WorldCat Identities

Cooper, Mary H. 1946-

Overview
Works: 244 works in 392 publications in 1 language and 6,789 library holdings
Classifications: HV5801, 363.450973
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  Mary H Cooper Publications about Mary H Cooper
Publications by  Mary H Cooper Publications by Mary H Cooper
Most widely held works by Mary H Cooper
The business of drugs by Mary H Cooper ( Book )
11 editions published between 1988 and 1990 in English and held by 711 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Global warming by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published between 1996 and 2001 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This year marks the 100th anniversary of the discovery of the greenhouse effect by the Swedish chemist Svante Arrhenius. Thanks to sophisticated computers and satellites, scientists today know more about how burning fossil fuels and other industrial activities release carbon dioxide and other gases that trap solar heat in the Earth's atmosphere. Predictions about the increasing pace of global warming caused by human activity have so alarmed policy-makers that efforts are under way to draw up an international treaty - due to be signed in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997 - to curb greenhouse gas emissions. These efforts have sparked controversy in the United States, where some scientists and industry representatives dispute the accuracy of future warming predictions and oppose limits on energy consumption
Endangered Species Act by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published between 1999 and 2005 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Since the Endangered Species Act (ESA) was passed in 1973, more than 1,200 animals and plants have been listed as threatened or endangered -- a designation designed to protect species on the brink of extinction. But the landmark legislation has been controversial from the start, pitting environmentalists against property-rights advocates in a protracted debate over the ESA's economic costs and environmental benefits. The ongoing controversy has prevented Congress from reauthorizing the law since 1992, but the Republican-dominated Congress is considering rewriting it, complaining that less than 1 percent of listed species have recovered under the law. Wildlife protection groups, however, claim that proposed, so-called sound-science requirements could end up gutting the law. Meanwhile, the Bush administration says it is committed to encouraging voluntary conservation initiatives and to making the law more responsive to the concerns of private landowners and state and local governments
Mad cow disease by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 54 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Since the lethal condition appeared in British cattle in the mid-1980s, mad cow disease has jumped the species barrier and killed more than 90 people in Europe. But some experts say thousands of humans could be afflicted. Meanwhile, hundreds of thousands of cattle -- sick or suspected of infection -- already have been destroyed in Europe. The precise cause of mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), is a mystery, but scientists do know it is spread by feeding cattle with meat-and-bone meal from diseased animals. The European Union has imposed strict rules to prevent mad cow's further spread, including banning feed made from animals. While the United States has yet to detect a single case of mad cow disease, critics warn that government surveillance efforts and cattle-feed regulations are inadequate
Setting environmental priorities by Mary H Cooper ( )
4 editions published between 1988 and 1999 in English and held by 54 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Thirty years after the first Earth Day galvanized public support for environmental protection laws, Americans enjoy purer air and cleaner water. Fish have returned to polluted rivers, toxic wastes have been reduced and endangered species rescued from imminent extinction. But many experts say further progress will be harder to achieve on remaining environmental challenges, such as global warming, water pollution from multiple sources and urban sprawl. Some in the business community say the tradi-tional, regulatory approach to environmental protection must give way to state and local initiatives and voluntary efforts by businesses, consumers and other potential polluters
Human genome research by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Sometime this spring, researchers are expected to finish deciphering most of the human genome -- the collection of some 100,000 genes that contain the operating instructions for the human body. The stunning accomplishment is expected to enable doctors to diagnose many diseases from a patient's genetic profile and treat or even prevent diseases by targeting the underlying genetic flaws. But revealing the genome's secrets also poses a host of legal and ethical concerns, including whether genetic information should be patented or kept in the public domain. Critics also worry about potential privacy violations, discrimination by insurers or employers seeking to exclude the genetically "flawed" and the psychological impact of genetic testing for incurable diseases
Muslims in America by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
At a time when many religions are losing members, the number of U.S. Muslims is on the upswing, thanks to immigration from Islamic countries and conversions among native-born Americans. Today, Islam is said to be the fastest-growing religion in the United States. Nonetheless, Muslims have had little impact on American culture. In a secular society where the dominant faiths are Christianity and Judaism, American Muslims have yet to acquire a voice in public life. But their biggest problem is negative stereotyping, which equates Islam with terrorism, anti-Semitism and a fanaticism bent on destroying Western civilization. Muslims are trying to eliminate this anti-Muslim bias, but events such as the February bombing of the World Trade Center in New York City are making their quest for recognition and respect more difficult
Infant mortality by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The United States spends more money on health care per person than any other country. Yet an American baby is less likely to reach its first birthday than a baby born in 21 other nations. Experts trace the problem to the inability of pregnant women from poor families to get early and continuous prenatal care. Without it, doctors can't screen for potentially serious medical problems. If untreated, these conditions can cause birth defects, the leading cause of infant death in the United States. Early prenatal intervention also can help pregnant women improve their diets and stop abusing alcohol, tobacco and other drugs that greatly increase the chance that they will give birth to low-birthweight infants, which are far more likely to succumb than other babies
International monetary fund by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In 1997, an economic crisis started in Thailand and quickly spread to Asia and Russia. Now it threatens Brazil and the rest of Latin America. In trying to stabilize the global economy, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) prescribed some painful fiscal medicine. In exchange for the loans it provides to member countries to help them ward off financial crises, the agency requires governments to adopt austerity measures, including spending cuts to reduce government deficits and debt and higher interest rates to shore up weak currencies. Many critics say the fund's "cure" has been worse than the disease, causing essentially healthy Asian economies to become weaker. Some say the time has come for fundamental reform of the 53-year-old system of oversight provided by the IMF
Future of NATO by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published between 2003 and 2009 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
President Bush's Iraq policy has exacerbated longstanding tensions between the United States and its allies in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), established after World War II to counter the Soviet Union. The administration's go-it-alone stance in foreign policy has prompted France and Germany to lead efforts to thwart Bush's plans to attack Iraq. Some experts say the rift is proof that the alliance has outlived its mandate, while NATO supporters say it remains a vital bulwark against terrorism and other threats to democracy. Meanwhile, some critics are asking whether America's allies should speed up weapons modernization to better collaborate with the Pentagon's technologically sophisticated equipment. Others say NATO is fast evolving into little more than a political forum
New air quality standards by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The proposed tightening of federal air quality regulations has sparked bitter debate between businesses and public-health professionals as well as entire regions of the country. At issue are the maximum levels of smog and soot permitted under the 1990 Clean Air Act. Affected industries say the stricter regulations would impose intolerable financial burdens while providing negligible health benefits. Environmentalists and many health professionals say enforcing stricter air standards would save lives at relatively low cost and improve everyone's quality of life. The Environmental Protection Agency must make its final decision on the new standards this summer. Meanwhile, disagreement over the need for new standards is developing into one of the most acrimonious environmental debates in decades
Energy security by Mary H Cooper ( )
3 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The nation's dependence on foreign oil has troubled energy experts since the Arab oil embargo in 1973. Policies calling for more reliable sources of oil, curbs on energy consumption and the development of alternative fuels have reduced the dependence, but U.S. use of foreign oil still has continued to grow. Now the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks have intensified energy concerns. Some observers say the use of airliners as weapons places the entire domestic energy system at risk, including nuclear power plants and oil pipelines. But most experts agree that the biggest threat to U.S. energy security remains dependence on foreign oil. To reduce the risk, the Bush administration proposes more domestic production -- including drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge -- while Democrats favor conservation measures and increased use of renewable fuels
Weapons of mass destruction by Mary H Cooper ( )
3 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
First came the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, killing more than 3,000 people. Then mysterious letters laced with deadly anthrax spores took five more victims. But for all their devastation, the attacks pale in comparison to the mayhem that terrorists could unleash with deadlier weapons. In fact, intelligence officials say terrorist leader Osama bin Laden has pursued nuclear and biological weapons, and that weapons-grade nuclear material in the former Soviet Union could fall into the wrong hands. International treaties have sought to curb the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. But diplomacy alone may not be enough. As the new Office of Homeland Security works to shore up the country's defenses, the Bush administration wants to double the anti-terrorism budget
Banning land mines by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Anti-personnel mines kill and maim long after wars and civil strife end. More than 100 million active mines lie hidden in more than 80 countries, claiming 26,000 victims - mostly civilians - each year. Mines are cheap to produce and costly to remove, and 20 new mines are planted annually for every one cleared. A worldwide movement to totally ban the production and use of land mines has drawn support from more than 100 countries, which are expected to sign a treaty in Ottawa, Canada, in December. While it endorses an eventual ban on anti-personnel mines, the Clinton administration supports a treaty that would allow the U.S. to continue using some of its mines until alternative weapons are developed. One of the exemptions the U.S. seeks is for "smart" mines, which self-destruct after a few hours or days
Campaign finance reform by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Arizona Sen. John McCain focused his recent White House bid on eliminating the influence of big money in U.S. elections, catapulting the issue to the forefront of the campaign debates. McCain and other reformers -- including Vice President Al Gore -- want to plug the legal loopholes that allow corporations and wealthy individuals to pour huge sums of "soft" money into their favorite political party's coffers. But supporters of the current system say further limits on campaign contributions would violate the First Amendment's guarantee of freedom of speech. Recent campaign finance proposals have gone nowhere in Congress, and the Supreme Court recently declined to pave the way for reform by striking down existing regulations
Oil spills by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Calamitous oil spills in recent years have focused attention on the devastation the world's leading energy source can wreak on the environment. In Alaska, the 1989 grounding of the supertanker Exxon Valdez in Prince William Sound caused the worst U.S. oil spill ever and prompted Congress to pass stringent oil-pollution legislation. In the Persian Gulf, "ecoterrorism" committed by Iraqi forces during the gulf war left hundreds of wells burning and oil free-flowing out of Kuwait's refineries and oil-shipping terminals. With the United States and much of the global community increasingly dependent on petroleum moved by supertankers, oil spills will continue to threaten the environment for the foreseeable future
Foreign aid after Sept. 11 by Mary H Cooper ( )
3 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
As U.S.-led forces continue to wage the Bush administration's war on terrorism in Afghanistan, calls are mounting for the United States to attack terrorism on another front: by boosting foreign aid. A coalition of international humanitarian agencies wants America and other industrial nations to double their aid levels as a way to alleviate the poverty, disease and illiteracy they say fan the flames of terrorism. They focus their call on the United States, which spends less on aid, as a percentage of national income, than any industrial nation. But critics say foreign aid has done little to improve living standards in the developing world, often lines the pockets of corrupt government officials and doesn't address the true causes of anti-U.S. sentiment
Income Inequality by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The gap between the incomes of poor and wealthy citizens is larger in the United States than in any other industrialized country. Last year, for the first time in almost two decades, low unemployment and increases in the minimum wage helped boost the earnings of Americans at the bottom of the pay scale. But tax policies and the use of stock options as part of corporate executives' compensation packages are helping to divert a growing portion of the nation's wealth to the richest Americans and away from the poor and the middle class. If the current economic boom continues, unskilled workers and those at the low end of the compensation pool will continue to benefit, experts say. But the disparity in Americans' incomes is not likely to disappear
Combating terrorism by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Until two years ago, Americans were secure in the knowledge that, at least at home, they were safe from international terrorists. Then Islamic fundamentalists sent a shocking wake-up call - the bombing of the World Trade Center in New York. In April, Americans were shaken again when a powerful blast destroyed the federal building in Oklahoma City. But that attack - the worst case of domestic terrorism in U.S. history - apparently was perpetrated by American citizens. In response to the escalating terrorism against the U.S., the Clinton administration and the Republican-dominated Congress have presented several anti-terrorism proposals. But some observers question whether they will work, whether they are constitutional and if future terrorists will up the ante, using even more deadly techniques
Transportation policy by Mary H Cooper ( )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The impending expiration of the nation's $157 billion transportation legislation has plunged lawmakers into one of the most contentious issues they will face this year. The current law - the 1991 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) - receives widespread praise for giving localities a prominent role in deciding how to allocate federal transportation dollars. The emerging debate over the proposed replacement legislation focuses on how much can be spent in a time of scarce federal dollars - and how it should be spent. Highway users, including automakers and truckers, want more money for road-building and maintenance. Environmentalists, transit operators and bicyclists want to preserve the current law's funding for alternative modes of transportation as a way to relieve traffic congestion and curb suburban sprawl
 
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English (54)