WorldCat Identities

MacCoun, Robert J.

Overview
Works: 69 works in 151 publications in 1 language and 6,671 library holdings
Genres: Cross-cultural studies  Conference papers and proceedings  Trials, litigation, etc 
Roles: Author, Thesis advisor, Editor
Classifications: HV5825, 364.1770973
Publication Timeline
.
Most widely held works by Robert J MacCoun
Drug war heresies : learning from other vices, times, and places by Robert J MacCoun( )

17 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 2,586 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

(Publisher-supplied data) This book provides the first multidisciplinary and nonpartisan analysis of how the United States should decide on the legal status of cocaine, heroin and marijuana. It draws on data about the experiences of Western European nations with less punitive drug policies as well as new analyses of America's experience with legal cocaine and heroin a century ago, and of America's efforts to regulate gambling, prostitution, alcohol and cigarettes. It offers projections on the likely consequences of a number of different legalization regimes and shows that the choice about how to regulate drugs involves complicated tradeoffs among goals and conflict among social groups. The book presents a sophisticated discussion of how society should deal with the uncertainty about the consequences of legal change. Finally, it explains, in terms of individual attitudes toward risk, why it is so difficult to accomplish substantial reform of drug policy in America
Before the grand opening : measuring Washington state's marijuana market in the last year before legalized commercial sales by Beau Kilmer( )

7 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 1,460 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The 2012 passage of Initiative 502 in Washington state removed the prohibition on the production, distribution, and possession of marijuana for nonmedical purposes and required the state to regulate and tax a new marijuana industry. This report uses data from multiple sources to estimate the total weight of marijuana consumed in the state in 2013 to provide decisionmakers with baseline information about the size of the state's market
Considering Marijuana Legalization : Insights for Vermont and Other Jurisdictions by Jonathan P Caulkins( )

4 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 1,176 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Marijuana legalization is a controversial and multifaceted issue that is now the subject of serious debate. In May 2014, Vermont Governor Peter Shumlin signed a bill requiring the Secretary of Administration to produce a report about various consequences of legalizing marijuana. This resulting report provides a foundation for thinking about the various consequences of different policy options while being explicit about the uncertainties involved
Cross-national drug policy by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

8 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 362 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Synopsis: While citizens experiment with illegal drugs, their governments experiment with regulations to prohibit drugs. Scholars, analysts, and policy makers who know what legal prohibitions other countries have tried and found successful will have a better chance of crafting effective drug policy for their countries. This special issue of The Annals describes the experiences of eleven countries: Australia, Canada, Columbia, Denmark, France, Iran, Jamaica, Mexico, Portugal, Russia, and Sweden. Articles are grouped by geography and wealth: the wealthy West, the western hemisphere, and the transition countries. The drug problems of wealthy Western nations have generally worsened since the 1960s. Some have no clearly articulated vision behind their drug policy (e.g. Denmark); others have tough policies (e.g. Sweden). France and Portugal both recently instituted sharp changes in drug policy. While no outcome results are yet available from Portugal, France has experience a huge increase in the number of users in treatment. Australia's strong harm-reduction policy remains in place despite increasing heroin deaths and other drug-related problems. U.S. consumption and U.S. international drug policies affect western hemisphere countries' policy as well as generate problems for them. Although Mexican drug use remains at modest levels, the country faces violent and powerful criminal groups. The groups' creation is related to Mexico's role as the principal source and primary transshipment route for drugs bound for the U.S. IN Jamaica, another route for cocaine shipped to the U.S. and another focus of U.S. international drug policy, drug trafficking has exacerbated the long-standing problem of politically related gang violence by increasing the moneys and weapons involved. Drug use is a relatively minor concern of Columbian policy, also under U.S. pressure; instead, it focuses on trafficking and related corruption and violence. Iran and Russia are countries in transition. Contending with fundamental economic and social change following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia has had little political debate regarding its highly intolerant drug policy. Iran's drug policies have frequently shifted during its long history of dealing with opiate abuse, from harsh punishment to regulation of use and back again. Most recently, more therapeutically oriented approaches have been tried. Two articles address geographically broader issues. One shows how U.S. politicians distorted results from a study of needle exchange in Vancouver. The other discusses creation of a new regulatory regime for governing developed nations' banking systems, in the belief that illegal drugs account for a substantial fraction of suspicious financial transactions, particularly across national borders
Alternative adjudication : an evaluation of the New Jersey automobile arbitration program( Book )

5 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 182 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 1985, New Jersey implemented a statewide program of mandatory court-administered arbitration of automobile injury lawsuits. In order to evaluate the program, the Institute for Civil Justice (ICJ) examined court records for a random sample of more than 1,000 auto negligence cases filed in either 1983 (pre-arbitration) or 1985 (post-arbitration), and surveyed approximately 300 litigants and 400 attorneys. No significant changes in trial rates or litigation costs were found. However, the program has had some unanticipated effects. Cases that are assigned to the program are significantly less likely to settle privately without a third-party hearing and, on average, take significantly longer to terminate than in the pre-arbitration period. Both litigants and attorneys evaluate arbitration hearings quite favorably. It appears that the program is providing disputants greater access to third-party hearings, but not greater efficiency
Comparing Western European and North American drug policies : an international conference report by Peter Reuter( Book )

4 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 179 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Based on conferences held in Washington, D.C., and Bellagio, Italy, 1991
Getting inside the black box : toward a better understanding of civil jury behavior by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

6 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 159 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Experimental research on jury decision-making by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

4 editions published in 1989 in English and Undetermined and held by 141 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Jury verdicts directly affect the lives of hundreds of thousands of people in the United States every year and serve a bellwether function in plea bargaining and settlement negotiations. But because juries deliberate in secret, legal policymakers have made important decisions about the scope and conduct of jury trials on the basis of untested intuitions about how juries reach verdicts. In this review of research on jury behavior, the author emphasizes the use of mock jury experiments to test hypotheses and refine theoretical models of the decision process. Because jury decisionmaking involves two different phases--cognitive processing during the trial and deliberation in the jury room--the author reviews research on both the trial and deliberation phases of the judgment process. In keeping with the emphasis of most jury research, he focuses primarily on decisionmaking in criminal trials; the extent to which the findings can be applied to civil litigation is discussed in RAND/N-2671
Compensation for accidental injuries in the United States by Rand Corporation( )

4 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 41 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Institute for Civil Justice has developed a program of research on the design and performance of alternative compensation systems and the role played by the tort liability system in the network of programs, including a study of how compensation programs are designed, covering such critical elements as eligibility standards, compensation levels, case processing, and funding mechanisms. It also includes studies of specific compensation programs, e.g., automobile no-fault. A critical component of this work is a national survey of accident victims that seeks to determine who these victims are, how severely they are injured, how much their injuries cost, how the victims seek compensation, who files liability claims and why, and what results victims obtain. This report contains the first findings from that survey
Improving jury comprehension in criminal and civil trials by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Alternative dispute resolution in trial and appellate courts by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study, reprinted from Handbook of Psychology and Law (D.K. Kagehiro and W.S. Laufer, eds.) reviews the available research on seven major court-administered alternative dispute resolution (ADR) procedures that appear to be particularly popular and representative of the broader range of alternatives: fee-shifting rules, small-claims mediation, victim-offender mediation, judicially mediated plea bargaining, judicial settlement conferences, court-annexed arbitration, and summary jury trials. The authors discuss potential consequences of ADR in the courts, including reductions in costs and delays, litigant satisfaction and procedural fairness, a sense of legitimacy and acceptance of ADR outcomes and preservation and enhancement of existing relationships. A growing body of research and theory can guide the design of future ADR procedures. The next round of innovation should take advantage of what is now known to optimize all the the criteria that ADR programs seek to meet. Basic social-psychological laboratory experiments on dispute processing can also play an important role in informing the conduct of applied field research on ARD programs
Estimating liability risks with the media as your guide : a content analysis of media coverage of tort litigation by Daniel Seth Bailis( Book )

3 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Altered state? : assessing how marijuana legalization in California could influence marijuana consumption and public budgets by Beau Kilmer( )

4 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 27 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"To learn more about the possible outcomes of marijuana legalization in California, RAND researchers constructed a model based on a series of estimates of current consumption, current and future prices, how responsive use is to price changes, taxes levied and possibly evaded, and the aggregation of nonprice effects (such as a change in stigma). Key findings include the following: (1) the pretax retail price of marijuana will substantially decline, likely by more than 80 percent. The price the consumers face will depend heavily on taxes, the structure of the regulatory regime, and how taxes and regulations are enforced; (2) consumption will increase, but it is unclear how much, because we know neither the shape of the demand curve nor the level of tax evasion (which reduces revenues and prices that consumers face); (3) tax revenues could be dramatically lower or higher than the $1.4 billion estimate provided by the California Board of Equalization (BOE); for example, uncertainty about the federal response to California legalization can swing estimates in either direction; (4) previous studies find that the annual costs of enforcing marijuana laws in California range from around $200 million to nearly $1.9 billion; our estimates show that the costs are probably less than $300 million; and (5) there is considerable uncertainty about the impact of legalizing marijuana in California on public budgets and consumption, with even minor changes in assumptions leading to major differences in outcomes."--Website
The verdict on the verdict : interpreting the public's reaction to the Simpson trial by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

1 edition published in 1997 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Goal conflict in juror assessments of compensatory and punitive damages by Michelle Chernikoff Anderson( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Unintended consequences of court arbitration : a cautionary tale from New Jersey by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Arbitration programs are expected to reduce delay and costs by providing a more efficient substitute for trial. But since most disputes are already resolved without adjudication, an arbitration program is likely to divert more cases from settlement than from trial. The net effect can be an increase in delay and congestion in the courts. This pattern is illustrated by a recent study of court-annexed automobile arbitration in New Jersey. Following the introduction of arbitration, there was a significant reduction in the percentage of cases settled without third-party intervention, but no reliable decrease in the trial rate, and a significant increase in filing-to-termination time for auto cases assigned to the program. Arbitration programs appear to meet a demand for fair, adjudicative third-party hearings, but in doing so, they don't always improve court efficiency
Inside the black box : what empirical research tells us about decisionmaking by civil juries by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

2 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Is there a "deep-pocket" bias in the tort system? : the concern over biases against deep-pocket defendants by Robert J MacCoun( Book )

2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

There is a wide-spread perception that America's tort system is biased against so-called deep-pocket defendants--defendants such as corporations, governments, and wealthy individuals who have extensive financial resources. This paper summarizes what we know and don't know about deep-pocket biases. Both archival analyses of twenty years of verdicts in Cook county, Illinois, and mock jury experimentation indicate that in similar cases, juries do treat corporations differently from individuals. Juries are more likely to find corporations liable and award plaintiffs more money. However, other mock jury experiments show that rich individuals are treated more like poor individuals than like corporations. Thus, jurors do treat corporations differently, but not because of wealth. Future research is necessary to clarify what causes juries to treat corporations differently
Should sixth grade be in elementary or middle school? : an analysis of grade configuration and student behavior by Philip J Cook( )

5 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Using administrative data on public school students in North Carolina, we find that sixth grade students attending middle schools are much more likely to be cited for discipline problems than those attending elementary school. That difference remains after adjusting for the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of the students and their schools. Furthermore, the higher infraction rates recorded by sixth graders who are placed in middle school persist at least through ninth grade. A plausible explanation is that sixth graders are at an especially impressionable age; in middle school, the exposure to older peers and the relative freedom from supervision have deleterious consequences
The Perception of justice : tort litigants' views of trial, court-annexed arbitration, and judicial settlement conferences( )

2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report investigates the attitudes and perceptions of individual plaintiffs and defendants in personal-injury tort cases in three state courts. Specifically, it investigates how tort litigants' impressions of fairness and satisfaction with their experiences in the civil justice system are affected by hearing procedures, case events, and the litigation process. The authors found that the three third-party procedures studied--trial, court-annexed arbitration, and judicial settlement--differed considerably in the procedural fairness and satisfaction ratings they engendered: arbitration hearings and trials were viewed more favorably than were settlement conferences. The findings suggest that improvements in perceived justice and satisfaction are more likely to come from changes in the tone of the judicial process than from innovations designed to cut costs or reduce delay. Further, innovations intended to reduce costs and delay should not do so at the expense of those qualities of the judicial process that are more important to litigants
 
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
0
Audience Level
1
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.19 (from 0.08 for Drug war h ... to 0.67 for The verdic ...)

Drug war heresies : learning from other vices, times, and places
Covers
Compensation for accidental injuries in the United StatesAltered state? : assessing how marijuana legalization in California could influence marijuana consumption and public budgets
Alternative Names
Mac Coun, Robert 1958-

Mac Coun, Robert J. 1958-

MacCoun Robert

MacCoun, Robert 1958-

McCoun, Robert

Robert MacCoun onderwijzer

רוברט מַקוּן

Languages
English (83)