implications of normative models and in relation to the preferences of European citizens. Our data confirm that the extent and the intensity of policy-making by the ED have increased sharply over the last 30 years. Such increase has taken place, at different speeds, and to different degrees, across policy domains. In recent times the areas that have expanded most are the most remote from the EEC's original mission of establishing a free market zone with common external trade policy. We conjecture that the resulting allocation may be partly inconsistent with normative criteria concerning the assignment of policies at different government levels, as laid out in the theoretical literature
Fiscal adjustments in OECD countries : composition and macroeconomic effects by Alberto Alesina( Book )

21 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and held by 110 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This ppaer studies how the composition of fiscal adjustments influences their likelihood of success, defined as a long lasting deficit reduction, and their macroeconomic consequences. We find that fiscal adjustments which rely primarily on spending cuts on transfers and the government wage bill have a better chance of being successful and are expansionary. On the contrary fiscal adjustments which rely primarily on tax increases and cuts in public investment tend not to last and are contractionary. We discuss alternate explanations for these findings by studying both a full sample of OECD countries and by focusing on three case studies: Denmark, Ireland and Italy
Budget deficits and budget institutions by Alberto Alesina( Book )

22 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 105 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper discusses how different procedures may lead to different fiscal outcomes, particularly to different degrees of fiscal discipline. It examines theoretical arguments that link procedural rules to fiscal outcomes, it also emphasizes the limits of the literature, and suggests several issues open for further research. By reviewing the empirical evidence drawn from OECD countries, Latin American countries, and the USA, the paper concludes that budget procedures are important determinants of fiscal outcomes
Fiscal policy, profits, and investment by Alberto Alesina( Book )

20 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 104 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper evaluates the effects of fiscal policy on investment using a panel of OECD countries. In particular, we investigate how different types of fiscal policy affect profits and, as a result, investment. We find a sizable negative effect of public spending -- and in particular of its public wage component -- on business investment. This result is consistent with models in which government employment creates wage pressure for the private sector. Various types of taxes also have negative effects on profits, but, interestingly, the effects of government spending on investment are larger than the effect of taxes. Our results have important implications for the so called 'Non-Keynesian' (i.e. expansionary) effects of fiscal adjustments
Redistribution through public employment : the case of Italy by Alberto Alesina( Book )

20 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 99 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper examines the regional distribution of public employment in Italy. It documents two sets of facts. This first is the use of public employment as a subsidy from the North to the less wealthy South. We calculate that about half of the wage bill in the South of Italy can be identified as a subsidy. Both the size of public employment and the level of wages are used as a redistributive device. The second set of facts concerns the effects of a subsidized public employment on individuals' attitudes toward job search, education, 'risk taking' activities etc. Public employment discourages the development of market activities in the South
The political economy of budget deficits by Alberto Alesina( Book )

17 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper provides a critical survey of the literature on politico-institutional determinants of the government budget. We organize our discussion around two questions: Why did certain OECD countries, but not others, accumulate large public debts? Why did these fiscal imbalances appear in the last twenty years rather than before? We begin by discussing the 'tax smoothing' model and conclude that this approach alone cannot provide complete answers to these questions. We will then proceed to a discussion of political economy models, which we organize in six groups: i) Models based upon opportunistic policy makers and naive voters with 'fiscal illusion'; ii) Models of intergenerational redistributions; iii) Models of debt as a strategic variable, linking the current government with the next one; iv) Models of coalition governments; v) Models of geographically dispersed interests; vi) Models emphasizing the effects of budgetary institutions
Regulation and investment by Alberto Alesina( Book )

27 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

One commonly held view about the difference between continental European countries and other OECD countries, especially the United States, is that the heavy regulation of Europe reduces its growth. Using newly assembled data on regulation in several sectors of many OECD countries, we provide substantial and robust evidence that various measures of regulation in the product market, concerning in particular entry barriers, are negatively related to investment. The implications of our analysis are clear: regulatory reforms, especially those that liberalise entry, are very likely to spur investment
Why is fiscal policy often procyclical? by Alberto Alesina( Book )

16 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 56 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Many countries, especially developing ones, follow procyclical fiscal policies, namely spending goes up (taxes go down) in booms and spending goes down (taxes go up) in recessions. We provide an explanation for this suboptimal fiscal policy based upon political distortions and incentives for less-than-benevolent government to appropriate rents. Voters have incentives similar to the "starving the Leviathan" classic argument, and demand more public goods or fewer taxes to prevent governments from appropriating rents when the economy is doing well. We test this argument against more traditional explanations based purely on borrowing constraints, with a reasonable amount of success
 
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The future of Europe : reform or decline
Alternative Names
Alberto Alesina economista italiano

Alberto Alesina économiste italien

Alberto Alesina Italiaans econoom

Alberto Alesina italienischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler

Alberto Alesina italiensk ekonom

Alberto Alesina italiensk økonom

Alesina, A.

Alesina, A. 1957-

Alesina, A. (Alberto)

Alesina, A. (Alberto), 1957-

Alesina, Alberto

Alesina, Alberto F. 1957-

Alesina, Alberto Francesco 1957-

Алесина, Альберто

알레시나, 알베르토 1957-

알리시나, 알베르토 1957-

アルベルト・アレシナ

阿尔贝托·阿莱西那

Languages
English (407)

Italian (1)

Covers
Fighting poverty in the US and Europe : a world of differencePartisan politics, divided government, and the economyThe size of nationsPolitical cycles and the macroeconomyPolitics and economics in the eightiesCurrency unionsEurope and the euroInstitutional reforms : the case of ColombiaDefining a macroeconomic framework for the Euro area