WorldCat Identities

Pritchett, Lant

Overview
Works: 208 works in 600 publications in 1 language and 5,016 library holdings
Roles: Author, Thesis advisor, Honoree
Classifications: HG3881.5.W57, 331.12791
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Lant Pritchett
Let their people come : breaking the gridlock on international labor mobility by Lant Pritchett( Book )

8 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 242 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this book, Lant Pritchett argues that irresistible demographic forces leading to greater international labor mobility are being checked by immovable anti-immigration ideas of the citizens of rich countries. He proposes breaking the deadlock through policies that support development while also being politically acceptable in those well-off nations. These include reliance on bilateral rather than multilateral agreements; greater use of temporary worker permits; permit rationing; and protection of migrants' fundamental human rights."--BOOK JACKET
Moving out of poverty by Deepa Narayan-Parker( Book )

18 editions published between 2008 and 2009 in English and held by 146 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume presents the experiences of poor people who have made it out of poverty. This work's findings draw from research conducted in communities in 15 countries in Africa, East Asia, Latin America, and South Asia. The authors synthesize the results of qualitative and quantitative research based on discussions with over 60,000 people in rural areas. They offer bottom-up perspectives on the processes and local institutions that play key roles in escapes from poverty. The study finds that there are no differences in the initiatives taken by the poor, the rich, and the upwardly mobile. The authors demonstrate how -- in the face of deep social inequalities that block access to economic opportunities and local democracies --individual initiative and empowerment by themselves are often not enough to escape poverty
The rebirth of education : schooling ain't learning by Lant Pritchett( Book )

8 editions published in 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 107 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Despite great progress around the world in getting more kids into schools, too many leave without even the most basic skills. In India's rural Andhra Pradesh, for instance, only about one in twenty children in fifth grade can perform basic arithmetic. The problem is that schooling is not the same as learning. In The Rebirth of Education, Lant Pritchett uses two metaphors from nature to explain why. The first draws on Ori Brafman and Rod Beckstrom's book about the difference between centralized and decentralized organizations, The Starfish and the Spider. Schools systems tend be centralized and suffer from the limitations inherent in top-down designs. The second metaphor is the concept of isomorphic mimicry. Pritchett argues that many developing countries superficially imitate systems that were successful in other nations- much as a nonpoisonous snake mimics the look of a poisonous one. Pritchett argues that the solution is to allow functional systems to evolve locally out of an environment pressured for success. Such an ecosystem needs to be open to variety and experimentation, locally operated, and flexibly financed. The only main cost is ceding control; the reward would be the rebirth of education suited for today's world
Quantifying vulnerability to poverty a proposed measure, applied to Indonesia by Lant Pritchett( )

13 editions published in 2000 in English and Undetermined and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Typically only a small proportion of the population is chronically poor; many more are not always poor but vulnerable to episodes or seasons of proverty and would be interested inprograms that reduce the risks they face
Does more for the poor mean less for the poor? the politics of tagging by Jonah B Gelbach( )

13 editions published between 1995 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

October 1995 Attempts to achieve more for the poor through the use of indicator targeting may in fact mean less for the poor. The efficient use of a fixed budget for poverty reduction may require targeting. However, the use of indicator targeting, using fixed characteristics that are correlated with poverty to determine the distribution of expenditures, will tend to reduce the budget. Ignoring the budget reducing effects can reduce the welfare of the poor as they receive a greater share of a shrinking budget. There are political economy limits to not only the scope but the form of redistribution. Proposals aimed at improving the welfare of the poor often include indicator targeting, in which non-income characteristics (such as race, gender, or land ownership) that are correlated with income are used to target limited funds to groups likely to include a concentration of the poor. Previous work shows that efficient use of a fixed budget for poverty reduction requires such targeting, either because agents' income cannot be observed or to reduce distortionary incentives arising from redistributive interventions. Inspite of this, Gelbach and Pritchett question the political viability of targeting. After constructing a model that is basically an extension of Akerlof's 1978 model of tagging, they derive three main results: * Akerlof's result continues to hold: that, ignoring political considerations, not only will targeting be desirable but recipients of the targeted transfer will receive a greater total transfer than they would if targeting were not possible. * A classical social-choice analysis -- in which agents vote simultaneously about the level of taxation and the degree of targeting -- shows that positive levels of targeted transfers will not exist in equilibrium (an unsurprising finding, given Plott's 1968 theorem). It also shows that a voting equilibrium often will exist with no targeting but with non-zero taxation and redistribution. * In a game in which the policymaker chooses the degree of targeting while voters choose the level of taxation, the redistributive efficiency gains from tagging may well fail to outweigh the resulting reduction in funds available for redistribution. These results may be extended readily to account for altruistic agents. Gelbach and Pritchett stress that even when these results hold, the alternative to targeted transfers -- a universally received lump-sum grant financed through a proportional tax -- will nonetheless be supported politically and will be quite progressive relative to the pretransfer income distribution. This paper -- a product of the Poverty and Human Resources Division, Policy Research Department -- is part of a larger effort in the department to understand the role of targeting in poverty alleviation efforts
The effect of household wealth on educational attainment demographic and health survey evidence by Deon Filmer( )

9 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 69 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

September 1998 While household wealth is strongly related to educational attainment of children nearly everywhere, the magnitude and pattern of the effect of wealth differs widely. The gap in attainment of children of the poor and rich ranges from only one or two years in some countries to nine or ten years in others. This attainment gap is the result of different patterns of enrollment and dropout: while in South America low attainment among the poor is almost entirely due to children who enroll then drop out early, in West Africa and South Asia many poor children never enroll. Using household survey data from 44 Demographic and Health Surveys in 35 countries, Filmer and Pritchett document different patterns in the enrollment and attainment of children from rich and poor households. They find that: * Enrollment profiles of the poor differ across countries but fall into distinctive regional patterns. In some areas (including much of South America) the poor reach nearly universal enrollment in first grade but then drop out in droves. In others (including much of South Asia and West Africa), the poor never enroll. Both patterns lead to low attainment. * There are enormous differences across countries in the wealth gap-the difference in enrollment and educational attainment between the rich and the poor. In some countries the difference between the rich and poor in the median number of years of school completed is only a year or two; in others the gap is as great as nine or ten years. * The attainment profiles can be used as diagnostic tools to examine issues in the educational system, including the extent to which enrollment is low because of the physical unavailability of schools. Filmer and Pritchett overcome the lack of data on income and consumption expenditures in the surveys by constructing a proxy for long-run household wealth, using survey information on assets and using the statistical technique of principal components. This paper-a product of Poverty and Human Resources, Development Research Group-is part of a larger effort in the group to inform education policy. The study was funded by the Bank's Research Support Budget under the research project Educational Enrollment and Dropout (RPO 682-11). Deon Filmer may be contacted at dfilmer@worldbank.org
Mind your p's and q's the cost of public investment is not the value of public capital by Lant Pritchett( )

12 editions published between 1996 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 68 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

October 1996 A dollar's worth of public investment spending often does not create a dollar's worth of capital, especially in developing countries. One deep difficulty of development may be that even when public capital is productive it may be difficult to create this capital in the public sector. Pritchett presents theory and calculations to show that part of the explanation of slow growth in many poor countries is not that governments did not spend on investments, but that these investments did not create productive capital. For a variety of reasons, governments take resources from current consumption to invest in the economic equivalent of pyramids, items that produce no future output. The most critical assumption (of the many) necessary for cumulated investment flows to be even reasonable proxies for capital stocks is that the cost of investment (the p's) is equal to the value of the capital stock evaluated as its increment to future profitability (the q's). This assumption can be justified only if investors act to equalize these - and under many conditions, profit-maximizing investors will do so. But there is ample reason not to believe that all governments act as profit-maximizing investors - and ample reason to believe that some governments invest better than others. The implication, especially in developing countries, is that a dollar's worth of public investment spending often does not create a dollar's worth of public capital. A variety of calculations suggest that in a typical developing country less than 50 cents of capital were created for each public dollar invested. One of the deep difficulties of development may well be that even when public capital is productive it may be difficult to create this capital in the public sector. This paper - a product of the Poverty and Human Resources Division, Policy Research Department - is part of a larger effort in the department to investigate the impact of policies on long run economic growth
Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data-- or tears an application to educational enrollments in states of India by Deon Filmer( )

11 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 68 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

October 1998 The relationship between household wealth and educational enrollment of children can be estimated without expenditure data. A method for doing so-which uses an index based on household asset ownership indicators-is proposed and defended in this paper. In India, children from the wealthiest households are over 30 percentage points more likely to be in school than those from the poorest households, although this gap varies considerably across states. To estimate the relationship between household wealth and the probability that a child (aged 6 to 14) is enrolled in school, Filmer and Pritchett use National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data collected in Indian states in 1992 and 1993. In developing their estimate Filmer and Pritchett had to overcome a methodological difficulty: The NFHS, modeled closely on the Demographic and Health Surveys, measures neither household income nor consumption expenditures. As a proxy for long-run household wealth, they constructed a linear asset index from a set of asset indicators, using principal components analysis to derive the weights. This asset index is robust, produces internally coherent results, and provides a close correspondence with data on state domestic product and on state level poverty rates. They validate the asset index using data on consumption spending and asset ownership from Indonesia, Nepal, and Pakistan. The asset index has reasonable coherence with current consumption expenditures and, more importantly, works as well as-or better than-traditional expenditure-based measures in predicting enrollment status. The authors find that on average a child from a wealthy household (in the top 20 percent on the asset index developed for this analysis) is 31 percent more likely to be enrolled in school than a child from a poor household (in the bottom 40 percent). This paper-a product of Poverty and Human Resources, Development Research Group-is part of a larger effort in the group to inform educational policy. The study was funded by the Bank's Research Support Budget under the research project Educational Enrollment and Dropout (RPO 682-11). Deon Filmer may be contacted at dfilmer@worldbank.org
Divergence, big time by Lant Pritchett( )

12 editions published between 1995 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

October 1995 The basic fact of modern economic history is massive absolute divergence in the distribution of incomes across countries. This paper shows that even without actual historical data on incomes in the now poor countries we can reasonably estimate that the ratio of the incomes of the richest to the poorest countries increased at least sixfold between 1870 and today. Recently, much attention has been paid in the literature on economic growth to the phenomenon of conditional convergence, the tendency of economies with lower-level incomes to grow faster, conditional on their rate of factor accumulation. Pritchett documents that, regardless of conditional convergence, perhaps the basic fact of modern economic history is massive absolute divergence in the distribution of incomes across countries. Discussions of long-run convergence or divergence have been hindered by the lack of reliable historical estimates of per capita income for poor countries. Pritchett shows that to draw reasonable inferences about whether incomes have converged or diverged does not require historical estimates of per capita income as a plausible lower limit for historical per capita incomes combined with estimates of current income in poor countries places a binding constraint on their historical growth rates. Pritchett estimates that between 1870 and 1985 the ratio of incomes in the richest and poorest countries increased sixfold, the standard deviation of (natural log) per capita incomes increased by between 60 and 100 percent, and the average income gap between the richest and poorest countries grew almost ninefold (from $1,500 to over $12,000). This paper -- a product of the Office of the Vice President, Development Economics -- was prepared as a background paper for World Development Report 1995 on labor
Population growth, factor accumulation, and productivity by Lant Pritchett( )

11 editions published between 1996 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

January 1996 New insights -- from new data -- on the relationship between population growth, factor accumulation, and productivity. In research on how population growth affects economic performance, some researchers stress that population growth reduces the natural resources and capital (physical and human) per worker while other researchers stress how greater population size and density affect productivity. Despite these differing theoretical predictions, the empirical literature has focused mainly on the relationship between population growth and output per person (or crude proxies for factor accumulation). It has not decomposed the effect of population through factor accumulation and the effect through productivity. Pritchett uses newly created cross-country, time-series data on physical capital stocks and the educational stock of the labor force to establish six findings: * There is no correlation between the growth of capital per worker and population growth. * The common practice of using investment rates as a proxy for capital stock growth rates is completely unjustified, as the two are uncorrelated across countries. * There is either no correlation, or a weak positive correlation, between the growth of years of schooling per worker and the population growth rate. * Enrollment rates are even worse as a crude proxy for the expansion of the educational capital stock, as the two are negatively correlated. * There is no correlation, or a weak negative correlation, between measures of total factor productivity growth and population growth. * Nearly all of the weak correlation between the growth of output per person and population growth is the result of shifts in participation in the labor force, not of changes in output per worker. This paper is a product of the Poverty and Human Resources Division, Policy Research Department
Environmental degradation and the demand for children searching for the vicious circle by Deon Filmer( )

10 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

July 1996 The authors explore the hypothesis that--because of the important role children play in collection activities (firewood, water, grazing)--the demand for children may increase as local environmental resources are depleted, setting up a vicious circle between resource depletion and population growth. Using a large-scale household data set from Pakistan, with detailed information on fertility and the allocation of time to collection activities, they find that: (i) collection activities absorb a substantial part of household resources--firewood collection accounts for 6.2 percent of household expenditures, valued in collection time; (ii) collection absorbs a quarter of the time of children; (iii) women benefit when there are older children in the household; they work 2.6 hours a week less in household activities for each child aged 10 to 15, and 3.2 hours less for each child over 15; and (iv) there seems to be an inverse relationship between fertility and the availability of firewood; even after controlling for other determinants of fertility in reduced form regressions, the authors show that households that live some distance from firewood have more children, whereas households that live where firewood is more expensive have fewer children
Where has all the education gone? by Lant Pritchett( )

12 editions published between 1996 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

March 1996 How to explain the surprising finding that more education did not lead to faster economic growth? Cross-national data on economic growth rates show that increases in educational capital resulting from improvements in the educational attainment of the labor force have had no positive impact on the growth rate of output per worker. In fact, contends Pritchett, the estimated impact of growth of human capital on conventional nonregression growth accounting measures of total factor productivity is large, strongly significant, and negative. Needless to say, this at least appears to contradict the current conventional wisdom in development circles about education's importance for growth. After establishing that this negative result about the education-growth linkage is robust, credible, and consistent with previous literature, Pritchett explores three possible explanations that reconcile the abundant evidence about wage gains from schooling for individuals with the lack of schooling impact on aggregate growth: * That schooling creates no human capital. Schooling may not actually raise cognitive skills or productivity but schooling may nevertheless raise the private wage because to employers it signals a positive characteristic like ambition or innate ability. * That the marginal returns to education are falling rapidly where demand for educated labor is stagnant. Expanding the supply of educated labor where there is stagnant demand for it causes the rate of return to education to fall rapidly, particularly where the sluggish demand is due to limited adoption of innovations. * That the institutional environments in many countries have been sufficiently perverse that the human capital accumulated has been applied to activities that served to reduce economic growth. In other words, possibly education does raise productivity, and there is demand for this more productive educated labor, but demand for educated labor comes from individually remunerative but socially wasteful or counterproductive activities -- a bloated bureaucracy, for example, or overmanned state enterprises in countries where the government is the employer of last resort -- so that while individuals' wages go up with education, output stagnates, or even falls. This paper -- a product of the Poverty and Human Resources Division, Policy Research Department -- is part of a larger effort in the department to investigate the determinants of economic growth
The Tyranny of Concepts CUDIE (Cumulated, Depreciated Investment Effort) Is Not Capital by Lant Pritchett( )

12 editions published between 1999 and 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 65 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Rs and low output (or growth) attributable to low (or slow growth in) productivity in using accumulated factors. Third, multivariate growth regressions to date have not, in fact, controlled for the growth of capital stock, so spurious interpretations have emerged. This paper - a product of Poverty and Human Resources, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to understand the importance of public sector actions for economic growth
Growth accelerations by Ricardo Hausmann( Book )

19 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 62 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Unlike most cross-country growth analyses, we focus on turning points in growth performance. We look for instances of rapid acceleration in economic growth that are sustained for at least eight years and identify more than 80 such episodes since the 1950s. Growth accelerations tend to be correlated with increases in investment and trade, and with real exchange rate depreciations. Political-regime changes are statistically significant predictors of growth accelerations. External shocks tend to produce growth accelerations that eventually fizzle out, while economic reform is a statistically significant predictor of growth accelerations that are sustained. However, growth accelerations tend to be highly upredictable: the vast majority of growth accelerations are unrelated to standard determinants and most instances of economic reform do not produce growth accelerations
Voice lessons local government organizations, social organizations, and the quality of local governance by Vivi Alatas( )

12 editions published in 2003 in English and Undetermined and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As part the Local Level Institutions study of local life in villages in rural Indonesia information was gathered on sampled household's participation in social activities. We classified the reported activities into four distinct types of social activity: sociability, networks, social organizations, and village government organizations. Respondents were also asked about questions about their village government: whether they were informed about village funds and projects, if they participated in village decisions, if they expressed voice about village problems, and if they thought the village government was responsive to local problems. Several findings emerge regarding the relationship between the social variables and the governance activities. Not surprisingly, an individual household's involvement with the village government organizations tends to increase their own reports of positive voice, participation, and information. In contrast, the data suggest a negative spillover on other households. There is a strong "chilling" effect of one household's participation in village government organizations on the voice, participation, and information of other households in the same village. The net effect of engagement in village government organizations is generally negative, while the net effect of membership in social organizations is more often associated with good governance outcomes. These findings indicate that existing social organizations have a potentially important role to play in enhancing the performance of government institutions in Indonesia and in the evolution of good governance more generally. This paper--a product of the Environment and Social Development Sector Unit, East Asia and Pacific Region--is part of a larger effort in the region to study local level institutions
Governance and the returns to investment an empirical investigation by Lant Pritchett( )

7 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and held by 58 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Health policy in poor countries : weak links in the chain by Deon Filmer( Book )

9 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

January 1998 There is an apparent consensus that the correct health policy in developing countries is public provision of a mix of preventive and simple curative services through low level health workers and facilities. But the strength of this consensus on the primary health care paradigm is in sharp contrast to either the strength of its analytical foundations or its mixed record in practice. Filmer, Hammer, and Pritchett show how the recent empirical and theoretical literature on health policy sheds light on the disappointing experience with the implementation of primary health care. They emphasize the evidence on two weak links between government spending on health and improvements in health status. First, the capability of developing country governments to provide effective services varies widely-so health spending, even on the right services, may lead to little actual provision of services. Second, the net impact of government provision of health services depends on the severity of market failures. Evidence suggests these are the least severe for relatively inexpensive curative services, which often absorb the bulk of primary health care budgets. Government policy in health can more usefully focus directly on mitigating market failures in traditional public health activities and, in more developed settings, failures in the markets for risk mitigation. Addressing poverty requires consideration of a much broader set of policies which may-or may not-include provision of health services. This paper-a product of Poverty and Human Resources, Development Research Group-is part of a larger effort in the group to investigate efficacy in the social sectors. The study was funded by the Bank's Research Support Budget under the research project Primary Health Care: A Critical Examination (RPO 680-29). The authors may be contacted at dfilmer@worldbank.org or jhammer@worldbank.org
Deals versus rules : policy implementation uncertainty and why firms hate it by Mary Hallward-Driemeier( Book )

15 editions published between 2010 and 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Firms in Africa report "regulatory and economic policy uncertainty" as a top constraint to their growth. This paper argues that often firms in Africa do not cope with policy rules, rather they face deals: firm-specific policy actions that can be influenced by firm actions (such as bribes) and characteristics (such as political connections). Using Enterprise Survey data, the paper demonstrates huge variability in reported policy actions across firms notionally facing the same policy. The within-country dispersion in firm-specific policy actions is larger than the cross-national differences in average policy. The analysis shows that variability in this policy implementation uncertainty within location-sector-size cells is correlated with firm growth rates. These measures of implementation variability are more strongly related to lower firm employment growth than are measures of "average" policy action. The paper shows that the de jure measures such as Doing Business indicators are virtually uncorrelated with ex-post firm-level responses, further evidence that deals rather than rules prevail in Africa. Strikingly, the gap between de jure and de facto conditions grows with the formal regulatory burden. The evidence also shows more burdensome processes open up more space for making deals; firms may not incur the official costs of compliance, but they still pay to avoid them. Finally, measures of institutional capacity and better governance are closely associated with perceived consistency in implementation
Moving out of poverty by Deepa Narayan-Parker( Book )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Moving Out of Poverty: Rising from the Ashes of Conflict, is the fourth volume from the Moving Out of Poverty series launched in 2007 is under the editorial direction of Deepa Narayan, Senior Advisor of the World Bank and former director of the pathbreaking Voices of the Poor series. It features the results of new comparative research across more than 500 communities in 15 countries to understand how and why people move out of poverty, and presents other work which builds on interdisciplinary and contextually grounded understandings of growth and poverty reduction
 
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Let their people come : breaking the gridlock on international labor mobility
Alternative Names
Hayward Pritchett, Lant

Lant Pritchett American economist

Pritchett, L.

Pritchett, L. H.

Pritchett, Landt

Pritchett, Lant H.

Pritchett, Lant Hayward

Languages
English (203)

Covers
Moving out of povertyMoving out of poverty