WorldCat Identities

Lesser, Ian O. 1957-

Works: 93 works in 360 publications in 3 languages and 16,558 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Ian O Lesser
Countering the new terrorism by Ian O Lesser( )

15 editions published between 1998 and 2002 in English and Chinese and held by 2,432 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The contours of terrorism are changing, and the new terrorism has more diverse sources, motivations, and tactics than the old. It is more lethal, global in reach, and characterized by network forms of organization. Terrorist sponsorship is becoming hazier and "privatized." The August 1998 terrorist bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania fit in many ways the new mold. The chapters in this book trace the evolution of international terrorism against civilian and U.S. military targets, look ahead to where terrorism is going, and assess how it might be contained. Terrorism and counterterrorism are placed in strategic perspective, including how terrorism might be applied as an asymmetric strategy by less-capable adversaries. The report builds on a existing body of RAND research on terrorism and political violence, and makes extensive use of the RAND-St. Andrews Chronology of International Terrorism
Turkish foreign policy in an age of uncertainty by F. Stephen Larrabee( )

20 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 2,250 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the end of the Cold War, and perhaps even the early days of the Turkish Republic, there have rarely been so many open questions regarding Turkey's role in the world. What is Turkey's place in Europe, NATO, and the E.U.? What risks and opportunities exist for Turkey in a conflict-ridden Middle East? How will Ankara deal with a changing Russia, an unstable Caucasus, and Central Asia? Can Turkey's competitive relationship with Greece be moderated against a back-ground of successive Balkan crises? Meanwhile, Turkey faces daunting political, economic, and social pressures at home, which in turn affect the country's foreign and security policies. The authors, longtime observers of Turkey and the Mediterranean region, describe the challenges and opportunities facing Turkey in the international environment during a time of extraordinary flux. Special emphasis is given to the strategic and security issues facing Turkey, including a number of new issues posed by the terrorist attacks of September 2001 and the subsequent international response. The authors conclude by offering some prognostications regarding the country's future and their implications on Turkey's western partners
NATO looks south : new challenges and new strategies in the Mediterranean by Ian O Lesser( )

18 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 1,981 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The security environment facing the United States and NATO in Europe is changing in fundamental ways, including a steady growth of security challenges emanating from Europe's southern periphery--around the Mediterranean and beyond. This study explores this phenomenon, with special attention to transregional risks, Turkey's Alliance role and need for redefinition, the risk of a Greek-Turkish conflict, the Mediterranean dimension of NATO adaptation, and what these issues might mean for U.S. and NATO strategy. The author finds that Spain, Italy, and Turkey will be key to supporting expeditionary operations in the south; military-to-military ties will require new efforts; a portfolio approach to access arrangements can provide a hedge against uncertainties about coalition behavior in crises; bilateral air power activities in the south should have increased NATO content; and Greek-Turkish risk reduction is an imperative. Areas for future research include lessons of Kosovo for basing and access, the role of air power based in Turkey, and potential USAF contributions to Greek-Turkish risk reduction
The future of NATO's Mediterranean initiative : evolution and next steps by Jerrold D Green( )

19 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 1,938 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

NATO's Mediterranean Initiative is acquiring new significance with changes in the strategic environment and changes in NATO itself. Greater attention is being devoted to developments on the southern periphery of the Alliance. Members of the NATO Dialogue will have a shared stake in addressing new security challenges, many of which are transregional and require cooperative strategies in response. A longer-term vision is essential to further development. Policy recommendations include reinforcement of the nongovernmental dimensions of the Dialogue, establishment of a region-specific agenda that can include defense training and exercises, and increasing resources devoted to the Initiative commensurate with the region's growing importance. Individual Dialogue members should be free to engage, at their own pace, in more ambitious cooperation with NATO
Greece's new geopolitics by Ian O Lesser( )

16 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 1,896 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Greece has been profoundly affected by recent changes in the international environment, on its borders, and within the country itself. Many long-standing assumptions about Greek interests and Greece's role have fallen away and have been supplanted by new approaches. The country has become progressively more modern and more European, and its international policy has become more sophisticated. At the same time, the geopolitical scene has evolved in ways that present new challenges and new opportunities for Athens in its relations with Europe, the United States, and neighboring countries. Many of these challenges cross traditional regional boundaries and underscore Greece's potential to play a transregional role, looking outward from Europe to the Mediterranean, Eurasia, and the Middle East. This report explores the new geopolitical environment Greece faces, paying special attention to the implications for southeastern Europe and transatlantic relations; explores options for Greek strategy; and offers some new directions for policy in Greece and on both sides of the Atlantic.--Rand abstracts
Sources of conflict in the 21st century : regional futures and U.S. strategy by Zalmay Khalilzad( )

11 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 1,863 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As the millenium approaches, defense analysts begin to wonder how many of today's leading adversaries will remain adversaries. Will longstanding allies change their orientation? Who will be called on to intervene, and where? Can we expect stability, or chaos? This book examines current political trends and potential sources of conflict in three critical regions - Asia, the Greater Middle East, and Europe and the former Soviet Union - through the year 2025. The authors describe possible alternative strategic "worlds," including a projection of today's mixed political climate, a more benign world in which the great powers are at peace and are actively cooperative, and a world beset with economic, demographic, and political turmoil. Additional chapters provide a detailed discussion of regional trends and their meaning for strategy and planning. Through thoughtful analysis of current trends and the careful projection of the political-military climate of the future, defense planners will be better equipped to take on the challenges of the 21st century
The future of Turkish-Western relations : toward a strategic plan by Zalmay Khalilzad( )

7 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 607 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

At the European Union's Helsinki Summit in December 1999, Turkey was declared a candidate for EU membership. But European and U.S. stakes in Turkey continue to evolve in today's post-Cold War era, influenced in no small part by Turkey's geopolitical position as a "pivotal state." The United States is concerned with Turkish support for U.S. freedom of action in key regions, and Turkey wants to ensure that it will have EU and U.S. assistance in managing its own regional challenges. MR-1241-SRF explores the significance of (1) the rise of Turkish nationalism and greater sensitivity to sovereignty issues; (2) the polarization of traditional and modern elements in Turkish society; and (3) the emergence of a dynamic private sector, which offers a new constellation of interlocutors in relations with the United States and Europe. These and other factors will play a large role as Turkey revises and redefines its foreign and security policies in the coming years. The authors offer an agenda for closer strategic cooperation in the U.S.-Turkish-European triangle
A sense of siege : the geopolitics of Islam and the West by Graham E Fuller( Book )

13 editions published between 1995 and 2018 in English and Arabic and held by 600 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This is an exploration of the nature of the friction between the Muslim world and the West, looking at legitimate perceptions and grievances on both sides. Arguing that "Islam versus the West" does not represent the arena of the next global ideological struggle, the authors examine specific issues - for example, the enlarged role of Islam in internal politics - that require careful handling to prevent the consolidation of states into opposing blocs. They suggest that comprehensive reform to break away from authoritarian order is of paramount importance, that political Islam threatens the established order in Muslim countries far more than it threatens the West, and that violent confrontation can best be circumvented by integrating Islamist forces into the political process."--Provided by publisher
Turkey's new geopolitics : from the Balkans to Western China by Graham E Fuller( Book )

10 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 356 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

With the astonishing transformations in the geopolitics of the world since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Turkey has been profoundly affected by the changes on its periphery. For the first time since the beginning of the century, a Turkic world has blossomed, giving Turkey potential new foreign policy clout from the Balkans across the Caucasus and into Central Asia and Western China. These geopolitical opportunities have dramatically changed the character of Turkey itself, once an isolationist, Eurocentered NATO ally. At the same time, Turkey has undergone an internal evolution over the last decade, making it an attractive model of Middle Eastern development because of its increasingly free market, democratic governance, and secularist outlook. This book explores the character of the new Turkey, assessing its foreign policy options and interpreting the significance of those choices for the Middle East, Central Asia, Europe, and the United States
Resources and strategy by Ian O Lesser( Book )

15 editions published between 1989 and 2014 in English and held by 292 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study aims to show that current thinking about the role of resources in war, and as a component of military potential in peacetime, relies on notions derived from historical experience and changes in the nature of warfare, not least the advent of nuclear weapons
Strategic exposure : proliferation around the Mediterranean by Ian O Lesser( Book )

9 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 227 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction--nuclear, chemical and biological--and the means for their delivery at ever longer ranges has emerged as a leading issue in the post-Cold War debate about international security and as a prominent concern of U.S. policymakers and Army planners. Nowhere are the effects of proliferation trends felt more keenly than around the Mediterranean, where the European and Middle Eastern security environments meet, and where NATO allies are increasingly exposed to the spillover effects of instability to the south. This analysis explores proliferation trends in North Africa and the Levant (the Eastern Mediterranean and its hinterlands), the motives of proliferators around the region, and the implications for European security and for U.S., NATO, and Army policy
Security in North Africa : internal and external challenges by Ian O Lesser( Book )

7 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 195 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Trends in Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia have an important bearing on north-south security relations. In this report, Lesser examines internal and external stresses that may affect those relations. Since these countries face massive demographic and economic problems, militant Islam poses an immediate political challenge. With nonaligned status no longer carrying weight in the post-Cold War era, nuclear and ballistic missile programs are seen as a potent source of geostrategic weight. Algeria's size, energy resources, penchant for international activism, military potential, and nuclear ambitions are likely to make it the leading actor in the region. U.S. interests in regional stability, Lesser concludes, would be best served by a restoration of democratic process: future economic and security assistance initiatives should be predicated on progress in this direction. U.S. interests throughout the region would be best served by expanded political and commercial ties, but expanded security arrangements would be detrimental. However, U.S. presence in and around the Mediterranean is regarded favorably as a potentially useful counterbalance to Europe
Bridge or barrier? : Turkey and the West after the Cold War by Ian O Lesser( Book )

11 editions published between 1991 and 1992 in English and held by 159 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report explores the roots of Turkey's western orientation and the prospects for Turkish relations with Europe and the United States after the Cold War. The study indicates that Turkey's basic western orientation will almost certainly hold and that the prospects for Turkey formally joining the European Community have not improved despite Turkish support in the Gulf War. Turkey's prospects for inclusion in new European security arrangements will remain poor, and Turkey will become increasingly distinctive and perhaps isolated within the NATO alliance. It also finds that if Europe excludes Turkey, then the significance of the bilateral relationship with the United States will grow and that U.S. and Turkish interests are likely to remain broadly congruent. Given these findings, the United States should strive to promote Turkey's strategic importance in Europe and the Middle East, avoid pressing Ankara for a formal expansion of defense cooperation, consider the potential role of Turkey as a conduit for western aid to the southern republics of the former Soviet Union, seek the development of a more mature and diversified relationship mixing traditional security assistance with expansion of political and economic ties, and continue playing an active role in promoting a Cyprus settlement
The Rand/Istituto Affari Internazionali Conference on the New Mediterranean Security Environment by RAND/Istituto Affari Internazionali Conference on the New Mediterranean Security Environment( Book )

4 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 149 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Of proceedings -- Perpsectives on the international scene at the start of 1993 / Maurizio Cremasco -- The new Mediterranean security environment : regional issues and responses / Ettore greco -- The new Mediterranean environment : Turkey, the Gulf, and Central Asia / Graham E. Fuller -- Caucasus and Central Asia : some implications for Turkey and the West / Roberto Aliboni -- Democracy, stability and the Islamist phenomenon in North Africa / Laura Guazzone -- Proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and implications for Mediterranean regional security / Roger Molander -- Environmental security in the Mediterranean / Robert Lempert and Gwen Farnsworth
Oil, the Persian Gulf, and grand strategy : contemporary issues in historical perspective by Ian O Lesser( Book )

7 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 136 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Two distinct and competing traditions, the autarkic-continental and the liberal-maritime, have played a key role in shaping grand strategy toward economically vital regions such as the Persian Gulf. These two traditions have historically differed in three main ways: how they view the overseas supply of resources (liability vs. asset), their preferred strategy of access to vital regions (continental vs. maritime), and their impetus for action (geopolitical vs. vital interests). The author reaches a number of conclusions with implications for U.S. policy: (1) effective strategy toward the Persian Gulf and its oil resources has always been developed in the context of broader, grand-strategic objectives; (2) resource-related needs and objectives have tended to be determined by broader strategic aims, not vice versa; (3) the coalition approach to Persian Gulf security that has characterized U.S. strategy since the Carter Administration is within the Anglo-American liberal-maritime tradition regarding access to economically vital areas; (4) the perception of the Persian Gulf as an area of vital interest has remained constant and is not simply the result of its oil production; and (5) the rise of powerful regional actors (e.g., Iran, Iraq) is new, but it does not mean that U.S. freedom of action will be constrained or that the need for military power will be reduced
Mediterranean security : new perspectives and implications for U.S. policy by Ian O Lesser( Book )

8 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 131 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report explores the changing strategic environment in southern Europe and the Mediterranean, its effects on the countries of NATO's Southern Region--Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece, and Turkey--and the implications for U.S. policy and strategy. The Southern Region faces significant security and security-related challenges beyond the Cold War. The "threat from the south" is not simply or even primarily a military one--many of Europe's security-related concerns, including the problems of migration and political friction between Islam and the West, are felt most keenly in southern Europe. New regional arrangements reflect a pattern of activism across the Southern Region relevant to U.S. interests and policy. NATO's southern allies are increasingly willing to contribute to NATO and European rapid response initiatives for contingencies on the European periphery. Foreign and security policies across the region--except for Turkey--are increasingly framed in European terms. But the Southern Region countries share a post-Cold War interest in the U.S. presence as an instrument of regional deterrence and political reassurance
Turkish society and foreign policy in troubled times : conference proceedings by Shahram Chubin( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 109 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On April 25-27, 2001, RAND's Center for Middle East Public Policy (CMEPP) and the Geneva Center for Security Policy (GCSP) held a workshop focusing on the evolving strategic role of Turkey. This conference was the second in a series of collaborative efforts by GCSP and RAND in the area of security policy
Interdiction and conventional strategy : prevailing perceptions by Ian O Lesser( Book )

7 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 106 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Perceptions about interdiction's role, effects, and relationship to conventional war continue to be shaped largely by images drawn from the Allied experience in Europe during World War II, but these are increasingly remote from the current and prospective environment. Destruction, delay and disruption, diversion, and demoralization do not have uniform prospects for success. The effects of interdiction are likely to be interactive, divisible, and in some instances, intangible. Broader strategic factors, including war duration, intensity, and phases, will shape the opportunities for interdiction. A war of high intensity and long duration will favor a strategy of interdiction. An environment characterized by smaller conventional forces on the one hand and unconstrained surface-to-air defenses on the other is likely to make the interdiction mission at once more important and more difficult
Italian NATO policy : the next five years by Ian O Lesser( Book )

7 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 101 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the late 1970s, Italian policy toward NATO has been characterized by increasing assertiveness, but this has not threatened the basic national commitment to coalition defense and is unlikely to do so in the future. Nonetheless, Italian attitudes and policy toward NATO through the mid-1990s will be subject to strains arising from long-standing strategic dilemmas and competing strategic interests. Although Italy has placed greater emphasis on the Mediterranean dimension of its security policy, there can be little Italian interest in a predominantly Mediterranean approach that would contribute to the "marginalization" of the Italian role in NATO and focus attention away from the twin pillars of Italian postwar external relations--NATO and the European Economic Community. Italy will almost certainly remain a loyal and cooperative ally, but increasing Italian activism on security questions will make the course of Italian policy more difficult to predict in detail, and Italian support for Alliance--and particularly U.S.--initiatives less automatic
The U.S. military presence in a changing southern region : issues and options by Ian O Lesser( Book )

8 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 96 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Two broad developments argue for greater attention to security in NATO's Southern Region -- Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece and Turkey -- and the Mediterranean as a whole. First, as the direct Soviet threat to Europe evaporates, a range of formerly peripheral concerns have come to the fore. This is not simply a question of relative priorities, but a reflection of new risks flowing from political, demographic, and proliferation trends around the Mediterranean. New approaches to maintaining and bolstering allied capabilities in the Southern Region will help to ensure that the residual U.S. presence in Europe is relevant to emerging European security concerns. Second, recent experience in the Persian Gulf has focused attention on Turkey's unique strategic position and problems. It is likely that scenarios involving the reassurance and reinforcement of Turkey will play an increasingly central role in U.S. and Allied planning. Key elements of change relevant to U.S. strategy and planning for the Southern Region include the following: (1) the growing perception of a threat from the south, flowing from the expansion of fundamentalism in North Africa and the growth of conventional and unconventional arsenals along the southern and eastern shores of the Mediterranean; (2) the existence of large military arsenals outside the CFE framework, and the relative proximity to Turkey of Soviet (or former Soviet) forces behind the Urals, means that the link between arms control and increased security is least automatic in the Southern Region; (3) as the Southern Region countries (with the exception of Turkey) become more European in their outlook and behavior, it will become more difficult for the United States to rely on bilateral cooperation in crises outside the NATO area; and (4) across the region, there is a strong movement toward the modernization of armed forces, together with a general reorientation of strategy and missions southward
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Countering the new terrorism
Turkish foreign policy in an age of uncertaintyNATO looks south : new challenges and new strategies in the MediterraneanThe future of NATO's Mediterranean initiative : evolution and next stepsGreece's new geopoliticsSources of conflict in the 21st century : regional futures and U.S. strategyThe future of Turkish-Western relations : toward a strategic planA sense of siege : the geopolitics of Islam and the WestTurkey's new geopolitics : from the Balkans to Western China
Alternative Names
Lesser, I. O.

Lesser, Ian 1957-

Lesser, Ian O.

English (212)

Chinese (2)

Arabic (1)