WorldCat Identities

MacCoun, Robert J.

Overview
Works: 74 works in 140 publications in 1 language and 5,336 library holdings
Genres: Cross-cultural studies  Conference papers and proceedings  Trials, litigation, etc 
Roles: Author, Editor
Classifications: HV5825, 364.1770973
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Robert J MacCoun
Drug war heresies : learning from other vices, times, and places by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

15 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 1,103 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

(Publisher-supplied data) This book provides the first multidisciplinary and nonpartisan analysis of how the United States should decide on the legal status of cocaine, heroin and marijuana. It draws on data about the experiences of Western European nations with less punitive drug policies as well as new analyses of America's experience with legal cocaine and heroin a century ago, and of America's efforts to regulate gambling, prostitution, alcohol and cigarettes. It offers projections on the likely consequences of a number of different legalization regimes and shows that the choice about how to regulate drugs involves complicated tradeoffs among goals and conflict among social groups. The book presents a sophisticated discussion of how society should deal with the uncertainty about the consequences of legal change. Finally, it explains, in terms of individual attitudes toward risk, why it is so difficult to accomplish substantial reform of drug policy in America
Cross-national drug policy( Book )

7 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 379 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Synopsis: While citizens experiment with illegal drugs, their governments experiment with regulations to prohibit drugs. Scholars, analysts, and policy makers who know what legal prohibitions other countries have tried and found successful will have a better chance of crafting effective drug policy for their countries. This special issue of The Annals describes the experiences of eleven countries: Australia, Canada, Columbia, Denmark, France, Iran, Jamaica, Mexico, Portugal, Russia, and Sweden. Articles are grouped by geography and wealth: the wealthy West, the western hemisphere, and the transition countries. The drug problems of wealthy Western nations have generally worsened since the 1960s. Some have no clearly articulated vision behind their drug policy (e.g. Denmark); others have tough policies (e.g. Sweden). France and Portugal both recently instituted sharp changes in drug policy. While no outcome results are yet available from Portugal, France has experience a huge increase in the number of users in treatment. Australia's strong harm-reduction policy remains in place despite increasing heroin deaths and other drug-related problems. U.S. consumption and U.S. international drug policies affect western hemisphere countries' policy as well as generate problems for them. Although Mexican drug use remains at modest levels, the country faces violent and powerful criminal groups. The groups' creation is related to Mexico's role as the principal source and primary transshipment route for drugs bound for the U.S. IN Jamaica, another route for cocaine shipped to the U.S. and another focus of U.S. international drug policy, drug trafficking has exacerbated the long-standing problem of politically related gang violence by increasing the moneys and weapons involved. Drug use is a relatively minor concern of Columbian policy, also under U.S. pressure; instead, it focuses on trafficking and related corruption and violence. Iran and Russia are countries in transition. Contending with fundamental economic and social change following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia has had little political debate regarding its highly intolerant drug policy. Iran's drug policies have frequently shifted during its long history of dealing with opiate abuse, from harsh punishment to regulation of use and back again. Most recently, more therapeutically oriented approaches have been tried. Two articles address geographically broader issues. One shows how U.S. politicians distorted results from a study of needle exchange in Vancouver. The other discusses creation of a new regulatory regime for governing developed nations' banking systems, in the belief that illegal drugs account for a substantial fraction of suspicious financial transactions, particularly across national borders
Alternative adjudication : an evaluation of the New Jersey automobile arbitration program( Book )

5 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 180 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 1985, New Jersey implemented a statewide program of mandatory court-administered arbitration of automobile injury lawsuits. In order to evaluate the program, the Institute for Civil Justice (ICJ) examined court records for a random sample of more than 1,000 auto negligence cases filed in either 1983 (pre-arbitration) or 1985 (post-arbitration), and surveyed approximately 300 litigants and 400 attorneys. No significant changes in trial rates or litigation costs were found. However, the program has had some unanticipated effects. Cases that are assigned to the program are significantly less likely to settle privately without a third-party hearing and, on average, take significantly longer to terminate than in the pre-arbitration period. Both litigants and attorneys evaluate arbitration hearings quite favorably. It appears that the program is providing disputants greater access to third-party hearings, but not greater efficiency
Comparing Western European and North American drug policies : an international conference report by Peter Reuter( Book )

5 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 178 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Based on conferences held in Washington, D.C., and Bellagio, Italy, 1991
Getting inside the black box : toward a better understanding of civil jury behavior by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

6 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 162 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Experimental research on jury decision-making by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

3 editions published in 1989 in English and Undetermined and held by 135 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Jury verdicts directly affect the lives of hundreds of thousands of people in the United States every year and serve a bellwether function in plea bargaining and settlement negotiations. But because juries deliberate in secret, legal policymakers have made important decisions about the scope and conduct of jury trials on the basis of untested intuitions about how juries reach verdicts. In this review of research on jury behavior, the author emphasizes the use of mock jury experiments to test hypotheses and refine theoretical models of the decision process. Because jury decisionmaking involves two different phases--cognitive processing during the trial and deliberation in the jury room--the author reviews research on both the trial and deliberation phases of the judgment process. In keeping with the emphasis of most jury research, he focuses primarily on decisionmaking in criminal trials; the extent to which the findings can be applied to civil litigation is discussed in RAND/N-2671
Alternative dispute resolution in trial and appellate courts by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 37 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study, reprinted from Handbook of Psychology and Law (D.K. Kagehiro and W.S. Laufer, eds.) reviews the available research on seven major court-administered alternative dispute resolution (ADR) procedures that appear to be particularly popular and representative of the broader range of alternatives: fee-shifting rules, small-claims mediation, victim-offender mediation, judicially mediated plea bargaining, judicial settlement conferences, court-annexed arbitration, and summary jury trials. The authors discuss potential consequences of ADR in the courts, including reductions in costs and delays, litigant satisfaction and procedural fairness, a sense of legitimacy and acceptance of ADR outcomes and preservation and enhancement of existing relationships. A growing body of research and theory can guide the design of future ADR procedures. The next round of innovation should take advantage of what is now known to optimize all the the criteria that ADR programs seek to meet. Basic social-psychological laboratory experiments on dispute processing can also play an important role in informing the conduct of applied field research on ARD programs
Improving jury comprehension in criminal and civil trials by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Estimating liability risks with the media as your guide : a content analysis of media coverage of tort litigation by Daniel Seth Bailis( Book )

2 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Unintended consequences of court arbitration : a cautionary tale from New Jersey by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Arbitration programs are expected to reduce delay and costs by providing a more efficient substitute for trial. But since most disputes are already resolved without adjudication, an arbitration program is likely to divert more cases from settlement than from trial. The net effect can be an increase in delay and congestion in the courts. This pattern is illustrated by a recent study of court-annexed automobile arbitration in New Jersey. Following the introduction of arbitration, there was a significant reduction in the percentage of cases settled without third-party intervention, but no reliable decrease in the trial rate, and a significant increase in filing-to-termination time for auto cases assigned to the program. Arbitration programs appear to meet a demand for fair, adjudicative third-party hearings, but in doing so, they don't always improve court efficiency
Goal conflict in juror assessments of compensatory and punitive damages by Michelle Chernikoff Anderson( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The verdict on the verdict interpreting the public's reaction to the Simpson trial by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

1 edition published in 1997 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Inside the black box : what empirical research tells us about decisionmaking by civil juries by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

2 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Is there a "deep-pocket" bias in the tort system? : the concern over biases against deep-pocket defendants by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

There is a wide-spread perception that America's tort system is biased against so-called deep-pocket defendants--defendants such as corporations, governments, and wealthy individuals who have extensive financial resources. This paper summarizes what we know and don't know about deep-pocket biases. Both archival analyses of twenty years of verdicts in Cook county, Illinois, and mock jury experimentation indicate that in similar cases, juries do treat corporations differently from individuals. Juries are more likely to find corporations liable and award plaintiffs more money. However, other mock jury experiments show that rich individuals are treated more like poor individuals than like corporations. Thus, jurors do treat corporations differently, but not because of wealth. Future research is necessary to clarify what causes juries to treat corporations differently
Drug policies and problems : the promise and pitfalls of cross-national comparison( Book )

2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Altered state? : assessing how marijuana legalization in California could influence marijuana consumption and public budgets by Beau Kilmer( Book )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

"To learn more about the possible outcomes of marijuana legalization in California, RAND researchers constructed a model based on a series of estimates of current consumption, current and future prices, how responsive use is to price changes, taxes levied and possibly evaded, and the aggregation of nonprice effects (such as a change in stigma). Key findings include the following: (1) the pretax retail price of marijuana will substantially decline, likely by more than 80 percent. The price the consumers face will depend heavily on taxes, the structure of the regulatory regime, and how taxes and regulations are enforced; (2) consumption will increase, but it is unclear how much, because we know neither the shape of the demand curve nor the level of tax evasion (which reduces revenues and prices that consumers face); (3) tax revenues could be dramatically lower or higher than the $1.4 billion estimate provided by the California Board of Equalization (BOE); for example, uncertainty about the federal response to California legalization can swing estimates in either direction; (4) previous studies find that the annual costs of enforcing marijuana laws in California range from around $200 million to nearly $1.9 billion; our estimates show that the costs are probably less than $300 million; and (5) there is considerable uncertainty about the impact of legalizing marijuana in California on public budgets and consumption, with even minor changes in assumptions leading to major differences in outcomes."--Website
Before the grand opening : measuring Washington state's marijuana market in the last year before legalized commercial sales by Beau Kilmer( Book )

4 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In 2012, Washington state voters passed Initiative 502 (I-502), which removed the prohibition on the production, distribution, and possession of marijuana for nonmedical purposes and required the state to regulate and tax a new marijuana industry. Legalization of possession went into effect almost immediately, but the revolutionary aspect of the law⁰́₄allowing businesses to openly produce and distribute commercial-scale quantities for nonmedical use⁰́₄is expected to be fully implemented in 2014. Decisionmakers in Washington need baseline information about the amount of marijuana that is currently consumed in the state for many reasons. For example, it is important for making informed decisions about the number of licenses to distribute, to accurately project tax revenues, and to provide a foundation for evaluations of I-502. This report estimates the total weight of marijuana consumed in Washington in 2013 using data from existing household surveys as well as information from a new web-based consumption survey. Although the principal motivation for the study was estimating the size of the market, the report also describes various characteristics of the market, including traits of marijuana users in Washington and how they obtain marijuana. While the Washington Office of Financial Management projected that 85 metric tons (MT) of marijuana would be consumed in the state in 2013, this report suggests that estimate is probably too low, perhaps by a factor of two. There is inevitable uncertainty surrounding estimates of illegal and quasi-illegal activities, so it is better to think in terms of a range of possible sizes, rather than a point estimate. Analyses suggest a range of 135⁰́₃225 MT, which might loosely be thought of as a 90-percent confidence interval, with a median estimate close to 175 MT
Sexual orientation and U.S. military personnel policy : options and assessment by National Defense Research Institute (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents the RAND study that resulted from a request to assist the Secretary of Defense in drafting an Executive Order to end discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in the U.S. Armed Forces. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, a team of RAND researchers visited seven foreign countries and the police and fire departments in six American cities, seeking insights and lessons from analogous experiences there. The team considered the integration of blacks and the development of the current policy that prohibits homosexuals from serving in the military. It reviewed public opinion, including the views of current active-duty military personnel, and the scientific literature on group cohesion, sexuality, and related health issues. It examined a number of legal and enforcement issues, as well as the literature that deals with implementing change in large organizations. Based on the research findings, the study group found that the most promising policy option for achieving the President's objectives focuses on conduct and considers sexual orientation, by itself, as not germane in determining who may serve in the Armed Forces. As part of the study an illustrative "Standard of Professional Conduct" was also designed with the overarching objective of maintaining the order and discipline essential for an effective military organization. The report also notes that if sexual orientation is regarded as not germane in determining who may serve in the military, it is equally not relevant to decisions on assignment, pay, military sociality, and benefits. The manner in which such a policy change is implemented could have a decisive impact on the acceptance of the new policy by the military. Based upon the research conducted in this study, key elements of an implementation strategy were identified: (1) the message of policy change must be clear and must be consistently communicated from the top; (2) the option selected should be implemented immediately; (3) emphasis should be placed on behavior and conduct, not on teaching tolerance or sensitivity; (4) leadership must send messages of reassurance to the force; (5) leaders at all levels should be empowered to implement the policy, with special training provided if necessary; and (6) a monitoring process should be established to identify problems early in the process and to address them immediately. The option presented in this report appears to meet the President's criteria, and is consistent with the empirical research and historical experience. By following the implementation strategy, the Department of Defense should be able to increase the probability that a policy that ends discrimination based on sexual orientation can be implemented in a practical and realistic manner
Compensation for accidental injuries in the United States by Deborah R Hensler( )

1 edition published in 1991 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

One in every six Americans sustains an injury in an accident that results in measurable economic loss, and about one-third of those victims suffer a moderate to very severe injury that imposes significant costs on them and on society. The United States has developed a loose network of public and private programs designed to help alleviate the costs those losses impose by providing compensation to accident victims. This network includes private insurance, publicly subsidized programs like Medicare, work-related programs like workers' compensation, and the fault-based tort liability system. These programs have come under increasing scrutiny, as has the compensation network as a whole. This report evaluates the total system of compensation by examining the role of individual compensation mechanisms; investigating the experience of individual American households; and examining the ways experiences vary by accident, injury, and sociodemographic circumstances. Specifically, it presents the results of the first phase of analysis of data collected in a large, nationally representative survey, the purpose of which was to describe the universe of accidents and injuries the authors studied, develop estimates of costs and compensation, describe the liability claiming process, and examine the correlates of liability claiming
Considering Marijuana Legalization : Insights for Vermont and Other Jurisdictions by Jonathan P Caulkins( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Marijuana legalization is a controversial and multifaceted issue that is now the subject of serious debate. Since 2012, four U.S. states have passed ballot initiatives to remove prohibition and legalize a for-profit commercial marijuana industry. Voters in Washington, D.C., took the more limited step of passing an initiative to legalize home production and personal possession. In December 2013, Uruguay became the first country to experiment with legalization nationwide. In May 2014, Vermont Governor Peter Shumlin signed a bill into law that required the Secretary of Administration to provide a report about the consequences of legalizing marijuana. This report was produced for the Secretary of Administration in response to that legislation. The report does not make a recommendation about whether Vermont should change its marijuana laws. The goal is to inform, not sway, discussions about the future of marijuana policy in Vermont and other jurisdictions considering alternatives to traditional marijuana prohibition. The principal message of the report is that marijuana policy should not be viewed as a binary choice between prohibition and the for-profit commercial model we see in Colorado and Washington. Legalization encompasses a wide range of possible regimes, distinguished along at least four dimensions: the kinds of organizations that are allowed to provide the drug, the regulations under which those organizations operate, the nature of the products that can be distributed, and price. These choices could have profound consequences for health and social well-being, as well as job creation and government revenue"--Publisher's description
 
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Drug war heresies : learning from other vices, times, and places
Alternative Names
Mac Coun, Robert 1958-

Mac Coun, Robert J. 1958-

MacCoun, Robert 1958-

McCoun, Robert

Languages
English (64)

Covers
Altered state? : assessing how marijuana legalization in California could influence marijuana consumption and public budgetsSexual orientation and U.S. military personnel policy : options and assessment