WorldCat Identities

Thagard, Paul

Overview
Works: 71 works in 369 publications in 7 languages and 17,049 library holdings
Genres: History  Textbooks  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: Q175, 501
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Paul Thagard
Mind : introduction to cognitive science by Paul Thagard( Book )

46 editions published between 1996 and 2006 in 5 languages and held by 919 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Paul Thagard offers an introduction to the field of cognitive science, designed for students with interests ranging from computer science & engineering to psychology & philosophy
The brain and the meaning of life by Paul Thagard( Book )

27 editions published between 2010 and 2014 in 4 languages and held by 825 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Why is life worth living? What makes actions right or wrong? What is reality and how do we know it? The Brain and the Meaning of Life draws on research in philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience to answer some of the most pressing questions about life's nature and value. Paul Thagard argues that evidence requires the abandonment of many traditional ideas about the soul, free will, and immortality, and shows how brain science matters for fundamental issues about reality, morality, and the meaning of life. The ongoing Brain Revolution reveals how love, work, and play provide good reasons for living. Defending the superiority of evidence-based reasoning over religious faith and philosophical thought experiments, Thagard argues that minds are brains and that reality is what science can discover. Brains come to know reality through a combination of perception and reasoning. Just as important, our brains evaluate aspects of reality through emotions that can produce both good and bad decisions. Our cognitive and emotional abilities allow us to understand reality, decide effectively, act morally, and pursue the vital needs of love, work, and play. Wisdom consists of knowing what matters, why it matters, and how to achieve it. The Brain and the Meaning of Life shows how brain science helps to answer questions about the nature of mind and reality, while alleviating anxiety about the difficulty of life in a vast universe. The book integrates decades of multidisciplinary research, but Its clear explanations and humor make it accessible to the general reader."--Jacket
Mental leaps : analogy in creative thought by Keith James Holyoak( Book )

21 editions published between 1995 and 1999 in 3 languages and held by 697 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Analogy - recalling familiar past situations to deal with novel ones - can provide invaluable creative insights, but it can also lead to dangerous errors. In Mental Leaps, two leading cognitive scientists show how analogy works and how it can be used most effectively. Keith Holyoak and Paul Thagard provide a unified, comprehensive account of the diverse operations and applications of analogy, including problem solving, decision making, explanation, and communication. They present their own theory of analogy, considering its implications for cognitive science in general, and survey examples from many other domains."--Jacket
Conceptual revolutions by Paul Thagard( Book )

24 editions published between 1992 and 2003 in 5 languages and held by 684 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this path-breaking work, Paul Thagard draws on history and philosophy of science, cognitive psychology, and the field of artificial intelligence to develop a theory of conceptual change capable of accounting for all major scientific revolutions. The history of science contains dramatic episodes of revolutionary change in which whole systems of concepts have been replaced by new systems. For example, Copernicus's theory of the solar system supplanted Ptolemy's, and Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection replaced earlier creationist views. Thagard provides a new and comprehensive perspective on the transformation of scientific conceptual systems." "In addition to examining the Copernican and the Darwinian revolutions, Thagard turns his attention to the emergence of Newton's mechanics, Lavoisier's oxygen theory, Einstein's theory of relativity, quantum theory, and the geological theory of plate tectonics. He discusses the psychological mechanisms by which new concepts and links between them are formed, and advances a computational theory of explanatory coherence to show how new theories can be judged to be superior to previous ones. To assess whether the field of psychology has undergone revolutions similar to those in physics, chemistry, biology, and geology, he describes the nature and growth of behaviorism and cognitivism. Finally, he compares the transformations in scientific revolutions with the kinds of conceptual change that developmental psychologists have observed in children." "Conceptual Revolutions is essential reading for historians and philosophers of science, and has important implications as well for research in cognitive science. It is clearly written and should be accessible to anyone interested in problems of scientific change."--Jacket
Computational philosophy of science by Paul Thagard( Book )

27 editions published between 1988 and 1993 in English and Undetermined and held by 663 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Hot thought : mechanisms and applications of emotional cognition by Paul Thagard( Book )

2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 615 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In Hot Thought, Paul Thagard describes the mental mechanisms - cognitive, neural, molecular, and social - that interact to produce different kinds of human thinking, from everyday decision making to legal reasoning, scientific discovery, and religious belief, and he discusses when and how thinking and reasoning should be emotional." "Thagard argues that an understanding of emotional thinking needs to integrate the cognitive, neural, molecular, and social levels. Many of the chapters employ computational models of various levels of thinking, including HOTCO (hot cognition) models and the more neurologically realistic GAGE model. Thagard uses these models to illuminate thinking in the domains of law, science, and religion, discussing such topics as the role of doubt and reasonable doubt in legal and other contexts, valuable emotional habits for successful scientists, and the emotional content of religious beliefs. Identifying and assessing the impact of emotion, Thagard argues, can suggest ways to improve the process of reasoning."--Jacket
How scientists explain disease by Paul Thagard( Book )

16 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and Chinese and held by 493 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"How do scientists develop new explanations of disease? How do those explanations become accepted as true? And how does medical diagnosis change when physicians are confronted with new scientific evidence? These are some of the questions that Paul Thagard pursues in this book that develops a new, integrative approach to the study of science." "How Scientists Explain Disease challenges both traditional philosophy of science, which has viewed science as largely a matter of logic, and contemporary science studies that view science as largely a matter of power. Drawing on theories of distributed computing and artificial intelligence, Paul Thagard develops new models that make sense of scientific change as a complex system of cognitive, social, and physical interactions."--Jacket
Coherence in thought and action by Paul Thagard( Book )

19 editions published between 2000 and 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 474 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Thagard shows how coherence can help to unify psychology and philosophy, particularly when addressing questions of epistemology, metaphysis, ethics, politics, and aesthetics. He also shows how coherence can integrate cognition and emotion."--Jacket
Mind readings : introductory selections on cognitive science by Paul Thagard( Book )

18 editions published between 1998 and 2005 in English and Undetermined and held by 332 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Philosophy of psychology and cognitive science by Dov M Gabbay( Book )

20 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 311 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Psychology is the study of thinking, and cognitive science is the interdisciplinary investigation of mind and intelligence that also includes philosophy, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology. In these investigations, many philosophical issues arise concerning methods and central concepts. The Handbook of Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science contains 16 essays by leading philosophers of science that illuminate the nature of the theories and explanations used in the investigation of minds. Topics discussed include representation, mechanisms, reduction, perception, consciousness, language, emotions, neuroscience, and evolutionary psychology. Key Features: comprehensive coverage of philosophy of psychology and cognitive science; distinguished contributors--leading philosophers in this area; contributions closely tied to relevant scientific research
The cognitive science of science : explanation, discovery, and conceptual change by Paul Thagard( Book )

20 editions published between 2000 and 2014 in 3 languages and held by 238 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Many disciplines, including philosophy, history, and sociology, have attempted to make sense of how science works. In this book, Paul Thagard examines scientific development from the interdisciplinary perspective of cognitive science. Cognitive science combines insights from researchers in many fields: philosophers analyze historical cases, psychologists carry out behavioral experiments, neuroscientists perform brain scans, and computer modelers write programs that simulate thought processes. Thagard develops cognitive perspectives on the nature of explanation, mental models, theory choice, and resistance to scientific change, considering disbelief in climate change as a case study. He presents a series of studies that describe the psychological and neural processes that have led to breakthroughs in science, medicine, and technology. He shows how discoveries of new theories and explanations lead to conceptual change, with examples from biology, psychology, and medicine. Finally, he shows how the cognitive science of science can integrate descriptive and normative concerns; and he considers the neural underpinnings of certain scientific concepts.-- Publisher
Model-based reasoning in scientific discovery by Lorenzo Magnani( Book )

9 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 127 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The book Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery, aims to explain how specific modeling practices employed by scientists are productive methods of creative changes in science. The study of diagnostic, visual, spatial, analogical, and temporal reasoning has demonstrated that there are many ways of performing intelligent and creative reasoning which cannot be described by classical logic alone. The study of these high-level methods of reasoning is situated at the crossroads of philosophy, artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, and logic: at the heart of cognitive science. Model based reasoning promotes conceptual change because it is effective in abstracting, generating, and integrating constraints in ways that produce novel results. There are several key ingredients common to the various forms of model-based reasoning to be considered in this presentation. The models are intended as interpretations of target physical systems, processes, phenomena, or situations. The models are retrieved or constructed on the basis of potentially satisfying salient constraints of the target domain. In the modeling process, various forms of abstraction, such as limiting case, idealization, generalization, and generic modeling are utilized. Evaluation and adaptation take place in the light of structural of structural, causal, and/or functional constraint satisfaction and enhanced understanding of the target problem is obtained through the modeling process. Simulation can be used to produce new states and enable evaluation of behaviors, constraint satisfaction, and other factors. The book also addresses some of the main aspects of the concept of abduction, connecting it to the central epistemological question of hypothesis withdrawal in science and model-based reasoning, where abductive interferences exhibit their most appealing cognitive virtues. The most recent results and achievements in the above areas are illustrated in detail by the various contributors to the work, who are among the most respected researchers in philosophy, artificial intelligence and cognitive science
Hot thought : mechanisms and applications of emotional cognition by Paul Thagard( Book )

23 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and Undetermined and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Annotation
Theories of the universe by Stephen Hawking( Recording )

5 editions published between 1996 and 2001 in English and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Presents writings by Stephen Hawking, Paul Thagard, and other scholars on topics related to the universe, black holes, spacetime, and quantum theory
Kognitionswissenschaft : ein Lehrbuch by Paul Thagard( Book )

4 editions published in 1999 in German and held by 78 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science, pseudo-science, and society by Paul Thagard( Book )

11 editions published between 1980 and 2008 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Handbook of the philosophy of science( Book )

3 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Philosophy of economics by Dov M Gabbay( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Philosophy of Economics investigates the foundational concepts and methods of economics, the social science that analyzes the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. This groundbreaking collection, the most thorough treatment of the philosophy of economics ever published, brings together philosophers, scientists and historians to map out the central topics in the field. The articles are divided into two groups. Chapters in the first group deal with various philosophical issues characteristic of economics in general, including realism and Lakatos, explanation and testing
Philosophy of statistics by Dov M Gabbay( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Statisticians and philosophers of science have many common interests but restricted communication with each other. This volume aims to remedy these shortcomings. It provides state-of-the-art research in the area of Philosophy of Statistics by encouraging numerous experts to communicate with one another without feeling "restricted" by their disciplines or thinking "piecemeal" in their treatment of issues. A second goal of this book is to present work in the field without bias toward any particular statistical paradigm. Broadly speaking, the essays in this Handbook are concerned with problems of induction, statistics and probability. For centuries, foundational problems like induction have been among philosophers' favorite topics; recently, however, non-philosophers have increasingly taken a keen interest in these issues. This volume accordingly contains papers by both philosophers and non-philosophers, including scholars from nine academic disciplines. Provides a bridge between philosophy and current scientific findings Covers theory and applications Encourages multi-disciplinary dialogue.--[Source inconnue]
Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Handbook Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences addresses numerous issues in the emerging field of the philosophy of those sciences that are involved in the technological process of designing, developing and making of new technical artifact
 
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The brain and the meaning of life
Alternative Names
Paul R. Thagard

Paul R. Thagard filósofo canadiense

Paul Thagard Canadees informaticus

Paul Thagard canadisk informatiker

Paul Thagard filosofo canadese

Paul Thagard kanadensisk datavetare

Paul Thagard kanadisk informatikar

Paul Thagard kanadisk informatiker

Tagard, Pol

Thagard, P

Thagard, Paul

Thagard, Paul R.

Thagard, Paul Richard

새가드, 폴 1950-

サガード, ポール

Languages
Covers
The brain and the meaning of lifeMental leaps : analogy in creative thoughtConceptual revolutionsComputational philosophy of scienceHot thought : mechanisms and applications of emotional cognitionHow scientists explain diseaseCoherence in thought and actionMind readings : introductory selections on cognitive science