WorldCat Identities

Elbadawi, Ibrahim

Works: 158 works in 436 publications in 2 languages and 3,586 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Creator, Honoree, Redactor
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Ibrahim Elbadawi
Democracy in the Arab world : explaining the deficit by Ibrahim Elbadawi( )

16 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and held by 597 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Despite notable socio-economic development in the Arab region, a deficit in democracy and political rights has continued to prevail. This book examines the major reasons underlying the persistence of this democracy deficit over the past decades and touches on the prospects for deepening the process of democratization in the Arab World. Contributions from major scholars in the region give a cross country analysis of economic development, political institutions and social factors, and the impact of oil wealth and regional wars, and present a model for democracy in the Arab world. Case studies are drawn from Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Sudan and the Gulf region, building on these cross-country analyses and probing beyond the modelʹs main global variables. Looking beyond the effect of oil and conflicts, the chapters illustrate how specific socio-political history of the country concerned, fear of fundamentalist groups, collusion with foreign powers and foreign interventions, and the co-option of the elites by the state contribute to these problems of democratization. -- Publisher description from (Oct. 4, 2011)
Democratic transitions in the Arab world by Ibrahim Elbadawi( Book )

10 editions published between 2016 and 2017 in English and held by 213 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In the wake of the unprecedented uprisings that swept across North Africa and the Middle East in late 2010 and 2011, there was much speculation that these events heralded the beginning of a new age of democratic transition across the region. The result of a four-year research project, this book offers a cross-country analysis of the dynamics of democratic transition and of the state of democracy and authoritarianism from Tunisia, Sudan and Egypt to Syria, Kuwait and Lebanon. Elbadawi and Makdisi identify specific economic, political and social conditions influencing the transition across the region and in each of the individual countries, as well as the requisite conditions for consolidating democracy once the process is initiated. It examines the struggling, halted and painful transitions, where these have for the time being failed, as well as instances in which democratic consolidation can be observed. This is a unique and wide-ranging examination of Arab development and democracy for those examining the fate of authoritarian regimes"--
Regional integration and trade liberalization in subsaharan Africa by A Oyejide( Book )

13 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 211 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Understanding and avoiding the oil curse in resource-rich Arab economies( )

9 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 211 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"For over eighty years the Arab region has derived massive wealth from its natural resources, yet the region's economies remain little diversified, while the oil market is experiencing major structural shifts with the advent of shale gas. Moreover, the resource itself is eventually exhaustible. Under these conditions economic prosperity cannot be sustainable. The critical question is how can the countries of this region escape the 'oil curse'? In this volume, leading economists argue that the curse is not a predestined outcome but a result of weak institutions and bad governance. A variety of analytical perspectives and examination of various international case studies leads to the conclusion that natural resources can only spur economic development when combined with sound political institutions and effective economic governance. This volume, with its unique focus on the Arab region, will be an important reference for researchers and policy makers alike"--
The global economic crisis and consequences for development strategyin Dubai( )

9 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 197 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book identifies and addresses the impacts of the global financial crisis on Dubai and the region. The issues are highlighted and analyzed by a group of distinguished scholars. Specifically, discussions are focused on the following four interrelated issues: Why and how the financial crisis happened and what are its consequences for the economies of the Middle East? Defining the emerging global regulatory framework and the new financial architecture; The long term development strategy for the UAE / Dubai in the post crisis global economy; and The oil market and the global financial crisis
Development issues in South Africa( Book )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 150 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

How much war will we see? : estimating the incidence of civil war in 161 countries by Ibrahim Elbadawi( )

11 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and held by 143 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As important as knowing how wars start and end is knowing how much war we are likely to observe in any given period. In strategies for preventing civil war, political liberalization should be a higher priority than economic development, but the best possible results would combine political reform, economic diversification and poverty reduction
Economic development in SubSaharan Africa : proceedings of the eleventh World Congress of the International Economic Association, Tunis by International Economic Association( Book )

11 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 132 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Post-conflict aid, real exchange rate adjustment, and catch-up growth by Ibrahim Elbadawi( )

10 editions published between 2007 and 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 128 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Post-conflict countries receive substantial aid flows after the start of peace. While post-conflict countries' capacity to absorb aid (that is, the quality of their policies and institutions) is built up only gradually after the onset of peace, the evidence suggests that aid tends to peak immediately after peace is attained and decline thereafter
Market access, supplier access, and Africa's manufactured exports : an analysis of the role of geography and institutions by Ibrahim Elbadawi( )

10 editions published between 2006 and 2012 in English and held by 127 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In a large cross-country sample of manufacturing establishments drawn from 188 cities, average exports per establishment are smaller for African firms than for businesses in other regions. The authors show that this is mainly because, on average, African firms face more adverse economic geography and operate in poorer institutional settings. Once they control for the quality of institutions and economic geography, what in effect is a negative African dummy disappears from the firm level exports equation they estimate. One part of the effect of geography operates through Africa's lower "foreign market access:" African firms are located further away from wealthier or denser potential export markets. A second occurs through the region's lower "supplier access:" African firms face steeper input prices, partly because of their physical distance from cheaper foreign suppliers, and partly because domestic substitutes for importable inputs are more expensive. Africa's poorer institutions reduce its manufactured exports directly, as well as indirectly, by lowering foreign market access and supplier access. Both geography and institutions influence average firm level exports significantly more through their effect on the number of exporters than through their impact on how much each exporter sells in foreign markets."--World Bank web site
Referendum, response, and consequences for Sudan : the game between Juba and Khartoum by Ibrahim Elbadawi( )

7 editions published between 2008 and 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 116 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This paper presents a game theory model of the strategic interaction between Khartoum and Juba leading up to the referendum on Sudan's partition in 2011. The findings show that excessive militarization and brinksmanship is a rational response for both actors, neither of which can credibly commit to lower levels of military spending under the current status quo. This militarization is often at the expense of health and education expenditures, suggesting that the opportunity cost of militarization is foregone economic development. These credibility issues might be resolved by democratization, increased transparency, reduction of information asymmetries, and efforts to promote economic and political cooperation. The paper explores these devices, demonstrating how they can contribute to Pareto preferred outcomes in equilibrium. The authors characterize the military expenditure associated with the commitment problem experienced by both sides, estimate its costs from data for Sudan, and identify the opportunity cost of foregone development implied by continued, excessive, and unsustainable militarization."--World Bank web site
Single-equation estimation of the equilibrium real exchange rate by John Baffes( )

11 editions published between 1997 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 115 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

August 1997 An econometric methodology for estimating both the equilibrium real exchange rate and the degree of exchange-rate misalignment. Estimating the degree of exchange-rate misalignment remains one of the most challenging empirical problems in an open economy. The basic problem is that the value of the real exchange rate is not observable. Standard theory tells us, however, that the equilibrium real exchange rate is a function of observable macroeconomic variables and that the actual real exchange rate approaches the equilibrium rate over time. A recent strand of the empirical literature exploits these observations to develop a single-equation approach to estimating the equilibrium real exchange rate. Drawing on that earlier work, Baffes, Elbadawi, and O'Connell outline an econometric methodology for estimating both the equilibrium real exchange rate and the degree of exchange-rate misalignment. They illustrate the methodology using annual data from Côte d'Ivoire and Burkina Faso. This paper-a product of the Development Research Group-is part of a larger effort in the group to investigate the determinants of the real exchange rate
Can Africa export manufactures? : the role of endowment, exchange rates and transaction costs by A. Ibrahim Elbadawi( )

10 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 113 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: May 1999 - Africa's poor performance in manufactured exports in the 1990s (relative to East Asia) appears to be largely the result of bad policies-especially policies that affect transaction costs. Elbadawi analyzes the determinants of manufactured exports in Africa and other developing countries, guided by three pivotal views on Sub-Saharan Africa's (Africa's) prospects in manufactured exports: Adrian Woods holds that Africa cannot have comparative advantage in exports of labor-intensive manufactures (even if broadly defined to include raw material processing) because its natural resources endowment is greater than its human resources endowment (endowment thesis); Paul Collier argues that, for most of Africa, unusually high (policy-induced) transaction costs are the main source of Africa's comparative disadvantage in manufactured exports (transaction thesis); A third approach (Elbadawi and Helleiner) emphasizes the importance of stable, competitive real exchange rates for profitability of exports in low-income countries (exchange rate-led strategy). Elbadawi tests the implications of these three views with an empirical model of manufactured export performance (manufactured exports' share of GDP), using a panel of 41 countries for 1980-95. His findings: Corroborate the predictions of the transaction thesis, in that transaction costs are major determinants of manufactures exports. Investing in reducing these costs generates the highest payoff for export capacity; Lend support for the exchange rate-led strategy. After controlling for other factors, ratios of natural resources per worker were not robustly associated with export performance across countries, but this cannot be taken as formal rejection of the endowment thesis - unless one is prepared to assume that manufactured exports' share of GDP was highly correlated with ratios of manufactured to aggregate (or primary) exports. But this is not unlikely. This paper-a product of Public Economics, Development Research Group-is part of a larger effort in the group to research manufactures exports' competitiveness. The author may be contacted at
External interventions and duration of civil wars by Ibrahim A Elbadawi( )

12 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 92 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Previous studies have argued that longer civil wars have been caused by ethnically polarized societies, since rebel cohesion is easier and more lasting with polarization. This study shows that external interventions tend to reduce the cost of coordinating a rebellion (or of fighting a rebellion), thereby lengthening the duration of civil wars even in societies that are not ethnically polarized
Political violence and economic growth by Cristina Bodea( )

4 editions published between 2008 and 2012 in English and held by 87 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This paper analyzes the economic growth impact of organized political violence. First, the authors articulate the theoretical underpinnings of the growth impact of political violence in a popular model of growth under uncertainty. The authors show that, under plausible assumptions regarding attitudes toward risk, the overall effects of organized political violence are likely to be much higher than its direct capital destruction impact. Second, using a quantitative model of violence that distinguishes between three levels of political violence (riots, coups, and civil war), the authors use predicted probabilities of aggregate violence and its three manifestations to identify their growth effects in an encompassing growth model. Panel regressions suggest that organized political violence, especially civil war, significantly lowers long-term economic growth. Moreover, unlike most previous studies, the authors also find ethnic fractionalization to have a negative and direct effect on growth, though its effect is substantially ameliorated by the institutions specific to a non-factional partial democracy. Third, the results show that Sub-Saharan Africa has been disproportionately impacted by civil war, which explains a substantial share of its economic decline, including the widening income gap relative to East Asia. Civil wars have also been costly for Sub-Saharan Africa. For the case of Sudan, a typical large African country experiencing a long-duration conflict, the cost of war amounts to
Real exchange rate policy and non-traditional exports in developing countries by Ibrahim A Elbadawi( Book )

6 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and Italian and held by 74 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Riots, coups and civil war : revisiting the greed and grievance debate by Cristina Bodea( )

5 editions published between 2007 and 2012 in English and held by 60 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The most influential recent work on the determinants of civil wars found the factors associated with the grievance motivation to be largely irrelevant. Our paper subjects the results of this empirical work to further scrutiny by embedding the study of civil war in a more general analysis of varieties of violent contestation of political power within the borders of the state. Such an approach, we argue, will have important implications for how we think theoretically about the occurrence of domestic war as well as how we specify our empirical tests. In the empirical model, the manifestation of domestic conflict range from low intensity violence and coups to civil war. Our multinomial specification of domestic conflict supports the hypothesis that diversity accentuates distributional conflict and thus increases the risk of civil war. We also find that democracies may be more efficient than autocracies in reducing the risk of civil war
External interventions and the duration of civil wars by Ibrahim A Elbadawi( )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The authors combine an empirical model of external intervention with a theoretical model of civil war duration. Their empirical model of intervention allows them to analyze civil war duration using "expected" rather than "actual" external intervention as an explanatory variable in the duration model. Unlike previous studies, they find that external intervention is positively associated with the duration of civil war--Summary findings
Regional integration and trade liberalization in subsaharan Africa( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A typology of foreign exchange auction markets in sub-Saharan Africa by Janine Aron( Book )

9 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
Audience Level
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.59 (from 0.21 for Democracy ... to 0.83 for External i ...)

Democracy in the Arab world : explaining the deficit
Development issues in South AfricaEconomic development in SubSaharan Africa : proceedings of the eleventh World Congress of the International Economic Association, Tunis
Alternative Names
al-Badawī, Ibrāhīm A.

Badawī, Ibrāhīm.

Badawī, Ibrāhīm A.

Badawi, Ibrahim A. El

Badawī, Ibrāhīm A. (Ibrahim Ahmed)

Elbadawi, Ibrahim

Elbadawi, Ibrahim A.

Elbadawi, Ibrahim Ahmed

Elbadawi Ibrahim Ahmed 1954-....

إبراهيم البدوي

البدوي، إبراهيم

البدوي إبراهيم 1954-....

English (163)

Italian (1)