WorldCat Identities

Métais, Joël

Overview
Works: 45 works in 72 publications in 2 languages and 206 library holdings
Roles: Author, Thesis advisor, Redactor
Classifications: D411, 350
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Joël Métais
Les mutations du système financier français : innovations et déréglementation by Joël Métais( Book )

10 editions published in 1986 in French and held by 95 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Le marché des euro-dollars et des euro-obligations by Joël Métais( Book )

4 editions published in 1975 in French and Undetermined and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Financial innovations and new patterns of financing in France by Joël Métais( Book )

3 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Funds and portfolio management institutions in France : some recent trends by Joël Métais( Book )

4 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les mutations du système financier français : innovations et déréglementation by Joël Métais( )

3 editions published in 1986 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Innovations financières et développement financier le cas de la Tunisie by Fatma Wyème Ben M'Rad Doagi( Book )

2 editions published between 2002 and 2013 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les banques étrangères dans les pays émergents avantages et risques by Meriem Haouat( Book )

2 editions published between 2008 and 2013 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In recent years, the weight of foreign banks has increased significantly in the banking systems of several emerging countries. The objective of this thesis is to analyse the consequences of the entry of foreign banks to these countries, both in terms of economic development and financial stability. We focus on the effects of foreign competition on the local banking system that raise concerns about the future of banking intermediation in these countries. We show that the presence of foreign banks is like a two-edged sword. On the one hand, foreign banks are certainly a stimulus for the development of the local banking system. On the other hand, their presence may be a threat for many domestic banks and may amplify banks' risk-taking behaviour, thus fuelling financial instability. Besides, the comparison of China with Morocco and Tunisia shows that local banks in small banking systems are more vulnerable in a context of tougher foreign competition. Foreign players can control a small-sized banking sector more easily
Les politiques de développement financier en Afrique subsaharienne définition- enjeux- réalités et propositions by Jean-Paul Mvogo( Book )

3 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 50 years, Africa has seen little progress in development. Our work analyzes a factor able to explain this singular path: the structure of financial systems. After deepening the concept of financial development and providing a better understanding of the relationship between the real and financial spheres, it proposes an indicator of financial development which emphasizes the weak structure of African financial systems and their limited contribution to development. This work also highlights the existence of equilibriums of underdevelopment related to the financial factor over the long run. Given the strength of the factors explaining these equilibriums, the implementation of public policies, financial development policies, must be at the heart of development strategies to come. Their implementation in Africa is all the more legitimate that they have proven their effectiveness in other areas. This thesis defines these policies and their governance
L'INDUSTRIE MAROCAINE DES ENTREPRISES D'ASSURANCES ET REASSURANCES : PROBLEMES STRUCTURELS ET EVOLUTION STRATEGIQUE by LEILA SKALLI ZNIBER( Book )

1 edition published in 1997 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

IN THIS THESIS, WE PROPOSE TO DETERMINE WHAT SHOULD BE THE STRATEGIES THAT HAVE TO BE ADOPTED BY THE MOROCCAN INDUSTRY OF INSURANCE AND REINSURANCE ACCORDING TO ITS ENVIRONMENT, TO FACE THE PROBABLE AND IMMINENT COMPETITION OF FOREIGN FIRMS. IN FACT, MANY REFORMS OCCUR IN THIS INDUSTRY, MOSTLY REGLEMENTARY ONES, THAT PROVIDE IT THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE MORE DYNAMIC. BY USING THEORICAL PRECEPTS ISSUED FROM INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION AND STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT, WE SHOW THAT, ACCORDING TO THE INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL CONSTRAINTS THAT WEAKEN THE INDUSTRY AND TO THE MAJOR ROLE OF THE GOUVERNEMENT, TWO TYPES OF STRATEGY SHOULD BE CONCURRENTLY CONDUCTED BY INSURANCE AND REINSURANCE COMPANIES : - THE FIRST ONES, NAMELY +RELATIONAL; STRATEGIES, WOULD ALLOW THE INDUSTRY, BY BECOMING A POWERFUL INTEREST GROUP, TO REDUCE THE PUBLIC CONSTRAINT. IN OTHER TERMS, THEY WOULD HAVE THE EFFECT TO SUBSTITUTE, TO THE TOO EXPENSIVE PUBLIC REGULATION PROCESS, ANOTHER ONE BASED ON THE CARTELLISATION AND THE CONCENTRATION OF THE INDUSTRY, AND ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL REINSURANCE - THE SECOND ONES ARE COMPETITIVE STRATEGIES. THEY HAVE TO BE COST STRATEGIES REGARDING TO THE LEVEL OF THE MOROCCAN GNP FOR ALL THE STRATEGIC SEGMENTS OF THE INDUSTRY, BUT THEY SHOULD BE DEVELOPED DIFFERENTLY BY EACH STRATEGIC GROUP THAT HAS BEEN IDENTIFIED. IN THIS CONTEXT, STRATEGIC DECISIONS OVER SIZE, LEVEL OF DIVERSIFICATION, AND RELATIONS WITH MAJOR COMPETITORS (BANKS AND FOREIGN FIRMS) HAVE ALSO TO BE TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION
L' influence des nouvelles politiques macroeconomiques des pays industriels sur les perspectives du developpement by Jeanne-Marie Parly( Book )

2 editions published in 1982 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

THEORIES DE LA LIBERALISATION FINANCIERE ET DUALISME FINANCIER by Baptiste Venet( Book )

1 edition published in 1996 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

THE PURPOSE OF THIS WORK IS TO DEMONSTRATE THAT FINANCIAL DUALISM IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES MAY EXIST OUTSIDE FINANCIAL REPRESSION. UNTIL RECENTLY, FOLLOWING THE CONCLUSIONS OF THE MC-KINNON-SHAW GROUP, THE EXISTENCE OF CURB MARKETS WAS REGARDED AS THE CONSEQUENCE OF A LACK OF FINANCIAL DEEPENING. IMPOSING INTEREST CEILINGS OR A HIGH LEVEL OF RESERVE REQUIREMENTS, OR INCREASING TOO MUCH THE SUPPLY OF FIAL MONEY, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES' GOVERNMENTS WERE ASSUMED TO ENCOURAGE THE ARTIFICIAL DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMAL FINANCIAL MARKETS. HOWEVER, FOLLOWING SEVERAL CRITICS (LACK OF CLEAR RELATION BETWEEN SAVING AND REAL INTEREST RATES, NATURAL IMPERFECTIONS ON FINANCIAL MARKETS, ETC), SOME ECONOMISTS, SUCH AS NEO-STRUCTURALISTS, HAVE DEVELOPED AN ALTERNATIVE STANCE. INSTEAD OF BEING THE RESULT OF AN EXCESS OF GOVERNMENTAL REGULATION, FINANCIAL DUALISM COULD BE ADDRESSED AS A CONSEQUENCE OF NATURAL SEGMENTATION OF THE DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKET IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. WE TRY TO MAKE THIS POINT USING A SIMPLE MODEL WHERE FINANCIAL DUALISM EMERGES IN A SITUATION OF LAISSEZ-FAIRE AS A RESULT OF SEPARATE FINANCIAL TECHNOLOGY IN BOTH FINANCIAL SECTORS
La distribution du crédit dans les pays émergents by Yousra Benzarti( Book )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A travers cette recherche nous voulons cerner les déterminants micro-économiques de la distribution des crédits bancaires dans les pays émergents. Les théories montrent que le risque de défaut et le gap informationnel sont les principales causes d'une insuffisance de financement des investissements. Le manque de fiabilité des documents comptables et le nombre élevé des entreprises en faillite, au sein des pays émergents, poussent les banques à pratiquer un rationnement de crédit envers certains clients. L'entretien d'une relation de clientèle permet à la banque d'anticiper le comportement du client et d'évaluer le risque qu'il entraine. Pour se préserver des risques de défaut, les banques exigent des garanties et des cautionnements élevés de la part des emprunteurs. Certaines PME, composant majoritaire du tissu économique des pays émergents, se trouvant dans l'incapacité de satisfaire ces exigences sont finalement évincées du marché des crédits. Le dysfonctionnement et parfois l'inexistence d'un système juridique de recouvrement des dettes, dans les pays émergents, entraine une prudence excessive de la part des banques en matière d'octroi des crédits. L'étude empirique réalisée sur le marché tunisien sur la période 1974-2007 montre que le rationnement du crédit est expliqué par les variables autres que le prix telles que: les sûretés, les relations de clientèle et le cadre juridique. Le rationnement de crédit n'a cessé de s'accroître sauf pour l'année 1988, année charnière de la mise en place de la libéralisation financière. Ce rationnement du crédit est une stratégie volontaire des banques, optimisant leurs profits futurs anticipés et non une contrainte imposée par une politique monétaire donnée
La gestion de la dette publique selon les approches économique, institutionnelle et financière : application à une petite économie en développement, la Tunisie by Wissem Ajili( Book )

2 editions published between 2007 and 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The thesis is interested in public debt management in the case of a small developing economy: Tunisia.The public debt question is studied through three different approaches, the economic, the institutional and the financial ones. The public debt is not considered only as a component of the economic policy but also as a range of institutional rules. Finally, the public debt is considered as an assets portfolio
Analyse de la concurrence, théorie des coûts et stratégie bancaire appliquées aux espaces financiers intégrés : une perspective européenne en termes d'économie bancaire et industrielle by Ahmed Zoromé( Book )

2 editions published in 1996 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

THE PRESENT STUDY IS A CONTRIBUTION TO A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE BANKING COMPETITION DEVELOPMENT WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF A DYNAMIC FINANCIAL INTEGRATION PROCESS. IT SHOWS HOW BANKING FIRMS, WHICH USED TO PERFORM IN SEGMENTED MARKETS, BEHAVE IN TERMS OF CONDUCT, COST AND PERFORMANCE WHEN FACING A COMMON SPACE OF COMPETITION, SUCH IS THE CASE OF THE EUROPEAN SINGLE MARKET OF FINANCIAL SERVICES. THE FIRST PART DEALS WITH THE NECESSARY MECHANISM OF REGULATION THAT HAS BEEN SET UP FOR THE NATIONAL BANKING SYSTEMS TRANSITION TOWARDS A "EUOPE OF BANKS". THE SECOND PART ANALYSES DEMAND IN TERMS OF BANKING SERVICES AND SHOWS THE CONNECTION BETWEEN CONSUMER BEHAVIOR AND BANKING COMPETITION DISTORTION (ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION, SWITCHING COST). WE HAVE EXAMINED THE IMPACT OF THE ELIMINATION OF BARRIERS TO MOBILITY ON THE BANKING MARKET STRUCTURE BASED NOTABLY ON AN APPROACH A LA HOTELLING - SALOP, WHICH HAS ALLOWED US TO FOCUS ON THE LOCAL DIMENSION OF BANKING COMPETITION. THEN WE HAVE TRIED TO ANALYZE EMPIRICAL STUDIES ON COST INDICATORS CALCULATED ON THE BASIS OF MULTIPRODUCT COST FUNCTION (TRANSLOG OR COBB-DOUGLAS FUNCTION FORM). THIS HAS HELPED US DRAW LESSONS FROM THE BANKING FIRM STRUCTURES ESPECIALLY IN TERMS OF SIZE, DIVERSIFICATION AND EFFICIENCY. THE THIRD AND LAST PART THAT DEALS WITH BANK STRATEGIES IS AN APPLIED SUMMARY OF THE PREVIOUSLY MENTIONNED TOPICS. WE HAVE MAINLY TRIED TO SHOW THAT THE DISTORTION OF COMPETITION AND THE MARKET POWER, ESSENTIALLY RESULTING FROM THE SPATIAL DIMENSION OF BANK SERVICE MARKETS AND PERSISTING ECONOMIC BARRIERS, PUT RESTRICTIVE LIMITS TO THE PRICE CONVERGENCE IMPOSED BY INTEGRATION. THE INITIAL FORECASTS OF THE DECREASE IN PRICES OF BANKING SERVICES HAVE BEEN EXAGGERATED
LIBERALISATION, INSTABILITE FINANCIERE ET INSTABILITE MACRO-ECONOMIQUE by Corinne Le Gallic( Book )

1 edition published in 1997 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

THIS THESIS ANALYSES AND INTEGRATES THEORETICAL ARGUMENTS, FROM VARIOUS RESEARCH FIELDS, SUPPORTING THE EXISTENCE OF A CAUSALITY LINK BETWEEN FINANCIAL LIBERALISATION AND MACROECONOMIC FLUCTUATIONS. IT PRESENTS THEORETICAL ARGUMENTS SUPPORTING THE IDEA THAT FINANCIAL LIBERALISATION EXAGGERATES FINANCIAL INSTABILITY. IT EXAMINES TWO COMPONENTS OF FINANCIAL INSTABILITY: BANKING INSTABILITY AND MARKET INSTABILITY. FIRST, IT GIVES SOME THEORETICAL ARGUMENTS SHOWING THAT THE NEW ORGANISATION OF FINANCIAL MARKETS, PARTLY DUE TO FINANCIAL LIBERALISATION, INCREASED THE IMPORTANCE AND IMPACT ON PRICES OF MIMETIC AND OTHER DESTABILIZING BEHAVIOUR OF TRADERS, HENCE INCREASED MARKETS VOLATILITY. SECONDLY, IT SHOWS THAT FINANCIAL LIBERALISATION, WHILE ENHANCING COMPETITION BETWEEN FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES,REDUCED BANKS TRADITIONAL SOURCE OF PROFIT: INTEREST MARGINS. TO COMPENSATE THIS LOSS OF REVENUE, BANKS DEVELOPED MARKETS OPERATIONS. THUS, THEIR LONG RUN PROFITABILITY MAY STAY THE SAME, BUT THEIR RESULTS SHOULD BECOME LESS STABLE. GREATER FLUCTUATIONS OF BANKS RESULTS WOULD BE EXPECTED. SO, FINANCIAL LIBERALISATION MUST HAVE INCREASED FINANCIAL INSTABILITY (MORE VOLATILE ASSET PRICES AND GREATER FLUCTUATIONS OF BANKS RESULTS). THEREFORE, BOTH DEMAND AND SUPPLY SIDE OF THE CREDIT MARKET MUST HAVE BEEN AFFECTED. THUS, MACROECONOMIC FLUCTUATIONS SHOULD INCREASE. THIS ARGUMENT IS SUPPORTED BY THE RESULTS OF THE SIMULATIONS OF A MACRO FINANCIAL CYCLE MODEL
Les risques de bilan bancaires dans le canal étroit du crédit micro-fondements de la transmission de la politique monétaire et illustration par le comportement des banques au Brésil by Julio lRamos-Tallada( Book )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

La capacité de la politique monétaire à provoquer des déplacements de l'offre de prêts bancaires est la condition la plus controversée de la transmission via le canal étroit. Cette thèse analyse comment la gestion des principaux risques de bilan affecte les choix des banques confrontées à un choc monétaire. Le courant dominant avance une logique de précaution : la transmission est amplifiée par des contraintes de liquidité, résultant des frictions sur les marchés de capitaux. Or, nous montrons que certaines imperfections tendent à atténuer la réponse des banques à un choc aléatoire sur leur base de dépôts. Nous proposons ensuite une approche basée sur l'optimisation conjointe des risques de crédit, de marché et de taux d'intérêt. Ce motif de diversification gouverne la réponse des banques aux impulsions monétaires même lorsque leur risque de liquidité est faible. Le cas du Brésil en est une bonne illustration. Les crises monétaires passées ont façonné les structures financières : les banques émettent une ample gamme de substituts de la monnaie et détiennent une proportion élevée de titres/crédit. Dans ce cas de figure, nos résultats suggèrent qu'une réduction de la volatilité des taux courts et un allongement des maturités des titres peuvent améliorer l'efficacité de la transmission
Financement du développement : incitation, technologies, information by Veronique Seltz( Book )

1 edition published in 1996 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

LA THESE PROPOSE UNE ANALYSE MICRO-ECONOMIQUE DES CONDITIONS DE FINANCEMENT DU DEVELOPPEMENT ECONOMIQUE EN DEUX PARTIES: EN ECONOMIE FERMEE, A NIVEAU DE DEVELOPPEMENT DONNE: PUIS EN ECONOMIE OUVERTE, EN PRENANT EN COMPTE LA COEXISTENCE D'ECONOMIES DE NIVEAUX DE DEVELOPPEMENT DIFFERENTS, DISTINGUEES SUR LES CRITERES DE LA MATURITE TECHNOLOGIQUE ET DU NIVEAU DE DEVELOPPEMENT INSTITUTIONNEL. LE PREMIER CHAPITRE PROPOSE UNE DEFINITION DU PHENOMENE DU DEVELOPPEMENT FONDEE SUR LES ANALYSES HISTORIQUES DU DEVELOPPEMENT. CELLE-CI FAIT REPOSER LE PHENOMENE SUR L'APPARITION D'UNE ACTIVITE NOUVELLE DANS L'ESPACE NATIONAL DES ECHANGES, RESULTAT D'UN INVESTISSEMENT INNOVANT. LA DEMARCHE FAIT AINSI EXPLICITEMENT INTERVENIR LE CONTEXTE DANS LEQUEL LES AGENTS PEUVENT AGIR EN FAVEUR DU DEVELOPPEMENT. LE DEUXIEME CHAPITRE PROPOSE UNE REVUE DE LA LITTERATURE SUR LE ROLE DU SYSTEME FINANCIER DANS L'ALLOCATION DES RESSOURCES A L'INVESTISSEMENT. TROIS FONCTIONS FINANCIERES SONT MISES EN AVANT: LE SERVICE DE LIQUIDITE; LA DEFINITION DES CONTRATS; LA PRODUCTION D'INFORMATION. ENSUITE, LES INTERACTIONS STRATEGIQUES INHERENTES AU FINANCEMENT D'UN INVESTISSEMENT INNOVANT SONT ETUDIEES, EN INTEGRANT UN ALEA DE MORALITE SUR L'EFFORT DE L'ENTREPRENEUR. DANS LE TROISIEME CHAPITRE, LA DEMARCHE ADOPTEE PAR LA NOUVELLE THEORIE DU COMMERCE INTERNATIONAL EST APPLIQUEE AUX ECHANGES INTERTEMPORELS INTERNATIONAUX. AINSI, A LA DIFFERENCE DE LA PROBLEMATIQUE DE LA CONVERGENCE NEOCLASSIQUE, LA MODELISATION PROPOSEE ADMET L'HETEROGENEITE DU CAPITAL EN DISTINGUANT LE SAVOIR TECHNOLOGIQUE ET LE SAVOIR-FAIRE REQUIS PAR LES INVESTISSEMENTS INNOVANTS. EN EXPLICITANT LES CARACTERISTIQUES TECHNOLOGIQUES DES INVESTISSEMENTS, IL APPARAIT ALORS UNE LIMITE AUX MOUVEMENTS DE CAPITAUX VERS LES ECONOMIES SOUS-DEVELOPPEES. ENFIN, LE QUATRIEME CHAPITRE ETUDIE LA CAPACITE DES INSTITUTIONS A PRODUIRE L'INFORMATION EX ANTE NECESSAIRE AUX AGENTS POUR FORMER LEURS ANTICIPATIONS SUR LES RESULTATS ESPERES DES INVESTISSEMENTS. LA PERFORMANCE DE CETTE ACTIVITE DE PREVISION ECONOMIQUE, SELON LE NIVEAU DE DEVELOPPEMENT, LIMITE ENCORE LES MOUVEMENTS DE CAPITAUX VERS LES ECONOMIES LES MOINS DEVELOPPEES
Plans de développement et dynamique de la dette extérieure en République Populaire du Bénin by Adrien Honvo Akanni( Book )

1 edition published in 1987 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS WORK IS TO DETERMINE THE FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE EXTERNAL DEBT OF THE POPULAR REPUBLIC OF BENIN AND THEIR EFFECTS ON ITS ECONOMIC GROWTH DURING THE LAST TWELVE YEARS. BEGINNING FROM THE LAST HALF OF THE 1970S, THE REPUBLIC OF BENIN PLUNGED INTO A RAPID ACCUMULATION OF EXTERNAL DEBT IN ORDER TO FINANCE ITS DEVELOPMENT PLANS AND PUBLIC SECTOR WAGES. THIS DEBT ACCUMULATION MATERIALISED INTO DEBT CRISIS IN THE 1980S WHICH FORCED THE COUNTRY TO SEEK TO RESCHEDULE ITS DEBT WITH THE IMF IN 1985. THIS CRISIS CAN BE TRACED BACK PRINCIPALLY TO THE NATURE AND KIND OF PROSPECTS IMPLEMENTED AND TO THE MANAGEMENT STYLE EXISTING IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR IN AS MUCH AS THE INERNATIONAL ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT HELPED TO AGGRAVATE THE SITUATION
La politique de gestion du taux de change par la Banque Centrale en Russie entre 1992 et 1998 by Viktoria Orlova( Book )

1 edition published in 2004 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Cette recherche a pour objectif l'analyse de la politique de change développée par la Banque Centrale en Russie, compte tenu des changements de son statut, et de la crise de change de 1998. Les crises survenues en 1992 et 1994 auraient dû donner une première leçon à la Banque Centrale sur la politique monétaire et de change. Malheureusement, cette dernière en retire peu d'enseignements et continue à mener une politique qui débouche sur la crise de 1998. Il est clair que le rôle de la Banque Centrale dans la stabilité macroéconomique et surtout dans la régulation monétaire est primordial. Cette recherche analyse les actions de la BCR entre 1992 et 1998 afin de stabiliser et renforcer la monnaie nationale et surtout le taux de change du rouble dans le contexte particulier de chaque période. Elle tente de démontrer la prévisibilité des crises survenues dans la période étudiée en mettant en relief les difficultés que subit la BCR pour gérer le changement de son statut et leur influence sur ses décisions. Lors de cette recherche nous avons exposé les théories sur la Balance des Paiements et sur la détermination du taux de change ainsi que sur les différents régimes de change que peut pratiquer une banque centrale. Cette partie théorique nous a servit de base pour comprendre les actions de la Banque Centrale entre 1992 et 1998 pour instaurer une certaine stabilité du taux de change du rouble ainsi que résoudre les problèmes liés au particularisme du régime de change en Russie : l'ambivalence du rouble après la chute de l'Union Soviétique, la dollarisation de l'économie. La Banque Centrale rencontre non seulement les difficultés techniques, mais est confrontée également aux problèmes liés à son affirmation et à la défense de son indépendance. Dans la période analysée, elle n'a pas d'autre alternative que de " faire son apprentissage " et d'acquérir les connaissances, pour adapter simultanément la gestion du rouble du point de vue de l'équilibre interne et extérieur, et de forger sa personnalité dans un contexte économique et politique hostile
Les aspects macroéconomiques des investissements directs internationaux by Joël Métais( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

 
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Languages
French (39)

English (7)