WorldCat Identities

Cooper, Mary H. 1946-

Works: 258 works in 392 publications in 1 language and 5,399 library holdings
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Mary H Cooper
The business of drugs by Mary H Cooper( Book )

9 editions published between 1989 and 1990 in English and held by 639 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Endangered Species Act by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published between 1999 and 2005 in English and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Passage of the 1973 Endangered Species Act stands as one of the fundamental legislative victories of the environmental protection movement. It is also widely considered to be the most controversial. The act was intended to halt - and even reverse - the startling decline in animal and plant species caused by pesticides, water pollution, habitat destruction and other consequences of human activities. It requires landowners to refrain from developing land that is defined as critical to the survival of species listed as endangered. Critics say the law violates property rights by authorizing the government to "take" privately owned land, inhibits economic development and wastes taxpayer dollars. Both critics and supporters of the law say the environmental record of the past quarter-century proves their point
Hating America : are U.S. policies too heavy-handed by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published between 2001 and 2004 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States has faced international criticism, even condemnation, for actions ranging from the Vietnam War to aid for Israel and support of globalization. The nation's superpower status and decadent image only intensifies the disapproval. In recent years, however, anti-U.S. sentiment often has turned violent. Several deadly terrorist attacks by radical Islamic fundamentalists have targeted American citizens and interests. But the hatred reached a new intensity with the Sept. 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, killing nearly 5,000 people and demolishing global symbols of American economic might. Now, even as the United States and its allies seek to destroy Osama bin Laden's terrorist network, critics are questioning America's sensitivity to the concerns of the Islamic world and beyond
Mad cow disease : are government efforts to protect the U.S. adequate? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the lethal condition appeared in British cattle in the mid-1980s, mad cow disease has jumped the species barrier and killed more than 90 people in Europe. But some experts say thousands of humans could be afflicted. Meanwhile, hundreds of thousands of cattle -- sick or suspected of infection -- already have been destroyed in Europe. The precise cause of mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), is a mystery, but scientists do know it is spread by feeding cattle with meat-and-bone meal from diseased animals. The European Union has imposed strict rules to prevent mad cow's further spread, including banning feed made from animals. While the United States has yet to detect a single case of mad cow disease, critics warn that government surveillance efforts and cattle-feed regulations are inadequate
Oil diplomacy : does the need for oil drive U.S. foreign policy? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States depends on foreign imports to satisfy more than half its voracious appetite for oil. Despite efforts to diversify oil suppliers and conserve energy after the 1973 Arab oil embargo, growing energy consumption all but forces the United States to continue relying on Middle Eastern oil. That reliance is likely to continue despite the threat of war with Iraq and growing anti-American sentiment in the region. The Bush administration proposes reducing America's dependence on foreign oil by intensifying domestic production in Alaska and other environmentally sensitive areas. Critics contend that the thirst for oil is behind the administration's plan to invade Iraq as well as its willingness to repeat Cold War mistakes and maintain close relations with dictatotial regimes accused of human-rights abuses
Human genome research : does it open the door to genetic discrimination? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sometime this spring, researchers are expected to finish deciphering most of the human genome -- the collection of some 100,000 genes that contain the operating instructions for the human body. The stunning accomplishment is expected to enable doctors to diagnose many diseases from a patient's genetic profile and treat or even prevent diseases by targeting the underlying genetic flaws. But revealing the genome's secrets also poses a host of legal and ethical concerns, including whether genetic information should be patented or kept in the public domain. Critics also worry about potential privacy violations, discrimination by insurers or employers seeking to exclude the genetically "flawed" and the psychological impact of genetic testing for incurable diseases
Campaign finance reform : do wealthy donors subvert the democratic process? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Arizona Sen. John McCain focused his recent White House bid on eliminating the influence of big money in U.S. elections, catapulting the issue to the forefront of the campaign debates. McCain and other reformers -- including Vice President Al Gore -- want to plug the legal loopholes that allow corporations and wealthy individuals to pour huge sums of "soft" money into their favorite political party's coffers. But supporters of the current system say further limits on campaign contributions would violate the First Amendment's guarantee of freedom of speech. Recent campaign finance proposals have gone nowhere in Congress, and the Supreme Court recently declined to pave the way for reform by striking down existing regulations
Energy security : how vulnerable is America's energy system? by Mary H Cooper( )

3 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The nation's dependence on foreign oil has troubled energy experts since the Arab oil embargo in 1973. Policies calling for more reliable sources of oil, curbs on energy consumption and the development of alternative fuels have reduced the dependence, but U.S. use of foreign oil still has continued to grow. Now the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks have intensified energy concerns. Some observers say the use of airliners as weapons places the entire domestic energy system at risk, including nuclear power plants and oil pipelines. But most experts agree that the biggest threat to U.S. energy security remains dependence on foreign oil. To reduce the risk, the Bush administration proposes more domestic production -- including drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge -- while Democrats favor conservation measures and increased use of renewable fuels
Threatened fisheries : do the oceans need more protection? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The oceans yield nearly 100 million tons of fish annually. But global demand for seafood, combined with efficient, new fishing equipment, has driven many species nearly to extinction. Up to 75 percent of global fish stocks are overfished, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The debate over saving the oceans pits conservationists, who say tighter fishing restrictions are needed to restore depleted fisheries, against commercial fishermen, who contend stocks generally are sustainably managed. The fishermen further argue that pollution, ocean shipping and coastal development are largely responsible for degrading the marine environment, rather than overfishing. Meanwhile, both sides largely agree that policies spelled out in the sweeping 1976 Magnuson-Stevens Act, now up for reauthorization, are part of the problem
Low voter turnout : is America's democracy in trouble? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Despite the high visibility of this year's presidential campaign, fewer than half of alleligible Americans are expected to vote on Nov. 7. Indeed, voter turnout has fallen from its peak of 63 percent in 1960 to just below half during the last presidential election, in 1996. As a result, the world's leading democracy ranks 140th in voter turnout among democratically elected governments. The largest bloc of non-voters are 18- to 24-year-olds -- members of the so-called Generation Y. Analysts say cynicism about politics, such as concern about the role of money, contributes to voter fatigue, especially among younger Americans. Some experts also blame low turnouts on the decline in civic education in schools and what they see as citizens' "lost sense of community."
Missile defense : should the U.S. build a missile defense system? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

It's been almost two decades since President Ronald Reagan first proposed erecting a space-based shield to defend the United States from a Soviet nuclear missile attack. The 1983 Strategic Defense Initiative, dubbed "Star Wars" by its critics, was quietly set aside when the Soviet Union fell apart in 1991, ending the Cold War nuclear arms race between the two superpowers. But research on missile defense systems continued, spurred by alarm over missile development by new potential adversaries and the prospect of an accidental launch by Russia. The Clinton administration is pursuing a more limited program to defend the U.S. But critics say the proposed National Missile Defense system isn't needed, won't work, violates the landmark 1972 ABM Treaty -- and may even spark a new arms race
Drug-policy debate : is there too much emphasis on law enforcement? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The federal government spends billions fighting drugs, yet illegal drug use remains high. Critics say the answer to the drug problem is not more law enforcement but policies that focus on reducing the harm that results from both drug use and the efforts to stop it. But drug-policy officials charge that most "harm reduction" proposals are little more than veiled attempts to legalize dangerous substances. They say a better approach is the growing system of drug courts, which require addicted drug offenders to undergo treatment. Meanwhile, states are taking innovative approaches to the drug problem. Voters in several states have approved initiatives allowing the medical use of marijuana, and a proposal to divert some drug offenders from prison to treatment programs will be on this fall's ballot in California
Panama Canal : does transferring it to Panama threaten U.S. security? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On Dec. 31, the United States will transfer the Panama Canal to Panama. Completed in 1914, the 50-mile canal was hailed as an engineering marvel that revolutionized world trade by shaving thousands of miles off the journey between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. More than 13,000 ships a year - 4 percent of world trade and fully half of all U.S. shipping - pass through the canal. American critics say the turnover leaves the U.S. vulnerable to disruptions in trade and reduces military security. Panamanians have long resented U.S. ownership of the canal, widely viewed as an expression of Yankee imperialism. They hope that possession of the canal will help turn their country into a booming trading center, a kind of Singapore of the Western Hemisphere
Weapons of mass destruction : can the U.S. protect itself? by Mary H Cooper( )

3 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

First came the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, killing more than 3,000 people. Then mysterious letters laced with deadly anthrax spores took five more victims. But for all their devastation, the attacks pale in comparison to the mayhem that terrorists could unleash with deadlier weapons. In fact, intelligence officials say terrorist leader Osama bin Laden has pursued nuclear and biological weapons, and that weapons-grade nuclear material in the former Soviet Union could fall into the wrong hands. International treaties have sought to curb the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. But diplomacy alone may not be enough. As the new Office of Homeland Security works to shore up the country's defenses, the Bush administration wants to double the anti-terrorism budget
World trade : is globalization a positive trend? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

World trade has emerged as a critical issue among Americans concerned about how opening up new markets affects people's lives here and abroad. The debate spilled onto the streets of Seattle and Washington in demon-strations that rivaled the antiwar protests of the 1960s. It re-emerged before the recent House vote to normalize trade with China. Critics charge that globalization only benefits corporations that relocate factories in countries with cheap labor and weak environmental laws, worsening working conditions abroad, polluting the environment and threatening American jobs. But proponents say that free trade is the key to improving living and working conditions in developing countries, creating high-paying jobs in the U.S. and protecting the global environment
Exporting jobs : do low-paid foreign workers hurt or help the economy? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. economy is recovering, but employment continues to lag. Experts blame some of the joblessness on the job-exporting phenomenon known as offshoring. Well-trained, low-wage workers in India, China and other developing countries make exporting American jobs attractive, along with the widespread availability of high-speed Internet connections. In addition, millions of foreign professionals have entered the U.S. work force using temporary visas, while millions more undocumented foreign workers from Mexico and Latin America have found low-wage jobs in the U.S. thanks to lax immigration and border-control policies. Offshoring proponents say paying lower wages reduces the cost of goods and raises profits, ultimately enabling U.S. companies to create better-paying jobs for Americans. Critics say offshoring simply eliminates good jobs
Water quality : are the government's new pollution rules fair? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pollution of the nation's streams, rivers and lakes has been dramatically reduced sincepassage of the 1972 Clean Water Act and other landmark environmental legislation. But while the most blatant, visible discharges of industrial wastes and sewage have been eliminated, pollution remains a problem. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, up to 40 percent of U.S. waters are still too dirty for swimming or fishing. Today the main culprit is runoff, which occurs when rainwater and snowmelt carry excess nutrients, animal waste and toxic chemicals from farms, city streets and construction sites into nearby streams. The EPA has proposed new rules to curtail water pollution, but critics charge that they are scientifically unsound and unfair to farmers and ranchers
Energy and the environment : does the United States still depend too heavily on oil? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The recent spike in oil prices has raised concerns about the impact of energy prices on the U.S. economy. But to environmentalists, the clamor for oil-price relief is just another indication that federal energy policies have done little to reduce America's thirst for oil. Despite increasingly stringent air-quality standards imposed over the past three decades, the combustion of oil and coal continues to pollute many cities. Moreover, continued reliance on fossil fuels also produces excessive levels of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas implicated in global warming. Some energy experts say it's time to reassess nuclear energy's potential, but critics say it isn't as clean as supporters claim, and that safe storage of nuclear waste remains unresolved
Employee benefits : are the new pension plans fair to all workers? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The nation's "new economy," fueled by dizzying advances in high technology, is proving a mixed bag for workers. On the plus side, it has ushered in a long period of unprecedented national prosperity. But at the same time that corporate coffers are brimming with profits, many employers are changing -- sometimes in mid-career -- the benefits they offer to lure and retain employees. Employers say the changes in traditional pension plans, health insurance and other non-salary "extras" are necessitated by broad shifts in work patterns and demographics, while critics charge they are discriminating against older workers and retirees. With health-care costs on the rise along with worries about Social Security's future, the changes in employee benefits are coming under closer scrutiny in Washington
Global warming treaty : should the U.S. do more to cut greenhouse gases? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The scientific evidence continues to mount suggesting that fossil fuel use is causing apotentially disastrous warming of Earth's atmosphere. But governments are still far from agreement on the best way to solve the problem. Three years after more than 150 countries signed the Kyoto Protocol agreeing to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and other "greenhouse gases" implicated in global warming, no industrialized country has ratified the treaty. Prospects for prompt action dimmed in November when talks in the Netherlands aimed at implementing the protocol broke down amid charges that the United States -- the world's biggest greenhouse-gas polluter -- was seeking to exploit loopholes in the Kyoto treaty in order to avoid changing its energy-consumption habits
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Alternative Names
Mary Little Cooper Amerikaans advocate

ماری لیتل کوپر وکیل و قاضی آمریکایی

English (49)