WorldCat Identities

Oi, Jean C. (Jean Chun)

Works: 36 works in 120 publications in 1 language and 6,091 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  History  Academic theses 
Roles: Author, Editor, Thesis advisor, Opponent, 958, Other
Classifications: HC427.92, 330.951058
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Jean C Oi
Rural China takes off : institutional foundations of economic reform by Jean C Oi( )

14 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 2,357 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this incisive analysis of one of the most spectacular economic breakthroughs in the Deng era, Jean C. Oi shows how and why Chinese rural-based industry has become the fastest growing economic sector not just in China but in the world. Oi argues that decollectivization and fiscal decentralization provided party officials of the localities--counties, townships, and villages--with the incentives to act as entrepreneurs and to promote rural industrialization in many areas of the Chinese countryside. As a result, the corporatism practiced by local officials has become effective enough to challenge the centrality of the national state. Dealing not only with the political setting of rural industrial development, Oi's original and strongly argued study also makes a broader contribution to conceptualizations of corporatism in political theory. Oi writes provocatively about property rights and principal-agent relationships and shows the complex financial incentives that underpin and strengthen the growth in local state corporatism and shape its evolution. This book will be essential for those interested in Chinese politics, comparative politics, and communist and post-communist systems
State and peasant in contemporary China : the political economy of village government by Jean C Oi( )

17 editions published between 1988 and 1991 in English and held by 1,854 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Zouping revisited : adaptive governance in a Chinese county by Jean C Oi( )

7 editions published in 2018 in English and held by 643 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume describes how one local government in China has governed a much larger and vastly more complex market economy without any outward changes in the formal institutions of government. The chapters document the subtle but profound changes in the way that established governing bodies operate in practice. Drawing on local fieldwork conducted over many years in a single county, the chapters describe the ways that county agencies have evolved through ad hoc bureaucratic adaptations that have profoundly altered the way that government organs operate
Property rights and economic reform in China by Jean C Oi( Book )

16 editions published between 1998 and 2000 in English and held by 454 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Revisions of papers presented at a conference at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 1996
At the crossroads of empires : middlemen, social networks, and state-building in Republican Shanghai by Jean C Oi( Book )

7 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 213 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"To a degree uncommon in among Chinese cities, Republican Shanghai had no center. Its territory was divided among three (sometimes more) municipal governments integrated into various national states and empires. No government building or religious institution gave Shanghai a "center." Yet amidst deep cleavages, the city functioned as a coherent whole. What held Shanghai together? The authors' answer is that a group of middlemen with myriad connections across political and social boundaries created networks that held Republican Shanghai together."--BOOK JACKET
Growing pains : tensions and opportunity in China's transformation( Book )

6 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 165 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

China is transforming itself, and the world is adapting in response. Profound forces have reshaped the country's socioeconomic and political landscapes, but they have also brought challenges-growing pains-that China must face if it is to continue its upward trajectory. Despite its successes, China is experiencing sharp growing pains. Rising levels of protest have accompanied the country's wrenching structural transformation. Corruption has prompted some observers to claim that the Chinese government in nothing short of a "predatory state." Legal reform continues to languish. Given that such challenges remain, it might be said that China's structural changes have succeeded. Or, perhaps the country is trapped in transition. This publication contains research presented by preeminent scholars at a conference hosted by the Stanford China Program (SCP) at the Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, held at Stanford University on November 1-3, 2008. The authors identify which of the many problems thought to threaten China's reforms are not as serious as some interpreters claim, as well as those that have already been solved. Other high-profile challenges are highlighted. Some are truly serious and loom on the horizon, such as China's ongoing reforms, employment, land policy, village elections, family planning, health care, social inequality, and environmental degradation. Rich survey data and on-the-ground observation are used to assess the severity of the problems and the likelihood of near-term solutions
Going private in China : the politics of corporate restructuring and system reform( Book )

7 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 127 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

With policy-relevant acuity and theoretical insights, the contributors to this wide-ranging volume address the questions about reform programs that have plagued China--and East Asia more broadly--since the 1990s. While China, Japan, and South Korea have all been criticized for implementing reform too slowly or too selectively, this volume delves into the broader contexts underlying certain institutional decisions. The book seeks to show that seemingly different political economies actually share surprising similarities, and problems. It examines what happens when sweeping systemic changes needed for effective reform are not possible all at once, and shows the difference state-led change can make in mediating the lack of basic institutions, including a national social security system. While Going Private in China sheds new light on China's corporate restructuring, it also offers new perspectives on how we think about the process of institutional change. --Book Jacket
Adapt, fragment, transform : corporate restructuring and system reform in Korea( Book )

5 editions published between 2011 and 2012 in English and held by 95 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Byung-Kook Kim is chancellor of the Korea National Diplomatic Academy. He has taught at the Department of Political Science and International Relations, Korea University, and was also the founding director of the East Asia Institute
Syncretism : the politics of economic restructuring and system reform in Japan( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 73 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Challenges in the process of China's urbanization( Book )

2 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 62 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The same institutions that enabled China's massive urbanization and spurred its economic growth now require further reform and innovation. To address the issues facing the next phase of the nation's transformation, the National New Urbanization Plan (2014–20) set ambitious targets for sustainable, human-centered, and environmentally friendly urbanization. This volume explores the key institutional and governance challenges China will face in reaching those goals. Its policy-focused contributions from leading social scientists in the United States and China explore aspects of urbanization ranging from migration and labor markets to agglomeration economies, land finance, affordable housing, and education policy. Subjects covered in the eleven chapters include: Institutional problems leading to fiscal pressures on local governments and unequal provision of social services to migrant families; the history of land financing and threats to its sustainability; the difficulty of sorting out property rights in rural China; how administrative redistricting has allowed the urbanization of geographical administrative places to outpace the urbanization of populations within those areas; how the hukou system may not be the sole, or even primary, mechanism restricting migrants from public goods, such as their childrens' education; whether the nation's food security is threatened by its ongoing urbanization; [and] the current state of the provision of low-income housing, and future challenges." -- Publisher's description
State and peasant in contemporary China : the politics of grain procurement by Jean C Oi( )

7 editions published between 1983 and 1985 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Was designed to operate harmoniously, with the state setting reasonable grain delivery quotas which the peasants voluntarily pledged to meet. In reality, the process was conflict-ridden, and induced clientilist politics. The state imposed high quotas, and local cadres and peasants reduced their burden through the hiding of production, falsification of reports, underreporting of productive capacity, and cultivation of pliable patrons at higher levels
Nourish the people : the state civilian granary system in China, 1650-1850 by Pierre-Etienne Will( Book )

2 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Realms of freedom in post-Mao China by Jean C Oi( )

2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cadre networks information diffusion and market production in Coastal China by Jean C Oi( Book )

3 editions published between 1994 and 1995 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The sociopolitical patterns of agricultural modernization in China : stepping on transition pathways by Marie-Hélène Schwoob( Book )

2 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This dissertation takes as its point of departure the recent renewal of the interest of the Chinese state in agricultural development. The approach of this research is twofold: political and sociological. The political approach focuses on the analysis of agricultural modernization policies between 2004 and 2014, with the aim of understanding the frames of reference of agricultural modernization promoted by the central government, which is characterized by two main goals - food security and economic development - and three main levers - science and technology, industries and the rural exodus. The spreading of this dominant frame of reference has effects on the sociological patterns of agricultural production, which are explored by the second approach of this research in four targeted areas: Beijing, Shandong, Jiangxi and Ningxia. Drawing on fieldwork and interviews, this sociological analysis investigates the modalities of the reinvolvement of Chinese government officials in rural areas through the implementation of policies aimed at modernizing agricultural production and examines the pattern of relationships and the roles played by political and economic stakeholders in the modernization process. The analysis of the sociopolitical frames built in the course of the modernization of agricultural production enables to identify the features of the agricultural modernization pathway China is engaging on. In particular, the established patterns of power and institutions in rural areas led to the establishment of roadblocks that impede transition towards social and environmental sustainability of agricultural production
State, market, and bureau-contracting in reform China by Yuen Yuen Ang( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Why and how has China succeeded as a developmental state despite a seemingly rents-ridden bureaucracy? Following conventional wisdom, "Weberian" bureaucracies are an institutional precondition for development, especially in interventionist states like China. However, my research finds that China's fast-growing economy has not been governed by a purely salaried civil service. Instead, Chinese bureaucracies still remain partially prebendal; at every level of government, each office systematically appropriates authority to generate income for itself. My study unravels the paradox of "developmentalism without Weberianness" by illuminating China's unique path of bureaucratic adaptation in the reform era -- labeled as bureau-contracting -- where contracting takes place within the state bureaucracy. In a bureau-contracting structure, the state at each level contracts the tasks of governance to its own bureaucracies, assigning them revenue-making privileges and property rights over income earned in exchange for services rendered. Contrasting previous emphases on the prevalence of illicit corruption in China, my study shows how and why bureaucracies in this context are actually authorized by the state to profit from public office. Specifically, I identify two factors that constrain arbitrary and excessively predatory behavior among Chinese bureaucracies: first, mechanisms of rents management, and second, the mediation of narrow departmental interests by local developmental incentives. In short, I argue that it is the combination of an incentive-compatible fiscal design and increasingly sophisticated instruments of oversight that have sustained an otherwise unorthodox structure of governance in China. In a phrase, bureau-contracting presents a high-powered but opportunistic alternative to the Weberian ideal-type. The Chinese experience suggests that "market-compatible" bureaucratic institutions need not necessarily conform to -- and may even diverge significantly -- from standard Western models, at least at early stages of development. My research draws on interviews with 165 cadres across different regions and governmental sectors, as well as statistical analysis of previously unavailable budget data
Role of the local state in China's transitional economy by Jean C Oi( )

in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Rural China takes off : institutional foundations of economic reform by Jean C Oi( Visual )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Demographic engineering by Lachlan Andrew McNamee( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Under what conditions do states coercively alter their demography by expelling minorities and settling peripheral lands? To answer this question, I compiled geolocated data on the incidence of ethnic cleansing and settler colonialism from around the world in the late 20th century. I also collected sub-national data tracking the incidence of demographic engineering in 20th century China, the former USSR, Australia and Rwanda. Rather than be explained by domestic politics, international norms, land availability, or ethno-racial ideologies, I find that patterns of demographic engineering are shaped by the value of frontier territory and the military concerns of states. States disproportionately cleanse and settle strategically important areas: non-natural frontiers and areas populated by rebellious and fifth column minorities. Crucially, however, industrialization lowers the value of land to potential settlers and so reduces the capacity of states to settle contested areas. As such, as states industrialize, I find that they are no longer able to alter the distribution of ethnic groups through migration. Rather, all states go through what I call a colonial transition with industrialization — industrialized states are are both less likely to try to resettle populations and less likely to have success when doing so. Settler colonialism and ethnic cleansing are thus best understood as the outcome of an equilibrium that characterizes state building in less industrialized states. Methodologically, this dissertation is the first to use sub-national panels to test the conditions under which states alter the distribution of ethnic groups, and in doing so, prompts a reconsideration of findings that have treated the distribution of ethnic groups as exogenous. More generally, by bringing the state back into the study of migration, I open up new directions for study in the nascent subfield of political demography
Steel metropolis : industrial Manchuria and the making of Chinese socialism, 1916-1964 by Kōji Hirata( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Drawing upon archival and oral history sources in Chinese, Japanese, English, and Russian, this dissertation examines the transformation of twentieth-century China's largest steel enterprise and its urban environment: the Anshan Steel and Iron Works (Angang) located in the city of Anshan in Manchuria (Northeast China). During the early years of the People's Republic of China (PRC, 1949- ), Angang produced fully half of China's steel, and was also the fourth largest steel enterprise in all of Asia. A symbol of the new socialist state as envisioned by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), Angang was also one of the PRC's largest state-owned enterprises that formed the primary pillar of the socialist planned economy. While Soviet technological aid to Angang in the 1950s is well documented, far less known is Angang's genesis, which lay squarely in Japanese colonialism in Manchuria before 1945. This study traces the evolution of Angang and its urban environment in Anshan under the successive regimes of imperial Japan (1916-1945), the Soviet Union (1945- 1946), the Chinese Nationalist Party (1946-1948), and the CCP (1948-present). I challenge the widely held idea that the PRC's planned economy was inspired purely by Stalinist and Maoist visions. Instead, I contend that Chinese socialism also built upon the physical assets, human resources, and institutions left over from the Japanese and Nationalist war economies. Moreover, as under these previous regimes, lower-level officials and local residents often undermined the PRC's top-down efforts to transform the economy by re-interpreting the organizational and ideological rules set by the state for their own interests. Through a transnational microhistory of Angang and Anshan, my work offers a new framework for analyzing late-industrializing regimes of the twentieth century. I propose the concept of "hyper-industrialism" to describe the global nexus of ideology on development that crossed the divide between socialism and capitalism. By hyper- industrialism, I refer to a strong faith in the state's ability to industrialize the economy through bureaucratic planning and dominant focus on heavy industry for increasing the nation's military strength. By analyzing how the tenets of hyper-industrialism were implemented on the ground, I also explain how people experienced state-led industrialization in their daily work and everyday life. The dissertation begins by exploring the pre-CCP origins of the socialist planned economy in Manchuria as epitomized by the rise of Angang under Japanese, Soviet, and Nationalist rule (Chapters 1-2). The core discussion focuses on the first phase of CCP rule between 1948 and 1957, especially the First Five-Year Plan (1953-1957). Specifically, chapters 3-6 examine the Japanese, Nationalist, and Soviet influences in the PRC's socialist industrialization; the early PRC's state-enterprise system; the planning and formation of the industrial city; and relationship between the CCP Party-State and Chinese citizens. The last chapter discusses the Great Leap Forward (1958-1961) and its impact on Chinese socialism
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Rural China takes off : institutional foundations of economic reform
State and peasant in contemporary China : the political economy of village governmentProperty rights and economic reform in ChinaAt the crossroads of empires : middlemen, social networks, and state-building in Republican ShanghaiGrowing pains : tensions and opportunity in China's transformationGoing private in China : the politics of corporate restructuring and system reform
Alternative Names
Oi, Jean C.

Oi, Jean C. 1949-

Oi, Jean Chun

English (104)