WorldCat Identities

Cooper, Mary H. 1946-

Works: 254 works in 391 publications in 1 language and 5,877 library holdings
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Mary H Cooper
The business of drugs by Mary H Cooper( Book )

9 editions published between 1989 and 1990 in English and held by 649 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Endangered Species Act by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published between 1999 and 2005 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the Endangered Species Act (ESA) was passed in 1973, more than 1,200 animals and plants have been listed as threatened or endangered -- a designation designed to protect species on the brink of extinction. But the landmark legislation has been controversial from the start, pitting environmentalists against property-rights advocates in a protracted debate over the ESA's economic costs and environmental benefits. The ongoing controversy has prevented Congress from reauthorizing the law since 1992, but the Republican-dominated Congress is considering rewriting it, complaining that less than 1 percent of listed species have recovered under the law. Wildlife protection groups, however, claim that proposed, so-called sound-science requirements could end up gutting the law. Meanwhile, the Bush administration says it is committed to encouraging voluntary conservation initiatives and to making the law more responsive to the concerns of private landowners and state and local governments
Hating America : are U.S. policies too heavy-handed by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published between 2001 and 2004 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States has faced international criticism, even condemnation, for actions ranging from the Vietnam War to aid for Israel and support of globalization. The nation's superpower status and decadent image only intensifies the disapproval. In recent years, however, anti-U.S. sentiment often has turned violent. Several deadly terrorist attacks by radical Islamic fundamentalists have targeted American citizens and interests. But the hatred reached a new intensity with the Sept. 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, killing nearly 5,000 people and demolishing global symbols of American economic might. Now, even as the United States and its allies seek to destroy Osama bin Laden's terrorist network, critics are questioning America's sensitivity to the concerns of the Islamic world and beyond
Mad cow disease : are government efforts to protect the U.S. adequate? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the lethal condition appeared in British cattle in the mid-1980s, mad cow disease has jumped the species barrier and killed more than 90 people in Europe. But some experts say thousands of humans could be afflicted. Meanwhile, hundreds of thousands of cattle -- sick or suspected of infection -- already have been destroyed in Europe. The precise cause of mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), is a mystery, but scientists do know it is spread by feeding cattle with meat-and-bone meal from diseased animals. The European Union has imposed strict rules to prevent mad cow's further spread, including banning feed made from animals. While the United States has yet to detect a single case of mad cow disease, critics warn that government surveillance efforts and cattle-feed regulations are inadequate
Oil diplomacy : does the need for oil drive U.S. foreign policy? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States depends on foreign imports to satisfy more than half its voracious appetite for oil. Despite efforts to diversify oil suppliers and conserve energy after the 1973 Arab oil embargo, growing energy consumption all but forces the United States to continue relying on Middle Eastern oil. That reliance is likely to continue despite the threat of war with Iraq and growing anti-American sentiment in the region. The Bush administration proposes reducing America's dependence on foreign oil by intensifying domestic production in Alaska and other environmentally sensitive areas. Critics contend that the thirst for oil is behind the administration's plan to invade Iraq as well as its willingness to repeat Cold War mistakes and maintain close relations with dictatotial regimes accused of human-rights abuses
Human genome research : does it open the door to genetic discrimination? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sometime this spring, researchers are expected to finish deciphering most of the human genome -- the collection of some 100,000 genes that contain the operating instructions for the human body. The stunning accomplishment is expected to enable doctors to diagnose many diseases from a patient's genetic profile and treat or even prevent diseases by targeting the underlying genetic flaws. But revealing the genome's secrets also poses a host of legal and ethical concerns, including whether genetic information should be patented or kept in the public domain. Critics also worry about potential privacy violations, discrimination by insurers or employers seeking to exclude the genetically "flawed" and the psychological impact of genetic testing for incurable diseases
Campaign finance reform : do wealthy donors subvert the democratic process? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Arizona Sen. John McCain focused his recent White House bid on eliminating the influence of big money in U.S. elections, catapulting the issue to the forefront of the campaign debates. McCain and other reformers -- including Vice President Al Gore -- want to plug the legal loopholes that allow corporations and wealthy individuals to pour huge sums of "soft" money into their favorite political party's coffers. But supporters of the current system say further limits on campaign contributions would violate the First Amendment's guarantee of freedom of speech. Recent campaign finance proposals have gone nowhere in Congress, and the Supreme Court recently declined to pave the way for reform by striking down existing regulations
Setting environmental priorities : which are the nation's most pressing problems? by Mary H Cooper( )

3 editions published between 1988 and 1999 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Thirty years after the first Earth Day galvanized public support for environmental protection laws, Americans enjoy purer air and cleaner water. Fish have returned to polluted rivers, toxic wastes have been reduced and endangered species rescued from imminent extinction. But many experts say further progress will be harder to achieve on remaining environmental challenges, such as global warming, water pollution from multiple sources and urban sprawl. Some in the business community say the tradi-tional, regulatory approach to environmental protection must give way to state and local initiatives and voluntary efforts by businesses, consumers and other potential polluters
International Monetary Fund : does it handle economic crises effectively? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 1997, an economic crisis started in Thailand and quickly spread to Asia and Russia. Now it threatens Brazil and the rest of Latin America. In trying to stabilize the global economy, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) prescribed some painful fiscal medicine. In exchange for the loans it provides to member countries to help them ward off financial crises, the agency requires governments to adopt austerity measures, including spending cuts to reduce government deficits and debt and higher interest rates to shore up weak currencies. Many critics say the fund's "cure" has been worse than the disease, causing essentially healthy Asian economies to become weaker. Some say the time has come for fundamental reform of the 53-year-old system of oversight provided by the IMF
Missile defense : should the U.S. build a missile defense system? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

It's been almost two decades since President Ronald Reagan first proposed erecting a space-based shield to defend the United States from a Soviet nuclear missile attack. The 1983 Strategic Defense Initiative, dubbed "Star Wars" by its critics, was quietly set aside when the Soviet Union fell apart in 1991, ending the Cold War nuclear arms race between the two superpowers. But research on missile defense systems continued, spurred by alarm over missile development by new potential adversaries and the prospect of an accidental launch by Russia. The Clinton administration is pursuing a more limited program to defend the U.S. But critics say the proposed National Missile Defense system isn't needed, won't work, violates the landmark 1972 ABM Treaty -- and may even spark a new arms race
Energy security : how vulnerable is America's energy system? by Mary H Cooper( )

3 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The nation's dependence on foreign oil has troubled energy experts since the Arab oil embargo in 1973. Policies calling for more reliable sources of oil, curbs on energy consumption and the development of alternative fuels have reduced the dependence, but U.S. use of foreign oil still has continued to grow. Now the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks have intensified energy concerns. Some observers say the use of airliners as weapons places the entire domestic energy system at risk, including nuclear power plants and oil pipelines. But most experts agree that the biggest threat to U.S. energy security remains dependence on foreign oil. To reduce the risk, the Bush administration proposes more domestic production -- including drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge -- while Democrats favor conservation measures and increased use of renewable fuels
Employee benefits : are the new pension plans fair to all workers? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The nation's "new economy," fueled by dizzying advances in high technology, is proving a mixed bag for workers. On the plus side, it has ushered in a long period of unprecedented national prosperity. But at the same time that corporate coffers are brimming with profits, many employers are changing -- sometimes in mid-career -- the benefits they offer to lure and retain employees. Employers say the changes in traditional pension plans, health insurance and other non-salary "extras" are necessitated by broad shifts in work patterns and demographics, while critics charge they are discriminating against older workers and retirees. With health-care costs on the rise along with worries about Social Security's future, the changes in employee benefits are coming under closer scrutiny in Washington
Low voter turnout : is America's democracy in trouble? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Despite the high visibility of this year's presidential campaign, fewer than half of alleligible Americans are expected to vote on Nov. 7. Indeed, voter turnout has fallen from its peak of 63 percent in 1960 to just below half during the last presidential election, in 1996. As a result, the world's leading democracy ranks 140th in voter turnout among democratically elected governments. The largest bloc of non-voters are 18- to 24-year-olds -- members of the so-called Generation Y. Analysts say cynicism about politics, such as concern about the role of money, contributes to voter fatigue, especially among younger Americans. Some experts also blame low turnouts on the decline in civic education in schools and what they see as citizens' "lost sense of community."
New air quality standards : should U.S. pollution regulations be stricter? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The proposed tightening of federal air quality regulations has sparked bitter debate between businesses and public-health professionals as well as entire regions of the country. At issue are the maximum levels of smog and soot permitted under the 1990 Clean Air Act. Affected industries say the stricter regulations would impose intolerable financial burdens while providing negligible health benefits. Environmentalists and many health professionals say enforcing stricter air standards would save lives at relatively low cost and improve everyone's quality of life. The Environmental Protection Agency must make its final decision on the new standards this summer. Meanwhile, disagreement over the need for new standards is developing into one of the most acrimonious environmental debates in decades
Banning land mines : should the U.S. support a total global ban? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Anti-personnel mines kill and maim long after wars and civil strife end. More than 100 million active mines lie hidden in more than 80 countries, claiming 26,000 victims - mostly civilians - each year. Mines are cheap to produce and costly to remove, and 20 new mines are planted annually for every one cleared. A worldwide movement to totally ban the production and use of land mines has drawn support from more than 100 countries, which are expected to sign a treaty in Ottawa, Canada, in December. While it endorses an eventual ban on anti-personnel mines, the Clinton administration supports a treaty that would allow the U.S. to continue using some of its mines until alternative weapons are developed. One of the exemptions the U.S. seeks is for "smart" mines, which self-destruct after a few hours or days
Threatened fisheries : do the oceans need more protection? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The oceans yield nearly 100 million tons of fish annually. But global demand for seafood, combined with efficient, new fishing equipment, has driven many species nearly to extinction. Up to 75 percent of global fish stocks are overfished, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The debate over saving the oceans pits conservationists, who say tighter fishing restrictions are needed to restore depleted fisheries, against commercial fishermen, who contend stocks generally are sustainably managed. The fishermen further argue that pollution, ocean shipping and coastal development are largely responsible for degrading the marine environment, rather than overfishing. Meanwhile, both sides largely agree that policies spelled out in the sweeping 1976 Magnuson-Stevens Act, now up for reauthorization, are part of the problem
Water quality : are the government's new pollution rules fair? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pollution of the nation's streams, rivers and lakes has been dramatically reduced sincepassage of the 1972 Clean Water Act and other landmark environmental legislation. But while the most blatant, visible discharges of industrial wastes and sewage have been eliminated, pollution remains a problem. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, up to 40 percent of U.S. waters are still too dirty for swimming or fishing. Today the main culprit is runoff, which occurs when rainwater and snowmelt carry excess nutrients, animal waste and toxic chemicals from farms, city streets and construction sites into nearby streams. The EPA has proposed new rules to curtail water pollution, but critics charge that they are scientifically unsound and unfair to farmers and ranchers
Global warming treaty : should the U.S. do more to cut greenhouse gases? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The scientific evidence continues to mount suggesting that fossil fuel use is causing apotentially disastrous warming of Earth's atmosphere. But governments are still far from agreement on the best way to solve the problem. Three years after more than 150 countries signed the Kyoto Protocol agreeing to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and other "greenhouse gases" implicated in global warming, no industrialized country has ratified the treaty. Prospects for prompt action dimmed in November when talks in the Netherlands aimed at implementing the protocol broke down amid charges that the United States -- the world's biggest greenhouse-gas polluter -- was seeking to exploit loopholes in the Kyoto treaty in order to avoid changing its energy-consumption habits
Infant mortality : why is the U.S. death rate high compared with other nations? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States spends more money on health care per person than any other country. Yet an American baby is less likely to reach its first birthday than a baby born in 21 other nations. Experts trace the problem to the inability of pregnant women from poor families to get early and continuous prenatal care. Without it, doctors can't screen for potentially serious medical problems. If untreated, these conditions can cause birth defects, the leading cause of infant death in the United States. Early prenatal intervention also can help pregnant women improve their diets and stop abusing alcohol, tobacco and other drugs that greatly increase the chance that they will give birth to low-birthweight infants, which are far more likely to succumb than other babies
Muslims in America : can they find a place in American society? by Mary H Cooper( )

2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

At a time when many religions are losing members, the number of U.S. Muslims is on the upswing, thanks to immigration from Islamic countries and conversions among native-born Americans. Today, Islam is said to be the fastest-growing religion in the United States. Nonetheless, Muslims have had little impact on American culture. In a secular society where the dominant faiths are Christianity and Judaism, American Muslims have yet to acquire a voice in public life. But their biggest problem is negative stereotyping, which equates Islam with terrorism, anti-Semitism and a fanaticism bent on destroying Western civilization. Muslims are trying to eliminate this anti-Muslim bias, but events such as the February bombing of the World Trade Center in New York City are making their quest for recognition and respect more difficult
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Alternative Names
Mary Little Cooper Amerikaans advocate

ماری لیتل کوپر وکیل و قاضی آمریکایی

English (49)