Most widely held works by Daniel Trefler
The long and short of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement by Daniel Trefler ( Book )
9 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in 3 languages and held by 164 libraries worldwide
Immigrants and natives in general equilibrium trade models by Daniel Trefler ( Book )
7 editions published in 1997 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 86 libraries worldwide
Increasing returns and all that : a view from trade by Werner Antweiler ( Book )
10 editions published in 2000 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 75 libraries worldwide
Knowledge creation and control in organizations by Diego Puga ( Book )
8 editions published in 2002 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 73 libraries worldwide
The gains from trade with monopolistic competition : specification, estimation, and mis-specification by Huiwen Lai ( Book )
5 editions published in 2002 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 67 libraries worldwide
Wake up and smell the ginseng : the rise of incremental innovation in low-wage countries by Diego Puga ( Book )
8 editions published in 2005 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 66 libraries worldwide
"Increasingly, a small number of low-wage countries such as China and India are involved in innovation -- not 'big ideas' innovation, but the constant incremental innovations needed to stay ahead in business. We provide some evidence of this new phenomenon and develop a model in which there is a transition from old-style product-cycle trade to trade involving incremental innovation in low-wage countries. We explain why levels of involvement in innovation vary across low-wage countries and even across firms within each low-wage country. We then draw out implications for the location of production, trade, capital flows, earnings and living standards"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site.
Ginis in general equilibrium : trade, technology and southern inequality by Susan Chun Zhu ( Book )
4 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 64 libraries worldwide
Sorting it out : international trade and protection with heterogeneous workers by Franziska Ohnsorge ( Book )
3 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 60 libraries worldwide
"The two models of international trade with developed factor markets -- Heckscher-Ohlin and Specific Factors -- both suffer significant defects. For example, their predictions about the patterns of domestic production and international trade are for the most part either indeterminate or uselessly complex. The problem with these models is that the supply of factors to an industry is either perfectly elastic or perfectly inelastic. Using a model in which heterogeneous workers sort across industries we eliminate this problem. The result is a multi-good model with sharp predictions about (1) the domestic pattern of production, (2) North-North and North-South trade, (3) the demand for protection, (4) the determinants of domestic income distribution, and (5) the effect of trade on economic development"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site.
The structure of factor content predictions by Daniel Trefler ( Book )
4 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 59 libraries worldwide
Putting the lid on lobbying tariff structure and long-term growth when protection is for sale by Nathan Nunn ( Book )
3 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 44 libraries worldwide
"It has long been recognized that a country's tariffs are the endogenous outcome of a rent-seeking game whose equilibrium reflects national institutions. Thus, the structure of tariffs across industries provides insights into how institutions, as reflected in tariff policies, affect long-term growth. We start with the commonplace perception among politicians that protection of skill-intensive industries generates a growth-enhancing externality. Modifying the Grossman-Helpman protection for sale model to allow for this, we make two predictions. First, a country with good institutions will tolerate high average tariffs provided tariffs are biased towards skill-intensive industries. Second, there need not be any relationship between average tariffs and good institutions. Using data for 17 manufacturing industries in 59 countries over approximately 25 years, we find that average tariffs are uncorrelated with output growth and that the skill-bias of tariff structure is positively correlated with output growth. We interpret this to mean that countries grow faster if they are able and willing to put a lid on the rent-seeking behaviour of special interest lobby groups.We show that our results are not compatible with explanations that appeal to (1) externalities per se, (2) initial industrial structure that is skewed towards skill-intensive industries, or (3) the effects of broader institutions such as rule of law and control of corruption"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site.
Improved access to foreign markets raises plant-level productivity...for some plants by Alla Lileeva ( Book )
3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 41 libraries worldwide
We weigh into the debate about whether rising productivity is ever a consequence rather than a cause of exporting. Exporting and investing to raise productivity are complimentary activities. For lower-productivity firms, incurring the fixed costs of such investments is justifiable only if accompanied by the larger sales volumes that come with exporting. Lower foreign tariffs will induce these firms to simultaneously export and invest in productivity. In contrast, lower foreign tariffs will induce higher-productivity firms to export without investing, as in Melitz (2003). We model this econometrically using a heterogeneous response model. Unique 'plant-specific' tariff cuts serve as our instrument for the decision of Canadian plants to start exporting to the United States. We find that those lower-productivity Canadian plants that were induced by the tariff cuts to start exporting (a) increased their labor productivity, (b) engaged in more product innovation, and (c) had high adoption rates of advanced manufacturing technologies. These new exporters also increased their domestic (Canadian) market share at the expense of non-exporters, which suggests that the labor productivity gains reflect underlying gains in TFP. In contrast, we find no effects for higher-productivity plants, just as predicted by our complementarity theory.
Canadian policy responses to offshore outsourcing by Daniel Trefler ( Book )
3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 35 libraries worldwide
"This policy brief is a summary of the views on offshore outsourcing expressed by Canadian and international thought leaders at two conferences co-organized by Industry Canada and the Rotman School of Management. The Roundtable on Offshoring was held on March 30, 2005 at the Chateau Laurier, Ottawa and led to the commissioning of 16 new studies that fully describe all that is relevant to Canadian policy makers about the rise of offshore outsourcing. The papers were then presented at a conference held on October 26-27, 2006 at the Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto. From these papers and the lively conference debates comes a comprehensive inventory of possible policy responses to the rise of offshore outsourcing. These policies are reviewed here and the effectiveness of each is evaluated."--Document.
Much ado about nothing American jobs and the rise of service outsourcing to China and India by Runjuan Liu ( Book )
4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 26 libraries worldwide
We examine the impact on U.S. labor markets of offshore outsourcing in services to China and India. We also consider the reverse flow or 'inshoring' which is the sale of services produced in the United States to unaffiliated buyers in China and India. Using March-to-March matched CPS data for 1996-2006 we examine the impacts on (1) occupation and industry switching, (2) weeks spent unemployed as a share of weeks in the labor force, and (3) earnings. We precisely estimate small positive effects of inshoring and smaller negative effects of offshore outsourcing. The net effect is positive. To illustrate how small the effects are, suppose that over the next nine years all of inshoring and offshore outsourcing grew at rates experienced during 1996-2005 in business, professional and technical services i.e., in segments where China and India have been particularly strong. Then workers in occupations that are exposed to inshoring and offshore outsourcing (1) would switch 4-digit occupations 2 percent less often, (2) would spend 0.1 percent less time unemployed, and (3) would earn 1.5 percent more. These are not annual changes ₆ they are changes over nine years ₆ and are thus best described as small positive effects.
Policy responses to the new offshoring think globally, invest locally by Daniel Trefler ( Book )
3 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 23 libraries worldwide
This paper examines the issues surrounding outsourcing and offshoring of goods and services. In considering international offshoring, two trends stand out. The first is the rise of China as the world's manufacturer. The second is the rapid growth of traded services involving innovative, technology-intensive processes and employing high-paid white collar workers. Offshoring enables firms to concentrate on core activities and their competiveness. Thus, the paper argues that offshoring is both a threat and an opportunity. Many Canadian firms have yet to recognize the sea change in their sourcing possibilities. Better information about the strategic offshoring option is needed. Offshoring has important policy implications for Canada and other major economies.
Deductions from the export basket capabilities, wealth and trade by John Sutton ( Book )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 18 libraries worldwide
This paper re-explores the relation between a country's level of wealth and the mix of products it exports. We argue that both are simultaneously determined by countries' capabilities i.e. by countries' productivity and quality levels for each good. Our theoretical setup has two features. (1) Some goods have fewer high-quality producers/countries than others i.e. there is Ricardian comparative advantage. (2) Imperfect competition allows high- and low-quality producers to coexist, which we refer to as 'product ranges'. These two features generate a very particular non-monotonic, general equilibrium relationship between a country's export mix and its wage (GDP per capita). We show that this non-monotonicity permeates the 1980-2005 international data on trade and GDP per capita. Our setup also explains two other facets of the data: (1) Product ranges are huge and (2) for the poorest third of countries, changes in export mix substantially over-predict growth in GDP per capita. This suggests that the main challenge for low-income countries is to raise quality and productivity in their existing product lines.
The labour market consequences of the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement by Noel G Gaston ( Book )
3 editions published between 1995 and 1997 in English and held by 11 libraries worldwide
Life-cycle saving and population aging by David K Foot ( Book )
3 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 9 libraries worldwide
Protection, trade and real wages : some evidence by Noel Gaston ( Book )
1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 7 libraries worldwide
The long and short of the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement by Daniel Trefler ( Book )
2 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and held by 6 libraries worldwide
Trade liberalization and the theory of endogenous protection : an econometric study of U.S. import policy by Daniel Trefler ( Book )
2 editions published between 1990 and 1991 in English and held by 6 libraries worldwide
Canada Commerce Commercial policy Comparative advantage (International trade) Consumption (Economics) Contracting out Contracting out--Government policy Decision making--Mathematical models Developing countries Economic development Economic development--Effect of technological innovations on Economic history Economies of scale Equilibrium (Economics) Exports Exports--Econometric models Foreign trade and employment Foreign trade and employment--Econometric models Foreign workers--Econometric models Free trade Gini coefficient Imports Income Industrial productivity--Econometric models International trade International trade--Econometric models Labor market Labor productivity Labor productivity--Econometric models Labor supply--Econometric models Manufacturing industries Monopolistic competition Offshore assembly industry Offshore outsourcing Pricing--Mathematical models Protectionism Retirement income Service industries Surveys Tariff Technological innovations Technological innovations--Econometric models Technological innovations--Economic aspects--Mathematical models Technological innovations--Government policy Unemployment--Government policy United States Wage differentials Wages Wages--Effect of international trade on Wages--Effect of technological innovations on