WorldCat Identities

Cooper, Mary H. 1946-

Works: 297 works in 394 publications in 1 language and 6,608 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Author
Classifications: HV5801, 363.450973
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Mary H Cooper
The business of drugs by Mary H Cooper( Book )

9 editions published between 1989 and 1990 in English and held by 669 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mad cow disease : are government efforts to protect the U.S. adequate? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the lethal condition appeared in British cattle in the mid-1980s, mad cow disease has jumped the species barrier and killed more than 90 people in Europe. But some experts say thousands of humans could be afflicted. Meanwhile, hundreds of thousands of cattle -- sick or suspected of infection -- already have been destroyed in Europe. The precise cause of mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), is a mystery, but scientists do know it is spread by feeding cattle with meat-and-bone meal from diseased animals. The European Union has imposed strict rules to prevent mad cow's further spread, including banning feed made from animals. While the United States has yet to detect a single case of mad cow disease, critics warn that government surveillance efforts and cattle-feed regulations are inadequate
Human genome research : does it open the door to genetic discrimination? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sometime this spring, researchers are expected to finish deciphering most of the human genome -- the collection of some 100,000 genes that contain the operating instructions for the human body. The stunning accomplishment is expected to enable doctors to diagnose many diseases from a patient's genetic profile and treat or even prevent diseases by targeting the underlying genetic flaws. But revealing the genome's secrets also poses a host of legal and ethical concerns, including whether genetic information should be patented or kept in the public domain. Critics also worry about potential privacy violations, discrimination by insurers or employers seeking to exclude the genetically "flawed" and the psychological impact of genetic testing for incurable diseases
Campaign finance reform : do wealthy donors subvert the democratic process? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Arizona Sen. John McCain focused his recent White House bid on eliminating the influence of big money in U.S. elections, catapulting the issue to the forefront of the campaign debates. McCain and other reformers -- including Vice President Al Gore -- want to plug the legal loopholes that allow corporations and wealthy individuals to pour huge sums of "soft" money into their favorite political party's coffers. But supporters of the current system say further limits on campaign contributions would violate the First Amendment's guarantee of freedom of speech. Recent campaign finance proposals have gone nowhere in Congress, and the Supreme Court recently declined to pave the way for reform by striking down existing regulations
The economics of recycling : is it worth the effort? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the late 1980s, acting on fears that landfill space was running out, communities across the country began curbside collection of paper, glass, metal and plastic waste. Polls suggest that Americans strongly support recycling, despite the fact that the United States remains the world's leading "throwaway society." But critics say recycling is often a wasted effort, helping consumers' consciences more than the environment or the economy. Markets for recycled materials are notoriously volatile, and it often costs more to recycle waste than it does to simply bury it in a landfill. Recycling supporters, however, say the benefits of recycling far outweigh its drawbacks and predict a strong market for recycled materials in the future
International Monetary Fund : does it handle economic crises effectively? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 1997, an economic crisis started in Thailand and quickly spread to Asia and Russia. Now it threatens Brazil and the rest of Latin America. In trying to stabilize the global economy, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) prescribed some painful fiscal medicine. In exchange for the loans it provides to member countries to help them ward off financial crises, the agency requires governments to adopt austerity measures, including spending cuts to reduce government deficits and debt and higher interest rates to shore up weak currencies. Many critics say the fund's "cure" has been worse than the disease, causing essentially healthy Asian economies to become weaker. Some say the time has come for fundamental reform of the 53-year-old system of oversight provided by the IMF
New air quality standards : should U.S. pollution regulations be stricter? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The proposed tightening of federal air quality regulations has sparked bitter debate between businesses and public-health professionals as well as entire regions of the country. At issue are the maximum levels of smog and soot permitted under the 1990 Clean Air Act. Affected industries say the stricter regulations would impose intolerable financial burdens while providing negligible health benefits. Environmentalists and many health professionals say enforcing stricter air standards would save lives at relatively low cost and improve everyone's quality of life. The Environmental Protection Agency must make its final decision on the new standards this summer. Meanwhile, disagreement over the need for new standards is developing into one of the most acrimonious environmental debates in decades
Muslims in America : can they find a place in American society? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

At a time when many religions are losing members, the number of U.S. Muslims is on the upswing, thanks to immigration from Islamic countries and conversions among native-born Americans. Today, Islam is said to be the fastest-growing religion in the United States. Nonetheless, Muslims have had little impact on American culture. In a secular society where the dominant faiths are Christianity and Judaism, American Muslims have yet to acquire a voice in public life. But their biggest problem is negative stereotyping, which equates Islam with terrorism, anti-Semitism and a fanaticism bent on destroying Western civilization. Muslims are trying to eliminate this anti-Muslim bias, but events such as the February bombing of the World Trade Center in New York City are making their quest for recognition and respect more difficult
Banning land mines : should the U.S. support a total global ban? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Anti-personnel mines kill and maim long after wars and civil strife end. More than 100 million active mines lie hidden in more than 80 countries, claiming 26,000 victims - mostly civilians - each year. Mines are cheap to produce and costly to remove, and 20 new mines are planted annually for every one cleared. A worldwide movement to totally ban the production and use of land mines has drawn support from more than 100 countries, which are expected to sign a treaty in Ottawa, Canada, in December. While it endorses an eventual ban on anti-personnel mines, the Clinton administration supports a treaty that would allow the U.S. to continue using some of its mines until alternative weapons are developed. One of the exemptions the U.S. seeks is for "smart" mines, which self-destruct after a few hours or days
U.S.-China trade : can U.S. trade policy improve human rights in China? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

After the June 1989 massacre of pro-democracy demonstrators in Beijing's Tiananmen Square, the Communist Part tightened its grip over China, surviving though a combination of rigid political control and sweeping economic reforms. Now the United States faces a crisis in its relations with the 1.3-billion-population nation, which is rejecting U.S. demands for human rights improvements. Having threatened to raise tariffs on imports from China if these conditions are not met by June 3, President Clinton confronts the prospect of undermining America's share of the world's fastest-growing economy. If he yields to the lure of the vast Chinese market, however, he may undermine the United States' credibility as a defender of human rights throughout the world
Environmental movement at 25 : will Congress weaken environmental regulations? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On April 22, 1970, millions of concerned Americans gathered in communities and on campuses across the country to celebrate the first Earth Day - and launch the environmental movement. Oil spills, pesticide poisonings and other disasters had generated intense concern about the health of planet Earth. Now, as the 25th anniversary of Earth Day approaches, signs of progress in the U.S. abound: Dirty rivers are again clean; air pollution has been greatly reduced; and the eagle and other endangered species have been drawn back from the brink of extinction. But environmentalists say that tough new steps are needed to finish the job. Meanwhile, Republican lawmakers say environmental regulations are forcing businesses and individuals to pay too high a price for environmental protection
Infant mortality : why is the U.S. death rate high compared with other nations? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States spends more money on health care per person than any other country. Yet an American baby is less likely to reach its first birthday than a baby born in 21 other nations. Experts trace the problem to the inability of pregnant women from poor families to get early and continuous prenatal care. Without it, doctors can't screen for potentially serious medical problems. If untreated, these conditions can cause birth defects, the leading cause of infant death in the United States. Early prenatal intervention also can help pregnant women improve their diets and stop abusing alcohol, tobacco and other drugs that greatly increase the chance that they will give birth to low-birthweight infants, which are far more likely to succumb than other babies
Transportation policy : should non-highway programs get more funding? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The impending expiration of the nation's $157 billion transportation legislation has plunged lawmakers into one of the most contentious issues they will face this year. The current law - the 1991 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) - receives widespread praise for giving localities a prominent role in deciding how to allocate federal transportation dollars. The emerging debate over the proposed replacement legislation focuses on how much can be spent in a time of scarce federal dollars - and how it should be spent. Highway users, including automakers and truckers, want more money for road-building and maintenance. Environmentalists, transit operators and bicyclists want to preserve the current law's funding for alternative modes of transportation as a way to relieve traffic congestion and curb suburban sprawl
Combating terrorism : will proposed legislation be effective? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Until two years ago, Americans were secure in the knowledge that, at least at home, they were safe from international terrorists. Then Islamic fundamentalists sent a shocking wake-up call - the bombing of the World Trade Center in New York. In April, Americans were shaken again when a powerful blast destroyed the federal building in Oklahoma City. But that attack - the worst case of domestic terrorism in U.S. history - apparently was perpetrated by American citizens. In response to the escalating terrorism against the U.S., the Clinton administration and the Republican-dominated Congress have presented several anti-terrorism proposals. But some observers question whether they will work, whether they are constitutional and if future terrorists will up the ante, using even more deadly techniques
Income inequality : are poor Americans falling further behind? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The gap between the incomes of poor and wealthy citizens is larger in the United States than in any other industrialized country. Last year, for the first time in almost two decades, low unemployment and increases in the minimum wage helped boost the earnings of Americans at the bottom of the pay scale. But tax policies and the use of stock options as part of corporate executives' compensation packages are helping to divert a growing portion of the nation's wealth to the richest Americans and away from the poor and the middle class. If the current economic boom continues, unskilled workers and those at the low end of the compensation pool will continue to benefit, experts say. But the disparity in Americans' incomes is not likely to disappear
Smart growth : can managed growth reduce urban sprawl? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sprawling suburbs, increasing traffic congestion, strip malls surrounded by acres of parking lots: Are these longstanding features of the modern American landscape only going to get worse? Without a shift in priorities, projected increases in population over the next few decades are expected to accelerate the spread of development away from city and town centers. Critics contend that sprawl eats up valuable open space, worsens air and water pollution and destroys Americans' sense of community. They champion policies that encourage "smart growth"--Compact neighborhoods that combine housing, offices, schools and other amenities linked by public transportation and sidewalks. Developers and land-rights advocates call such policies intrusive social engineering and say sprawl is upstoppable -- a sign of American prosperity and an efficient market responding to the growing demand for a piece of the American dream
Environmental justice : does the movement help poor communities? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Toxic-waste dumps, sewage-treatment plants and other pollution sources rarely are found near middle-class or affluent communities. Inner-city neighborhoods, rural Hispanic villages and Indian reservations are far more likely to suffer. But a burgeoning new movement is helping poor communities across the country to close the door on unwelcome dumps and factories. Charging that they are victims of environmental racism, activists are winning court battles on the ground that siting polluting facilities among disadvantaged people violates Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. But business representatives and residents of some affected minority communities say that the movement is stifling their opportunities for economic development and growth
War on drugs : is it time to focus efforts on education and prevention? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Twelve years ago, President Ronald Reagan launched an all-out effort to rid the country of illegal substances, chiefly cocaine, heroin and marijuana. The campaign focused on stopping drug production in countries from Colombia to Burma, disrupting the flow of drugs into the United States and destroying the open-air street markets in inner cities. President George Bush continued the drug war, focusing on interdicting drug supplies before they entered the United States and on stricter local law enforcement, including the arrest and imprisonment of drug offenders. With the arrival in the White House of the new Clinton administration, which advocates more emphasis on prevention and treatment efforts, the debate over how best to win the war on drugs is heating up once again
Economic sanctions : can they replace combat in the post-Cold War era? by Mary H Cooper( Book )

2 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States has long been a leader in using sanctions to discourage unwanted behavior by other countries, including terrorism and human rights abuses. But the erosion of U.S. economic predominance has undermined Uncle Sam's ability to wield the sanctions weapon. With more countries producing essential items, the threat of a cutoff of U.S. goods and services is far less daunting than it once was. Nor is the American consumer market such a vital outlet for other nations' exports. As unilateral U.S. sanctions pose less of a threat, the United Nations is increasingly using sanctions to preserve international peace. Some experts say a new U.N. agency is needed to enforce multilateral sanctions in the post-Cold War era
Future of NATO by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published between 2003 and 2009 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

President Bush's Iraq policy has exacerbated longstanding tensions between the United States and its allies in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), established after World War II to counter the Soviet Union. The administration's go-it-alone stance in foreign policy has prompted France and Germany to lead efforts to thwart Bush's plans to attack Iraq. Some experts say the rift is proof that the alliance has outlived its mandate, while NATO supporters say it remains a vital bulwark against terrorism and other threats to democracy. Meanwhile, some critics are asking whether America's allies should speed up weapons modernization to better collaborate with the Pentagon's technologically sophisticated equipment. Others say NATO is fast evolving into little more than a political forum
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Alternative Names
Mary Little Cooper Amerikaans advocate

ماری لیتل کوپر وکیل و قاضی آمریکایی

English (47)