MacCoun, Robert J.
Most widely held works by Robert J MacCoun
Drug war heresies : learning from other vices, times, and places by Robert J MacCoun ( Book )
9 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 1,314 libraries worldwide
(Publisher-supplied data) This book provides the first multidisciplinary and nonpartisan analysis of how the United States should decide on the legal status of cocaine, heroin and marijuana. It draws on data about the experiences of Western European nations with less punitive drug policies as well as new analyses of America's experience with legal cocaine and heroin a century ago, and of America's efforts to regulate gambling, prostitution, alcohol and cigarettes. It offers projections on the likely consequences of a number of different legalization regimes and shows that the choice about how to regulate drugs involves complicated tradeoffs among goals and conflict among social groups. The book presents a sophisticated discussion of how society should deal with the uncertainty about the consequences of legal change. Finally, it explains, in terms of individual attitudes toward risk, why it is so difficult to accomplish substantial reform of drug policy in America.
Cross-national drug policy ( Book )
5 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 414 libraries worldwide
Alternative adjudication : an evaluation of the New Jersey automobile arbitration program ( Book )
5 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 190 libraries worldwide
In 1985, New Jersey implemented a statewide program of mandatory court-administered arbitration of automobile injury lawsuits. In order to evaluate the program, the Institute for Civil Justice (ICJ) examined court records for a random sample of more than 1,000 auto negligence cases filed in either 1983 (pre-arbitration) or 1985 (post-arbitration), and surveyed approximately 300 litigants and 400 attorneys. No significant changes in trial rates or litigation costs were found. However, the program has had some unanticipated effects. Cases that are assigned to the program are significantly less likely to settle privately without a third-party hearing and, on average, take significantly longer to terminate than in the pre-arbitration period. Both litigants and attorneys evaluate arbitration hearings quite favorably. It appears that the program is providing disputants greater access to third-party hearings, but not greater efficiency.
Comparing Western European and North American drug policies : an international conference report by Peter Reuter ( Book )
2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 187 libraries worldwide
In Western Europe, the United States, and Canada in the last decade, illegal drugs have become a significant public policy issue. There is a growing interest in comparing and understanding the experiences of different nations. This report offers such a comparison. The United States is more adversely affected by illicit drugs than are any of the other nations considered here. It views the drug problem primarily as a crime problem for which tough law enforcement is the appropriate response. In some Western European nations, the health consequences of drug addiction are emphasized, and there has been a reluctance to use the criminal law against users. Germany, Norway, and Sweden have viewed drug use as a moral issue, using criminal law against users, but not nearly as aggressively as has the United States. This report summarizes the deliberations of officials and experts representing eight nations who participated in a December 1991 meeting on drug policy held in Bellagio, Italy. It also draws on a May 1991 conference of researchers from Western Europe and North America held in Washington, D.C.
Getting inside the black box : toward a better understanding of civil jury behavior by Robert J MacCoun ( Book )
5 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 170 libraries worldwide
Experimental research on jury decision-making by Robert J MacCoun ( Book )
3 editions published in 1989 in English and Undetermined and held by 145 libraries worldwide
Jury verdicts directly affect the lives of hundreds of thousands of people in the United States every year and serve a bellwether function in plea bargaining and settlement negotiations. But because juries deliberate in secret, legal policymakers have made important decisions about the scope and conduct of jury trials on the basis of untested intuitions about how juries reach verdicts. In this review of research on jury behavior, the author emphasizes the use of mock jury experiments to test hypotheses and refine theoretical models of the decision process. Because jury decisionmaking involves two different phases--cognitive processing during the trial and deliberation in the jury room--the author reviews research on both the trial and deliberation phases of the judgment process. In keeping with the emphasis of most jury research, he focuses primarily on decisionmaking in criminal trials; the extent to which the findings can be applied to civil litigation is discussed in RAND/N-2671.
Alternative dispute resolution in trial and appellate courts by Robert J MacCoun ( Book )
1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 38 libraries worldwide
This study, reprinted from Handbook of Psychology and Law (D.K. Kagehiro and W.S. Laufer, eds.) reviews the available research on seven major court-administered alternative dispute resolution (ADR) procedures that appear to be particularly popular and representative of the broader range of alternatives: fee-shifting rules, small-claims mediation, victim-offender mediation, judicially mediated plea bargaining, judicial settlement conferences, court-annexed arbitration, and summary jury trials. The authors discuss potential consequences of ADR in the courts, including reductions in costs and delays, litigant satisfaction and procedural fairness, a sense of legitimacy and acceptance of ADR outcomes and preservation and enhancement of existing relationships. A growing body of research and theory can guide the design of future ADR procedures. The next round of innovation should take advantage of what is now known to optimize all the the criteria that ADR programs seek to meet. Basic social-psychological laboratory experiments on dispute processing can also play an important role in informing the conduct of applied field research on ARD programs.
Improving jury comprehension in criminal and civil trials by Robert J MacCoun ( Book )
1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 36 libraries worldwide
Estimating liability risks with the media as your guide : a content analysis of media coverage of tort litigation by Daniel Seth Bailis ( Book )
2 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 32 libraries worldwide
Unintended consequences of court arbitration : a cautionary tale from New Jersey by Robert J MacCoun ( Book )
1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 25 libraries worldwide
Arbitration programs are expected to reduce delay and costs by providing a more efficient substitute for trial. But since most disputes are already resolved without adjudication, an arbitration program is likely to divert more cases from settlement than from trial. The net effect can be an increase in delay and congestion in the courts. This pattern is illustrated by a recent study of court-annexed automobile arbitration in New Jersey. Following the introduction of arbitration, there was a significant reduction in the percentage of cases settled without third-party intervention, but no reliable decrease in the trial rate, and a significant increase in filing-to-termination time for auto cases assigned to the program. Arbitration programs appear to meet a demand for fair, adjudicative third-party hearings, but in doing so, they don't always improve court efficiency.
Goal conflict in juror assessments of compensatory and punitive damages by Michelle Chernikoff Anderson ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 23 libraries worldwide
Inside the black box : what empirical research tells us about decisionmaking by civil juries by Robert MacCoun ( Book )
2 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 19 libraries worldwide
The verdict on the verdict interpreting the public's reaction to the Simpson trial by Robert J MacCoun ( Book )
1 edition published in 1997 in English and held by 19 libraries worldwide
Is there a "deep-pocket" bias in the tort system? : the concern over biases against deep-pocket defendants by Robert J MacCoun ( Book )
1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 14 libraries worldwide
There is a wide-spread perception that America's tort system is biased against so-called deep-pocket defendants--defendants such as corporations, governments, and wealthy individuals who have extensive financial resources. This paper summarizes what we know and don't know about deep-pocket biases. Both archival analyses of twenty years of verdicts in Cook county, Illinois, and mock jury experimentation indicate that in similar cases, juries do treat corporations differently from individuals. Juries are more likely to find corporations liable and award plaintiffs more money. However, other mock jury experiments show that rich individuals are treated more like poor individuals than like corporations. Thus, jurors do treat corporations differently, but not because of wealth. Future research is necessary to clarify what causes juries to treat corporations differently.
Altered state? assessing how marijuana legalization in California could influence marijuana consumption and public budgets by Beau Kilmer ( Book )
1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 12 libraries worldwide
"To learn more about the possible outcomes of marijuana legalization in California, RAND researchers constructed a model based on a series of estimates of current consumption, current and future prices, how responsive use is to price changes, taxes levied and possibly evaded, and the aggregation of nonprice effects (such as a change in stigma). Key findings include the following: (1) the pretax retail price of marijuana will substantially decline, likely by more than 80 percent. The price the consumers face will depend heavily on taxes, the structure of the regulatory regime, and how taxes and regulations are enforced; (2) consumption will increase, but it is unclear how much, because we know neither the shape of the demand curve nor the level of tax evasion (which reduces revenues and prices that consumers face); (3) tax revenues could be dramatically lower or higher than the $1.4 billion estimate provided by the California Board of Equalization (BOE); for example, uncertainty about the federal response to California legalization can swing estimates in either direction; (4) previous studies find that the annual costs of enforcing marijuana laws in California range from around $200 million to nearly $1.9 billion; our estimates show that the costs are probably less than $300 million; and (5) there is considerable uncertainty about the impact of legalizing marijuana in California on public budgets and consumption, with even minor changes in assumptions leading to major differences in outcomes. "--Website
A Content analysis of the drug legalization debate ( Book )
4 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 11 libraries worldwide
The authors analyzed two convenience samples of opinion essays from U.S. newspapers to examine differences in the content and complexity of argumentation in the drug legalization debate. The first sample was of fifty-one New York Times essays from the 1970s and 1980s. The second sample was of 133 essays from twenty-seven newspapers across the country in 1989 and 1990. Content analyses suggest that the debate has shifted over time from decriminalization of marijuana, based on the civil rights of users, to legalization of cocaine and heroin, based on the perceived need to disrupt the connection between drugs and crime. Proponents of legalization provided significantly more complex arguments than proponents of continued prohibition.
Drug policies and problems : the promise and pitfalls of cross-national comparison ( Book )
2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 11 libraries worldwide
Drug control by Robert J MacCoun ( Book )
3 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 10 libraries worldwide
The effort to control illicit drugs seems to have become a permanent element of American social policy in the last third of the twentieth century. A large fraction of adolescents experiment with illicit drugs, primarily marijuana. Most do no more than experiment, but enough go on to consume them frequently that drug use and selling, as well as drug control itself, have become a major source of harm to the nation. These harms, particularly the ones related to crime, are heavily concentrated in urban minority communities. Cross-national comparisons of social policy are fraught with problems. Nonetheless, we draw four lessons: depenalization, prevalence of use, goals of drug policy, and the role of government. As currently implemented, U.S. drug policies are unconvincing. They are intrusive, divisive, expensive, and yet they leave the nation with a massive drug problem.
Examining the behavioral assumptions of the national drug control strategy by Robert MacCoun ( Book )
4 editions published between 1994 and 1997 in English and held by 8 libraries worldwide
Blaming others to a fault by Robert J MacCoun ( Book )
1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 7 libraries worldwide
Accidents Accidents--Psychological aspects Arbitration and award Bias (Law) Blame California California--Los Angeles Civil procedure Compensation (Law) Compromise (Law) Conference proceedings Courts Crime Crime--Government policy Criminal law Criminal procedure Cross-cultural studies Damages Decision making Dispute resolution (Law) Drug abuse Drug abuse--Government policy Drug abuse--Prevention Drug control Drug control--International cooperation Drug control--Political aspects Drug legalization Drug traffic Drug traffic--Economic aspects Drug traffic--Political aspects Evidence (Law) Instructions to juries Jury Liability for traffic accidents Liability insurance claims--Economic aspects Marijuana industry Marijuana--Law and legislation Mass media Narcotic laws New Jersey Personal injuries Punishment Simpson, O. J.,--1947- Torts Torts--Economic aspects Trials, litigation, etc. Trials (Murder) United States Verdicts Washington (D.C.)
Mac Coun, Robert 1958- RAK-WB § 316, Abs. 2
Mac Coun, Robert J. 1958- RAK-WB § 316, Abs. 2
MacCoun, Robert 1958-