WorldCat Identities

Williams, George C. (George Christopher) 1926-2010

Overview
Works: 92 works in 365 publications in 11 languages and 9,892 library holdings
Genres: Trivia and miscellanea 
Roles: Author, Editor, Composer, Other
Classifications: QH546, 610.1
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about George C Williams
 
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Most widely held works by George C Williams
Adaptation and natural selection; a critique of some current evolutionary thought by George C Williams( Book )

74 editions published between 1966 and 2019 in English and Undetermined and held by 2,367 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Biological evolution is a fact--but the many conflicting theories of evolution remain controversial even today. In 1966, simple Darwinism, which holds that evolution functions primarily at the level of the individual organism, was threatened by opposing concepts such as group selection, a popular idea stating that evolution acts to select entire species rather than individuals. George Williams's famous argument in favor of the Darwinists struck a powerful blow to those in opposing camps. His Adaptation and Natural Selection, now a classic of science literature, is a thorough and convincing ess
Natural selection : domains, levels, and challenges by George C Williams( )

23 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and held by 2,124 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this work, George C. Williams - one of evolutionary biology's most distinguished scholars - examines the mechanism and meaning of natural selection in evolution. Williams offers his own perspective on modern evolutionary theory, including discussions of the gene as the unit of selection, clade selection and macroevolution, diversity within and among populations, stasis, and other timely and provocative topics. In dealing with the levels-of-selection controversy, he urges a pervasive form of the replicator-vehicle distinction. Natural selection, he argues, takes place in the separate domains of information and matter. Levels-of-selection questions, consequently, require different theoretical devices depending on the domain being discussed. In addressing these topics, Williams presents his synthesis of three decades of research and creative thought which have contributed greatly to evolutionary biology in this century
Why we get sick : the new science of Darwinian medicine by Randolph M Nesse( Book )

44 editions published between 1994 and 2018 in 10 languages and held by 1,242 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"We can cure hundreds of ailments, but we understand remarkably little about why diseases exist at all. Why do we crave the very things that make us sick? Why, after thousands of generations, hasn't natural selection eliminated cancer, schizophrenia, and other scourges and evolved us into perfect human beings?"--BOOK JACKET. "Such questions are at the heart of the new discipline called Darwinian medicine, which applies the principles of evolutionary biology to the problems of medicine. The result of a unique collaboration between the chief architects of this new science - a groundbreaking Darwinian physician and one of the pioneers of modern evolutionary theory - Why We Get Sick offers a whole new set of scientific questions and suggests new ways of understanding illness."--BOOK JACKET. "Finding evolutionary explanations for why we get sick - infectious agents that evolve faster than we do, environmental novelties, genes that are selected despite the fact that they cause disease, defenses, design compromises, evolutionary legacies - can help us uncover new, more effective methods of treatment. It can help resolve medical quandaries - for example, when is it best to let a fever run its course and when best to bring it down with medication? It offers a new view of disease that changes the relationship between our bodies and ourselves."--BOOK JACKET. "Why We Get Sick takes the first major step toward reconceiving medicine as we approach the twenty-first century. Incorporating an evolutionary perspective into our understanding of illness will revolutionize the art and science of medicine and enable its practitioners to come close to achieving its ancient goals: To cure, sometimes. To help, often. To console, always."--Jacket
Evolution & ethics : T.H. Huxley's "Evolution and ethics" with new essays on its Victorian and sociobiological context by Thomas Henry Huxley( )

23 editions published between 1989 and 2014 in English and held by 1,077 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

T.H. Huxley (1825-1895) was not only an active protagonist in the religious and scientific upheaval that followed the publication of Darwin's theory of evolution but also a harbinger of the sociobiological debates about the implications of evolution that are now going on. His seminal lecture Evolution and Ethics, reprinted here with its introductory Prolegomena, argues that the human psyche is at war with itself, that humans are alienated in a cosmos that has no special reference to their needs, and that moral societies are of necessity in conflict with the natural conditions of their existence. Seen in the light of current understanding of the mechanisms of evolution, these claims remain as controversial today as they were when Huxley proposed them. In this volume George Williams, one of the best-known evolutionary biologists of our time, asserts that recent biological ideas and data justify a more extreme condemnation of the "cosmic process" than Huxley advocated and more extreme denial that the forces that got us here are capable of maintaining a viable world. James Paradis, an expert in Victorian studies, has written an introduction that sets the celebrated lecture in the context of cultural history, revealing it to be an impressive synthesis of Victorian thinking, as well as a challenge to eighteenth-century assumptions about the harmony of of nature. With Huxley's lecture as a focal point, the three parts of this book unite philosophy and science in a shared quest that recalls their common origins as systems of knowledge. Originally published in 1989. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905
Sex and evolution by George C Williams( Book )

22 editions published between 1974 and 1977 in English and held by 957 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The pony fish's glow : and other clues to plan and purpose in nature by George C Williams( Book )

10 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 597 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Williams (Ecology and Evolution/SUNY, Stony Brook) explores how organisms have evolved in nature to 'solve the problems of life.' Williams accepts the so-called 'adaptationist program' of 'plan and purpose' in biology: that is, the idea that each attribute of an organism relates in some way to its efforts to survive and pass on its genes. The fish referred to in the book's title possesses light-generating cells that glow through its belly. The point of this uncanny quality, Williams suggests, has to do with the fish's habitat: It lives in deep ocean waters, and the light cells in its belly will match whatever faint sunlight penetrates the water, rendering the fish invisible to potential predators lurking below. There are also some teacherly essays on Darwinism in nature, rehearsing the old vitalism versus mechanism debates, describing with clarity and skill how natural selection operates to keep what has proven to be adaptive and cull the extremes. Williams uses as his examples such disparate events as the long evolution leading to the right size egg for a given species or the process leading to establishing the right number in a litter of young. He considers such essential matters as sex, pregnancy, aging, and death in a series of chapters exhibiting a fascination with the art of conflict and compromise in nature. Among the topics: why we have sex, why sperm are so small and eggs, in comparison, so big, why women get morning sickness and sometimes develop high blood pressure or diabetes while pregnant. Considering the evolution of body parts, Williams makes clear that we are flawed creations, demonstrating both 'the power and the limitations of the evolutionary process.' In sum, some old, some new variations on the question of design (or the lack of it) in nature, by an old hand, who, if he hasn't quite the style of Stephen Jay Gould, is nonetheless well worth reading. ; 192 pp.-
Group selection by George C Williams( Book )

16 editions published between 1971 and 2017 in English and Undetermined and held by 399 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Living things are constantly engaged in a struggle for existence, and ingenious devices for the purpose of self-preservation can be seen in all types of animal and plant life. However, nature also displays phenomena that are not related to survival or that seem clearly to violate the principle of self-preservation - particularly when organisms interact with one another. Darwin investigated these apparent contradictions and proposed that both mechanisms of self preservation and those of reproduction are explained by a more basic principle of "natural selection"--The reproductive survival of the fittest. George C. Williams in "Group Selection" challenges the adequacy of this process of selection at the individual level. Williams has here collected the work of the chief partisans with opposed viewpoints on the theory of selection at the group level to state their arguments and rebuttals. A minority of modern biologists offer evidence to show that groups of living things are organized to assure their collective survival; they are not merely collections of individuals designed for their own survival and reproduction. In opposition, defenders of the traditional point of view charge that mechanisms of group survival are based on illusion and misinterpretation. Because of the wide range of opinion expressed in "Group Selection", the reader is exposed to all sides of the dispute and encouraged to form his or her own views. In addition, as a source book on current evolutionary issues or for research or reference material, "Group Selection" remains a valuable addition to every personal and institutional library in the biological sciences."--Provided by publisher
Plan and purpose in nature by George C Williams( Book )

14 editions published between 1996 and 2013 in English and Dutch and held by 221 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book contrasts the human engineering of such instruments as a camera or a fish-hook with natural instruments such as an eye or a hand, and considers the implications of natural selection for human sexuality, ageing, ethics, racism and disease
Evolution and healing by Randolph M Nesse( Book )

18 editions published between 1994 and 2003 in English and Undetermined and held by 174 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Homing behavior of California rocky shore fishes by George C Williams( Book )

5 editions published between 1956 and 1957 in English and Undetermined and held by 87 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Interply layer degradation effects on composite structural response by C. C Chamis( Book )

1 edition published in 1984 in English and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dispersal of young marine fishes near Woods Hole, Massachusetts by George C Williams( Book )

2 editions published in 1960 in English and held by 49 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dawn of Darwinian Medicine by George C Williams( Book )

2 editions published between 1991 and 1994 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Measurement of consociatin among fishes and comments on the evolution of schooling by George C Williams( Book )

1 edition published in 1964 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Das Schimmern des Ponyfisches : Plan und Zweck in der Natur by George C Williams( Book )

1 edition published in 1998 in German and held by 41 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Adaptation and natural selection : a critique of some evolutionary thought by George C Williams( Book )

10 editions published between 1966 and 2001 in 3 languages and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Biological evolution is a fact--but the many conflicting theories of evolution remain controversial even today. In 1966, simple Darwinism, which holds that evolution functions primarily at the level of the individual organism, was threatened by opposing concepts such as group selection, a popular idea stating that evolution acts to select entire species rather than individuals. George Williams's famous argument in favor of the Darwinists struck a powerful blow to those in opposing camps. His Adaptation and Natural Selection, now a classic of science literature, is a thorough and convincing essay in defense of Darwinism; its suggestions for developing effective principles for dealing with the evolution debate and its relevance to many fields outside biology ensure the timelessness of this critical work
Sheng bing, sheng bing, why? : jie kai ji bing zhi mi de xin ke xue " yan hua yi xue " by Nei si( Book )

1 edition published in 2001 in Chinese and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Perché ci ammaliamo by Randolph M Nesse( Book )

1 edition published in 1999 in Italian and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Studies on the effects of a steam-electric generating plant on the marine environment at Northport, New York( Book )

1 edition published in 1971 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Natural selection : domains, levels, and challenges
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Natural selection : domains, levels, and challengesWhy we get sick : the new science of Darwinian medicineEvolution & ethics : T.H. Huxley's "Evolution and ethics" with new essays on its Victorian and sociobiological contextSex and evolutionThe pony fish's glow : and other clues to plan and purpose in natureGroup selectionPlan and purpose in natureEvolution and healingAdaptation and natural selection : a critique of some evolutionary thought
Alternative Names
George C. Williams ahli biologi asal Amerika Serikat

George C. Williams Amerikaans bioloog (1926-2010)

George C. Williams evolutionary biologist from the United States

George C. Williams US-amerikanischer Evolutionsbiologe

George Christopher Williams

George Christopher Williams amerikai biológus

Williams, George C.

Williams, George C. (George Christopher), 1926-

Williams , George Christopher

Williams, George Christopher 1926-

Williams, George Christopher 1926-2010

Джордж Крістофер Вільямс

Уильямс, Джордж Кристофер

ג'ורג' סי. ויליאמס

جورج سی ویلیامز زیست‌شناس آمریکایی

جورج وليامز أحيائي من الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية

ჯორჯ კრისტოფერ უილიამსი

윌리엄스, 조지 C. 1926-2010

윌리엄스, 조지 크리스토퍼 1926-2010

조지 크리스토퍼 윌리엄스

ウィリアムズ, ジョージ・C.

ジョージ・クリストファー・ウィリアムズ

喬治·C·威廉斯

佐治·C·威廉斯

Languages