Atran, Scott 1952-
Most widely held works by Scott Atran
Folkbiology ( Book )
10 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 1,006 libraries worldwide
The native mind and the cultural construction of nature by Scott Atran ( Book )
13 editions published between 2008 and 2010 in English and held by 750 libraries worldwide
Surveys show that our growing concern over protecting the environment is accompanied by a diminishing sense of human contact with nature. Many people have little commonsense knowledge about nature - are unable, for example, to identify local plants and trees or describe how these plants and animals interact. Researchers report dwindling knowledge of nature even in smaller, nonindustrialized societies. In The Native Mind and the Cultural Construction of Nature, Scott Atran and Douglas Medin trace the cognitive consequences of this loss of knowledge. Drawing on nearly two decades of cross-cultural and developmental research, they examine the relationship between how people think about the natural world and how they act on it and how these two phenomena are affected by cultural differences. These studies, which involve a series of targeted comparisons among cultural groups living in the same environment and engaged in the same activities, reveal critical universal aspects of mind as well as equally critical cultural differences. Atran and Medin find that, despite a base of universal processes, the cultural differences in understandings of nature are associated with significant differences in environmental decision making as well as intergroup conflict and stereotyping stemming from these differences. The book includes two intensive case studies, one focusing on agro-forestry among Maya Indians and Spanish speakers in Mexico and Guatemala and the other on resource conflict between Native-American and European-American fishermen in Wisconsin. The Native Mind and the Cultural Construction of Nature offers new perspectives on general theories of human categorization, reasoning, decision making, and cognitive development.
In gods we trust : the evolutionary landscape of religion by Scott Atran ( Book )
15 editions published between 2002 and 2005 in English and held by 617 libraries worldwide
"How do we explain the cultural hold of religion throughout history? Why are supernatural concepts culturally universal? What do biology, psychology, anthropology, and cognitive neuroscience have to tell us about the religious differences and similarities among different cultural groups? How is it that religious explanations of natural phenomena have had a greater hold on our collective imagination that most political, economic, and scientific accounts?" "In this interdisciplinary book, Scott Atran addresses these questions and more as he attempts to map the evolutionary landscape of religion. He argues that current explanations for religion do not sufficiently explain society's committments to a logically absurd world of supernatural causes and beings, questioning why evolution did not select against such curiously costly beliefs and behaviors as making gigantic pyramids to house the dead, blowing oneself up for the pleasures of paradise, sacrificing one's children as a measure of religious sincerity, or setting aside large chunks of time to mumble incoherent words repititiously. Observing the limitations of most functional explanations for the cultural power of religion, he proposes that religion is less an adaptation to a specific function (or collective need) than a natural basin of possibilities to which human lives spontaneously converge. If naturally selected structures of cognition, emotion, and organization channel our thoughts and behaviors into cultural paths that include some kind of religious belief or committment, he argues that secular ideologies attempting to replace religion will always be at a disadvantage in terms of cultural survival."--BOOK JACKET.
Cognitive foundations of natural history : towards an anthropology of science by Scott Atran ( Book )
12 editions published between 1989 and 1999 in English and held by 510 libraries worldwide
"What is it about human nature that makes our species capable of thinking scientifically? Inspired by the debate he set up between Noam Chomsky and Jean Piaget, Scott Atran traces the development of Natural History from Aristotle to Darwin, and demonstrates how the science of plants and animals has emerged from common conceptions of folkbiology. The author proceeds not only from the more traditional philosophical, historical, or sociological perspectives, but from a point of view which he considers to be more basic and necessary to all of these: that of cognition. He applies a "cognitive" perspective to an explanation of the successive scientific incarnations, transformations, and mutations of what Hume called "mankind's original stock of ideas." Book jacket."--BOOK JACKET.
Talking to the enemy : faith, brotherhood, and the (un)making of terrorists by Scott Atran ( Book )
3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 416 libraries worldwide
Looks at the root causes of terrorism; discusses the psychological, social, and religious aspects of terrorism; and offers practical solutions on ways to identify and prevent future terrorists.
Plants of the Petén Itza' Maya = Plantas de los maya itza' del Petén by Scott Atran ( Book )
7 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and Spanish and held by 137 libraries worldwide
Values, empathy, and fairness across social barriers by Barcelona Social Brain Conference ( Book )
4 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 104 libraries worldwide
Histoire du concept d'espèce dans les sciences de la vie : colloque international, mai 1985 ( Book )
2 editions published in 1987 in French and held by 83 libraries worldwide
Talking to the enemy : violent extremism, sacred values, and what it means to be human by Scott Atran ( Book )
2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 68 libraries worldwide
Palestinians M013 ( )
in English and held by 61 libraries worldwide
This collection of 39 documents covers a time span from 1830 to 2000 and is about the Palestinians, Arabs who are a mixture of pre-Israelite and other groups and who settled in Palestine. Until 1948 the country of Palestine occupied an area east of the Mediterranean that is now occupied by Israel and Jordan. The creation of the state of Israel created hundreds of thousands of Palestinian refugees. The classic ethnographies of Arab village life during the British Mandate period are a two-volume set by Granquist, who did her fieldwork in the late 1920s and Shimon, who covers a period from the turn of the century to 1946. Granquist wrote an additional two-volume monograph on the Arab child, which includes discussions of child-rearing practices and familial relationships. Other work done in this period are by Canaan on spirits and shrines, Haddad on guest houses, and Loftus on illegal Arab immigration. Community studies carried out in the early post-1948 period include Lutfiyya's study of a Palestinian village in Jordan, circa 1960, and two studies on Palestinian communities in Israel. Rosenfeld wrote a series of articles around this period on social change, visiting patterns, and marriage patterns. Two comprehensive books on more technical subjects are Atran on the Palestinian land tenure system and Moors on women's property. Sayigh has written the classic history of the region from the Palestinian point of view. The rest of the works in this collection are published after 1989 and are influenced by the intifada (1987-present). Most of them are based on research conducted in the Occupied Territories. Swedenburg examines how elderly freedom fighters remembered the Great Revolt (1936-1939). He also wrote an article on how peasants became the symbol of the national movement. Two books address the relationship between the national, trade, and women's movements. The latter reference is the only source in the collection based on research carried out in southern Lebanon. Abdulhadi wrote an article on the women's movement. Other women's issues discussed in context of the resistance are family planning, a book by Kanaaneh, and articles on motherhood and the wearing of the hajib. Three articles focus on male activist youth, or shebab. Other articles examine the influence of the resistance on folksongs, religious and secular ceremonies, identity, cultural values, and spirit possession. Three books examine Israeli-Palestinian relations in Israel and across the Green Line. Finally, Monterescu has written an article on men, manhood, and café life in Jaffa.
Fondements de l'histoire naturelle : pour une anthropologie de la science by Scott Atran ( Book )
3 editions published in 1986 in French and held by 45 libraries worldwide
Au nom du seigneur : la religion au crible de l'évolution by Scott Atran ( Book )
1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 19 libraries worldwide
La transmission by Henri Atlan ( Book )
1 edition published in 1982 in French and held by 16 libraries worldwide
Théories du langage, théories de l'apprentissage ( Book )
1 edition published in 1979 in French and held by 13 libraries worldwide
Croyance, raison et déraison : colloque de rentrée 2005 ( Book )
1 edition published in 2006 in French and held by 11 libraries worldwide
The native mind : cognition and management of nature across cultures by Scott Atran ( Book )
1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 10 libraries worldwide
Histoire du concept d'espèce dans les sciences de la vie : colloque internat. (mai 1985) organisé par la Fondation Singer-Polignac ( Book )
1 edition published in 1987 in French and held by 8 libraries worldwide
Values, empathy, and fairness across social barriers : [... First Barcelona Social Brain Conference, Entitled Values, Empathy, and Fairness Across Social Barriers: A Neurocognitive Approach to Fairness, ... held on November 21 - 22, 2008 at Fundació "La Caixa", Barcelona, Spain ( Book )
2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 7 libraries worldwide
Beyond belief Enlightenment 2.0 ( Visual )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
"As you watch the conversation in Beyond Belief: Enlightenment 2.0, it might help to know about one of the sources that was helpful to me in formulating the agenda, assembling the cast of characters, and setting the tone for the meeting. I quoted this passage from Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century by Jonathan Glover (who directs the Centre of Medical Law and Ethics at King's College, London): "Now we tend to see the Enlightenment view of human psychology as thin and mechanical, and Enlightenment hopes of social progress through the spread of humanitarianism and the scientific outlook as naive ... One of this book's aims is to replace the thin, mechanical psychology of the Enlightenment with something more complex, something closer to reality ... another aim of the book is to defend the Enlightenment hope of a world that is more peaceful and humane, the hope that by understanding more about ourselves we can do something to create a world with less misery. I have qualified optimism that this hope is well founded ..." I say Amen to that. If Enlightenment 1.0 took a thin and mechanical view of human nature and psychology, I think Enlightenment 2.0 can offer a much 'thicker' and cognitively richer account - less naive and also, perhaps, less hubristic. If there's one thing we've learned - particularly from cognitive neuroscience - it is that we need to have some strategic humility about the hobby horses we are inclined to ride".--Website.
Cognitive foundations of natural history : towards an anthropology of science ( Book )
2 editions published between 1993 and 1999 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
Aristotle Belief and doubt Biology Botany--Folklore Classification Cognition Cognition and culture Common sense Communication Conference proceedings Empathy Enlightenment Ethnobiology Ethnobotany Ethnology Fairness Folk classification Folklore Genetic psychology Group identity Guatemala--Petén (Department) Ḥarakat al-Muqāwamah al-Islāmīyah Heredity, Human History International relations Middle East--Palestine Natural history Natural history--Classification Neuropsychology Palestinian Arabs Physical anthropology Plants, Useful Psychology, Religious Qaida (Organization) Rationalism Reason Reason--Philosophy Religion and science Skepticism Social values Species Taliban Terrorism--Religious aspects Terrorism--Social aspects Terrorists--Psychology Tropical plants Zoology