WorldCat Identities

Bielefeldt, Carl

Works: 21 works in 51 publications in 2 languages and 2,099 library holdings
Roles: Author, Translator, Thesis advisor
Classifications: BQ9449.D657, 294.3443
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Carl Bielefeldt
Dōgen's manuals of Zen meditation by Carl Bielefeldt( )

20 editions published between 1988 and 2000 in English and held by 1,982 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Zen Buddhism is perhaps best known for its emphasis on meditation, and probably no figure in the history of Zen is more closely associated with meditation practice than the thirteenth-century Japanese master Dogen, founder of the Soto school. This study examines the historical and religious character of the practice as it is described in Dogen's own meditation texts, introducing new materials and original perspectives on one of the most influential spiritual traditions of East Asian civilization
The Mountains and waters sūtra : a practitioner's guide to Dōgen's Sansuikyō by Shohaku Okumura( )

3 editions published in 2018 in English and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An indispensable map of a classic Zen text. "Mountains and waters are the expression of old Buddhas." So begins "Sansuikyo," or "Mountains and Waters Sutra," a masterpiece of poetry and insight from Eihei Dogen, the thirteenth-century founder of the Soto school of Zen. Shohaku Okumura-renowned for his translations of and magisterial teachings on Dogen-guides the reader through the rich layers of metaphor and meaning in "Sansuikyo," which is often thought to be the most beautiful essay in Dogen's monumentalShobogenzo. His wise and friendly voice shows us the questions Dogen poses and helps us realize what the answers could be. What does it mean for mountains to walk' How are mountains an expression of Buddha's truth, and how can we learn to hear the deep teachings of river waters' Throughout this luminous volume, we learn how we can live in harmony with nature in respect and gratitude-and awaken to our true nature
The F̲u̲k̲a̲n̲ ̲Za̲z̲e̲n̲-̲g̲i̲ and the meditation teachings of the Japanese Zen Master Dogen by Carl William Bielefeldt( Book )

8 editions published between 1980 and 1981 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper is a study of the Fukan zazen-gi, a meditation text by the Japanese Zen master Dogen (1200-53). It is divided into three more or less independent sections: the first reviews the evidence for the dating of the two extant versions of the text and raises some questions about previous interpretations of this evidence; the second considers some major features of the textual and, to a lesser extent, the historical background of the FKZZG, and discusses the relationship of Dogen's work to its sources; the third analyzes certain passages of the FKZZG in connection both with earlier Chinese materials and with Dogen's other writings. Appendices provide comparative tables of the FKZZG and several related works in both the original texts and their English translations
Shōbōgenzō-sansuikyō by Carl Bielefeldt( Book )

2 editions published in 1972 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Domesticating Prince Shōtoku : Tokugawa sacred geography and the construction of a national landscape by Sayoko Sakakibara( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The cult of Prince Shōtoku in the ancient and medieval periods was developed through the geographical logic of a satellite (Japan) struggling to break free from a superpower (China). Over time, the prince's images accreted numerous sacred and powerful layers as a national symbol in response to the political, religious, and cultural opportunities of each new age. After the encounter with Europe and the shift in the socio-political structure of the country, the burden of Shōtoku's image as a national symbol also changed accordingly. Shitennōji Temple in Osaka, as a hub of the Shōtoku cult, had always been at the middle of the cult's transformations. After surviving tough times including the turbulence of the Oda-Toyotomi decades in the late sixteenth century, Shitennōji was integrated directly into the new Tokugawa regime by Tenkai, a Tendai monk and the key architect of Ieyasu's new religious policy. Tenkai's vision was more than a mere revival of Shitennōji's physical plant or a stabilization of its role as a center of the Shōtoku cult. Rather, Shitennōji was designated as one of the most politically important temples to ensure success in institutionalizing Buddhism under the Tokugawa regime. To further that project, Tenkai appropriated Shōtoku narratives in order to construct a new national ideology for deifying Ieyasu by combining Buddhism and Shintō. Tenkai's thoroughly designed scheme caused an unintentional discourse-battle between Tenkai and Hayashi Razan. As a representative Tokugawa scholar, Razan attempted to reorganize Japan's national landscape based on Neo-Confucianism and Shintō, and he severely attacked Buddhism, criticizing Shōtoku narratives. The legacies of this battle for the next generations included new functions for Shōtoku narratives. One was as agencies to support Shintō Japan--rather than Buddhist or Confucian Japan. Another was as gazetteers, or travel guidebooks. Under the Tokugawa publishing boom, Shōtoku-related gazetteers contributed to the popularity not only of Shōtoku-related sites but also of other pilgrimages all over Japan. Thus, the broader public could start recognizing concrete geographies of Japan, while at the same time imagining Japan as a unified sacred field. Meanwhile, Tokugawa intellectuals began to struggle with conceptualizing sacred Japan in the world. Needless to say, Shōtoku narratives also responded to this movement, serving to legitimate Shintō Japan and confirming the construction of a national landscape
Making belief : religion and the state in Korea, 1392-1960 by Se-Woong Koo( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation investigates the relationship between religion and the state in the formation of a new belief about modern Korea. It examines how religion has shaped the idea of nation, an ostensibly novel way of imagining the collective. I argue that two types of religion have been central to that imagination: the state religion of the Chosŏn and the imported notion of religion as a category for legitimate belief. In the first chapter, I consider the way in which the Chosŏn used religion to present itself as a divinely mandated polity located outside the Ming's sphere of influence. By utilizing official chronicles, astrological literature, ceremonial manuals, and private writings of the elites, I demonstrate that official religion under the Choson dynasty served to instill a sense of collective belonging before the advent of nationalism. In the second chapter, I examine the creation of a new national identity by Koreans who denied that Japan and State Shinto were the only roads into the light of civilization and modern nationhood. In the third chapter I focus on the definition of superstition by the colonial state and how colonial Korean identity became grounded in that definition in the run up to the official campaign to promote State Shinto. In the final chapter I discuss how Korean Buddhism became the vehicle for claiming a new national identity by the nascent Republic of Korea, which inherited both the religious policies of the colonial state and ideas about religion and nation harbored by Koreans thinkers of the past
The three sovereigns tradition : talismans, elixirs, and meditation in early medieval China by Dominic Emanuel Steavu-Balint( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation attempts to elucidate the origins and nature of the lost Sanhuang wen (Writ of the Three Sovereigns), and identify its surviving fragments in the Daoist Canon. Through a close examination of these fragments, this study reconstructs various stages in scripture's transmission and traces its development from a single text to a fourteen-scroll corpus replete with mantic methods, cosmological speculations, and elaborate liturgies. The present study pushes beyond conventional views of the Sanhuang by underscoring the pivotal role of alchemy and meditation alongside talismans as defining components of the tradition. It analyzes key notions, such as "true form" (zhenxing), in the sophisticated conceptual apparatus that governs Sanhuang talismanic, alchemical, and meditative practices. In so doing, this dissertation reveals the profound impact of the Sanhuang wen on the religious landscape of Six Dynasties Jiangnan, and in a larger framework, on the development of Daoism
Shugendō in the Tokugawa period : Mount Ōmine as imaginary space and place of practice by Georgios Klonos( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Shugendō is a Japanese tradition of mountain asceticism co-opted by the schools of Japanese Esoteric Buddhism. This study concentrates on one of the most historically important sites of the tradition, Mount Ōmine, and the stations along the annual, multiple-day 'mountain entry' ritual called the Northern Okugake. Working mainly with the tradition's primary texts, it demonstrates how the tradition reinvented the imaginary landscape, anchoring legends and cosmology onto the rocks, caves, and sources of water that composed the material landscape of the place. The dissertation demonstrates that Shugendō texts present us with a valuable view into Esoteric Buddhism that has been overlooked by scholars of Japanese Esoteric Buddhism in particular, and Japanese religions in general
Tales of the Diamond Sutra : Buddhism on the ground in medieval China by Chiew Hui Ho( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The Diamond Sutra is an important Mahāyāna sutra, which remains to this day one of the most influential Buddhist sutras in East Asia. Little is known about why it began to gain widespread popularity in the Tang even though it had been translated two centuries earlier. Extant records, however, indicate that a substantial body of narratives relating to it appeared, circulated, and were compiled in the Tang, reflecting the extent to which it featured in the lives of people in that period. This study of Diamond Sutra tales aims to shed light on the cult of the Diamond Sutra and the state of Buddhism in medieval China. By broadly contextualizing the sutra and its narratives within their socio-historical milieu, it discusses the ways it was engaged by monastics, how it was given recognition by members of the Tang monarchy, and how the interest of literati might have popularized it. I argue that these developments, when conceived within a web of human interactions, impacted people's knowledge of the sutra and prompted their increasing engagement with it, resulting in the multiplication of religious experiences related to it and the proliferation of Diamond Sutra narratives as people shared their experiences. The compilation of these accounts throughout the Tang attests to the strong presence of the Diamond Sutra cult. It not only indicates the allure of storytelling as a medium of communication, but also underscores the role played by social relations and interactions in religious culture. This study thus focuses on how people and communities might have conceived of the sutra and devoted themselves to it, and the effects of the cult on medieval Chinese religiosity. Diamond Sutra tales reveal how the experiences recounted therein were conceived as proofs of the efficacy of the sutra, bearing a particular significance to the protagonists and answering the concerns of medieval Chinese, as illustrated by the major themes, motifs, and ideas of the tales. Geared toward propagating the sutra, the tales determined attitudes, beliefs, and Buddhist practices of medieval Chinese by framing their conception of and engagement with the Diamond Sutra, and thus shaped Chinese religiosity. As they bear witness to the cult of the Diamond Sutra, these narratives also constitute part of a history of the religious life of people, and of Buddhism on the ground in Tang China. Additionally, these tales indicate the transition that took place in the religious landscape between Six Dynasties and the Tang, especially how Buddhism evolved and became part of the social fabric of China. Unlike the apologetic concerns of earlier tales, these narratives reflect a period in which Buddhism had permeated medieval Chinese society, and portray lay devotees of the Diamond Sutra as empowered practitioners who experienced the efficacy of the sutra and gained access to wonders and powers traditionally associated with the monastic. This lay confidence is discernible from the writings of the tale compilers, who assumed responsibility for propagating Buddhism and articulated their understanding of the religion as they created the lore of the sutra. The empowerment of the laity is further illustrated by the autonomy with which lay Buddhists modified, produced and distributed religious texts of the Diamond Sutra, which even prompted the monastic establishment to accommodate itself to the changes they brought about
"I never left the church" : redefining Chicana/o catholic religious identities in San Jose, California by Susana Lucia Gallardo( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation explores how a group of parishioners at Our Lady of Guadalupe (San Jose, California) developed a unique Chicana/o Catholic spirituality in the early 1970s, arguing that religious studies has been complicit in studying the institution strictly within its own terms, thereby excluding some of the areas crucial to understanding Chicana/o Catholicism. This work uses ethnography and oral history to capture a broader view of Chicana/o Catholic religious practices past and present; it closely examines the lived spirituality of widow and lay activist Phyllis Soto, Mexican-American Franciscan priest Anthony Soto, and their peers who used the Cursillo movement to empower themselves in terms of a religious, ethnic and gender identity. The Guadalupe parishioners claimed an unswerving spiritual identification with the institution of the Roman Catholic Church, yet dissented from the formal institution in significant ways, rejecting some symbols, drawing on others, recreating yet others. I draw on Cultural Citizenship theory to understand this community and these acts of dissent, not as a rejection of the institution, but rather the most intimate kind of engagement with it. The struggle to find a place within the institution eventually resulted in an uneasy accommodation, as members laid claim to a Catholic religious identity at the same time that they chose to operate independently of its accepted, and predominant liturgical form. This study offers a compelling portrait of both institutional Catholic spirituality and a locally defined, engaged, and ethnic-specific Catholic spirituality
The ascetic lifestyle in the early Indian buddhist monastery : a study of the Dhūtaguna practices in the Vinaya tradition by Nicholas Witkowski( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This study examines the role played by the set of ascetic precepts known as the dhutagunas in early Indian Buddhist monastic communities. Although there are numerous references to the dhutagunas found throughout the monastic discourses which comprise the Buddhist Vinaya (law codes), modern scholarship has largely rejected the notion that the dhutagunas could have been regarded by members of the monastic community as anything other than vestigial ideals received from the non-Buddhist ascetic milieu. This dissertation challenges the premise that the dhutagunas were merely vestiges from non-Buddhist communities, arguing instead that the editors of the Vinaya viewed the ascetic precepts as practices common to the lifestyle of the early Buddhist monk
The wandering sage : Zhi Dun's (314-366) life and thought in multiple contexts by Heawon Choi( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation explores the life and philosophy of the Chinese Buddhist monk-scholar Zhi Dun (314--366). Zhi Dun was a leading Buddhist figure who represented "gentry" Buddhism in South China in the Six Dynasties era (220--589). He was a celebrity who had broad social relationships with notables of his time; he was one of the most prominent representative figures of his time. Zhi Dun's philosophy combined Buddhist and indigenous Chinese thought, including Daoism and Confucianism. Despite Zhi Dun's contribution to the development of early Chinese Buddhism by propagating Buddhist teaching, his life and thought have received much less attention from scholars than those of contemporary eminent monks such as Dao'an (312--385), who represented Buddhism in North China at the time. Above all, Zhi Dun's Buddhism, which was strongly influenced by native traditions of thought, has often been understood as reflecting an immature stage of early Chinese Buddhism in the Six Dynasties era, when the Chinese people attempted to understand Buddhism through the lens of indigenous thought. This dissertation reassesses Zhi Dun and his Buddhism by examining his life and philosophy in multiple contexts and backgrounds of his time, including socio-political, intellectual, and cultural contexts/backgrounds. I assume that Zhi Dun's Buddhism, as well as early Chinese Buddhism more generally, cannot be understood apart from the various contexts of the era. Research on Zhi Dun's life and thought illuminates not only early Chinese Buddhism but also the Six Dynasties era, in which Buddhism played a significant role in developing the cultural and intellectual history of the era
Anxiety of emptiness : self and scripture in early medieval Chinese Buddhism, with a focus on Sengrui ¿¿ by Rafal Jan Felbur( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation interprets a body of textual material from the earliest stratum of Chinese formulations of "buddha-nature" thinking. Buddha-nature discourse is widely acknowledged as one of the key themes in the doctrinal aspect of Chinese Buddhism from the earliest times up to the modern debates around "Critical Buddhism." Scholarship has focused mainly on its later manifestations (esp. the Dasheng qixin lun and after), leaving its beginnings relatively understudied. In this thesis, I go back to these beginnings, and trace some early, arguably the earliest, evidence for this phenomenon to the surviving writings of the early fifth century exegete Sengrui. I position this evidence in the broader cultural context of late fourth--early fifth century Chinese Buddhism's changing conceptions of scriptural authority. I argue specifically that in this body of primary material, "buddha-nature" serves as a metaphysical warrant for an ideal of universal canonicity: a nonconceptual luminosity of mind that validates the textual, hence quintessentially conceptual, totality of scripture, in an historical moment when Buddhism in China for the first time must define itself as a coherent religious entity
Filling the zen-shū : notes on the Jisshū yōdō ki by Carl Bielefeld( )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The Li-Tai Fa-Pao Chi and the Ch'an doctrine of Sudden Awakening by Yanagida( )

1 edition published in 1983 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The transformations of Baijie Shengfei : gender and ethnicity in Chinese religion by Megan Culbertson Bryson( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The goddess Baijie is worshipped only in the Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture of Southwest China's Yunnan province, home to the Bai "nationality" (minzu). Most people today see Baijie as the widow martyr of a local ruler from the eighth century, but she first appears as a Buddhist goddess in scriptures of the Dali Kingdom (937-1253). In the Ming (1368-1644) a legend appears in which Baijie is the mother of Duan Siping, founder of the Dali Kingdom. Baijie's widow martyr identity finally emerges in the Ming and Qing (1644-1911). Today, Baijie is worshipped in her widow martyr form as a tutelary village deity throughout Dali Prefecture. This dissertation examines Baijie's transformations in relation to the themes of ethnicity and gender in the religious history of Dali. I argue that the changes in Baijie's identity reflect changes in the representation of ethnicity in Dali religion from the twelfth century to the present. Baijie's gendered symbolism, particularly in her later widow martyr form, additionally illuminates the intersections of ethnicity and gender in Dali religion. The Dali region, and Yunnan as a whole, has long fallen just inside or outside the sphere of Chinese state control. Despite Dali's proximity to India, Tibet, and Southeast Asia, historical records strongly suggest that Dali elites looked to China for their systems of writing, government, and to some extent, religion. Baijie's transformations show how religious symbols reflected and shaped Dali elites' self-representation in relation to Chinese culture and the Chinese state. The first two chapters provide background by examining issues of religion and ethnicity in the independent Nanzhao (649-903) and Dali kingdoms. Chapters three through five cover Baijie's first three identities of Buddhist goddess, king's mother, and widow martyr from the Dali kingdom through the Qing dynasty. Chapter six looks at contemporary Baijie worship and is based primarily on field research conducted in Dali in 2007-08
Reconstructing Ximing Monastery : history, imagination and scholarship in medieval Chinese Buddhism by Xiang Wang( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Presented in the cultural context of medieval Chang'an and the broader network of Buddhist Asia, this dissertation provides an interdisciplinary study on a range of topics concerning the celebrated Ximing Monastery (Ximingsi) in Tang China (618-907). As a premier center of Buddhist learning, Ximingsi not only served as a prominent national monastery active in state-protection movement, but also attracted a steady stream of Chinese pundits, Indian missionaries, Korean scholars and Japanese pilgrims, seeking to spread the Buddhist dharma across Asia. Drawing from a large body of literature including Buddhist texts, secular archives, epigraphy, illustrated manuscripts, annals, royal charters, archeological reports, as well as numerous marginal notes, the present thesis offers a study of Ximingsi that seeks to shed light onto its legend, history, art, and scholarship. Situated near the palace city in Chang'an, Ximingsi proved to be a powerful representative of a state Buddhism in support of the nation. The first part of this study offers a consideration of the monastery's dark prehistory, a sketch of its image in the literary imagination, and a reconstruction of its complex religio-political history, with special attention to the interaction between state politics and monastic Buddhism. At the same time, the monastery stood at the center of a broader story in the architectural history of East Asian Buddhism. The second part of the dissertation takes up that story and attempts to reconstruct the religious space of Ximingsi in relation to the Indian Jetavana Vihāra and the Daianji Monastery in Japan. This part focuses on two texts -- the Illustrated Scripture of Jetavana (Guanhzong chuangli jietan tujing) and the Illustration of Ximingsi (Saimyōjizu) preserved in Japan -- and combines art historical studies with archaeological discoveries at the present monastery site. Lastly, the final chapters explore the celebrated library of Ximingsi, which was built around rich collections of Buddhist scriptures and secular texts. Digging into the two major catalogues at the monastery -- the Da Tang neidian lu and Zhenyuan shijiao lu -- the dissertation highlights the Buddhist bibliographical tradition at Ximingsi and its role in cultural exchange between China and Japan
Dôgen's Lancet of seated meditation by Carl Bielefeldt( Book )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

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Dōgen's manuals of Zen meditation
English (48)

Danish (2)