WorldCat Identities

Cooper, Mary H. 1946-

Works: 258 works in 399 publications in 1 language and 5,501 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Author
Classifications: HV5801, 363.450973
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Mary H Cooper
The business of drugs by Mary H Cooper( Book )

10 editions published between 1989 and 1993 in English and held by 622 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cooper presents a comprehensive overview of the international business of drugs by focusing on the economic forces that drive the market. She traces cocaine and crack, heroin, and marijuana from their point of cultivation, usually in the United States. She discusses the motives, the machinery of the drug business, the need for public policies that reckon with the economic reality, the effects of drug use on American society, and supply-side efforts to destroy the industry. She also touches upon cocaine oligopolies of Peru, Bolivia and Colombia; competiton for the U.S. marijuana market; and the Reagan and Bush wars on drugs. ISBN 0-87187-499-7: $15.95
Endangered Species Act by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published between 1999 and 2005 in English and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the Endangered Species Act (ESA) was passed in 1973, more than 1,200 animals and plants have been listed as threatened or endangered -- a designation designed to protect species on the brink of extinction. But the landmark legislation has been controversial from the start, pitting environmentalists against property-rights advocates in a protracted debate over the ESA's economic costs and environmental benefits. The ongoing controversy has prevented Congress from reauthorizing the law since 1992, but the Republican-dominated Congress is considering rewriting it, complaining that less than 1 percent of listed species have recovered under the law. Wildlife protection groups, however, claim that proposed, so-called sound-science requirements could end up gutting the law. Meanwhile, the Bush administration says it is committed to encouraging voluntary conservation initiatives and to making the law more responsive to the concerns of private landowners and state and local governments
Hating America : are U.S. policies too heavy-handed by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published between 2001 and 2004 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States has faced international criticism, even condemnation, for actions ranging from the Vietnam War to aid for Israel and support of globalization. The nation's superpower status and decadent image only intensifies the disapproval. In recent years, however, anti-U.S. sentiment often has turned violent. Several deadly terrorist attacks by radical Islamic fundamentalists have targeted American citizens and interests. But the hatred reached a new intensity with the Sept. 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, killing nearly 5,000 people and demolishing global symbols of American economic might. Now, even as the United States and its allies seek to destroy Osama bin Laden's terrorist network, critics are questioning America's sensitivity to the concerns of the Islamic world and beyond
Income inequality : are poor Americans falling further behind? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The gap between the incomes of poor and wealthy citizens is larger in the United States than in any other industrialized country. Last year, for the first time in almost two decades, low unemployment and increases in the minimum wage helped boost the earnings of Americans at the bottom of the pay scale. But tax policies and the use of stock options as part of corporate executives' compensation packages are helping to divert a growing portion of the nation's wealth to the richest Americans and away from the poor and the middle class. If the current economic boom continues, unskilled workers and those at the low end of the compensation pool will continue to benefit, experts say. But the disparity in Americans' incomes is not likely to disappear
Environmental movement at 25 : will Congress weaken environmental regulations? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On April 22, 1970, millions of concerned Americans gathered in communities and on campuses across the country to celebrate the first Earth Day - and launch the environmental movement. Oil spills, pesticide poisonings and other disasters had generated intense concern about the health of planet Earth. Now, as the 25th anniversary of Earth Day approaches, signs of progress in the U.S. abound: Dirty rivers are again clean; air pollution has been greatly reduced; and the eagle and other endangered species have been drawn back from the brink of extinction. But environmentalists say that tough new steps are needed to finish the job. Meanwhile, Republican lawmakers say environmental regulations are forcing businesses and individuals to pay too high a price for environmental protection
Setting environmental priorities : which are the nation's most pressing problems? by Mary H Cooper( )

3 editions published between 1988 and 1999 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Thirty years after the first Earth Day galvanized public support for environmental protection laws, Americans enjoy purer air and cleaner water. Fish have returned to polluted rivers, toxic wastes have been reduced and endangered species rescued from imminent extinction. But many experts say further progress will be harder to achieve on remaining environmental challenges, such as global warming, water pollution from multiple sources and urban sprawl. Some in the business community say the tradi-tional, regulatory approach to environmental protection must give way to state and local initiatives and voluntary efforts by businesses, consumers and other potential polluters
Oil diplomacy : does the need for oil drive U.S. foreign policy? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States depends on foreign imports to satisfy more than half its voracious appetite for oil. Despite efforts to diversify oil suppliers and conserve energy after the 1973 Arab oil embargo, growing energy consumption all but forces the United States to continue relying on Middle Eastern oil. That reliance is likely to continue despite the threat of war with Iraq and growing anti-American sentiment in the region. The Bush administration proposes reducing America's dependence on foreign oil by intensifying domestic production in Alaska and other environmentally sensitive areas. Critics contend that the thirst for oil is behind the administration's plan to invade Iraq as well as its willingness to repeat Cold War mistakes and maintain close relations with dictatotial regimes accused of human-rights abuses
Energy security : how vulnerable is America's energy system? by Mary H Cooper( )

3 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The nation's dependence on foreign oil has troubled energy experts since the Arab oil embargo in 1973. Policies calling for more reliable sources of oil, curbs on energy consumption and the development of alternative fuels have reduced the dependence, but U.S. use of foreign oil still has continued to grow. Now the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks have intensified energy concerns. Some observers say the use of airliners as weapons places the entire domestic energy system at risk, including nuclear power plants and oil pipelines. But most experts agree that the biggest threat to U.S. energy security remains dependence on foreign oil. To reduce the risk, the Bush administration proposes more domestic production -- including drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge -- while Democrats favor conservation measures and increased use of renewable fuels
Human genome research : does it open the door to genetic discrimination? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sometime this spring, researchers are expected to finish deciphering most of the human genome -- the collection of some 100,000 genes that contain the operating instructions for the human body. The stunning accomplishment is expected to enable doctors to diagnose many diseases from a patient's genetic profile and treat or even prevent diseases by targeting the underlying genetic flaws. But revealing the genome's secrets also poses a host of legal and ethical concerns, including whether genetic information should be patented or kept in the public domain. Critics also worry about potential privacy violations, discrimination by insurers or employers seeking to exclude the genetically "flawed" and the psychological impact of genetic testing for incurable diseases
The economics of recycling : is it worth the effort? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the late 1980s, acting on fears that landfill space was running out, communities across the country began curbside collection of paper, glass, metal and plastic waste. Polls suggest that Americans strongly support recycling, despite the fact that the United States remains the world's leading "throwaway society." But critics say recycling is often a wasted effort, helping consumers' consciences more than the environment or the economy. Markets for recycled materials are notoriously volatile, and it often costs more to recycle waste than it does to simply bury it in a landfill. Recycling supporters, however, say the benefits of recycling far outweigh its drawbacks and predict a strong market for recycled materials in the future
Mad cow disease : are government efforts to protect the U.S. adequate? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the lethal condition appeared in British cattle in the mid-1980s, mad cow disease has jumped the species barrier and killed more than 90 people in Europe. But some experts say thousands of humans could be afflicted. Meanwhile, hundreds of thousands of cattle -- sick or suspected of infection -- already have been destroyed in Europe. The precise cause of mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), is a mystery, but scientists do know it is spread by feeding cattle with meat-and-bone meal from diseased animals. The European Union has imposed strict rules to prevent mad cow's further spread, including banning feed made from animals. While the United States has yet to detect a single case of mad cow disease, critics warn that government surveillance efforts and cattle-feed regulations are inadequate
Threatened fisheries : do the oceans need more protection? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The oceans yield nearly 100 million tons of fish annually. But global demand for seafood, combined with efficient, new fishing equipment, has driven many species nearly to extinction. Up to 75 percent of global fish stocks are overfished, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The debate over saving the oceans pits conservationists, who say tighter fishing restrictions are needed to restore depleted fisheries, against commercial fishermen, who contend stocks generally are sustainably managed. The fishermen further argue that pollution, ocean shipping and coastal development are largely responsible for degrading the marine environment, rather than overfishing. Meanwhile, both sides largely agree that policies spelled out in the sweeping 1976 Magnuson-Stevens Act, now up for reauthorization, are part of the problem
War on drugs : is it time to focus efforts on education and prevention? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Twelve years ago, President Ronald Reagan launched an all-out effort to rid the country of illegal substances, chiefly cocaine, heroin and marijuana. The campaign focused on stopping drug production in countries from Colombia to Burma, disrupting the flow of drugs into the United States and destroying the open-air street markets in inner cities. President George Bush continued the drug war, focusing on interdicting drug supplies before they entered the United States and on stricter local law enforcement, including the arrest and imprisonment of drug offenders. With the arrival in the White House of the new Clinton administration, which advocates more emphasis on prevention and treatment efforts, the debate over how best to win the war on drugs is heating up once again
Panama Canal : does transferring it to Panama threaten U.S. security? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On Dec. 31, the United States will transfer the Panama Canal to Panama. Completed in 1914, the 50-mile canal was hailed as an engineering marvel that revolutionized world trade by shaving thousands of miles off the journey between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. More than 13,000 ships a year - 4 percent of world trade and fully half of all U.S. shipping - pass through the canal. American critics say the turnover leaves the U.S. vulnerable to disruptions in trade and reduces military security. Panamanians have long resented U.S. ownership of the canal, widely viewed as an expression of Yankee imperialism. They hope that possession of the canal will help turn their country into a booming trading center, a kind of Singapore of the Western Hemisphere
Bush and the environment : are the president's policies helping or hurting? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since taking office two years ago, President Bush has sought to reverse an array of regulations and longstanding environmental-protection laws. Administration officials say many of the old rules actually were harming the environment and the economy -- such as by permitting delays in removing flammable deadwood from forests or by barring oil and gas production on public land. Bush also repudiated the Kyoto Protocol, an international treaty to slow global warming. Conservationists say such actions jeopardize the progress made in restoring environmental health since the passage of bedrock environmental-protection laws more than 30 years ago. They also contend the president's policies favor the energy industry and others that have long chafed at environmental regulations
Muslims in America : can they find a place in American society? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

At a time when many religions are losing members, the number of U.S. Muslims is on the upswing, thanks to immigration from Islamic countries and conversions among native-born Americans. Today, Islam is said to be the fastest-growing religion in the United States. Nonetheless, Muslims have had little impact on American culture. In a secular society where the dominant faiths are Christianity and Judaism, American Muslims have yet to acquire a voice in public life. But their biggest problem is negative stereotyping, which equates Islam with terrorism, anti-Semitism and a fanaticism bent on destroying Western civilization. Muslims are trying to eliminate this anti-Muslim bias, but events such as the February bombing of the World Trade Center in New York City are making their quest for recognition and respect more difficult
New air quality standards : should U.S. pollution regulations be stricter? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The proposed tightening of federal air quality regulations has sparked bitter debate between businesses and public-health professionals as well as entire regions of the country. At issue are the maximum levels of smog and soot permitted under the 1990 Clean Air Act. Affected industries say the stricter regulations would impose intolerable financial burdens while providing negligible health benefits. Environmentalists and many health professionals say enforcing stricter air standards would save lives at relatively low cost and improve everyone's quality of life. The Environmental Protection Agency must make its final decision on the new standards this summer. Meanwhile, disagreement over the need for new standards is developing into one of the most acrimonious environmental debates in decades
Banning land mines : should the U.S. support a total global ban? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Anti-personnel mines kill and maim long after wars and civil strife end. More than 100 million active mines lie hidden in more than 80 countries, claiming 26,000 victims - mostly civilians - each year. Mines are cheap to produce and costly to remove, and 20 new mines are planted annually for every one cleared. A worldwide movement to totally ban the production and use of land mines has drawn support from more than 100 countries, which are expected to sign a treaty in Ottawa, Canada, in December. While it endorses an eventual ban on anti-personnel mines, the Clinton administration supports a treaty that would allow the U.S. to continue using some of its mines until alternative weapons are developed. One of the exemptions the U.S. seeks is for "smart" mines, which self-destruct after a few hours or days
International Monetary Fund : does it handle economic crises effectively? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 1997, an economic crisis started in Thailand and quickly spread to Asia and Russia. Now it threatens Brazil and the rest of Latin America. In trying to stabilize the global economy, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) prescribed some painful fiscal medicine. In exchange for the loans it provides to member countries to help them ward off financial crises, the agency requires governments to adopt austerity measures, including spending cuts to reduce government deficits and debt and higher interest rates to shore up weak currencies. Many critics say the fund's "cure" has been worse than the disease, causing essentially healthy Asian economies to become weaker. Some say the time has come for fundamental reform of the 53-year-old system of oversight provided by the IMF
Campaign finance reform : do wealthy donors subvert the democratic process? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Arizona Sen. John McCain focused his recent White House bid on eliminating the influence of big money in U.S. elections, catapulting the issue to the forefront of the campaign debates. McCain and other reformers -- including Vice President Al Gore -- want to plug the legal loopholes that allow corporations and wealthy individuals to pour huge sums of "soft" money into their favorite political party's coffers. But supporters of the current system say further limits on campaign contributions would violate the First Amendment's guarantee of freedom of speech. Recent campaign finance proposals have gone nowhere in Congress, and the Supreme Court recently declined to pave the way for reform by striking down existing regulations
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Alternative Names
Mary Little Cooper Amerikaans advocate

ماري ليتل كوبر

ماری لیتل کوپر وکیل و قاضی آمریکایی

English (50)